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Dopamine Agonists for Early Parkinson Disease - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Dopamine agonists, such as pramipexole (Mirapex), ropinirole (Requip), pergolide (formerly Permax), and apomorphine (Apokyn), improve the motor fluctuations and dyskinesias that commonly occur with levodopa, but at the expense of increasing nonmotor adverse effects and noncompliance. An...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p28.html

Double-Ligature: A Treatment for Pedunculated Umbilical Granulomas in Children - ...

May 15, 2002 - Umbilical granulomas are common inflammatory reactions to the resolving umbilical stump. The double-ligature technique is simple to perform and provides good cosmetic and functional results with only minor complications. The granuloma becomes necrotic and drops off within seven to 14 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2067.html

Doxepin (Silenor) for Insomnia - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - In older patients with primary insomnia, Silenor can increase duration of sleep without next-day effects. However, it does not significantly decrease the time to sleep onset, and it is less effective in younger adults.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p453.html

DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes...

Apr 1, 2018 - There is only limited-quality evidence that at-risk patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists are less likely to progress to diabetes (number needed to treat [NNT] = 23). Serious adverse events were more likely in patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists than in patients taking placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p437.html

Drug Dosing Adjustments in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - American Family ...

May 15, 2007 - Chronic kidney disease affects renal drug elimination and other pharmacokinetic processes involved in drug disposition (e.g., absorption, drug distribution, nonrenal clearance [metabolism]). Drug dosing errors are common in patients with renal impairment and can cause adverse effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1487.html

Drug Price Gouging: When Will it End? - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2017 - Price gouging will end only when the structural elements responsible for the unchecked costs of drugs are addressed in a systematic way.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p20.html

Drug Therapy for Obesity - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Obesity is a common health problem in the United States, and effective treatment is challenging. Obesity is associated with an increased mortality rate and risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Numerous treatments are available for obesity. Behavioral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2131.html

Drug Treatment for URIs: Back to the Drawing Board - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 1, 1998 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 1, 1998 Issue Editorials Drug Treatment for URIs: Back to the Drawing Board CAROLINE WELLBERY, M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Oct 1;58(5):1066-1068. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1066.html

Drug Treatment of Common STDs: Part I. Herpes, Syphilis, Urethritis, Chlamydia and ...

Oct 1, 1999 - In 1998, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Several treatment advances have been made since the previous guidelines were published. Part I of this two-part article describes current recommendations for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1387.html

Drug Treatment of Common STDs: Part II. Vaginal Infections, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease...

Oct 15, 1999 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in 1998. Several treatment advances have been made since the previous guidelines were published. Part II of this two-part series on STDs describes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1716.html

Drug Treatments for Patients with Dysthymia - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Oct 1, 2004 - All antidepressants studied have similar efficacy in the treatment of patients with dysthymia. Side effect profiles vary. The largest comparisons support the use of tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1269.html

Drug Treatments for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2009 - Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition present in approximately 5 to 10 percent of women of childbearing age. Diagnosis can be difficult because the signs and symptoms can be subtle and varied. These may include hirsutism, infertility, menstrual irregularities, and biochemical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p671.html

Drug-Eluting Coronary Artery Stents - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - Many advances have been made in the percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease during the past 30 years. Although balloon angioplasty alone is still performed, the use of coronary artery stents is much more common. Approximately 40 percent of patients treated with balloon ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1245.html

Drug-Induced Nephrotoxicity - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Drugs are a common source of acute kidney injury. Compared with 30 years ago, the average patient today is older, has more comorbidities, and is exposed to more diagnostic and therapeutic procedures with the potential to harm kidney function. Drugs shown to cause nephrotoxicity exert ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p743.html

Drugs for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Are Similarly Effective - POEMs - American ...

Jun 15, 2018 - If nondrug measures are unsuccessful for chronic idiopathic constipation, the choice of a pharmacologic agent should be based on cost, tolerability, and long-term adherence rather than efficacy, because the efficacy is similar among drugs and drug classes.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p819a.html

Drugs for Conversion of Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in patients visiting a primary care practice. Although many patients with atrial fibrillation experience relief of symptoms with control of the heart rate, some patients require restoration of sinus rhythm. External direct current (DC) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p471.html

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for High-Risk TIA and Minor Stroke: BMJ Rapid Recommendation ...

Sep 15, 2019 - Based on a recent randomized controlled trial followed by a systematic review, the BMJ and MAGIC group concluded that dual antiplatelet therapy use for a limited period after mild stroke is beneficial.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p378.html

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 15, 2019 - Patients with established cardiovascular disease or risk factors (e.g., ischemic cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, high risk of atherothrombotic disease) should receive dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel, which confers additional benefit over ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p463.html

Dulaglutide (Trulicity) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2017 - Dulaglutide is an easy-to-use, once-weekly injectable therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. It produces a modest decrease in A1C levels with only a small risk of severe hypoglycemia. The small average weight loss it induces may be an advantage for some patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p540.html

Duloxetine (Cymbalta) for Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder - STEPS - American ...

Sep 15, 2005 - Duloxetine is safe and effective for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Because of its expense and the lack of data supporting its superiority over other antidepressants, it should be used as an alternative if other agents are ineffective or are not tolerated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1099.html

Dupilumab (Dupixent) for Asthma - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - Dupilumab is an effective injectable drug that decreases asthma exacerbations and the need for an oral glucocorticoid in patients with moderate to severe asthma, particularly those with high eosinophil counts.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p244.html

Duration of Bisphosphonate Therapy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2018 - Oral bisphosphonates significantly reduce clinical fracture risk at four years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (T-score less than −2.5). Treatment beyond five years is associated with further reductions in fractures in women with persistent femoral neck T-scores less than −2.5.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/od1.html

Dutasteride/Tamsulosin (Jalyn) for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - STEPS - American ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Jalyn offers the convenience of taking one medication instead of two. Although monotherapy with dutasteride or tamsulosin is beneficial for many men, the combination drug is slightly better than either component alone at decreasing symptom scores; however, these benefits are of ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1194.html

DVT and Pulmonary Embolism: Part II. Treatment and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2841.html

Dysmenorrhea - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absence in adolescent girls and a common problem in women of reproductive age. Risk factors for dysmenorrhea include nulliparity, heavy menstrual flow, smoking, and depression. Empiric therapy can be initiated based on a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p285.html

Dysmenorrhea - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - What are the effects of treatments for primary dysmenorrhea?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p386.html

Dysphonia (Hoarseness): AAO-HNSF Releases Updated Clinical Guideline for Treatment - ...

Nov 15, 2018 - To improve the quality of care for patients of all ages with dysphonia, the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) updated guidelines to reduce inappropriate variations in care, produce optimal health outcomes, and minimize harm.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p606.html

Dyspnea Due to Acute Heart Failure Syndrome - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family...

Feb 1, 2019 - This review concluded that the individual components of the clinical history and physical examination, electrocardiography, and chest radiography are not useful independently for confirming or excluding the diagnosis of acute heart failure syndrome in patients presenting to the ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/od1.html

Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Dystocia is common in nulliparous women and is responsible for more than 50 percent of primary cesarean deliveries. Because cesarean delivery rates continue to rise, physicians providing maternity care should be skilled in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of dystocia. If labor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1671.html

e-Cigarettes More Effective Than Nicotine Replacement for Cessation of Tobacco Use in ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Among adults who smoked a median of 15 cigarettes per day, those who were randomized to receive e-cigarettes were more likely to be abstinent at one year than those who received nicotine replacement (number needed to treat [NNT] = 12).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p442.html

Early Cardioversion No Better Than Delayed Cardioversion for Recent-Onset Symptomatic ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2019 - For patients presenting to the emergency department with recent-onset symptomatic atrial fibrillation, early cardioversion is no better than delayed cardioversion in achieving sinus rhythm within four weeks.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p648.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Early Invasive Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Dec 1, 2018 - Does early invasive management help patients with unstable angina or acute non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in reducing occurence of death, myocardial infarction, angina symptoms, and rehospitalization at six- to 12-month follow-up? Find out.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/od1.html

Early Invasive Therapy or Conservative Management for Unstable Angina or NSTEMI? - ...

Jan 1, 2007 - Compared with conservative management, early invasive treatment of patients with UA or NSTEMI using coronary angiography with or without revascularization reduces rehospitalization and refractory angina within the first year and significantly reduces mortality and myocardial infarction ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p47.html

Early PT for Acute Low Back Pain Is Cost-Effective, but Gain in Quality of Life Is ...

Apr 1, 2018 - At $30,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained, early PT for acute low back pain in primary care is cost-effective by the usual criteria of $50,000 to $100,000 per QALY. However, the magnitude of improvement in quality of life is small and is probably not clinically meaningful.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p475.html

Echinacea - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - Echinacea is the name of a genus of native North American plants, commonly known as the purple coneflower. The most widely used herbal product in the United States is a liquid extract made from the root of Echinacea purpurea. Because the active component of the plant has not been ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p77.html

Editorials - Jun 15, 2009 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 15, 2009 Issue Editorials Floppy Iris Syndrome: Why BPH Treatment Can Complicate Cataract Surgery DAVID F. CHANG, MD, University of California, San Francisco, California Am Fam Physician. 2009 Jun 15;79(12):1051-1056. Discovering...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1051a.html

Editorials - Jun 15, 2009 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 15, 2009 Issue Editorials 2008 World Health Report Emphasizes Importance of Primary Health Care MARC RIVO, MD, MPH, Prestige Health Choice and Health Choice Network, Miami, Florida Am Fam Physician. 2009 Jun 15;79(12):1051. The...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1051.html

Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine - Dec 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Yes: This Should Be the Target for Most Patients

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od1.html

Edoxaban (Savaysa) for the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Edoxaban is an alternative to warfarin and other oral anticoagulants for the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p529.html

Educational Guidelines for Achieving Tight Control and Minimizing Complications of Type...

Nov 1, 1999 - Tight glucose control with intensive therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes) can delay the onset and slow the progression of retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Optimal blood glucose control is defined by a target ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p1985.html

Effect of Antiepileptic Drugs on Oral Contraceptives - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2008 - We found no studies that measure, or even estimate, any increase in pregnancy rates in women taking antiepileptic drugs. Antiepileptic drugs known to induce the hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoenzyme cause decreased sex hormone levels in women taking oral contraceptives, raising the...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p634.html

Effect of Cocoa on Blood Pressure - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Consuming 50 g of cocoa daily will lower blood pressure 2 to 3 mm Hg on average in adults with hypertension. Evidence of improved patient-oriented outcomes does not exist.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p484.html

Effect of Dietary Changes on IBS Symptoms - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FOD-MAPs) decreases IBS symptoms and improves quality of life compared with usual diet.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od1.html

Effect of Exercise Intensity on Osteoarthritis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2004 - Although land-based exercise improves physical function, there is no evidence that high-intensity cycling offers benefits over low-intensity cycling for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p865.html

Effective Management of Flatulence - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2009 - Probiotics and rifaximin (Xifaxan) have been shown to reduce total number of flatus episodes and associated discomfort.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1098.html

Effective Therapies for Intermittent Claudication - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 15, 2011 - Supervised exercise programs are recommended to produce clinically significant improvements in walking distance in patients with stable intermittent claudication.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p699.html

Effective Use of Statins to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - Primary and secondary prevention trials have shown that use of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) to lower an elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level can substantially reduce coronary events and death from coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p309.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Celecoxib for the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis - ...

May 1, 2018 - Compared with placebo, celecoxib improves pain (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4) and clinical symptoms (NNT = 7), but it has no effect on physical function in patients with RA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p573.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Oct 1, 2019 - Treatment of AFib with a factor Xa inhibitor results in a decrease in the combined end point of stroke and embolic events (odds ratio [OR] = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.97), as well as a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR = ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.html

Effectiveness of Acamprosate in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2011 - When used in conjunction with detoxification and psychosocial interventions for treating alcohol dependence, acamprosate can reduce the risk of any return to drinking and improve cumulative abstinence rates.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p522.html

Effectiveness of Antidepressants Compared with Placebo for Depression in Primary Care -...

Jul 1, 2010 - Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are more effective than placebo for the treatment of depression in primary care settings.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p42.html

Effectiveness of Brief Alcohol Interventions in Primary Care - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2009 - For men who engage in excessive or hazardous drinking and present to their primary care physician for issues not specifically related to alcohol treatment, an intervention of one to four sessions administered by a physician, nurse, or psychologist is effective in reducing weekly alcohol...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p370.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Effectiveness of Dressings for Healing Venous Leg Ulcers - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - No single dressing or type of dressing appears to be superior to others in the complete healing of ulcers or in healing rate.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p649.html

Effectiveness of Insulin Sensitizing Drugs for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cochrane for...

Nov 1, 2007 - Insulin sensitizing drugs are more effective than oral contraceptives alone at improving fasting insulin levels in patients with PCOS. Compared with metformin (Glucophage) alone, oral contraceptives alone better control irregular menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels. There is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1308.html

Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid - Medicine...

Nov 1, 2018 - This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od1.html

Effectiveness of Moisturizers in the Treatment of Patients with Eczema - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Moisturizers decrease the rate of eczema flare-ups by 3.7 times vs. no treatment (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4), as well as the amount of topical corticosteroids used per eczema flare-up (9.3 g less). Adverse effects are minimal.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p18.html

Effectiveness of Outpatient Case Management for Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective ...

Oct 1, 2014 - Does outpatient case management for adults with medical illness and complex care needs improve patient-centered outcomes, quality of care, or resource utilization?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p481.html

Effectiveness of PPAR Gamma Agonists in Preventing Recurrent Stroke and Other Vascular ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - PPAR gamma agonists are probably effective in preventing recurrent stroke in people with previous stroke or TIA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p271.html

Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome -...

Nov 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication related adverse effects. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/od1.html

Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p170.html

Effectiveness, Adverse Effects, and Safety of Medical Marijuana - Editorials - American...

Nov 15, 2015 - Increasingly, physicians across the country are being asked about medical marijuana. Although marijuana has been around for centuries, there is no consensus on its safety and effectiveness.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p856.html

Effects of Altered Dietary Salt Intake in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces proteinuria in patients with CKD, but there is no evidence to determine whether lowering salt consumption leads to clinically significant reductions in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular events, or all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p423.html

Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids on Growth in Children with Persistent Asthma - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Inhaled fluticasone (Flovent; 200 mcg per day) is associated with a greater linear growth velocity when compared with beclomethasone (400 mcg per day; an equivalent dose).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p404.html

Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Health - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 1, 2004 Issue Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Health LAWRENCE J. APPEL, M.D., M.P.H. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Baltimore, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jul ;70(1):34-35. Related Article The potential...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p34.html

Effects of Yoga in Patients with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Regular yoga improves quality of life as measured on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (mean difference = 0.57 units on a seven-point scale; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37 to 0.77); improves asthma symptoms (standardized mean difference = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.65); and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p159.html

Efficacy of Direct-Acting Antivirals Compared with Older Agents for Hepatitis C - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Although they help patients achieve sustained viralogic response, expensive direct-acting antivirals have yet to show that they can succeed in meeting top-priority treatment goals.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/od1.html

Elagolix (Orilissa) for Endometriosis Pain - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2019 - Elagolix can decrease pain in women with endometriosis, but it is expensive and has adverse effects similar to those of other medications that decrease estrogen levels.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p502.html

Elbasvir/Grazoprevir (Zepatier) for Hepatitis C Virus Infection - STEPS - American ...

Mar 15, 2017 - Elbasvir/grazoprevir is a safe and effective treatment for HCV genotypes 1 and 4, with or without compensated cirrhosis or HIV-1 coinfection. Patients with renal impairment, including those on hemodialysis, can use the medication.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p393.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Feb 1, 2016 - Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p178.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Mar 15, 2016 - Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes may be more effective than placebo devices for smoking cessation. They may also aid in smoking reduction, but the quality of available evidence is low. Little is known about their safety.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p492.html

Electrosurgery for the Skin - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The purposes of electrosurgery are to destroy benign and malignant lesions, control bleeding, and cut or excise tissue. The major modalities in electrosurgery are electrodesiccation, fulguration, electrocoagulation, and electrosection. Electrosurgery can be used for incisional ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1259.html

Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p707.html

Emergency Contraception: AAP Review - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that education and counseling about emergency contraception be incorporated into the annual preventive visits of adolescent patients when issues of sexuality are addressed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p168.html

Emergency Contraception: An Ongoing Debate - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2004 Issue Editorials Emergency Contraception: An Ongoing Debate CAROLINE WELLBERY M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Aug 15;70((4)):655-659. Related Article From a...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p655.html

Emergency Contraception: Still Not Too Late - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 15, 2000 Issue Editorials Emergency Contraception: Still Not Too Late CAROLINE WELLBERY, M.D., Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Nov 15;62(10):2222-2226. Related Article Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2222.html

Emergency Postcoital Contraception - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Emergency postcoital contraception, a method used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, is a highly effective but underutilized birth control option. Two hormone regimens, ethinyl estradiol (100 microg) with levonorgestrel (0.5 mg) or high-dose levonorgestrel (0.75 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2287.html

Empagliflozin (Jardiance) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - Empagliflozin can be added to existing type 2 diabetes treatment to lower A1C levels, although there are less expensive options. In older patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease, empagliflozin can decrease all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1014.html

End-of-Life Care: Managing Common Symptoms - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - Physicians should be proficient at managing symptoms as patients progress through the dying process. When possible, proactive regimens that prevent symptoms should be used, because it is generally easier to prevent than to treat an acute symptom. As swallowing function diminishes, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p356.html

End-stage Renal Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - What are the effects of different doses for peritoneal dialysis? What are the effects of different doses and membrane fluxes for hemodialysis? What are the effects of interventions aimed at preventing secondary complications?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1512.html

End-Stage Renal Disease: Symptom Management and Advance Care Planning - American Family...

Apr 1, 2012 - The prevalence of end-stage renal disease continues to increase, and dialysis is offered to older and more medically complex patients. Pain is problematic in up to one-half of patients receiving dialysis and may result from renal and nonrenal etiologies. Opioids can be prescribed ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p705.html

Endocrine Society Releases Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of ...

Jul 15, 2013 - The Endocrine Society recently published evidence-based recommendations on the diagnosis and management of hypertriglyceridemia in adults. Contributing factors include overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p142.html

Envenomations: An Overview of Clinical Toxinology for the Primary Care Physician - ...

Oct 15, 2009 - About 4,000 to 6,000 venomous snakebites occur each year in the United States. Although these envenomations (also known as envenomings) are rarely fatal, about 70 percent require antivenom therapy. Few evidence-based guidelines are available for the management of envenomation. Antivenom...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p793.html

Environmental Control of Allergic Diseases - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - Allergic disease affects millions of persons in the United States. Environmental control measures are essential for persons who are sensitive to dust mite and cat allergens and may be important in persons who are sensitive to cockroaches and fungus. The bedroom is the most important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p421.html

Epidural Analgesia and Risk of Cesarean Delivery - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Nov 1, 2018 - There is no difference in the risk of cesarean delivery in women who receive epidural analgesia before 4 to 5 cm cervical dilation compared with later dilation.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od2.html

Epidural Analgesia During Labor - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Epidural analgesia is a commonly employed technique of providing pain relief during labor. The number of parturients given intrapartum epidural analgesia is reported to be over 50 percent at many institutions in the United States. The procedure has few contraindications, the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1785.html

Epidural Analgesia for Labor Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2012 - Compared with other types of analgesia or no analgesia, epidurals offered better pain relief, but were associated with a longer second stage of labor and increased risk of instrumental vaginal delivery, maternal fever, and oxytocin (Pitocin) administration. There were no statistically ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p241.html

Epidural Steroid Injections Ineffective for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - POEMs - American ...

Dec 1, 2014 - Epidural glucocorticoid injections are ineffective for lumbar spinal stenosis. Whether this will change practice for this lucrative procedure will be an interesting question.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p795a.html

Epidural Steroid Not Better Than Placebo Injection for Sciatica and Spinal Stenosis ...

Feb 15, 2016 - It is hard to figure out what to do with these results. On the one hand, steroid injection did not provide a significant benefit compared with placebo injection in patients with radicular pain or spinal stenosis. However, part of the reason for this may be the significant and sustained ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p315a.html

Epilepsy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2009 - What are the benefits and risks of starting antiepileptic drug treatment after a single seizure? What are the effects of monotherapy in newly diagnosed partial epilepsy? What are the effects of monotherapy in newly diagnosed generalized epilepsy (tonic-clonic type)?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1151.html

Epilepsy: Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2017 - The occurrence of a single seizure does not always require initiation of antiepileptic drugs. Risk of recurrent seizures should guide their use. In adults, key risk factors for recurrence are two unprovoked seizures occurring more than 24 hours apart, epileptiform abnormalities on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p87.html

Epistaxis: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Epistaxis is a common emergency encountered by primary care physicians. Up to 60% of the general population experience epistaxis, and 6% seek medical attention for it. More than 90% of cases arise from the anterior nasal circulation, and most treatments can be easily performed in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p240.html

Eplerenone (Inspra) for Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Compared with other commonly used antihypertensive medications, eplerenone is effective in lowering blood pressure when used alone or as add-on therapy. However, mortality benefits related to antihypertensive treatment have not yet been shown, so it should not be considered a first-line...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p915.html

Epley Maneuver Effective in the Long Term for Positional Vertigo - POEMs - American ...

Nov 1, 2014 - How often do patients walk into our offices with a problem and walk out cured? The Epley maneuver, which is not particularly difficult to do, results in the long-term (at least one year) resolution of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. A video of the maneuver can be ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p660.html

Equivalent Pain Relief with Different Doses of Ibuprofen - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Higher doses of ibuprofen for acute pain relief offer no more benefit at 60 minutes than a single 400-mg dose. The same has been shown for chronic treatment of osteoarthritis. A higher, anti-inflammatory dose is not needed.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p631.html

Erenumab (Aimovig) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - Erenumab is a safe option for migraine prophylaxis in adults. However, it is expensive and should be reserved for patients who have experienced intolerable adverse effects while taking oral migraine prophylaxis medication or who have poor adherence to daily preventive treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p781.html

Escitalopram (Lexapro) for Depression. - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - While escitalopram has proved to be an effective treatment for major depression, it has not been shown to be significantly more effective, safer, or better tolerated than citalopram or other antidepressants.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2235.html

Esketamine (Spravato) for Treatment-Resistant Depression - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Esketamine is an in-office treatment for patients with a severe major depressive disorder to be used in addition to oral antidepressant therapy.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p339.html

Essentials of Skin Laceration Repair - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Skin laceration repair is an important skill in family medicine. Sutures, tissue adhesives, staples, and skin-closure tapes are options in the outpatient setting. Physicians should be familiar with various suturing techniques, including simple, running, and half-buried mattress (corner)...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p945.html

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