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Prevention and Treatment of Motion Sickness - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Motion sickness is a common syndrome that occurs upon exposure to certain types of motion. It is thought to be caused by conflict between the vestibular, visual, and other proprioceptive systems. Although nausea is the hallmark symptom, it is often preceded by stomach awareness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p41.html

Recreational Waterborne Illnesses: Recognition, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

May 1, 2017 - Illness after recreational water activities can be caused by a variety of agents, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, algae, and even chlorine gas. These illnesses are more common in summer. Waterborne illnesses are underreported because most recreational activity occurs in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p554.html

Common Types of Supraventricular Tachycardia: Diagnosis and Management - American ...

Oct 15, 2010 - The most common types of supraventricular tachycardia are caused by a reentry phenomenon producing accelerated heart rates. Symptoms may include palpitations (pulsation in the neck), chest pain, lightheadedness or dizziness, and dyspnea. It is unusual for supraventricular tachycardia to...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p942.html

Splints and Casts: Indications and Methods - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Management of a wide variety of musculoskeletal conditions requires the use of a cast or splint. Splints are noncircumferential immobilizers that accommodate swelling. This quality makes splints ideal for the management of a variety of acute musculoskeletal conditions in which swelling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p491.html

Cervical Radiculopathy: Nonoperative Management of Neck Pain and Radicular Symptoms - ...

Jan 1, 2010 - Cervical radiculopathy is a disease process marked by nerve compression from herniated disk material or arthritic bone spurs. This impingement typically produces neck and radiating arm pain or numbness, sensory deficits, or motor dysfunction in the neck and upper extremities. Magnetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p33.html

Management of Blood Glucose with Noninsulin Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A comprehensive, collaborative approach is necessary for optimal treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment guidelines focus on nutrition, exercise, and pharmacologic therapies to prevent and manage complications. Patients with prediabetes or new-onset diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p27.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2017 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2018 - Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p581.html

Gynecomastia - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - Gynecomastia is defined as benign proliferation of glandular breast tissue in men. Physiologic gynecomastia is common in newborns, adolescents, and older men. It is self-limited, but can be treated to minimize emotional distress and physical discomfort. Nonphysiologic gynecomastia may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p716.html

Failure to Thrive: An Update - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2011 - Failure to thrive in childhood is a state of undernutrition due to inadequate caloric intake, inadequate caloric absorption, or excessive caloric expenditure. In the United States, it is seen in 5 to 10 percent of children in primary care settings. Although failure to thrive is often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p829.html

Bedbug Infestation - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - The significant resurgence of bedbugs in the past decade has been attributed to pesticide resistance, more frequent travel, lack of public awareness, and inadequate pest control programs. Bedbugs are obligate blood parasites (insect family Cimicidae). They can withstand a large range of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p653.html

A Systematic Approach to the Evaluation of a Limping Child - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - A limp is defined as a deviation from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern resulting in an uneven, jerky, or laborious gait. It can be caused by pain, weakness, or deformity as a result of a variety of conditions. Transient synovitis is the most common diagnosis. Other causes of acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p908.html

Care of the Colorectal Cancer Survivor - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States and has a five-year survival rate of 65%. The American Cancer Society and other experts have released guidelines on surveillance, health promotion, screening for other malignancies, and management of treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p331.html

Occupational Health - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2021 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Occupational Health Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on occupational health, including back pain and injuries, impairment and disability evaluations,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=89

Common Tongue Conditions in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2010 - Although easily examined, abnormalities of the tongue can present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for physicians. Recognition and diagnosis require a thorough history, including onset and duration, antecedent symptoms, and tobacco and alcohol use. Examination of tongue morphology ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p627.html

Refractive Eye Surgery: Helping Patients Make Informed Decisions About LASIK - American...

May 15, 2017 - A variety of refractive surgery techniques, which reshape the corneal stroma using laser energy, have been marketed as simple and safe alternatives to glasses or contact lenses. Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most common of these procedures. Although there are few ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p637.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2013 - The approach to patients with acute pain begins by identifying the underlying cause and a disease-specific treatment. The first-line pharmacologic agent for the symptomatic treatment of mild to moderate pain is acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The choice ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p766.html

Diagnosis and Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Upper gastrointestinal bleeding causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States, and has been associated with increasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. Rapid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p469.html

Stress Fractures: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Stress fractures are common injuries in athletes and military recruits. These injuries occur more commonly in lower extremities than in upper extremities. Stress fractures should be considered in patients who present with tenderness or edema after a recent increase in activity or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p39.html

Initial Management of Patients with HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2016 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a treatable chronic disease with near-normal life expectancy when patients receive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Family physicians and other primary care clinicians commonly provide long-term comprehensive care for persons with HIV...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p708.html

Choosing Topical Corticosteroids - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Topical corticosteroids are one of the oldest and most useful treatments for dermatologic conditions. There are many topical steroids available, and they differ in potency and formulation. Successful treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis and consideration of the steroid's delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p135.html

Vaginitis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2011 - Bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vulvovaginal candidiasis are the most common infectious causes of vaginitis. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the normal lactobacilli of the vagina are replaced by mostly anaerobic bacteria. Diagnosis is commonly made using the Amsel criteria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p807.html

Costochondritis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - Costochondritis, an inflammation of costochondral junctions of ribs or chondrosternal joints of the anterior chest wall, is a common condition seen in patients presenting to the physician's office and emergency department. Palpation of the affected chondrosternal joints of the chest ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p617.html

Prevention of Malaria in Travelers - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - There are approximately 300 million cases of malaria each year, resulting in 1 million deaths worldwide. Family physicians often encounter patients preparing to travel to malaria-endemic regions. Physicians should have basic knowledge of parasite transmission and malaria prevention. The...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p973.html

Perioperative Cardiovascular Medication Management in Noncardiac Surgery: Common ...

May 15, 2017 - Several medications have been used perioperatively in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery in an attempt to improve outcomes. Antiplatelet therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular events should generally be discontinued seven to 10 days before surgery to avoid increasing the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p645.html

A Comprehensive Newborn Exam: Part II. Skin, Trunk, Extremities, Neurologic - American ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Skin findings are common during the newborn examination. Although these findings are often benign, it is important to visualize the entire skin surface to distinguish these findings and appropriately reassure parents. The chest should be observed for symmetric movement, pectus ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p297.html

Adverse Effects of Antipsychotic Medications - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2010 - The use of antipsychotic medications entails a difficult trade-off between the benefit of alleviating psychotic symptoms and the risk of troubling, sometimes life-shortening adverse effects. There is more variability among specific antipsychotic medications than there is between the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p617.html

Common Questions About Chronic Prostatitis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2016 - Chronic prostatitis is relatively common, with a lifetime prevalence of 1.8% to 8.2%. Risk factors include conditions that facilitate introduction of bacteria into the urethra and prostate (which also predispose the patient to urinary tract infections) and conditions that can lead to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p290.html

Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. One-third of these deaths may be preventable through healthy lifestyle choices including diet and physical activity. The Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality, whereas the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p919.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Biceps Tendinitis and Tendinosis - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Biceps tendinitis is inflammation of the tendon around the long head of the biceps muscle. Biceps tendinosis is caused by degeneration of the tendon from athletics requiring overhead motion or from the normal aging process. Inflammation of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p470.html

Childhood Eye Examination - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p241.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - Plantar fasciitis, a self-limiting condition, is a common cause of heel pain in adults. It affects more than 1 million persons per year, and two-thirds of patients with plantar fasciitis will seek care from their family physician. Plantar fasciitis affects sedentary and athletic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p676.html

Shave and Punch Biopsy for Skin Lesions - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2011 - Shave and punch biopsies are essential procedures for physicians who manage skin conditions. These office-based procedures can diagnose questionable dermatologic lesions, including possible malignancies. Approaches include the superficial shave biopsy, saucerization excision, punch ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p995.html

Recognition and Management of Vitamin D Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Vitamin D deficiency affects persons of all ages. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, proximal muscle weakness, muscle aches, and throbbing bone pain elicited with pressure over the sternum or tibia. A 25-hydroxyvitamin D level should be obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p841.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acne - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is the most common skin disorder in the United States. Therapy targets the four factors responsible for lesion formation: increased sebum production, hyperkeratinization, colonization by Propionibacterium acnes, and the resultant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p734.html

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Excessive daytime sleepiness is one of the most common sleep-related patient symptoms, and it affects an estimated 20 percent of the population. Persons with excessive daytime sleepiness are at risk of motor vehicle and work-related incidents, and have poorer health than comparable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p391.html

Nutrition - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Nutrition Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on nutrition and related issues, including diets, physical activity, prevention of cardiovascular disease,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=86

Diagnosis of Urinary Incontinence - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - Urinary incontinence is common, increases in prevalence with age, and affects quality of life for men and women. The initial evaluation occurs in the family physician’s office and generally does not require urologic or gynecologic evaluation. The basic workup is aimed at identifying ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p543.html

Sexually Transmitted Infections: Recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task...

Dec 1, 2016 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued recommendations on behavioral counseling to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and recommendations about screening for individual STIs. Clinicians should obtain a sexual history to assess for behaviors that increase...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p907.html

Recognition and Management of Motor Delay and Muscle Weakness in Children - American ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders in young children is often delayed for years after symptoms emerge, resulting in missed opportunities for therapy and genetic counseling. Identification of the weak child begins with careful attention to caregiver concerns and developmental ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p38.html

Compensation & Productivity -- FPM Topic Collection

Nov 11, 2020 - Advertisement Topic Collection Compensation & Productivity Editors' Choice of Best Available Content Categories Productivity Compensation and Incentives Productivity 04/01/2020 Panel Size Is Just a Number: A Rubric for Opening and Closing Panels...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=119

Primary Care for Refugees: Challenges and Opportunities - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2017 - Since 1975, more than 3 million refugees have settled in the United States, fleeing unrest, conflict, and persecution. Refugees represent diverse ethnic, cultural, religious, socioeconomic, and educational backgrounds. Despite this heterogeneity, there are commonalities in the refugee ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p112.html

Gait and Balance Disorders in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Gait and balance disorders are common in older adults and are a major cause of falls in this population. They are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as reduced level of function. Common causes include arthritis and orthostatic hypotension; however, most gait and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p61.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Preventive Health Care for Women Who Have Sex with Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p314.html

Practice Finances -- FPM Topic Collection

Nov 11, 2020 - Advertisement Topic Collection Practice Finances Editors' Choice of Best Available Content Categories Financial Issues Financial Issues 04/01/2010 The 12-Step Way to Reduce Practice Expenses: Part 1, Staffing Efficiencies 06/01/2010 The 12-Step Way to...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=120

Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Cancer: A Guide for Early Recognition - American Family...

Aug 1, 2013 - Although cancer in children is rare, it is the second most common cause of childhood mortality in developed countries. It often presents with nonspecific symptoms similar to those of benign conditions, leading to delays in the diagnosis and initiation of appropriate treatment. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p185.html

Leukemia: An Overview for Primary Care - American Family Physician

May 1, 2014 - Leukemia is a clonal proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. The four broad subtypes most likely to be encountered by primary care physicians are acute lymphoblastic, acute myelogenous, chronic lymphocytic, and chronic myelogenous. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p731.html

Opioid Epidemic - Key Resources - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2020 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Opioid Epidemic - Key Resources Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on the opioid epidemic and related issues, including chronic opioid therapy, chronic pain...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=106

Alpha and Beta Thalassemia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - The thalassemias are a group of inherited hematologic disorders caused by defects in the synthesis of one or more of the hemoglobin chains. Alpha thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of alpha globin chains, and beta thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p339.html

Common Questions About Infectious Mononucleosis - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2015 - Epstein-Barr is a ubiquitous virus that infects 95% of the world population at some point in life. Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections are often asymptomatic, some patients present with the clinical syndrome of infectious mononucleosis (IM). The syndrome most commonly occurs ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p372.html

Natural Family Planning - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2012 - Natural family planning methods provide a unique option for committed couples. Advantages include the lack of medical adverse effects and the opportunity for participants to learn about reproduction. Modern methods of natural family planning involve observation of biologic markers to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p924.html

Virtual Visits -- FPM Topic Collection

Sep 10, 2020 - Advertisement Topic Collection Virtual Visits Editors' Choice of Best Available Content Categories Virtual Visits Virtual Visits During COVID-19 Other Resources Last Update: 09/10/2020 Virtual Visits 08/01/2015 Should You Treat Patients Virtually?...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=116

Evaluation of Scrotal Masses - American Family Physician

May 1, 2014 - Scrotal masses are caused by a variety of disorders, ranging from benign conditions to those requiring emergent surgical intervention. Painful scrotal masses require urgent evaluation. Characteristics that suggest testicular torsion include rapid symptom onset, nausea and vomiting, high...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p723.html

Health Equity, Diversity, and Social Determinants of Health -- FPM Topic Collection

Jun 29, 2020 - Advertisement Topic Collection Health Equity, Diversity, and Social Determinants of Health Editors' Choice of Best Available Content Categories Addressing Discrimination Social Determinants of Health Cultural Competence Other Resources Addressing...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=114

Treatment of Childhood and Adolescent Depression - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2012 - Major depressive disorder in children and adolescents is a common condition that affects physical, emotional, and social development. Risk factors include a family history of depression, parental conflict, poor peer relationships, deficits in coping skills, and negative thinking. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p442.html

HIV-Associated Complications: A Systems-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2017 - Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop complications related directly to the infection, as well as to treatment. Aging, lifestyle factors, and comorbidities increase the risk of developing chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p161.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Sexual dysfunction in women is a common and often distressing problem that has a negative impact on quality of life and medication compliance. The problem is often multifactorial, necessitating a multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment approach that addresses biological, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p281.html

Drug Treatments for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2009 - Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition present in approximately 5 to 10 percent of women of childbearing age. Diagnosis can be difficult because the signs and symptoms can be subtle and varied. These may include hirsutism, infertility, menstrual irregularities, and biochemical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p671.html

Evaluation and Management of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Premenopausal Women - ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Up to 14 percent of women experience irregular or excessively heavy menstrual bleeding. This abnormal uterine bleeding generally can be divided into anovulatory and ovulatory patterns. Chronic anovulation can lead to irregular bleeding, prolonged unopposed estrogen stimulation of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p35.html

Diagnosis and Management of Red Eye in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2010 - Red eye is the cardinal sign of ocular inflammation. The condition is usually benign and can be managed by primary care physicians. Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of red eye. Other common causes include blepharitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, subconjunctival hemorrhage, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0115/p137.html

Differentiation and Diagnosis of Tremor - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2011 - Tremor, an involuntary, rhythmic, oscillatory movement of a body part, is the most common movement disorder encountered in clinical practice. Rest tremors occur in a body part that is relaxed and completely supported against gravity. Action tremors occur with voluntary contraction of a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p697.html

Diagnosis and Management of Contact Dermatitis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2010 - Contact dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythematous and pruritic skin lesions that occur after contact with a foreign substance. There are two forms of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic. Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p249.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Detection and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Chronic kidney disease affects an estimated 27 million adults in the United States, and is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Patients should be assessed annually to determine whether they are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1138.html

Evaluation of Microcytosis - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2010 - Microcytosis is typically an incidental finding in asymptomatic patients who received a complete blood count for other reasons. The condition is defined as a mean corpuscular volume of less than 80 µm3 (80 fL) in adults. The most common causes of microcytosis are iron deficiency anemia ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1117.html

Management of Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - Keloids and hypertrophic scars represent an exuberant healing response that poses a challenge for physicians. Patients at high risk of keloids are usually younger than 30 years and have darker skin. Sternal skin, shoulders and upper arms, earlobes, and cheeks are most susceptible to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p253.html

Dyspareunia in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2014 - Dyspareunia is recurrent or persistent pain with sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal conflict. It affects approximately 10% to 20% of U.S. women. Dyspareunia can have a significant impact on a woman’s mental and physical health, body image, relationships with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p465.html

Common Questions About the Diagnosis and Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - ...

Dec 1, 2014 - Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition that increases in prevalence with age. A history should include onset, duration, and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms and medication use to rule out other causes of symptoms. Physical examination includes a digital rectal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p769.html

Speech and Language Delay in Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2011 - Speech and language delay in children is associated with increased difficulty with reading, writing, attention, and socialization. Although physicians should be alert to parental concerns and to whether children are meeting expected developmental milestones, there currently is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/p1183.html

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

Diagnosis and Management of Hepatitis C - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, is predominantly transmitted by exposure to blood or body fluids. The infection progresses to a chronic state in 80% of patients, whereas the virus clears completely after the acute infection in 20%...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p835.html

Pharyngitis (Sore Throat) - American Family Physician

Jul 29, 2019 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Pharyngitis (Sore Throat) Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on pharyngitis, sore throat, and strep throat. New research may affect the interpretation and...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=110

Hirsutism in Women - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - Hirsutism is excess terminal hair that commonly appears in a male pattern in women. Although hirsutism is generally associated with hyperandrogenemia, one-half of women with mild symptoms have normal androgen levels. The most common cause of hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p373.html

Nonsurgical Management of Knee Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - The role of the family physician in managing knee pain is expanding as recent literature supports nonsurgical management for many patients. Effective treatment depends on the etiology of knee pain. Oral analgesics—most commonly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen—are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p875.html

Top POEMs of 2016 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ...

Aug 15, 2017 - A challenge in the Choosing Wisely campaign is to identify low-value clinical actions supported by high-quality evidence. We applied a method based on crowdsourcing the Daily POEM (patient-oriented evidence that matters) to identify low-value clinical actions from research studies ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p234.html

Skin Deep: How to Properly Code for Biopsies and Lesion Removal -- FPM

Apr 1, 2019 - Learn about the new skin biopsy codes, and follow these tips to make sure you get full credit for the skin procedures you perform.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2019/0300/p15.html

Peripheral Nerve Entrapment and Injury in the Upper Extremity - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2010 - Peripheral nerve injury of the upper extremity commonly occurs in patients who participate in recreational (e.g., sports) and occupational activities. Nerve injury should be considered when a patient experiences pain, weakness, or paresthesias in the absence of a known bone, soft ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0115/p147.html

Treatment of Acute Migraine Headache - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - Migraine headache is a common and potentially debilitating disorder often treated by family physicians. Before diagnosing migraine, serious intracranial pathology must be ruled out. Treating acute migraine is challenging because of substantial rates of nonresponse to medications and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p271.html

Drug-Induced Nephrotoxicity - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Drugs are a common source of acute kidney injury. Compared with 30 years ago, the average patient today is older, has more comorbidities, and is exposed to more diagnostic and therapeutic procedures with the potential to harm kidney function. Drugs shown to cause nephrotoxicity exert ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p743.html

Pressure Ulcers: Prevention, Evaluation, and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin or underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of unrelieved pressure. Predisposing factors are classified as intrinsic (e.g., limited mobility, poor nutrition, comorbidities, aging skin) or extrinsic (e.g., pressure,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1186.html

Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Constipation in Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - Constipation is traditionally defined as three or fewer bowel movements per week. Risk factors for constipation include female sex, older age, inactivity, low caloric intake, low-fiber diet, low income, low educational level, and taking a large number of medications. Chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p299.html

Antiobiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Surgical Site Infections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2011 - Surgical site infections are the most common nosocomial infections in surgical patients, accounting for approximately 500,000 infections annually. Surgical site infections also account for nearly 4 million excess hospital days annually, and nearly $2 billion in increased health care ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p585.html

Update on Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Many elements of routine prenatal care are based on tradition and lack a firm evidence base; however, some elements are supported by more rigorous studies. Correct dating of the pregnancy is critical to prevent unnecessary inductions and to allow for accurate treatment of preterm labor....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p199.html

Thyroid Nodules - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2013 - Thyroid nodules are a common finding in the general population. They may present with symptoms of pressure in the neck or may be discovered during physical examination. Although the risk of cancer is small, it is the main reason for workup of these lesions. Measurement of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p193.html

Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Ectopic pregnancy affects 1% to 2% of all pregnancies and is responsible for 9% of pregnancy-related deaths in the United States. When a pregnant patient presents with first-trimester bleeding or abdominal pain, physicians should consider ectopic pregnancy as a possible cause. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p34.html

Essentials of Skin Laceration Repair - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Skin laceration repair is an important skill in family medicine. Sutures, tissue adhesives, staples, and skin-closure tapes are options in the outpatient setting. Physicians should be familiar with various suturing techniques, including simple, running, and half-buried mattress (corner)...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p945.html

Prevention and Treatment of Drowning - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2016 - Nearly 4,000 drowning deaths occur annually in the United States, with drowning representing the most common injury-related cause of death in children one to four years of age. Drowning is a process that runs the spectrum from brief entry of liquid into the airways with subsequent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p576.html

Glaucoma - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Glaucoma is a set of irreversible, progressive optic neuropathies that can lead to severe visual field loss and blindness. The two most common forms of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma and primary angle-closure glaucoma, affect more than 2 million Americans and are increasing in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p668.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Management of Gastrointestinal Complications - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2016 - Gastrointestinal disorders are common complications of diabetes mellitus and include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, vomiting of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p980.html

Noninfectious Penile Lesions - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2010 - Family physicians commonly diagnose and manage penile cutaneous lesions. Noninfectious lesions may be classified as inflammatory and papulosquamous (e.g., psoriasis, lichen sclerosus, angiokeratomas, lichen nitidus, lichen planus), or as neoplastic (e.g., carcinoma in situ, invasive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0115/p167.html

Pet-Related Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p794.html

Health Literacy in Primary Care Practice - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2015 - Health literacy includes a set of skills needed to make appropriate health decisions and successfully navigate the health care system. These skills include reading, writing, numeracy, communication, and, increasingly, the use of electronic technology. National data indicate that more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p118.html

Diagnostic Approach to Pleural Effusion - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2014 - Pleural effusion affects more than 1.5 million people in the United States each year and often complicates the management of heart failure, pneumonia, and malignancy. Pleural effusion occurs when fluid collects between the parietal and visceral pleura. Processes causing a distortion in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p99.html

Urinalysis: Case Presentations for the Primary Care Physician - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - Urinalysis is useful in diagnosing systemic and genitourinary conditions. In patients with suspected microscopic hematuria, urine dipstick testing may suggest the presence of blood, but results should be confirmed with a microscopic examination. In the absence of obvious causes, the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p542.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Common signs and symptoms of streptococcal pharyngitis include sore throat, temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C), tonsillar exudates, and cervical adenopathy. Cough, coryza, and diarrhea are more common with viral pharyngitis. Available diagnostic tests include throat...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p383.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Improving Function and Reducing Risk - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive multidisciplinary program individually tailored to the needs of patients with cardiovascular disease. The overall goals focus on improving daily function and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiac rehabilitation includes interventions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p37.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is atherosclerosis leading to narrowing of the major arteries distal to the aortic arch. The most common presenting symptom is claudication; however, only 10% of patients have classic claudication. Approximately 8 to 12 million Americans have PAD, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p306.html

Management of Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Most of the nearly 4 million births in the United States annually are normal spontaneous vaginal deliveries. In the first stage of labor, normal birth outcomes can be improved by encouraging the patient to walk and stay in upright positions, waiting until at least 6 cm dilation to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p202.html

Common Questions About the Pharmacologic Management of Depression in Adults - American ...

Jul 15, 2015 - One in 11 U.S. adults currently meets diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder, and a similar number report that they have taken an antidepressant medication in the past 30 days. In the primary care population, medications are modestly superior to placebo in achieving ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p94.html

Evaluation of Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2008 - Acute abdominal pain can represent a spectrum of conditions from benign and self-limited disease to surgical emergencies. Evaluating abdominal pain requires an approach that relies on the likelihood of disease, patient history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p971.html

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