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Vaginal Estrogen Preparations for Relief of Atrophic Vaginitis - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2004 - Vaginal estrogen preparations are safe and effective as short-term treatment in patients with vaginal atrophy who are not candidates for systemic hormone therapy. Compared with estradiol products, conjugated equine estrogen creams may be associated with a higher incidence of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2111.html

Antihistamines for the Common Cold - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - Antihistamines are of minimal to no benefit as mono-therapy for the common cold, and first-generation antihistamines may increase sedation in patients with a cold. Antihistamine-decongestant combinations reduce nasal symptoms and improve the recovery rate in older children and adults, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p486.html

Exercise-Based Rehabilitation for Coronary Heart Disease - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2004 - Cardiac rehabilitation based on exercise alone and comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation reduce all-cause mortality by about one third. It is unclear which type of rehabilitation is more beneficial.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p485.html

Therapy for Speech and Language Delay - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2004 - Speech and language therapy is effective in children who have problems with expressive vocabulary and pronunciation. There is insufficient evidence regarding interventions for receptive disorders and mixed results for interventions to improve expressive grammar and sentence structure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2823.html

Neuraminidase Inhibitors for Treatment of Influenza - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 15, 2004 - Oseltamivir and zanamivir reduce the duration of illness by up to one day if taken within 36 hours of symptom onset. Oseltamivir (and, probably, zanamivir) also reduces the likelihood of otitis media as a complication of influenza (number needed to treat, approximately 10). There were ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2824.html

Digitalis for Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure in Patients in Sinus Rhythm - ...

Jan 1, 2004 - Adding digitalis to treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and diuretics will reduce hospitalization rates and improve clinical status in patients in normal sinus rhythm with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and symptoms of CHF on moderate or mild ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p71.html

Does Metformin Improve Clinical Features of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome? - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2003 - Metformin therapy improves fasting insulin levels and blood pressure. It has no clinically significant effect on body weight, waist:hip ratio, or LDL cholesterol level. Metformin, taken with or without clomiphene, appears to be an effective first-line agent for ovulation induction in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2163.html

Antidepressants for Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Nov 1, 2003 - As a group, antidepressants are an effective short-term treatment for GAD. Compared with placebo, about five to six patients must be treated to get one additional patient who responds to therapy. Side effects occur more frequently with antidepressants than with placebo, but they are not...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1757.html

Are Anticoagulants Better than Antiplatelet Agents for Treatment of Acute Ischemic ...

Oct 1, 2003 - Aspirin has a small benefit for long-term outcome and survival. Anticoagulants increase the risk for bleeding and do not have long-term benefit.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1307.html

Which Nonsurgical Treatments for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Are Beneficial? - Cochrane for ...

Aug 15, 2003 - A 10- to 14-day course of oral corticosteroids, wrist splints, ultrasonography, yoga, and carpal bone mobilization provide short-term benefit. Ergonomic keyboards, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, pyridoxine (vitamin B6), exercise, neurodynamic mobilization, magnet ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p649.html

Does Long-Term Anticoagulation Improve Function After Stroke? - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Jun 1, 2003 - There is no evidence that anticoagulation with either heparin or warfarin improves these outcomes. There is clear evidence of increased hemorrhagic complications (both fatal and nonfatal) in patients who receive anticoagulation.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2317.html

Is Oral Sucrose an Effective Analgesic in Neonates? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Apr 15, 2003 - The use of oral sucrose, with or without pacifiers, has been shown to relieve pain in neonates, as assessed by physiologic and behavioral pain indicators and pain scores.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1713.html

Are Low-Fat Diets Better than Other Weight-Reducing Diets in Achieving Long-Term Weight...

Feb 1, 2003 - Low-fat diets are no better than low-calorie diets in achieving weight loss in overweight or obese people. In studies, the average weight loss after 18 months on either diet was less than 5 lb.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p507.html

Intensive Management of Gestational Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 1, 2004 Issue Cochrane Briefs Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jul 1;70(1):84. Intensive Management of Gestational Diabetes Clinical Question Does intensive management of gestational diabetes improve outcomes? Evidence-Based Answer There is...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p84.html

Are Metered-Dose Inhalers with Holding Chambers Better Than Nebulizers for Treating ...

Jan 1, 2003 - In the emergency room, MDIs with holding chambers are as effective as nebulizers for delivering beta2 agonists to treat acute asthma in adults and children older than age two. There might be slightly less beta2 agonist–induced tachycardia in children when MDIs with holding chambers are ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p62.html

Can Melatonin Prevent or Treat Jet Lag? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2002 - Daily doses of 0.5 to 5 mg of melatonin, taken at the target bedtime at the destination for two to five days after arrival, lessen the effects of jet lag.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2087.html

Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Conjunctivitis? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2002 - This review indicates that even in high-risk patients with bacterial conjunctivitis, there is only a small benefit of treatment with antibiotics. Furthermore, most cases (64 percent) resolve spontaneously, and complications are rare. Therefore, it is reasonable to avoid antibiotic use ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1649.html

Do Children with Acute Asthma Benefit More from Anticholinergics and Beta2 Agonists ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations experience improved respiratory function and are less likely to require hospital admission when treated with multiple doses of beta2 agonists combined with anticholinergics. The same benefit has not been proved in children with mild ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p417.html

Do NSAIDs Help in Acute or Chronic Low Back Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Apr 1, 2002 - Patients can expect a modest improvement in global function with NSAID therapy, such as ibuprofen. There is no evidence that any particular NSAID or combination of medicines has superior efficacy in the treatment of low back pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1319.html

How Should We Treat Acute Maxillary Sinusitis? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2001 - If acute maxillary sinusitis is defined as positive radiographs or positive sinus aspiration cultures, limited evidence indicates that therapy with either amoxicillin or penicillin for seven to 14 days is modestly effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p837.html

Is Alarm Intervention Effective in the Treatment of Enuresis? - Cochrane for Clinicians...

May 1, 2002 - Pharmacologic treatments (desmopressin and tricyclic antidepressants) and alarm devices are effective for controlling nocturnal enuresis during treatment. There is limited evidence of lower relapse rates after stopping alarm-device treatment than after stopping medication.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1798.html

What Is the Best Way to Treat Trichomoniasis in Women? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2001 - Nitroimidazoles (such as metronidazole [Flagyl]) are the most effective treatment for parasitological cure of trichomoniasis. Single-dose treatment is as effective as longer term treatment but increases side effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1001/p1241.html

Symptomatic Treatment and H. pylori Eradication Therapy for Nonulcer Dyspepsia - ...

Nov 1, 2001 - Bismuth subcitrate, histamine H2-receptor antagonists or proton pump inhibitors could be recommended for short-term relief of symptoms. Eradication of H. pylori would slightly decrease this patient's chance of having persistent symptoms over the next three to 12 months.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1101/p1605.html

Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2001 - While there is evidence that antibiotics offer a slight benefit to patients with acute bronchitis, there is not a compelling reason to treat this patient with antibiotics.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p135.html

Should We Recommend Nicotine Replacement Therapy? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jun 1, 2001 - Yes. The patient is highly nicotine-dependent, and for smokers with moderate to severe nicotine dependence, nicotine replacement therapy with or without bupropion should be offered as part of an intensive program of physician advice, counseling and follow-up. This answer is based on an ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2245.html

Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2001 - Based on this review and the systematic reviews of Rosenfeld and Kozyrskyj, antibiotics appear to play a small but potentially useful role in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. Antibiotics produce a reduction in pain at two to seven days but have no effect on tympanometry,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p469.html

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