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ACR Publishes Guidelines for Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Gout - ...

Sep 15, 2013 - The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has developed recommendations for the management of gout. The recommendations call for a systematic nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management approach that is intended to be applicable to all patients with gout.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p408.html

Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation: Surgical vs. Conservative Interventions - Cochrane... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Surgical treatment for AC joint dislocation of the shoulder does not appear to be superior to conservative management in adults. Surgical therapy increases the risk of hardware complications, infection, and continued discomfort.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p28.html

ACS Releases Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity During and After Cancer ...

Apr 1, 2004 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) issued a report discussing optimal nutrition and physical activity issues during the phases of cancer treatment and recovery, living after recovery from treatment, and living with advanced cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1803.html

Active Surveillance for Localized Prostate Cancer: No Increased Mortality, but Higher ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This landmark study compared active surveillance with radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy for patients with T1c or T2 prostate cancer. The benefits of active surveillance include avoiding radical therapy in one-half of the patients, with no effect on disease-specific survival or ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p196.html

Active vs. Expectant Management in the Third Stage of Labor - Cochrane for Clinicians -... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Very low-quality evidence suggests that active management of the third stage of labor reduces the risk of severe primary postpartum hemorrhage greater than 1,000 mL.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p404.html

Acupuncture Effective for Chronic Pain Conditions - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - Acupuncture, with its meridians, chi, and other concepts that do not seem to line up with anything physiologic, is vexing to most of us who trained in Western medicine. However, this meta-analysis, based on data from almost 21,000 patients, found it to be more effective than no ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od2.html

Acupuncture for Frequent Tension-Type Headaches - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Studies show an NNT of 3 to have at least a 50% reduction of headache frequency compared with routine care. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/od1.html

Acupuncture for Knee Osteoarthritis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Electroacupuncture can be used to improve pain and physical function in adults with knee osteoarthritis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p184.html

Acupuncture for Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Acupuncture is increasingly used as an alternative or complementary therapy for the treatment of pain. It is well tolerated, with a low risk of serious adverse effects. Traditional and modern acupuncture techniques may result in reported improvement in pain patterns. Research on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p481.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - Paronychia is an inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail of a toe or finger. Paronychia may be classified as either acute or chronic. The main factor associated with the development of acute paronychia is direct or indirect trauma to the cuticle or nail fold. This ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p339.html

Acute Asthma and Other Recurrent Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence ...

Jul 15, 2013 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p130.html

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis in Adults: Part II. Treatment - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Although most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viruses, acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is a fairly common complication. Even though most patients with acute rhinosinusitis recover promptly without it, antibiotic therapy should be considered in patients with prolonged or more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1697.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome (Unstable Angina and non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) - ...

Aug 15, 2009 - What are the effects of antiplatelet, antithrombin, anti-ischemic, and lipid-lowering treatments in persons with acute coronary syndrome? What are the effects of invasive treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p383.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Current Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2017 - Acute coronary syndrome continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Family physicians need to identify and mitigate risk factors early, as well as recognize and respond to acute coronary syndrome events quickly in any clinical setting. Diagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p232.html

Acute Hand Infections - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Acute hand infections are often caused by puncture wounds and are generally classified into superficial or deep infections. Superficial infections occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissues, whereas deep infections can involve the tendon sheaths, adjacent anatomic compartments, deep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p228.html

Acute Infective Sore Throat - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 15, 2015 - What are the effects of interventions to reduce symptoms of acute infective sore throat?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p689.html

Acute Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - What are the effects of oral drug and nondrug treatments? What are the effects of local injections?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p803.html

Acute Lumbar Disk Pain: Navigating Evaluation and Treatment Choices - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2008 - Acute lumbar disk herniations are the most common cause of sciatica. After excluding emergent causes, such as cauda equina syndrome, epidural abscess, fracture, or malignancy, a six-week trial of conservative management is indicated. Patients should be advised to stay active. If ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p835.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part I. Rate and Rhythm Control - American ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Atrial fibrillation is the arrhythmia most commonly encountered in family practice. Serious complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and thromboembolism. Initial treatment is directed at controlling the ventricular rate, most often with a calcium ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p249.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2018 - Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent attacks. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antiemetics, ergot alkaloids, and combination analgesics have evidence supporting their effectiveness in the treatment of migraine. Acetaminophen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p243.html

Acute Migraine Treatment in Emergency Settings - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health ...

May 1, 2014 - What are the comparative benefits and adverse effects of parenteral treatments for adults who present to the emergency department with migraine headaches?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p742.html

Acute Myocardial Infarction - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - What treatments improve outcomes in acute myocardial infarction? Which treatments improve outcomes for cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p519.html

Acute Otitis Media - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - What are the effects of treatments and preventive interventions for acute otitis media?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p467.html

Acute Otitis Media in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - What are the effects of treatments (analgesics, antibiotics, and myringotomy) in children with acute otitis media?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p109.html

Acute Otitis Media in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recently released an evidence-based practice guideline to help physicians provide the most up-to-date care for children with AOM. The subcommittee that developed the guideline included primary care ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2896.html

Acute Otitis Media: Part II. Treatment in an Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance - ...

Apr 15, 2000 - Antibiotic resistance is increasing among the pathogens that commonly cause acute otitis media. This development may merit changes in the traditional antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media. Risk factors for resistant pathogens include recent antibiotic treatment of acute otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2410.html

Acute Renal Failure - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent acute renal failure in persons at high risk? What are the effects of treatments for critically ill persons with acute renal failure?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p418.html

Acute Treatment of Hyperkalemia - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - According to disease-oriented evidence, insulin and intravenous glucose, inhaled albuterol (Ventolin), and dialysis are the best treatment options; the first two may be given in combination. Bicarbonate or resins are not recommended for routine use, particularly without one of the more ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1703.html

Acyclovir or Steroids as Pharmacologic Treatment of Bell Palsy - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2009 - Does acyclovir or steroids speed recovery in adults with Bell palsy? This study suggests that it is reasonable to start prednisolone in some cases, but physicians should not forget about practical considerations, such as lubricant eye drops, pain management, and chewing instruction. ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p435.html

ADA Releases Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes - Practice Guidelines...

Sep 1, 2006 - The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has published a position statement containing evidence-based recommendations for diabetes care, treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p871.html

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Jul 15, 2010 - The 2010 American Diabetes Association's (ADA) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes includes revisions based on new evidence. Several sections have undergone major changes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p206.html

Adalimumab (Humira) for the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis - STEPS - American Family...

Dec 15, 2008 - Adalimumab used alone offers little benefit over the traditional first-line agent, methotrexate. However, it increases remission rates when combined with methotrexate in early aggressive rheumatoid arthritis and when combined with traditional DMARDs in those who have not derived benefit...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1406.html

Adapelene/Benzoyl Peroxide (Epiduo) for Acne Vulgaris - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2011 - Adapalene/benzoyl peroxide is as effective as other combination products for the treatment of acne. Once-daily application is an advantage in terms of simplicity and adherence to therapy, but the cost is much higher than that of the individual components sold separately; this may create...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1486.html

Addiction: Part I. Benzodiazepines-Side Effects, Abuse Risk and Alternatives - American...

Apr 1, 2000 - Benzodiazepines are widely prescribed for a variety of conditions, particularly anxiety and insomnia. They are relatively safe and, with overdose, rarely result in death. However, used chronically, benzodiazepines can be addicting. These agents are often taken in combination with other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2121.html

Adding ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Standard Therapy for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease - ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Are there clinical advantages to augmenting standard therapy for stable ischemic heart disease with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p21.html

Adding Sitagliptin Does Not Reduce or Increase the Risk of Cardiovascular Outcomes - ...

Dec 1, 2015 - The glass half full is that sitagliptin does not increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. The glass half empty is that it does not reduce the risk, either. And that is the important message: In patients with a mean glycated hemoglobin level of 7.2%, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1020a.html

Addition of Long-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2010 - In children with persistent asthma who are already taking inhaled corticosteroids, the addition of a LABA does not lower the rate of exacerbations requiring oral steroids, rescue medication, or hospitalizations, but it improves measurable lung function.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p598.html

Addition of Steroids Improves Outcomes in Children and Adults with CAP - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Adding corticosteroid treatment to the management of CAP is beneficial for children and adults. Treatment decreases clinical failures, time in the hospital, and the risk of death in adults with severe pneumonia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p55.html

Adefovir (Hepsera) for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Adefovir offers an effective first-line alternative for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. It also may prove to be useful in patients who have failed therapy with lamivudine as well as in patients who have difficulty tolerating interferon alfa-2b. How it compares with other agents or...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2429.html

Adenosine vs. Calcium Channel Blockers for Supraventricular Tachycardia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Adenosine and verapamil (Calan, Isoptin SR) are equally effective for treating acute supra-ventricular tachycardia in adults. Patients treated with adenosine have a higher rate of minor, transient adverse effects than patients treated with verapamil; however, rare but serious adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1653.html

ADHD Interventions in Children Younger Than Six Years - Implementing AHRQ Effective ...

Aug 15, 2013 - What are the potential benefits and adverse effects associated with treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool-aged children (younger than six years)?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p266.html

Advance Directives: Navigating Conflicts Between Expressed Wishes and Best Interests - ...

Apr 1, 2015 - Clinicians and surrogates can be faced with challenging decisions when a patient loses the capacity to participate in medical decision making. A significant number of hospitalized and critically ill adults lose decision-making capacity during hospital stays and cannot make treatment ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p480.html

Advances in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1998 - Management of the most common type of dementia--Alzheimer's disease--is becoming increasingly sophisticated. Differentiation of Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia has become therapeutically important, since the choice of treatments depends on the diagnosis. Two cholinesterase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1101/p1577.html

Advances in the Treatment of Arrhythmias: Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators - ...

Jan 15, 1998 - Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are commonly used in patients who have life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. With these implanted electronic devices, bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias can be recognized promptly and treated with electrical pacing, cardioversion or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0115/p297.html

Advances in the Treatment of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2005 Issue Editorials Advances in the Treatment of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis EDWARD M. J. VITAL, M.B.CH.B., The General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom PAUL EMERY, M.A., M.D., University of Leeds Faculty of Medicine...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1002.html

Advances in the Treatment of Epilepsy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2001 - Significant advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy over the past decade. With the advent of electroencephalographic video monitoring, physicians are now able to reliably differentiate epilepsy from other conditions that can mimic it, such as pseudoseizures. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p91.html

Advantages of the No-Scalpel Vasectomy Technique - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Jun 15, 2012 - NSV should be used instead of the standard incisional method.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/od1.html

Adverse Effects of Antipsychotic Medications - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2010 - The use of antipsychotic medications entails a difficult trade-off between the benefit of alleviating psychotic symptoms and the risk of troubling, sometimes life-shortening adverse effects. There is more variability among specific antipsychotic medications than there is between the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p617.html

Adverse Events of Pharmacologic Treatments of Major Depression in Older Adults - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - What are the adverse events of antidepressants prescribed to treat major depressive disorder in adults 65 years and older?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p179.html

Aesthetic Procedures in Office Practice - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - Since the approval of botulinum toxin, dermal fillers, and lasers for cosmetic use, minimally invasive aesthetic procedures have rapidly become the treatments of choice for age-related facial changes.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1231.html

After Detoxification: Levels of Treatment for Alcohol Dependence - Editorials - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - Detoxification is just the tip of the iceberg, and the postdischarge treatment program is key in determining whether patients will abstain from alcohol.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p576.html

AGA Releases Position Statement on Gastrointestinal Medication Use During Pregnancy - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement on gastrointestinal medication use in pregnant women. Drug treatment of gastrointestinal disease in pregnant women can be difficult, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration classifications are not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p755.html

AGA Releases Updated Recommendations on Dyspepsia - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement to reflect new evidence on the evaluation of dyspepsia. The AGA defines dyspepsia as chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p185.html

AGA Reviews the Use of Corticosteroids Immunomodulators, and Infliximab in IBD - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association Institute (AGA) has issued a clinical position statement on corticosteroids, immunomodulators, and infliximab (Remicade) use in managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p410.html

AHA Advisory Statement on Public Access Defibrillator - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Nov 1, 2005 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released an advisory statement to highlight the findings of the Public Access Defibrillation Trial, which studied the effects of lay rescuer automated external defibrillators (public access defibrillation).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1913.html

AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) have updated their guideline on prevention of future stroke in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Currently, the average annual rate of future stroke in these patients is at a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p136.html

AHA Guidelines on Prevention of Rheumatic Fever and Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Group A streptococcus (GAS) infections of the pharynx are the precipitating cause of rheumatic fever. Proper diagnosis and adequate antibiotic treatment of GAS infections can prevent acute rheumatic fever in most cases. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated its ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p346.html

AHA Publishes Statement on Drug Therapy for Lipid Abnormalities in Children and ...

Mar 1, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has published a scientific statement on drug therapy for the treatment of high-risk lipid abnormalities in children and adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p694.html

AHA Recommendations for the Management of Intracranial Aneurysms - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2001 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has formulated recommendations for the management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The guidelines are intended to serve as a framework for the development of treatments and for future research.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2465.html

AHA Releases Guidelines for Hypertension Management in Adults with or at Risk of CAD - ...

Jul 15, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) Council for High Blood Pressure Research and the Councils on Clinical Cardiology and Epidemiology and Prevention have released guidelines on the management of hypertension in adults with or at risk of coronary artery disease (CAD).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p270.html

AHA Releases Statement on Exercise and Heart Failure - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 1, 2003 - Although discomfort during exercise is a principal reason that patients with heart failure seek medical care, exercise training is safe and can benefit these patients, according to the American Heart Association (AHA).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p969.html

AHA Updates Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care - Practice Guidelines ...

May 1, 2016 - This summary practice guideline from the American Heart Association focuses on adult and child basic life support and CPR quality, as well as alternative CPR techniques.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p791.html

AHA/ACC/ASH Release Guideline on the Treatment of Hypertension and CAD - Practice ...

Dec 1, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA), American College of Cardiology (ACC), and American Society of Hypertension (ASH) have released a guideline on the management of hypertension in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). It updates a previous AHA guideline to reflect newer data.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1023.html

AHRQ Data on Antibiotic Use in Children with Otitis Media - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - As part of its Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) examined the use of antibiotics to treat otitis media in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2382.html

AHRQ Releases Review of Treatments for Allergic and Nonallergic Rhinitis - Practice ...

Dec 1, 2002 - Rhinitis, classified as allergic or nonallergic, is a disorder characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the nasal passages. An evidence report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) provides a review of the available literature on the various ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2164.html

AHRQ Reviews Management of Gestational Diabetes - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Nov 15, 2008 - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) systematically reviewed the literature on the management of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is one of the most common complications of pregnancy, affecting about 7 percent of pregnancies each year in the United States.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1217.html

Albiglutide (Tanzeum) for Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2017 - Reductions in A1C are less with albiglutide than with the first-line therapy metformin, and albiglutide costs significantly more than metformin and sulfonylureas. Albiglutide's ability to reduce diabetes-related morbidity and major cardiovascular events is unknown.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p521.html

Albuterol vs. Levalbuterol for Asthma Treatment in Children - AFP Journal Club - ...

May 1, 2008 - For children with acute asthma exacerbations, is levalbuterol better than albuterol? There is no difference between the medications in effectiveness or side effects.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1214.html

Alcohol Misuse - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2009 - What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the primary care and emergency department settings?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p692.html

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2004 - The spectrum of alcohol withdrawal symptoms ranges from such minor symptoms as insomnia and tremulousness to severe complications such as withdrawal seizures and delirium tremens. Although the history and physical examination usually are sufficient to diagnose alcohol withdrawal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1443.html

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Approximately one-half of patients with alcohol use disorder who abruptly stop or reduce their alcohol use will develop signs or symptoms of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The syndrome is due to overactivity of the central and autonomic nervous systems, leading to tremors, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p253.html

Alcoholics Anonymous and Other 12-Step Facilitation Programs for Alcohol Use Disorder -... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Manualized (standardized and replicable) Alcoholics Anonymous and similar 12-step facilitation programs produce higher rates of continuous abstinence than other established treatments.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p272.html

Alendronate for Fracture Prevention in Postmenopause - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2008 - In postmenopausal women, a 10-mg daily dose of alendronate is effective for secondary (number needed to treat [NNT] = 16) and primary (NNT = 50) prevention of vertebral fractures. It is also effective for secondary prevention of nonvertebral fractures, including hip or wrist fractures ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p579.html

Alirocumab (Praluent) for Treatment of Hyperlipidemia - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2016 - Alirocumab is a novel lipid-lowering therapy that is highly effective at lowering LDL cholesterol when used in addition to statin therapy and diet. Its use should be limited to patients with either heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p310.html

Aliskiren (Tekturna) for the Treatment of Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Aliskiren provides a new pharmacologic approach to treating hypertension; however, short-term studies have not identified a unique role. It is more expensive than commonly used first-line diuretics, and long-term safety has not been demonstrated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1203.html

All Analgesics Are Better Than Placebo in Patients with Knee or Hip DJD - POEMs - ...

Oct 15, 2016 - In patients with hip or knee DJD, all analgesics are more effective than placebo in relieving pain and improving function. Although paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the least effective of all the drugs studied, it still may be the first treatment for these patients because of its safety ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p664.html

Allergen Immunotherapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Allergen immunotherapy (also called allergy vaccine therapy) involves the administration of gradually increasing quantities of specific allergens to patients with IgE-mediated conditions until a dose is reached that is effective in reducing disease severity from natural exposure. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p689.html

Allopurinol Hypersensitivity Assay HLA-B*58:01 Genotyping - Diagnostic Tests: What ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2019 - The allopurinol hypersensitivity assay, or HLA-B*58:01 test, is a blood test to detect the presence of a human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) genetic variant that increases the risk of life-threatening, severe cutaneous adverse reactions in patients taking allopurinol.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p530.html

Alpha Blockers for Nephrolithiasis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - The alpha blocker tamsulosin (Flomax) can be used to improve clearance of stones larger than 5 mm, shorten expulsion times, and reduce hospitalization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p710.html

Alpha Blockers to Speed Ureteral Stone Passage - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Compared with patients receiving standard therapy (e.g., fluids, analgesics), placebo, or calcium channel blockers, patients receiving alpha blockers had about three fewer days to ureteral stone expulsion and were less likely to be hospitalized. Adverse effects of alpha blocker therapy ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p164.html

Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal - Medicine by the ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alpha-adrenergic agonists were more efficacious than placebo in the management of opioid withdrawal, but are best reserved as an alternative to methadone.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/od1.html

Alpha-Lipoic Acid for Treatment of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy - FPIN's Help Desk ...

May 1, 2016 - Intravenous (IV) ALA can improve neuropathy symptoms when administered for three weeks, but symptom improvement with oral ALA is not clinically significant. There is no evidence evaluating long-term treatment.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p786.html

Alternative Interventions for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men -...

Jun 1, 2019 - In men with chronic pelvic pain and urinary dysfunction who have not responded to standard medical management, extracorporeal shock wave therapy reduces symptoms and increases quality of life. Acupuncture may also provide benefit to some patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p677.html

Alternative Therapies for Traditional Disease States: Menopause - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2002 - With growing concern about the use of hormone replacement therapy, some women are looking for alternative treatments for menopausal symptoms and preventing postmenopausal cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. In observational trials, exercise has been associated with decreased ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p129.html

Alternative Therapies: Part 1. Depresssion, Diabetes, Obesity - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Natural supplements are widely used in the United States and, while claims of their therapeutic effects abound, medical research does not always support their effectiveness. St. John's wort acts as a weak selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with fewer side effects. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1051.html

Alternative Therapies: Part II. Congestive Heart Failure and Hypercholesterolemia - ...

Sep 15, 2000 - Natural supplements are widely used by the American public but, while claims of their therapeutic effects abound, medical research does not always support their effectiveness. Clinical trials using Q10 for the management of congestive heart failure have had conflicting results; hawthorn...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1325.html

Alternatives to Metformin for Patients with PCOS - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Compared with placebo, thiazolidinediones (TZDs) decrease systolic blood pressure and fasting blood glucose and insulin levels while improving menstrual irregularities in women with PCOS. Metformin and TZDs have similar effects on pregnancy rates, ovulation, and menstrual frequency, but...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p378.html

Alvimopan (Entereg) for the Treatment of Postoperative Ileus - STEPS - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Use of alvimopan should be restricted to patients at a higher risk of postoperative ileus following abdominal surgeries, such as hospitalized patients undergoing bowel resection with primary anastomosis. It is an expensive option with limited indications; head-to-head studies with ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p978.html

Alzheimer Disease: Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Cognitive and ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Alzheimer disease comprises a syndrome of progressive cognitive and functional decline. Treatments should target cognitive and functional symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and a combination of a cholinesterase inhibitor and memantine have produced statistically significant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p771.html

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose - Editorials - American...

Jun 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2003 Issue Editorials Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose MICHAEL E. ERNST, PHARM.D., BCPS College of Pharmacy and Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa GEORGE R....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2262.html

Ambulatory Detoxification of Patients with Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - Detoxification from alcohol can be undertaken in ambulatory settings with patients who are alcohol-dependent and show signs of mild to moderate withdrawal when they are not drinking. An appropriate candidate for outpatient detoxification should have arrangements to start an alcohol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p495.html

Ambulatory Devices for Chronic Gait Disorders in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - Gait disorders in the elderly are common and in most cases cannot be treated medically or surgically. Therefore, treatment often relies on ambulatory devices such as canes, crutches, and walkers. Before selecting a device, the patient should be evaluated to define whether one or both ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1717.html

Ambulatory Management of Burns - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Burns often happen unexpectedly and have the potential to cause death, lifelong disfigurement and dysfunction. A critical part of burn management is assessing the depth and extent of injury. Burns are now commonly classified as superficial, superficial partial thickness, deep partial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2015.html

Ambulatory Management of Common Forms of Anemia - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Anemia is a prevalent condition with a variety of underlying causes. Once the etiology has been established, many forms of anemia can be easily managed by the family physician. Iron deficiency, the most common form of anemia, may be treated orally or, rarely, parenterally. Vitamin B12 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1598.html

American Thoracic Society Updates Statement on Pulmonary Rehabilitation - Practice ...

Mar 1, 2000 - The American Thoracic Society (ATS) has updated its statement on pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic respiratory impairment. The report outlines the scope of pulmonary rehabilitation and provides data on its benefits, patient assessment and the essential components of a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1550.html

American Urological Association Issues Guidelines on the Management of Bladder Cancer -...

Jun 15, 2000 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has issued guidelines for the management of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (Stages Ta, T1 and TIS).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3734.html

Aminoglycosides: A Practical Review - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Aminoglycosides are potent bactericidal antibiotics that act by creating fissures in the outer membrane of the bacterial cell. They are particularly active against aerobic, gram-negative bacteria and act synergistically against certain gram-positive organisms. Gentamicin is the most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1811.html

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

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