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Therapy for Speech and Language Delay - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2004 - Speech and language therapy is effective in children who have problems with expressive vocabulary and pronunciation. There is insufficient evidence regarding interventions for receptive disorders and mixed results for interventions to improve expressive grammar and sentence structure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2823.html

Topical Antihistamines and Mast Cell Stabilizers for Treating Allergic Conjunctivitis -...

Jun 1, 2016 - Topical antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers, either alone or in combination, are safe and effective for reducing the symptoms of seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p915.html

Topical NSAIDs for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2017 - Topical diclofenac and ketoprofen are slightly more effective than placebo for relieving chronic pain associated with osteoarthritis in adults. Evidence is lacking to determine the effectiveness of topical NSAIDs compared with oral NSAIDs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p573.html

Topical Tacrolimus for Eczema - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2016 - For children and adults with moderate to severe eczema, topical tacrolimus is an effective, albeit costly, alternative to topical corticosteroids. Both tacrolimus strengths (0.03% and 0.1%) are superior to low-potency topical corticosteroids, whereas tacrolimus 0.1% has similar ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p549.html

Topical Treatments for Chronic Plaque Psoriasis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Mar 1, 2010 - Topical vitamin D analogues, corticosteroids, anthralin, and tazarotene (Tazorac) are all more effective than placebo. Vitamin D and high-potency corticosteroids were equally effective when compared head to head, but were more effective in combination than either product alone. Vitamin ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p596.html

Tramadol Relieves Neuropathic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Tramadol is an effective treatment for neuropathic pain. One out of four patients who take the medication achieves at least 50 percent pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1335.html

Treatment of Threatened Miscarriage with Progestogens - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Progestogens reduce the risk of miscarriage when compared with placebo in patients with threatened miscarriage (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10.) Use of progestogens poses no significant risks to mother or baby.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p279.html

Tricyclic Antidepressants for the Treatment of ADHD in Children and Adolescents - ...

Sep 1, 2015 - TCAs, specifically desipramine and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are superior to placebo at reducing ADHD symptoms in the short term (two to six weeks); however, the quality of evidence is low. Increased heart rate and diastolic blood pressure may be noted with treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p352.html

Ultrasound-Guided Steroid Injections for Shoulder Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2013 - Ultrasound-guided glucocorticoid injection for shoulder pain provides no advantage over landmark-guided or intramuscular injection in terms of pain, function, range of motion, or safety when measured within a six-week follow-up period. However, the small sample size of this review means...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p433.html

Use of Amphetamines for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults - Cochrane ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Amphetamines provide a clinician-rated 30% or greater reduction in ADHD symptoms when compared with placebo (number needed to treat = 5).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p278.html

Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids to Treat Stable COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Although the use of inhaled corticosteroids for COPD will not reduce mortality or affect long-term disease progression, inhaled corticosteroids can be useful for reducing COPD exacerbations and slowing declines in quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1532.html

Usefulness of Measuring Antiepileptic Medication Blood Levels in Patients with Epilepsy...

Nov 1, 2010 - When treating a patient for epilepsy, there is not enough evidence to indicate if optimal seizure control is best obtained by routinely measuring medication levels compared with making adjustments based on the clinical picture.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1070.html

Vaccines for Postexposure Prophylaxis Against Varicella (Chicken Pox) - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2009 - Varicella vaccine appears to be effective in preventing or modifying the severity of the disease in healthy unvaccinated children if administered within three days of exposure. Data are insufficient to support or refute the use of the vaccine as postexposure prophylaxis in adults and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p455.html

Vaginal Estrogen Preparations for Relief of Atrophic Vaginitis - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2004 - Vaginal estrogen preparations are safe and effective as short-term treatment in patients with vaginal atrophy who are not candidates for systemic hormone therapy. Compared with estradiol products, conjugated equine estrogen creams may be associated with a higher incidence of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2111.html

Vitamin D for the Management of Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2017 - Despite the authors' caution that further data are needed to clarify the role of vitamin D in care, this Cochrane review found that its use reduces the average number of asthma exacerbations requiring corticosteroid treatment from 0.44 to 0.28 per person per year.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p290.html

Weight Loss for Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2012 - There are insufficient high-quality studies to determine patient-oriented outcomes of weight loss for the treatment of fatty liver disease. Nonetheless, weight loss remains a reasonable goal because it may reduce liver inflammation and improve comorbidities. In two of the studies ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p415.html

What Is the Best Way to Treat Trichomoniasis in Women? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2001 - Nitroimidazoles (such as metronidazole [Flagyl]) are the most effective treatment for parasitological cure of trichomoniasis. Single-dose treatment is as effective as longer term treatment but increases side effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1001/p1241.html

When to Discontinue Antiepileptic Drug Therapy for Patients in Remission - Cochrane for...

Jun 1, 2016 - Children with epilepsy should be seizure-free for at least two years before stopping antiepileptic drug therapy, especially those who have partial seizures or a history of abnormal electroencephalography (EEG) results.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p914.html

Which Nonsurgical Treatments for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Are Beneficial? - Cochrane for ...

Aug 15, 2003 - A 10- to 14-day course of oral corticosteroids, wrist splints, ultrasonography, yoga, and carpal bone mobilization provide short-term benefit. Ergonomic keyboards, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, pyridoxine (vitamin B6), exercise, neurodynamic mobilization, magnet ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p649.html

Written Action Plans for Self-Management of COPD Exacerbations - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2018 - Written self-management plans, especially those that include guidance on smoking cessation, increase health-related quality of life in patients with COPD. They also decrease the need for respiratory-related hospital admissions among patients with high or low baseline risk.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p310.html

Yoga for Cancer-Related Symptoms in Women with Breast Cancer - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Yoga improves health-related quality of life, reduces sleep disturbances, and decreases fatigue in the short term (up to 12 weeks) among women diagnosed with breast cancer who have completed cancer-related treatment or are receiving cancer treatment compared with no intervention.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p434.html

Zinc Supplementation in Children Six Months to 12 Years of Age - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of growth failure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p27.html

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