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Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Should Family Physicians Screen for Vitamin D Deficiency? No: Screening Is Unnecessary,...

Apr 15, 2013 - The evidence remains incomplete, but there are numerous problems with regularly measuring serum vitamin D levels to assess for deficiency.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/od2.html

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults: ...

Apr 15, 2013 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen women of childbearing age for intimate partner violence (IPV), such as domestic violence, and provide or refer women who screen positive to intervention services.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/od3.html

Screening for and Management of Obesity in Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Nov 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening all adults for obesity. Clinicians should offer or refer patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg per m2 or higher to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/od3.html

Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions: ...

Mar 15, 2013 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against the use of combined estrogen and progestin for the prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/od1.html

Does Screening Mammography Lead to Overdiagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer? - AFP ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Implementation of a universal mammographic screening program leads to an increase in the diagnosis of invasive breast cancer, because of improved detection of clinically significant cancer and overdiagnosis.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p408.html

Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions - Putting ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Case Study: A 59-year-old healthy, postmenopausal woman presents for a routine health maintenance visit. She has an intact uterus and no history of skeletal fractures. She asks if menopausal hormone therapy would help prevent chronic illness, specifically stroke and dementia.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p437.html

Screening Mammography: The Goal Is Changing - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - Screening mammography is one of an increasing number of clinical issues that will require rethinking the clinical mission and restructuring clinical practice to help patients make informed choices.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p246.html

Screening for Prostate Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task...

Feb 15, 2013 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/od1.html

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - Feb 15, 2013 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p283.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? No: Concerns Are ...

Feb 1, 2013 - When patients are randomized and cardiovascular events are carefully adjudicated, there is no compelling evidence that calcium supplementation increases the rate of major cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od2.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? Yes: The Potential ...

Feb 1, 2013 - The bolus administration of this micronutrient should be abandoned in most circumstances, and patients should be encouraged to obtain their calcium intake from an appropriately balanced diet.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od1.html

ACIP Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2013 - Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules. First, the format of the routine child and adolescent schedules has changed and the two previous age-based schedules (0 to six years and seven to 18 years of age) have been merged into one 0- to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p204.html

Screening for Hearing Loss in Older Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jan 15, 2013 - Case study: A 75-year-old woman presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. She mentions that her friend was recently diagnosed with hearing loss and fitted for a hearing aid. She has no perceived hearing loss, but she wonders whether she needs a hearing aid.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0115/p129.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Although screening increases the proportion of newborns who are treated for DDH, there is insufficient evidence that targeted or universal ultrasound screening improves long-term orthopedic outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p10.html

The Annual Pelvic Examination: Preventive Time Not Well Spent - Editorials - American ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Given the lack of evidence to support annual pelvic examinations, it would be better for patients if we spend that time addressing screening, counseling, and other preventive services for which strong evidence exists.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p8.html

Primary Prevention of Child Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - In 1993, the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect declared a child protection emergency. Between 1985 and 1993, there was a 50 percent increase in reported cases of child abuse. Three million cases of child abuse are reported in the United States each year. Treatment of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1577.html

ACP Releases Best Practice Advice on Colorectal Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines ...

Dec 15, 2012 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) recently reviewed guidelines on colorectal cancer screening available from the American Cancer Society/U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer/American College of Radiology, Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement, U.S. Preventive ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1153.html

Prevention of Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Dec 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends exercise or physical therapy and vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older who are at increased risk of falls.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od3.html

Putting Prevention into Practice - Dec 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Case study: A 73-year-old woman comes to your office for routine follow-up for hypertension. She lives alone in an apartment and walks slowly, requiring the use of a cane. She is otherwise healthy and alert. Her most recent eye examination was three years ago.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1135.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

The Proactive Sexual Health History: Key to Effective Sexual Health Care - American ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Family physicians must proactively address the sexual health of their patients. Effective sexual health care should address wellness considerations in addition to infections, contraception, and sexual dysfunction. However, physicians consistently underestimate the prevalence of sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1705.html

ACS/ASCCP/ASCP Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer - Editorials - ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP), and the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) recently published updated recommendations for the early detection of cervical cancer. The guidelines are based on a systematic ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p501.html

Screening for and Management of Obesity in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Nov 15, 2012 - Case study: A 40-year-old woman presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. She has no significant medical history. She recently participated in a health fair at work and underwent free lipid and glucose screening; both levels were within normal limits.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p947.html

Screening for Cervical Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2012 - Case study: J.K., a 45-year-old woman, presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. She has been married for 20 years, and there is nothing remarkable in her medical history, including no previous abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smears.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p563.html

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults - U.S. Preventive ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2014 Issue U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults: Recommendation Statement Am Fam Physician. 2014 Jun 1;89(11):online. Related Putting Prevention into...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/od1.html

Should Family Physicians Routinely Screen for Hypercholesterolemia in Children? Yes: ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Yes: The Evidence Supports Universal Screening. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events are the culmination of a process that has clearly been shown to begin in childhood, with accumulation of abnormal lipids in the vascular intima.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od2.html

Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine - Oct 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - No: Universal Screening Has Uncertain Benefits and a High Risk of Harms. Atherosclerosis can be demonstrated in young arteries, and its development over time correlates with the presence of risk factors for the disease, including higher lipid levels. But the presence of this association...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 24 years of age who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od3.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Case study: A 17-year-old white female patient with dark hair comes to your office for a refill of her seasonal allergy prescription. Her primary residence is in Minnesota. She mentions that she heard that sun tanning was bad for you and asks whether it is true.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p773.html

Issues in Newborn Screening for Phenylketonuria - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The blood sample for phenylketonuria (PKU) screening should be obtained at least 12 hours after the infant's birth. Newborn screening for PKU has largely eliminated mental retardation caused by this disease. If the first phenylalanine test demonstrates positive results, a repeat test ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1462.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2012-2013 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued its annual guideline on influenza vaccination. This year’s guideline provides information on dosing considerations for children six months to eight years of age, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p686.html

Should Family Physicians Use Coronary Artery Calcium Scores to Screen for Coronary ...

Sep 1, 2012 - Yes: Screening Improves CAD Risk Management in Selected Patients. Sudden death is often the first manifestation of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD). One-third of deaths from CAD in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study occurred without warning signs, and there was ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p398.html

Should Family Physicians Use Coronary Artery Calcium Scores to Screen for Coronary ...

Sep 1, 2012 - No: Screening is Unproven, Expensive, and Potentially Harmful. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores have been recommended as a way to screen for coronary artery disease (CAD). Before we get too enthusiastic about this expensive new test, remember that a good screening test must perform ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p405.html

Screening for Cervical Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task...

Sep 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for cervical cancer in women 21 to 65 years of age with cytology (Papanicolaou [Pap] smear) every three years or, for women 30 to 65 years of age who want to lengthen the screening interval, screening with a ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p555.html

ACS Releases Updated Guidelines on Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual update of guidelines for cancer screening, with recommendations covering cancers of the breast, cervix, colon and rectum, and prostate. For each cancer site, the guidelines address the affected population, associated tests or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p571.html

Obesity: Assessment and Management in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition in which excess body fat may put a person at health risk. National data indicate that the prevalence of obesity in the United States is increasing in children and adults. Reversing these trends requires changes in individual behavior and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2185.html

Screening for Bladder Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Feb 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for bladder cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p397.html

Osteoporosis: Part I. Evaluation and Assessment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2001 - Osteoporosis afflicts 75 million persons in the United States, Europe and Japan and results in more than 1.3 million fractures annually in the United States. Because osteoporosis is usually asymptomatic until a fracture occurs, family physicians must identify the appropriate timing and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p897.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Hormonal and genetic factors are rarely the cause of childhood obesity; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p861.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Update on the Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseasess - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The guidelines include the following information: recommendations for hepatitis A immunization and expanded indications for hepatitis B vaccination; updated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p379.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Reaffirmation Recommendation ...

Jan 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns for the prevention of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p195.html

Occupational Lead Poisoning - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - The continued occurrence of occupational lead overexposure and lead poisoning in the United States remains a serious problem despite awareness of its adverse health effects. Lead exposure is arguably the oldest known occupational health hazard. It is a particularly insidious hazard with...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p719.html

Do Electronic Health Records Improve Processes and Outcomes of Preventive Care? - ...

May 15, 2012 - Electronic health records (EHRs) are thought to be valuable tools to prompt physicians to provide preventive services. How strong is the evidence that EHRs can improve processes and outcomes of preventive care?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p956.html

The Preparticipation Athletic Evaluation - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - A comprehensive medical history that includes questions about a personal and family history of cardiovascular disease is the most important initial component of the preparticipation athletic evaluation. Additional questions should focus on any history of neurologic or musculoskeletal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2683.html

Dietary Therapy for Preventing and Treating Coronary Artery Disease - American Family ...

Mar 15, 1998 - Nearly one half of Americans die of cardiovascular disease. The morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease is strongly related to abnormal lipid levels, oxidation of lipids and intra-arterial clot formation. Nutrition powerfully influences each of these factors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1299.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Updates Breast Cancer Screening ...

Mar 15, 2012 - Breast cancer–related death can be reduced through effective screening, which typically includes imaging, clinical examination, and self-examination or awareness. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends using all three techniques to screen for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p654.html

Implementing the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - The Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) include recommendations developed and promoted by the American Medical Association's Department of Adolescent Health and are intended to organize, restructure and redefine health care delivery for 11- to 21-year-old patients. Data...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2181.html

Interventions to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Invitation letters are the most studied method of encouraging cervical cancer screening, and they are effective (relative risk [RR] = 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 1.52).1–3 Invitation letters may be more cost-effective than more intensive recruitment efforts (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p443.html

Screening for Bladder Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2012 - Case study: K.J., a 62-year-old white man, presents for a preventive visit. He has not seen a physician for three years because he is generally healthy. After his 65-year-old neighbor was diagnosed with bladder cancer, K.J.'s wife convinced him to be screened.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p401.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

ACIP Releases 2012 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) introduces the 2012 immunization schedules for young children (birth through six years of age), older children and adolescents (seven through 18 years of age), and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p281.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum - Putting Prevention into ...

Jan 15, 2012 - Case study: You are called to an emergent but uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal delivery at 38 weeks' gestation. The mother is 19 years of age, with a history of heroin use and multiple sex partners. She has not received medical care for the past few years.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p197.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

The Older Adult Driver - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - More adults aged 65 and older will be driving in the next few decades. Many older drivers are safe behind the wheel and do not need intensive testing for license renewal. Others, however, have physiologic or cognitive impairments that can affect their mobility and driving safety. When ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p141.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

Osteoporosis: Part II. Nonpharmacologic and Pharmacologic Treatment - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2001 - Family physicians will frequently encounter patients with osteoporosis, a condition that is often asymptomatic until a fracture occurs. Treatment of the fracture can be initiated without further diagnostic testing. Thereafter, treatment of osteoporosis includes (1) prevention of further...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1121.html

Proper Use of Child Safety Seats - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death in children one to 14 years of age. Used correctly, child safety seats significantly reduce child morbidity and mortality. Although many parents know child safety seats are important, more than 80 percent of seats are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2085.html

Effect of Mammography on Breast Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2011 - Although mammography can lead to false-positive results, emotional stress, and unnecessary biopsies, it appears to reduce deaths from breast cancer by about 15 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1225.html

Medical Care for Obese Patients: Advice for Health Care Professionals - American Family...

Jan 1, 2002 - More than 60 percent of adults in the United States are overweight or obese, and obese persons are more likely to be ill than those who are not. Obesity presents challenges to physicians and patients and also has a negative impact on health status. Some patients who are obese may delay ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p81.html

Guide to Mammography Reports: BI-RADS Terminology - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Mammography reports use specific terminology from the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) to describe findings and to assign a final assessment category. This editorial addresses questions that commonly arise when primary care physicians interpret mammography reports.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p114.html

Improving Adult Immunization Rates: Overcoming Barriers - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2011 - Adult vaccinations are underutilized despite proven efficacy and cost-effectiveness. There are many barriers to immunization that are more prominent in adults than in children, including cost, lack of tracking systems, and competing demands.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p977.html

Drug Therapy for Obesity - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Obesity is a common health problem in the United States, and effective treatment is challenging. Obesity is associated with an increased mortality rate and risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Numerous treatments are available for obesity. Behavioral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2131.html

Cancer Screening Guidelines - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Numerous medical organizations have developed cancer screening guidelines. Faced with the broad, and sometimes conflicting, range of recommendations for cancer screening, family physicians must determine the most reasonable and up-to-date method of screening. Major medical organizations...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1101.html

ACIP Updates General Immunizations Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides general guidelines for the administration of its recommended routine vaccinations, which are aimed at preventing 17 diseases in children and adults. Sections of this ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p951.html

Bisphosphonates: Safety and Efficacy in the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis - ...

May 1, 2000 - Osteoporosis affects more than 28 million Americans. With the advent of accessible and affordable diagnostic studies, awareness and recognition of this disease by patients and clinicians are growing. Osteoporotic fractures of the spine and hip are costly and associated with significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2731.html

Medical Surveillance in Work-Site Safety and Health Programs - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - Businesses frequently call on family physicians to provide employee health services at the work site or in the clinician's office. These services include medical screening (detection of dysfunction or disease before an employee would ordinarily seek medical care) and medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2785.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p827.html

Protecting the Health and Safety of Working Teenagers - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - More than one third of high school students work during the school year, and many more are employed during the summer months. Teenage workers face a variety of health and safety hazards. Occupational injury and illness are largely preventable, and family physicians can play a crucial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p575.html

Prevention of Osteoporosis and Fractures - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Osteoporosis and low bone density are associated with a risk of fracture as a result of even minimally traumatic events. The estimated lifetime risk of osteoporotic fracture is as high as 50 percent, especially in white and Asian women. The use of caffeine, tobacco and steroids is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p194.html

Medical Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - Obesity is one of the most common medical problems in the United States and a risk factor for illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, degenerative arthritis and myocardial infarction. It is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and generates great social and financial costs. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p419.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Evaluating Patients for Return to Work - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The family physician is often instrumental in the process of returning a patient to the workplace after injury or illness. Initially, the physician must gain an understanding of the job's demands through detailed discussions with the patient, the patient's work supervisor or the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p844.html

Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acellular vaccines are as effective as whole-cell vaccines at preventing pertussis and mild pertussis disease (e.g., cold symptoms, cough without classic whoop or cough paroxysms) in children. Adverse effects are similar to those from placebo and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Aug 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for testicular cancer in adolescent or adult males.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p444.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Screening for Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an important screening procedure because of its ability to detect early changes in the distal colon. The 60-cm flexible sigmoidoscope provides excellent visualization with minimal discomfort to patients. Successful sigmoidoscopy requires adequate patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p313.html

Successful Management of the Obese Patient - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Obesity is a chronic disease that affects a substantial number of Americans. Obesity significantly increases a person's risk of cardiovascular diseases and morbidity. Modification of lifestyle behaviors that contribute to obesity (e.g., inappropriate diet and inactivity) is the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3615.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2011 - Case study: A 17-year-old male presents to your office for a college entrance physical examination. He learned about testicular cancer in health class, and asks you about screening. He has no history of cryptorchidism and no physical symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p451.html

Recognizing Occupational Disease-Taking an Effective Occupational History - American ...

Sep 15, 1998 - Occupational exposures contribute to the morbidity and mortality of many diseases. However, occupational diseases continue to be underrecognized even though they are responsible for an estimated 860,000 illnesses and 60,300 deaths each year. Family physicians can play an important role ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p935.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age - Putting Prevention into ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Case study: A three-year-old girl presents for routine childhood immunizations and a routine evaluation. She does not have a history of vision screening and has no abnormal vision symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p227.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

Primary Prevention of CHD: Nine Ways to Reduce Risk - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Lowering cholesterol can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Treating hypertension reduces overall mortality and is most effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in older patients. Smoking cessation reduces the level of risk to that of nonsmokers within about...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1455.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Jul 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends vision screening for all children at least once between the ages of three and five years to detect the presence of amblyopia or its risk factors.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p221.html

Screening for Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - Many patients expect to undergo screening tests for cancer. In evaluating screening procedures, physicians must take into account the known effects of lead time, length and screening biases, all of which can result in an overestimation of the benefits of screening. The gold standard by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p513.html

Travel Medicine: Helping Patients Prepare for Trips Abroad - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - One third of persons who travel abroad experience a travel-related illness, usually diarrhea or an upper respiratory infection. The risk of travelers' diarrhea can be reduced by eating only freshly prepared, hot foods. Combination therapy with a single dose of ofloxacin plus loperamide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p383.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jun 15, 2011 - Case study: K.T., a 48-year-old man, presents for a routine office visit. He is worried about cardiovascular disease (CVD) and asks whether he should take daily aspirin to lower his risk. His blood pressure is 120/60 mm Hg, and his total cholesterol is 180 mg per dL (4.66 mmol per L), ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1469.html

Practical Steps to Smoking Cessation for Recovering Alcoholics - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - Smoking rates among persons with a history of alcohol abuse are triple that of the general public. Strong evidence indicates that the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease is higher in recovering alcoholics than in peers who smoke, but do not drink alcohol. Yet these persons often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1869.html

Health Screening in Older Women - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - Health screening is an important aspect of health promotion and disease prevention in women over 65 years of age. Screening efforts should address conditions that cause significant morbidity and mortality in this age group. In addition to screening for cardiovascular disease, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1835.html

Let Quitlines Assist You in Helping More Smokers Quit - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Despite significant advances in pharmacotherapy and counseling techniques, tobacco use remains the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 443,000 premature deaths annually. Family physicians are in an ideal position to influence cessation rates because more than 70 ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p162.html

New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers - Editorials - ...

Apr 1, 2013 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2013 Issue Editorials New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers DENNIS R. DURBIN, MD, MSCE, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2013 Apr 1;87(7):472-474....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p472.html

Malaria Prevention in Travelers - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - The prevention of malaria in travelers is becoming a more challenging clinical and public health problem because of the global development of drug-resistant Plasmodium strains of malaria and the increasing popularity of travel to exotic locales. Travelers can reduce their risk of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2523.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

Poliovirus Vaccine Options - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - As a result of the success of immunization, indigenous wild poliomyelitis has disappeared from the United States. Of 142 confirmed cases of paralytic poliomyelitis reported in the United States from 1980 to 1996, 134 were classified as vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP). ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p113.html

Disability Prevention Principles in the Primary Care Office - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - The simple request for a sick note can disguise important medical, psychologic or social issues. Disability may be influenced by social and cultural factors as well as by patient expectations. Assessment of impairment and subsequent disability is best made on the basis of objective data...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p679.html

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Streptococcus pneumoniae causes approximately 3,300 cases of meningitis, 100,000 to 135,000 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization and 6 million cases of otitis media annually in the United States. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, approved in 2000 for use in the United States, was ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1991.html

DOT Examinations: Practical Aspects and Regulatory Review - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - Most certification examinations of commercial drivers are simple, and relatively few drivers are disqualified. If these examinations are not done properly, however, the public can be exposed to potentially unqualified drivers. Should an accident occur, the physician who examined the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p415.html

New Tests for Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear has been used to screen women for cervical cancer since 1940. Recently, a number of new technologies have been developed to improve the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, there is substantial controversy about whether the new tests ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p780.html

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