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Burn Injuries: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 2020 Issue Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p463-s1.html

Headache - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type headaches, and treatment of headaches. This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=10

Frequent Headaches: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Most frequent headaches are typically migraine or tension-type headaches and are often exacerbated by medication overuse. Repeated headaches can induce central sensitization and transformation to chronic headaches that are intractable, are difficult to treat, and cause significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p419.html

Sepsis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Guidelines published in 2016 provide a revised definition of sepsis: life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The guidelines define septic shock as sepsis with circulatory, cellular, and metabolic dysfunction that is associated with a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p409.html

Cutaneous Cryosurgery for Common Skin Conditions - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Cryosurgery is the application of freezing temperatures to achieve the destruction of tissue. Cutaneous cryosurgery has become a commonly performed outpatient procedure because of the combination of its safety, effectiveness, low cost, ease of use, lack of need for injectable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p399.html

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Anxiety Disorders Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on anxiety disorders and related issues, including acute stress disorder, depressive disorders, excessive...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Interventions for Reducing Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Individual dietary interventions alone fail to change body mass index or the standardized BMI z-score across all age groups. The impact of regular physical activity or combined dietary and physical activity interventions is modest at best.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p394.html

Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Should benzodiazepeines continue to be prescribed during the initiation phase of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for acute relief of panic attacks? Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/od1.html

Five Days of Penicillin for Strep Throat Is Equal to 10 Days - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Five days of 800-mg penicillin four times a day produced noninferior results to 10 days of 1,000-mg penicillin three times a day, with shorter symptom duration. This is not the first study to show similar benefits with a shorter duration of oral antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434.html

Frostbite: Recommendations for Prevention and Treatment from the Wilderness Medical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Recommendations for prevention and treatment of frostbite from the Wilderness Medical Society.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p440.html

Persistent Infraorbital Plaque - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - A woman presents with a pruritic mass under one eye that had been growing slowly for three years.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p429.html

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training vs. Control for Urinary Incontinence in Women - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Use of pelvic floor muscle training to treat women with all subtypes of urinary incontinence results in improvement or cure vs. no treatment (number needed to treat [NNT] = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.4 to 5.4). Treatment with pelvic floor muscle training also results in one fewer episode of leakage...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p393.html

Probiotics to Augment Antifungal Treatment of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - FPIN's ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Adding probiotics (typically Lactobacillus species) to antifungal therapy for vulvovaginal candidiasis improves short-term cure rates by 14% and reduces one-month relapse rates by 66%.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p432.html

No Benefit to Routine Antipsychotic Use for Treatment or Prevention of Delirium in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Evidence does not support the routine use of haloperidol or second-generation antipsychotics for the treatment or prevention of delirium in hospitalized patients. Although second-generation antipsychotics may reduce the incidence of delirium in the postoperative setting, more research ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p435a.html

Bedtime Instead of Morning Ingestion of Hypertension Medication Equals a Significantly ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - This study found a significant reduction in mortality and morbidity among patients who took their once-daily anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime instead of in the morning. No significant difference occurred in compliance rates between bedtime and morning ingestion times. Individual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434a.html

Results of Fecal Immunochemical Tests for Colorectal Cancer Screening Not Affected by ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - The use of aspirin, NSAIDs, and oral anticoagulants has no clinically important effects on the positive predictive value of FIT in a screening population.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p435.html

Tendinopathy, Medical Abortion, Counseling for Children and Adolescents, Cold ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p398.html

70 Years of American Family Physician - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - The mission of providing practical and clinically relevant information to busy physicians has been the force behind AFP's impressive improvements during the past 70 years.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p389.html

Hypertension - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, and blood pressure monitoring and screening. This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=12

Managing Hypertension Using Combination Therapy - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - More than 70% of adults treated for primary hypertension will eventually require at least two antihypertensive agents, either initially as combination therapy or as add-on therapy if monotherapy and lifestyle modifications do not achieve adequate blood pressure control. Four main ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p341.html

Office Spirometry: Indications and Interpretation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - High-quality, office-based spirometry provides diagnostic information as useful and reliable as testing performed in a pulmonary function laboratory. Spirometry may be used to monitor progression of lung disease and response to therapy. A stepwise approach to spirometry allows for ease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p362.html

Genital Ulcers: Differential Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Genital ulcers may be located on the vagina, penis, and anorectal or perineal areas and may be infectious or noninfectious. Herpes simplex virus is the most common cause of genital ulcers in the United States. A diagnosis of genital herpes simplex virus infection is made through ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p355.html

Fracture Prevention in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p370.html

Esketamine (Spravato) for Treatment-Resistant Depression - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Esketamine is an in-office treatment for patients with a severe major depressive disorder to be used in addition to oral antidepressant therapy.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p339.html

Group B Streptococcus Disease: AAP Updates Guidelines for the Management of At-Risk ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have updated guidelines for management of early- and late-onset group B streptococcus disease in infants.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p378.html

Medication Use to Reduce Risk of Breast Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - E.F., a 40-year-old woman, comes to your office for a routine gynecologic visit. She is not taking any medications and is generally healthy. She is sexually active, and her last menstrual period started 10 days ago.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p373.html

Integrating Breast Cancer Risk Management into Primary Care - Editorials - American ...

Mar 15, 2020 - It is important that primary care physicians have the ability and resources to identify women eligible for genetic counseling and testing for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p330.html

Medication Use to Reduce Risk of Breast Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Mar 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer to prescribe risk-reducing medications, such as tamoxifen, raloxifene, or aromatase inhibitors, to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer and at low risk for adverse medication effects.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/od1.html

Common Cold, IV Fluids for Children, e-Cigarettes, Postpartum Depression, Actinic ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p332.html

Conjunctival Lesion in a 10-Year-Old Girl - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 2020 Issue Photo Quiz Conjunctival Lesion in a 10-Year-Old Girl MATTHEW HAWKS, MD, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland MEGAN COOK, DO, Nellis Family Medicine Residency, Las Vegas, Nevada Am Fam...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p375.html

Evidence Lacking That Acupuncture Is More Effective Than Placebo - Letters to the ...

Mar 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor Evidence Lacking That Acupuncture Is More Effective Than Placebo Am Fam Physician. 2020 Mar 15;101(6):325-326. Original Article: Acupuncture for Pain Issue Date: July 15, 2019 See additional reader comments...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p325.html

Acupuncture Not Supported By Strong Scientific Evidence - Letters to the Editor - ...

Mar 15, 2020 - Mar 15, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor Acupuncture Not Supported By Strong Scientific Evidence Am Fam Physician. 2020 Mar 15;101(6):326-328. Original Article: Acupuncture for Pain; and Integrating Medical Acupuncture into Family Medicine Practice [Editorial] Issue Date: July 15,...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p326.html

Genital Ulcers: What Causes Them? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 2020 Issue Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p355-s1.html

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is performed by a physician at the bedside and is standard practice in obstetric, emergency, and musculoskeletal medicine. When compared with formal sonography, POCUS is equivalent in screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm and as accurate in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p275.html

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Adults: Evaluation and Management - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is defined as hemorrhage from the mouth to the ligament of Treitz. Common risk factors for upper GI bleeding include prior upper GI bleeding, anticoagulant use, high-dose nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, and older age. Causes of upper GI ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p294.html

HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS and related issues, including antiretroviral therapy, behavioral counseling, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, and infection prevention. This collection features AFP content on human ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=11

Sexual Health History: Techniques and Tips - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Family physicians should use a proactive, integrated, patient-centered approach to sexual health that includes, but is not limited to, disease identification and treatment. Successfully delivering positive, affirming, nonjudgmental sexual health care requires intentionally creating safe...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p286.html

Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment in U.S. Health Care Professionals: CDC ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - According to 1995–2007 surveillance data reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Tuberculosis Controllers Association work group, tuberculosis incidence rates in health care professionals were similar to those in the general population.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p312.html

Emotional Support Animals: Considerations for Documentation - Curbside Consultation - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Companion animals are increasingly viewed as part of the family, and studies show many mental and physical benefits of pet ownership. Federal regulations require patients to obtain health care professional documentation for emotional support animals to allow these animals to accompany ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p302.html

IDx-DR for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening - Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - IDx-DR is a reliable screening tool used to diagnose diabetic retinopathy in the primary care office and may reduce barriers to screening and improve gaps in eye care for those with diabetes.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p307.html

Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Antibiotics often disrupt the natural balance of nonpathogenic bacterial flora within the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about the effectiveness of probiotics in preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/od2.html

Music Therapy for Depression - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Moderate-quality evidence shows that music therapy added to standard care is more effective in the first three months than standard care alone for depressive symptoms based on clinician-rated outcomes and patient-reported outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p273.html

Guideline for Chronic Diarrhea: Screening for IBD and Celiac Disease Is In, Screening ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Although an algorithm to guide the workup is not offered, the American Gastroenterological Association suggests the following tests for patients with chronic diarrhea (i.e., watery diarrhea for at least four weeks): fecal calprotectin or fecal lactoferrin to screen for inflammatory ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p310a.html

Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Maintaining Cognitive Functioning in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Vitamin and mineral supplementation has little to no beneficial effect on preserving cognitive functioning or preventing dementia in cognitively healthy adults 40 years and older.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p272.html

Tense Bullae and Pruritus - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - A 72-year-old man presents with a two-month history of worsening pruritic rash and painful blisters on his trunk, bilateral upper and lower extremities, face, and groin.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p305.html

Fewer Severe Exacerbations in Patients with Mild to Moderate Asthma Treated with ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Patients with mild to moderate asthma only need relief treatment. In this study, patients taking the combination of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort) as needed had slightly fewer severe exacerbations than patients treated with twice daily budesonide (Pulmicort).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p310.html

Tai Chi for Fibromyalgia - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - The practice of Yang-style tai chi for one hour twice weekly for 12 to 24 weeks is moderately effective in improving quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/od1.html

HIV Status, Preexposure Prophylaxis, Sexual Health, and the Critical Role of Family ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Family physicians play a key role in expanding HIV testing and treatment, as well as providing sexual health services in areas where specialty sexual health services are not readily available.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p262.html

Linagliptin and Glimepiride Equally Effective for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - This study found that linagliptin is noninferior to glimepiride for reducing the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke in adults with type 2 diabetes at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p309a.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening, Breastfeeding, Miscarriage, Eczema, Routine Screening for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p270.html

Thromboembolism Recurrence Likely; Consider It a Chronic Disease - POEMs - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Perhaps it is time to start thinking about VTE as a chronic disease. Approximately one in 10 patients that have a VTE will have a second VTE over the next 12 months and almost four in 10 will have a second VTE over 10 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p309.html

Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Evaluation and Management - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Evaluation and management of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding focus on etiologies originating distally to the ligament of Treitz. Diverticular disease is the most common source, accounting for 40% of cases. Hemorrhoids, angiodysplasia, infectious colitis, and inflammatory bowel ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p206.html

Cerebral Palsy: An Overview - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Cerebral palsy, which occurs in two to three out of 1,000 live births, has multiple etiologies resulting in brain injury that affects movement, posture, and balance. The movement disorders associated with cerebral palsy are categorized as spasticity, dyskinesia, ataxia, or mixed/other. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p213.html

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever) in Primary Care - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis (valley fever) is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii. Residing in or traveling to areas endemic for Coccidioides is required for the diagnosis; no person-to-person or zoonotic contagion ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p221.html

U.S. Policies and Their Effects on Immigrant Children’s Health - Editorials - American ...

Feb 15, 2020 - Immigrant children are a vulnerable group, requiring special protections under U.S. and international law. Compared with nonimmigrant children, they face additional dangers to their physical and mental health that stem directly from immigration policies, including the right to asylum, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p202.html

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer: ...

Feb 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians assess women with a personal or family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer or who have an ancestry associated with breast cancer susceptibility 1 and 2 (BRCA1/2) gene mutations with an appropriate brief familial risk...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p233.html

Diagnosis of Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction - Point-of-Care Guides - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Can signs, symptoms, and simple tests be used to determine the likelihood of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p230.html

ACIP Approves 2020 Adult and Childhood/Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2020 - The 2020 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p251.html

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - A 31-year-old woman presents to your office for a well-woman examination. She is sexually active in a monogamous relationship and has never been pregnant. She tells you that her mother was diagnosed with tubal cancer at age 40 and that her sister, who is 42 years of age, was recently ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p239.html

An Anatomical Cause of Dysphagia - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - A man presented with worsening dysphagia, with sore throat, dyspnea, cough, heartburn, and wheezing.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p241.html

Dupilumab (Dupixent) for Asthma - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Dupilumab is an effective injectable drug that decreases asthma exacerbations and the need for an oral glucocorticoid in patients with moderate to severe asthma, particularly those with high eosinophil counts.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p244.html

Increased Readmissions and Adverse Events with Intensification of Antihypertensive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - The intensification of antihypertensive regimens on discharge in older adults hospitalized for noncardiac conditions is associated with an increased risk of readmission (number needed to harm [NNH] = 27) and medication-related serious adverse events (NNH = 63) within 30 days.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p248a.html

Do Not Change Antidepressant Treatment Early Based on a Lack of Response - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Do not be in a hurry to change treatment in patients with severe depression who do not respond to treatment within the first two weeks. Early response to treatment predicts eventual response or remission, but a lack of early response does not predict treatment failure.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p250.html

No Benefit, Longer Hospital Stay with Treatment of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Inappropriate treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is common in hospitalized patients. Older patients, those with dementia or acutely altered mental status, and those with abnormal urinalysis results are more likely to be treated with antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p248.html

Amenorrhea, Ingrown Toenails, Chronic Neck Pain, Infantile Hemangiomas, Fluoride ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p205.html

Topical Interventions Improve Outcomes After Cryosurgery for Actinic Keratosis - POEMs ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Based on a review of low-quality evidence, adding a topical intervention after cryosurgery for actinic keratosis improves the likelihood of complete clearance from 46% to 79% (number needed to treat = 3).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p249.html

The Risk of Corticosteroids in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Letters to the Editor - ...

Feb 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor The Risk of Corticosteroids in Community-Acquired Pneumonia Am Fam Physician. 2020 Feb 15;101(4):197. To the Editor: A 71-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and osteoarthritis of the knee presented with a...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p197.html

What You Should Know About Valley Fever - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2020 Issue Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p221-s1.html

Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen and progestogen therapy, hormone therapy, hot flashes, mood symptoms, sexual difficulties, and postmenopause. This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=59

Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Chronic wounds are those that do not progress through a normal, orderly, and timely sequence of repair. They are common and are often incorrectly treated. The morbidity and associated costs of chronic wounds highlight the need to implement wound prevention and treatment guidelines. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.html

Screening and Counseling Adolescents and Young Adults: A Framework for Comprehensive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Healthy development is likely to occur when an adolescent’s risk factors are limited and when protective factors are fostered. Healthy development is further encouraged when youth feel valued, empowered, and form healthy social connections. Threats to the well-being of adolescents ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p147.html

Clostridioides difficile Infection: Update on Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection have recently been updated. Risk factors include recent exposure to health care facilities or antibiotics, especially clindamycin. C. difficile infection is characterized by a wide range of symptoms, from ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p168.html

Breast Cancer Screening: ACP Releases Guidance Statements - Practice Guidelines - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - The American College of Physicians reviewed guidelines from other organizations and developed four statements to provide advice to clinicians about breast cancer screening for women who are at average risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p184.html

Shared Decision-Making for Administering PCV13 in Older Adults - Editorials - American ...

Feb 1, 2020 - In June 2019, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices approved a change from its age-based 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine recommendations to a shared clinical decision-making process.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p134.html

Treatments for Postmenopausal Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder - FPIN's Clinical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Transdermal testosterone for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in postmenopausal women results in an additional 0.92 sexually satisfying events per month, acne, and increased androgenic effects without major complications

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p182.html

OnabotulinumtoxinA for Prevention of Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - OnabotulinumtoxinA reduces the number of migraine days per month by two days compared with placebo in adults with chronic migraines.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p144.html

Accuracy of Dermoscopy vs. Visual Inspection for Diagnosing Melanoma in Adults - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - The addition of dermoscopy to in-person visual inspection of skin lesions increases specificity and sensitivity in the detection of melanoma. In-person evaluation with dermoscopy is more accurate than image-based assessment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p145.html

Adverse Events of Pharmacologic Treatments of Major Depression in Older Adults - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - What are the adverse events of antidepressants prescribed to treat major depressive disorder in adults 65 years and older?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p179.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial due to the variety of etiologies. This review examined the use of antibiotics to treat COPD in outpatient, inpatient, and ICU settings. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/od1.html

H. pylori, Heart Failure, Acupuncture, Injections for Tendinopathy, Hirsutism - AFP ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p143.html

Painful Lower Extremity Ulcerations with Hyperpigmentation - Photo Quiz - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2020 Issue Photo Quiz Painful Lower Extremity Ulcerations with Hyperpigmentation ERIK A KUMETZ, MD, 36th Medical Group, Andersen Air Force Base, Yigo, Guam NICHOLAS F. LOGEMANN, DO, Walter Reed National Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p177.html

Muscle Weakness in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Although the prevalence of muscle weakness in the general population is uncertain, it occurs in about 5% of U.S. adults 60 years and older. Determining the cause of muscle weakness can be challenging. True muscle weakness must first be differentiated from subjective fatigue or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p95.html

Functional Dyspepsia: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Functional dyspepsia is defined as at least one month of epigastric discomfort without evidence of organic disease found during an upper endoscopy, and it accounts for 70% of dyspepsia. Symptoms of functional dyspepsia include postprandial fullness, early satiety, and epigastric pain or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p84.html

Short-Term Systemic Corticosteroids: Appropriate Use in Primary Care - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Short-term systemic corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are frequently prescribed for adults in the outpatient setting by primary care physicians. There is a lack of supporting evidence for most diagnoses for which steroids are prescribed, and there is evidence against steroid use ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p89.html

Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Updated Guidance from the AHA, ACC, and HRS - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - This guideline on atrial fibrillation (AF) management from the American Heart Association (AHA), American College of Cardiology (ACC), and Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) is an update of the 2014 version and is based on new evidence from clinical trials and the U.S. Food and Drug ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p123.html

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement -...

Jan 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p112.html

Revefenacin (Yupelri) for the Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Revefenacin is a once-daily nebulized alternative to metered dose long-acting muscarinic antagonists for patients with moderate to severe COPD. Given its expense, complicated administration process, and lack of evidence that it improves key patient-oriented outcomes, its use should be ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p121.html

Pain Medications Before IUD Placement - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Topical lidocaine preparations including gels, creams, and sprays may modestly decrease pain with tenaculum placement but not during IUD insertion.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p119.html

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus in Pregnant Women - Putting Prevention into Practice - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - A 33-year-old U.S.-born pregnant clinician comes to your office for a first prenatal visit. Her most recent menstrual period was six weeks ago, and she has been taking prenatal vitamins for the past eight weeks. She was pregnant once more than two years ago, and at the time she screened...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p115.html

Depression After ACS, Amenorrhea, Physical Activity, Heart Failure, Erythema Multiforme... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p75.html

America Needs More Family Doctors: The 25x2030 Collaborative Aims to Get More Medical ...

Jan 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2020 Issue Editorials America Needs More Family Doctors: 25×2030 Collaborative Aims to Get More Medical Students into Family Medicine JACOB PRUNUSKE, MD, MSPH, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wausau, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p82.html

Acute Heart Failure in a 39-Year-Old Man - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2020 Issue Photo Quiz Acute Heart Failure in a 39-Year-Old Man DREW ASHBY, MD; FRANKLIN NIBLOCK, MD, MPH; KENNETH HERRING, MD; and LOGAN MIMS, MD, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan 15;101(2):117-118. A...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p117.html

Identify Patients Likely to Benefit from Lung Cancer Screening - Letters to the Editor ...

Jan 15, 2020 - Jan 15, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor Identify Patients Likely to Benefit from Lung Cancer Screening Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan 15;101(2):69-70. Original Article: Lung Cancer Screening: Pros and Cons [Lown Right Care] Issue Date: June 15, 2019 Available at:...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p69.html

Lung Cancer Screening Effective for Reducing Cancer Deaths - Letters to the Editor - ...

Jan 15, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor Lung Cancer Screening Effective for Reducing Cancer Deaths Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan 15;101(2):70-71. Original Article: Lung Cancer Screening: Pros and Cons [Lown Right Care] Issue Date: June 15, 2019...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p70.html

Benign Anorectal Conditions: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Common anorectal conditions include hemorrhoids, perianal pruritus, anal fissures, functional rectal pain, perianal abscess, condyloma, rectal prolapse, and fecal incontinence. Although these are benign conditions, symptoms can be similar to those of cancer, so malignancy should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p24.html

Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms of lymphocytes with more than 90 subtypes. It is traditionally classified broadly as non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma. Approximately 82,000 new U.S. patients are diagnosed with lymphoma annually. Any tobacco use and obesity are major modifiable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p34.html

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects 1% to 3% of U.S. adolescents. It is defined by a lateral curvature of the spine (Cobb angle) of at least 10 degrees in the absence of underlying congenital or neuromuscular abnormalities. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis may be detected via the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p19.html

Beers Criteria for Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Patients: An Update from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - The 2019 American Geriatrics Society update of the Beers Criteria uses the five criteria outlined in 2015; these include medications that should typically be avoided in most older patients, medications that should be avoided in older patients with certain conditions, medications that ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p56.html

PLAC Test for Lp-PLA2 Activity to Predict Coronary Heart Disease - Diagnostic Tests: ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - The PLAC test is a blood test used to measure serum activity of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), an enzyme that breaks down oxidized low-density lipoprotein in the vascular wall.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p44.html

Fasting and Nonfasting Lipid Levels Similarly Predict Cardiovascular Disease Risk - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Guidelines recommend checking lipid levels in nonfasting patients. They are easier to obtain and are equally predictive of subsequent cardiac events. Although triglyceride levels may be higher in nonfasting patients, cholesterol levels will be similar whether the patient was fasting or ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p53.html

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