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Abaloparatide (Tymlos) for Osteoporosis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Abaloparatide is a safe and effective medication used to reduce the likelihood of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in women at high risk. However, it is expensive and requires daily injections. It has not been evaluated for its effect on decreasing hip fractures.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p260.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

ACIP Issues Revised Recommendations on Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has expanded its recommendations on vaccination with quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4; Menactra).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1402.html

ACIP Recommends the Use of Tdap in Adults - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends the routine use of a tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap; Adacel) among adults 19 to 64 years of age who have not already received a dose of Tdap.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p891.html

ACIP Releases 2007-08 Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Nov 15, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released the 2007–08 adult immunization schedule.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1558.html

ACIP Releases 2009 Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2009 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released the 2009 recommended adult immunization schedule.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p152.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2014 - The 2014 immunization schedule for adults from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has a few changes that are particularly relevant to family physicians. The schedule is available at http://www.aafp.org/patient-care/immunizations/schedules.html.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p302.html

ACIP Releases 2015 Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The 2015 adult immunization schedule from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a few changes that are particularly relevant to family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p264.html

ACIP Releases 2016 Adult Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2016 - Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p323.html

ACIP Releases 2017 Adult Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2017 - Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 adult immunization schedule ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p262.html

ACIP Releases Guideline on Prevention of Herpes Zoster - Practice Guidelines - American...

Apr 1, 2009 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidelines on the prevention of herpes zoster (i.e., shingles).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p608.html

ACIP Releases Recommendations for Hepatitis B Vaccine Use in Adults - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released recommendations for hepatitis B vaccine use in adults. The most effective way to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is administration of the hepatitis B vaccine.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p585.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

Adult Immunization-Pneumococcal Vaccine - Putting Prevention into Practice - American ...

Apr 1, 2000 - Case study: JS is a 54-year-old white woman who comes to your office to establish herself as a patient. During a review of her medical history, several active medical problems come to light, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (formerly known as non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2239.html

Advantages of the No-Scalpel Vasectomy Technique - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Jun 15, 2012 - NSV should be used instead of the standard incisional method.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/od1.html

Aerobic Activity for Cognitive Function - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Physical activity improves cardiovascular fitness in persons older than 55 years. Cognitive speed and auditory and visual attention are increased in healthy older adults who exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p562.html

AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) have updated their guideline on prevention of future stroke in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Currently, the average annual rate of future stroke in these patients is at a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p136.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

AHA/ASA Release Guideline on Stroke Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) have released a guideline to help physicians identify women with increased risk of stroke and initiate appropriate preventive measures. The guideline includes recommendations on pregnancy and stroke; cerebral ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p330.html

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

Anastrozole Decreases Rate of Breast Cancer in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women - POEMs -...

Aug 15, 2014 - Postmenopausal women at high risk of developing breast cancer who take anastrozole for five years have a lower rate of developing invasive breast cancer during that time frame.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od7.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for UTIs in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Daily antibiotic prophylaxis should not be used in patients with acute and nonacute spinal cord injuries.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p186.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Anticoagulation in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p748.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

ASCO and AUA Release Guideline on Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention with 5-Alpha ...

Jan 1, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and American Urological Association (AUA) developed a practice guideline on the benefits and harms of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for prevention of prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p76.html

ASCO Updates Guideline on the Use of Pharmacologic Interventions to Reduce Breast ...

Mar 15, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology's (ASCO) updated guideline addresses: (1) the use of tamoxifen, raloxifene (Evista), aromatase inhibitors, and fenretinide (not available in the United States) versus no pharmacologic intervention to reduce the risk of breast cancer; (2) the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p799.html

Aspirin after Acute Ischemic Stroke - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Learn more about the effect of aspirin therapy given within 48 hours of acute ischemic stroke in reducing the risk of death, dependence, or recurrent stroke, and the chance of complete recovery.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/od2.html

Aspirin for Colon Cancer Risk Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Daily low-dose aspirin can be offered to patients older than 50 years for colon cancer prevention.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/od2.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jun 15, 2011 - Case study: K.T., a 48-year-old man, presents for a routine office visit. He is worried about cardiovascular disease (CVD) and asks whether he should take daily aspirin to lower his risk. His blood pressure is 120/60 mm Hg, and his total cholesterol is 180 mg per dL (4.66 mmol per L), ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1469.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: New ...

Feb 15, 2017 - In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p222.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Putting Prevention into ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Case study: ST is a 55-year-old man who you see regularly for hypertension and depression. He is overweight and sedentary, and his elder sister recently had a heart attack. He asks you whether he should take a daily aspirin, just in case.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1737.html

Aspirin Is as Safe and Effective as LMWH for Extended Thromboprophylaxis After Total ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p739.html

Aspirin No Different Than Rivaroxaban for Prevention of VTE After TKA or THA - POEMs - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - Extended prophylaxis with low-dose aspirin is similar in efficacy to rivaroxaban for the prevention of symptomatic VTE following TKA or THA. Aspirin is cheap, widely available, and effective, making it a good alternative to the more costly direct oral anticoagulants.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p248.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer:...

Oct 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/od1.html

Aspirin, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, and Placebo Equally Effective in Preventing Colorectal ...

Jun 1, 2019 - After 12 months, neither aspirin nor EPA, alone or in combination, are any better than placebo at preventing colorectal adenomas in patients with high-risk neoplasia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p717.html

Aspirin’s Benefits and Harms Are Less Clear for Primary Prevention in Moderate-Risk ...

Apr 1, 2019 - In this study, after five years of treatment, patients at a moderate risk of heart disease who took low-dose aspirin did not show a decrease in coronary events and all-cause mortality and had slightly more gastrointestinal bleeding.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p459a.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Case Study: G.H., a 35-year-old woman, presents for a routine preventive visit. She has no chronic illnesses or significant family history of disease. She does not smoke, but admits she does not exercise regularly or eat a very healthy diet. She drinks a moderate amount of alcohol.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p869.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - A 25-year-old Irish American woman presents for a wellness visit for herself and her two young children, a two-year-old boy and a seven-month-old girl. All three have fair skin, red hair, and freckles. She reports that she is looking forward to an upcoming family vacation to the ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p105.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends counseling young adults, adolescents, children, and parents of young children about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation for persons aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to reduce their risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Sep 15, 2015 - J.W., a 34-year-old man who smokes, presents for his annual checkup for hypertension. Hisblood pressure is elevated (142/95 mm Hg), and he has gained 10 lb (4.5 kg) since his lastvisit. J.W. is now considered overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 27 kg per m2. He reports no other ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p509.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

May 1, 2015 - The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Nov 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od2.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p596.html

CDC Releases Guidelines for Improving Vaccination Rates Among High-Risk Adults - ...

Jul 15, 2005 - A review of interventions to improve influenza, pneumococcal polysaccharide, and hepatitis B vaccination coverage among high-risk adults younger than 65 years has been issued by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p338.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Improving Preconception Health Care - Practice Guidelines - ...

Dec 1, 2006 - Improving preconception health care can result in improved reproductive health outcomes and has the potential to reduce societal costs, as well. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed recommendations for physicians and public health officials that aim to improve ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1967.html

CDC Updates Recommendations for Contraceptive Use - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 15, 2017 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) first published the U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (U.S. SPR) in 2013 to provide direction for safe and effective use of contraceptive methods. These guidelines update the 2013 report.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p125.html

Chemoprevention of Breast Cancer - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - American ...

Mar 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for the chemoprevention of breast cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1309.html

Cholesterol Management: ACC/AHA Updates Guideline - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2019 - The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force on clinical practice guidelines has updated its 2013 cholesterol guideline.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p589.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family Physician

May 15, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p658.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: What's Different for Women? - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2001 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, as well as an important cause of disability, although many women and their physicians underestimate the risk. Exercise, hypertension treatment, smoking cessation and aspirin therapy are effective measures for the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1393.html

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2020 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Editors' Choice of Best Available Content Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by an enveloped single-stranded RNA novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=117

Counseling Parents and Adolescents About Marijuana - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2018 - Physicians are increasingly likely to be asked by adolescents or their parents whether recreational marijuana use is safe. Although many adults view marijuana as benign, there are major concerns about its use in adolescents because all illicit drug use, including marijuana, may have ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p80.html

Counseling Patients in Primary Care: Evidence-Based Strategies - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2018 - Family physicians spend substantial time counseling patients with psychiatric conditions, unhealthy behaviors, and medical adherence issues. Maintaining efficiency while providing counseling is a major challenge. There are several effective, structured counseling strategies developed ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1215/p719.html

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Preventing Hospitalization for Heart Failure - STEPS - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - Dapagliflozin can be added to existing treatment to reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes who have established CVD or are at high risk of CVD. It may also decrease the risk of renal disease progression and death from renal failure.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p115.html

Denosumab for Reducing Risk of Fractures in Postmenopausal Women - Medicine by the ...

May 1, 2019 - Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with denosumab does not increase the risk of cancer or death but might increase the risk of infection. However, more studies are required.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/od1.html

Denosumab No Better than Bisphosphonates for Preventing Fracture, and the Cost Is Much ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - This meta-analysis found no evidence that the monoclonal antibody denosumab reduces the risk of fracture more than bisphosphonates.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p375a.html

Deprescribing Is an Essential Part of Good Prescribing - Editorials - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2019 - There are four important medication issues to discuss with patients as they get older. Find out more and learn the five steps to individualize deprescribing practices for each patient.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p7.html

Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. One-third of these deaths may be preventable through healthy lifestyle choices including diet and physical activity. The Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality, whereas the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p919.html

Diets for Health: Goals and Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2018 - Diet is the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. Patients and physicians often have difficulty staying abreast of diet trends, many of which focus primarily on weight loss rather than nutrition and health. Recommending an eating style can help patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p721.html

Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and CKD stage 3. They do not increase the risk of major bleeding events. The evidence remains insufficient to make recommendations for the use of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p422.html

Does Estrogen Therapy Have a Role in Cardiovascular Prevention? - Editorials - American...

Mar 1, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 1999 Issue Editorials Does Estrogen Therapy Have a Role in Cardiovascular Prevention? HARVEY H. NEWNHAM, M.B.B.S., PH.D., Monash University, Victoria, Australia JONATHAN SILBERBERG, M.B.B.CH., M.SC., John Hunter Hospital,...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1125.html

DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes...

Apr 1, 2018 - There is only limited-quality evidence that at-risk patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists are less likely to progress to diabetes (number needed to treat [NNT] = 23). Serious adverse events were more likely in patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists than in patients taking placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p437.html

Eating Less Meat: A Healthy and Environmentally Responsible Dietary Choice - Editorials...

Mar 15, 2016 - What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p451.html

Edoxaban (Savaysa) for the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Edoxaban is an alternative to warfarin and other oral anticoagulants for the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p529.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Oct 1, 2019 - Treatment of AFib with a factor Xa inhibitor results in a decrease in the combined end point of stroke and embolic events (odds ratio [OR] = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.97), as well as a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR = ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Effectiveness of PPAR Gamma Agonists in Preventing Recurrent Stroke and Other Vascular ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - PPAR gamma agonists are probably effective in preventing recurrent stroke in people with previous stroke or TIA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p271.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Feb 1, 2016 - Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p178.html

Erenumab (Aimovig) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - Erenumab is a safe option for migraine prophylaxis in adults. However, it is expensive and should be reserved for patients who have experienced intolerable adverse effects while taking oral migraine prophylaxis medication or who have poor adherence to daily preventive treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p781.html

Evaluating Benefits and Harms of Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Dec 15, 2018 - In patients with NVAF, anticoagulants decrease the risk of stroke by approximately 60%. However, they also significantly increase the risk of a major bleeding event or intracranial hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1215/p751.html

Exercise Alone and Various Combinations of Interventions Reduce the Risk of Injurious ...

May 1, 2018 - Exercise alone; exercise combined with vision assessment and treatment; exercise combined with vision assessment and treatment, and environmental assessment and modification; and clinic-level quality improvement strategies combined with multifactorial assessment and treatment, calcium ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p606.html

Exercise Prescriptions in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2017 - Regular physical activity and exercise are important for healthy aging and are beneficial for chronic disease management. Exercise prescriptions for older adults should account for the individual’s health status and functional capacity. Any amount of exercise is better than being ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p425.html

Exercise to Reduce Falls in Older Adults - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Exercise programs should be recommended for community-dwelling adults 60 years and older because they lead to fewer falls.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p42.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

Fracture Prevention in Postmenopausal Women - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

May 15, 2008 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1447.html

Gabapentin for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

May 1, 2014 - Gabapentin does not decrease the frequency of migraine headaches and is not recommended for prophylactic therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p714.html

General Health Checks in Adults for Reducing Disease-Related Morbidity and Mortality - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - General health check visits have no benefit on cardiovascular morbidity or on total, cardiovascular, or cancer-related mortality. There is also no evidence that they cause patient harm.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p676.html

Gluten-Free Diet for Irritable Bowel Syndrome - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Jul 1, 2017 - The evidence is conflicting on whether gluten-free diets improve symptoms of IBS. Gluten-free diets may improve symptoms such as abdominal pain, stool consistency, and tiredness, and they can be recommended to patients with IBS.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p52.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Health Maintenance in Women - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p30.html

Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination and Screening: Best Practices from the ACP and CDC - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The American College of Physicians and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention highlights the consensus among these recommendations, with recent evidence, to develop a best practice advice statement for vaccination, screening, care, and treatment of patients at risk of or who ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p121.html

High-Dose Vaccine Reduces Clinical Influenza in Older Adults Compared with Standard ...

Dec 1, 2014 - High-dose influenza vaccine provided a 25% relative reduction in the likelihood of developing laboratory-confirmed influenza compared with standard-dose vaccine in patients 65 years and older. This corresponds to a number needed to treat of approximately 220 to prevent a ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p796.html

Hip Fracture: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Secondary Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2014 - Hip fractures cause significant morbidity and are associated with increased mortality. Women experience 80% of hip fractures, and the average age of persons who have a hip fracture is 80 years. Most hip fractures are associated with a fall, although other risk factors include decreased ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p945.html

HIV Status, Preexposure Prophylaxis, Sexual Health, and the Critical Role of Family ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Family physicians play a key role in expanding HIV testing and treatment, as well as providing sexual health services in areas where specialty sexual health services are not readily available.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p262.html

Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal ...

Oct 1, 2018 - No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/od1.html

Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal ...

Apr 15, 2018 - D.M. is a 52-year-old woman who presents to your office for a well-woman visit. She has been menopausal since 50 years of age and has no significant medical or surgical history. She is up to date on her recommended screenings, with normal mammography and colonoscopy results, and has no ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p541.html

Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal ...

Apr 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends against the use of combined estrogen and progestin for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women and the use of estrogen alone for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women who have had a hysterectomy.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/od1.html

Hormone Therapy: Continuing Discussion and Debate - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2003 Issue Editorials Hormone Therapy: Continuing Discussion and Debate BARBARA S. APGAR, M.D., M.S., University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan DAVID G. WEISMILLER, M.D., Sc.M., Brody School of Medicine, East...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1444.html

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