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Home Blood Pressure Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Home blood pressure monitoring provides important diagnostic information beyond in-office blood pressure readings and offers similar results to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Home blood pressure monitoring involves patients independently measuring their blood pressure with an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p237.html

AFP By Topic - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - Editors' Choice of Best Available Content

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewAll.htm

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Approximately one-half of patients with alcohol use disorder who abruptly stop or reduce their alcohol use will develop signs or symptoms of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The syndrome is due to overactivity of the central and autonomic nervous systems, leading to tremors, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p253.html

Diabetes: Type 2 - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on type 2 diabetes and related issues, including blood glucose levels, diabetic complications (such as ketoacidosis and neuropathy), glycemic control, insulin management, and gestational diabetes. This collection features AFP content on type 2 ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=7

Hypertension - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, and blood pressure monitoring and screening. This collection features AFP content on hypertension and related issues, including pharmacologic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=12

Kawasaki Disease and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: An Overview and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Kawasaki disease (KD) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) are inflammatory conditions that present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the physician. Although many of their features overlap, they are two distinct conditions. KD is a febrile illness most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p244.html

Hereditary Hemochromatosis: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Hereditary hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder that disrupts iron homeostasis, resulting in systemic iron overload. It is the most common inherited disorder among people of northern European ancestry. Despite the high prevalence of the gene mutation, there is a low and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p263.html

Neglected Parasitic Infections: What Family Physicians Need to Know—A CDC Update - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Chagas disease, cysticercosis, and toxoplasmosis affect millions of people in the United States and are considered neglected parasitic diseases. Few resources are devoted to their surveillance, prevention, and treatment. Chagas disease, transmitted by kissing bugs, primarily affects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p277.html

Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Clinical hypothyroidism affects one in 300 people in the United States, with a higher prevalence among female and older patients. Symptoms range from minimal to life-threatening (myxedema coma); more common symptoms include cold intolerance, fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, constipation,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p605.html

Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hyperlipidemia and related issues, including dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, kidney disease, lipid disorders, metabolic syndrome, statins, and triglyceride levels. This collection features AFP content on hyperlipidemia ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=13

Splenomegaly: Diagnosis and Management in Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Splenomegaly can be due to several mechanisms but is almost always a sign of a systemic condition. Patient habits, travel, and medical conditions can increase risk of splenomegaly and suggest etiology. Symptoms can suggest infectious, malignant, hepatic, or hematologic causes. Physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p271.html

Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is a diagnostic tool for many conditions affecting the central nervous system. Urgent indications for lumbar puncture include suspected central nervous system infection or subarachnoid hemorrhage. CSF analysis is not necessarily diagnostic but can be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p422.html

Unintentional Weight Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Unintentional weight loss in people older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignant causes. However, malignancy accounts for up to one-third of cases of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p34.html

Mifepristone and Misoprostol for Early Pregnancy Loss and Medication Abortion - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Medication regimens using mifepristone and misoprostol are safe and effective for outpatient treatment of early pregnancy loss for up to 84 days’ gestation and for medication abortion up to 77 days’ gestation. Gestational age is determined using ultrasonography or menstrual history. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p473.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Approximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p141.html

Anemia - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron deficiency and iron supplementation, macrocytosis, microcytosis, and thalassemia. This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=2

Headache - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type headaches, and treatment of headaches. This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=10

Dysmenorrhea - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Dysmenorrhea is common and usually independent of, rather than secondary to, pelvic pathology. Dysmenorrhea occurs in 50% to 90% of adolescent girls and women of reproductive age and is a leading cause of absenteeism. Secondary dysmenorrhea as a result of endometriosis, pelvic anatomic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p164.html

Human Papillomavirus: Screening, Testing, and Prevention - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - With more than 200 types identified, human papillomavirus (HPV) commonly causes infections of the skin and mucosa. HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Although most HPV infections are transient and subclinical, some lead to clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p152.html

Hip Pain in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Adults commonly present to their family physicians with hip pain, and diagnosing the cause is important for prescribing effective therapy. Hip pain is usually located anteriorly, laterally, or posteriorly. Anterior hip pain includes referred pain from intra-abdominal or intrapelvic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p81.html

Sinus Node Dysfunction - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Sinus node dysfunction, previously known as sick sinus syndrome, describes disorders related to abnormal conduction and propagation of electrical impulses at the sinoatrial node. An abnormal atrial rate may result in the inability to meet physiologic demands, especially during periods ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p179.html

Skin Conditions - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on common skin conditions and related issues, including acne, dermatitis, dermatologic emergencies, generalized rash, lichen planus, nail disorders, newborn skin, office procedures, premalignant lesions, and psoriasis. This collection features AFP ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=21

COVID-19 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC COVID-19 Editors' Choice of Best Available Content COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by an enveloped single-stranded RNA novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), that was declared a pandemic by the World...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=117

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related issues, including acute and chronic COPD, spirometry, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, corticosteriods, and pulmonary complications. This collection features AFP content on chronic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=32

Acute Chest Pain in Adults: Outpatient Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Approximately 1% of primary care office visits are for chest pain, and 2% to 4% of these patients will have unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Initial evaluation is based on determining whether the patient needs to be referred to a higher level of care to rule out acute coronary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p721.html

Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and related issues, including acute coronary syndrome, angina, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and myocardial infarction. This collection features AFP content on coronary artery disease ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=4

Bipolar Disorders: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Bipolar disorders are common, recurrent mental health conditions of variable severity that are difficult to diagnose. Affected individuals have higher rates of other mental health disorders, substance use disorders, and comorbid chronic medical illnesses. New diagnostic criteria and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p227.html

Outpatient Management of COVID-19: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2020 - Common presenting symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 include fever, dry cough, shortness of breath, and fatigue. However, patients may have a wide range of symptoms representing a spectrum of mild to severe illness. Symptoms in children tend to be milder and may include fever, cough, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p478.html

Breast Cancer Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, and the second most common cause of death from cancer in women in the United States. Risk assessment tools can identify the risk of breast cancer, and patients at high risk may be candidates for risk-reducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p171.html

Peripheral Neuropathy: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Peripheral neuropathy, a common neurologic problem encountered by family physicians, can be classified clinically by the anatomic pattern of presenting symptoms and, if indicated, by results of electrodiagnostic studies for axonal and demyelinating disease. The prevalence of peripheral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p732.html

Musculoskeletal Care - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on musculoskeletal care and related issues, including fracture management, joint aspiration, joint injections, pain in various parts of the body (foot and ankle; neck and back; hip; knee; arm and shoulder; and wrist and hand). This collection ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=17

Asthma - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on asthma and related issues, including allergens, beta agonists, chronic cough, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, inhalers, and wheezing. This collection features AFP content on asthma and related issues, including allergens, beta agonists, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=3

Family Planning and Contraception - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on family planning and contraception, including emergency contraception, hormonal and non-hormonal contraception, infertility, in vitro fertilization, intrauterine devices, preconception care, tubal sterilization, and vasectomy. This collection ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=71

Tinnitus: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Tinnitus is the sensation of hearing a sound in the absence of an internal or external source and is a common problem encountered in primary care. Most cases of tinnitus are benign and idiopathic and are strongly associated with sensorineural hearing loss. A standard workup begins with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p663.html

Pertussis: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, remains a public health concern despite expanded immunization recommendations over the past three decades. The presentation of pertussis, which is variable and evolves over the course of the disease, includes nonspecific symptoms in the catarrhal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p186.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pharmacologic management of acute pain should be tailored for each patient, including a review of treatment expectations and a plan for the time course of prescriptions. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are first-line treatment options for most patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p63.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2020 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - This article summarizes the top 20 research studies of 2020 identified as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters), including the two most highly rated guidelines of the year on gout and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Regarding COVID-19, handwashing and social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p41.html

Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks. This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=24

Abdominal Pain, Acute - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related issues, including acute pelvic pain, appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and pancreatitis. This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=73

The Preparticipation Physical Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - The preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is a common reason for young athletes to see a primary care physician. An annual PPE is required by most state high school athletic associations for participation in school-based sports, although there is limited evidence to support its ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p539.html

Interpreting SARS-CoV-2 Diagnostic Tests: Common Questions and Answers - American ...

Apr 15, 2021 - SARS-CoV-2 is the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The spectrum of asymptomatic, presymptomatic, and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission presents challenges for evaluating SARS-CoV-2 test performance for diagnostic or screening purposes and for interpreting test results. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p465.html

Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on labor, delivery, and postpartum issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, episiotomy, labor pain management, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm labor and birth, shoulder dystocia, umbilical cord blood storage, and vaginal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=16

Neonatology/Newborn Issues - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on neonatology and newborn issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, circumcision, jaundice, newborn examination, newborn resuscitation, newborn screening, premature infant care, postpartum counseling, and well-child visits. This collection...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=18

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Questions and Answers for Effective Care - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a heterogeneous group of conditions related to specific biologic and cellular abnormalities that are not fully understood. Psychological factors do not cause IBS, but many people with IBS also have anxiety or depressed mood, a history of adverse life ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p727.html

Depression and Bipolar Disorder - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on depression and bipolar disorder and related issues, including antidepressants, major depressive disorder, mental health, postpartum depression, and psychiatric medications. This collection features AFP content on depression and bipolar disorder ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=6

Dementia - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on dementia and related issues, including Alzheimer’s, Binswanger’s type, dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies. This collection features AFP content on dementia and related issues, including Alzheimer’s, Binswanger’s type, dementia, and dementia ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=5

Sexually Transmitted Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on sexually transmitted disease and related issues, including chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus, and syphilis. This collection features AFP content on sexually transmitted disease and related issues, including chlamydia, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=23

Geriatric Care - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on geriatric care and related issues, including assistive devices, elder mistreatment, failure to thrive, fall prevention, geriatric assessment, house calls, impaired visual acuity, and nursing home care. This collection features AFP content on ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=55

Common Fractures of the Radius and Ulna - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - Fractures of the radius and ulna are the most common fractures of the upper extremity, with distal fractures occurring more often than proximal fractures. A fall onto an outstretched hand is the most common mechanism of injury for fractures of the radius and ulna. Evaluation with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p345.html

Gout: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposition in joints and tissues. Risk factors include male sex; obesity; hypertension; alcohol intake; diuretic use; a diet rich in meat and seafood; chronic kidney disease; a diet heavy in fructose-rich food and beverages; being a member of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p533.html

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare, chronic pain disorder. It is challenging for patients and physicians because it leads to significant morbidity due to chronic pain that may last for years. CRPS typically develops four to six weeks after direct trauma, such as an injury ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p49.html

Topical Corticosteroids: Choice and Application - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - Topical corticosteroids are an essential tool for treating inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Topical corticosteroids are classified by strength and the risk of adverse effects such as atrophy, striae, rosacea, telangiectasias, purpura, and other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p337.html

Arthritis and Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on arthritis and joint pain, including arthritis, gout, knee osteoarthritis, monoarthritis, osteoarthritis, polyarticular joint pain, Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, and shoulder osteoarthritis. This collection features AFP...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=77

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Most patients can safely begin using hormonal contraception at any point in their menstrual cycle. An evidence-based, flexible, patient-centered approach to initiating contraception promotes health and enhances patients’ reproductive autonomy. A recent Papanicolaou test is not necessary...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p291.html

Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on prenatal care and related issues, including preconception care, folic acid, medication safety, nausea and vomiting, pregnancy complications, and prenatal screening. This collection features AFP content on prenatal care and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=25

Menstrual Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on menstrual conditions and related issues, including abnormal uterine bleeding, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, endometrial ablation, endometriosis, heavy menstrual bleeding, menorrhagia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, premenstrual syndrome, and uterine...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=81

Health Maintenance and Counseling - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and counseling and related issues, including dietary and nutrition guidelines, health maintenance in children, lifestyle counseling, and physical activity. This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=64

Alcohol Use Disorders - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and detoxification. This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=1

Polycythemia Vera: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Polycythemia vera is one of three stem-cell–derived myeloid malignancies commonly known as myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is characterized by erythrocytosis, often with associated leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. It has a significant negative impact on overall mortality and morbidity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p680.html

Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) and hypermobility spectrum disorders are the most common symptomatic joint hypermobility conditions seen in clinical practice. The 2017 International Classification of the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes replaced previous terms for symptomatic joint ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p481.html

Management of Infants Born to Mothers with HIV Infection - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - In the United States, approximately 5,000 women living with HIV infection give birth each year. HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her child at any time during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and breastfeeding. Because of effective preventive measures, the transmission rate from ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p58.html

Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC Respiratory Tract Infections Editors' Choice of Best Available Content This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on respiratory tract infections and related issues, including acute bronchitis, acute...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=29

Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on thyroid and parathyroid disorders and related issues, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and thyroiditis. This collection features AFP content on thyroid and parathyroid disorders and related issues, including hyperthyroidism, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=67

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Persistent Night Sweats: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Night sweats are a nonspecific symptom that patients commonly experience but rarely discuss with their physicians without prompting. Although many life-threatening causes such as malignancies or infections have been described, most patients who report persistent night sweats in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p427.html

Eating Disorders in Primary Care: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Eating disorders are potentially life-threatening conditions characterized by disordered eating and weight-control behaviors that impair physical health and psychosocial functioning. Early intervention may decrease the risk of long-term pathology and disability. Clinicians should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p22.html

Dyspepsia - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD. This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=8

Pain: Chronic - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on chronic pain and related issues, including end-of-life care, NSAIDs, and opioid therapy. This collection features AFP content on chronic pain and related issues, including end-of-life care, NSAIDs, and opioid therapy.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=61

Allergy and Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues, including allergies and asthma, allergens, allergy testing, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, and latex allergies. This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=58

Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in women and accounts for 30% of all new cancers in the United States. The highest incidence of breast cancer is in women 70 to 74 years of age. Numerous risk factors are associated with the development of breast cancer. A risk assessment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p33.html

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including anticoagulation, heparin therapy, and venous thromboembolism. This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=69

Dysphagia: Evaluation and Collaborative Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dysphagia is common but may be underreported. Specific symptoms, rather than their perceived location, should guide the initial evaluation and imaging. Obstructive symptoms that seem to originate in the throat or neck may actually be caused by distal esophageal lesions. Oropharyngeal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p97.html

ADHD in Children: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multidimensional chronic neurodevelopmental condition that affects 8.4% of U.S. children between two and 17 years of age and may pose long-term morbidity if untreated. The evaluation for ADHD begins when parents or caregivers present ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p592.html

Mobility Assistive Device Use in Older Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Many individuals need a mobility assistive device as they age. These devices include canes, crutches, walkers, and wheelchairs. Clinicians should understand how to select the appropriate device and size for individual patients (or work with a physical therapist) and prescribe the device...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p737.html

Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic medications, epilepsy, febrile seizures, nonepileptic seizures, seizures in the elderly, and status epilepticus. This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=80

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

Obstetric Lacerations: Prevention and Repair - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Obstetric lacerations are a common complication of vaginal delivery. Lacerations can lead to chronic pain and urinary and fecal incontinence. Perineal lacerations are defined by the depth of musculature involved, with fourth-degree lacerations disrupting the anal sphincter and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p745.html

Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and acute low back pain, lumbar spinal stenosis, sciatica, and vertebral compression fractures. This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=109

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Degenerative cervical myelopathy encompasses a collection of pathologic conditions that result in progressive spinal cord dysfunction secondary to cord compression. Patients are typically male (3: 1 male-to-female ratio), and the average age of presentation is 64 years. The exact ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p740.html

Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Groin hernias are caused by a defect of the abdominal wall in the groin area and comprise inguinal and femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are more common in men. Although groin hernias are easily diagnosed on physical examination in men, ultrasonography is often needed in women. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p487.html

HIV Infection in Adults: Initial Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The HIV epidemic is an important public health priority. Transmissions continue to occur despite effective therapies that make HIV preventable and treatable. Approximately one-half of people with HIV are not receiving suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Starting ART early, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p407.html

Dyspareunia in Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Dyspareunia is recurrent or persistent pain with sexual intercourse that causes distress. It affects approximately 10% to 20% of U.S. women. Dyspareunia may be superficial, causing pain with attempted vaginal insertion, or deep. Women with sexual pain are at increased risk of sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p597.html

Cancer - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Nonpharmacologic, Noninvasive Treatments - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Chronic low back pain, neck pain, hip and knee osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia are the most common types of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Because no individual therapy has consistent benefit, a multimodal treatment approach to chronic musculoskeletal pain is recommended. Many ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p465.html

Care of Special Populations - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on the care of special populations and related issues, including ethnic minorities; gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons; homeless and uninsured persons; and mentally retarded persons. This collection features AFP content on the care of ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=45

Labor Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dystocia (abnormally slow or protracted labor) accounts for 25% to 55% of primary cesarean deliveries. The latent phase of labor begins with onset of regular, painful contractions and continues until 6 cm of cervical dilation. Current recommendations are to avoid admission to labor and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p90.html

The Suicidal Patient: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Suicide rates in the United States increased from 20% to 30% between 2005 and 2015, and family physicians need evidence-based resources to address this growing clinical concern. Asking high-risk patients (e.g., patients with previous suicide attempts, substance misuse, low social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p417.html

Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, hematuria, proteinuria, and renal disease. This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=15

Obesity - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, childhood obesity, diet, exercise, lifestyle counseling, and weight loss maintenance. This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=19

Urethritis: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - Urethritis refers to inflammation of the urethra and is classified as gonococcal (caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae) or nongonococcal in origin (most commonly caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, or Trichomonas vaginalis). The most common signs and symptoms include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p553.html

Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content from the Point-of-Care Guides collection on topics related to anticoagulation, cancer, cardiovascular issues, diabetes, gastrointestinal issues, infectious diseases, mortality risk, musculoskeletal issues, neurologic issues, obstetric issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=75

Frailty: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Frailty, which is a geriatric syndrome that affects 5% to 17% of older adults, is a state of increased vulnerability across multiple health domains that leads to adverse health outcomes. Frail older adults are at increased risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and death. Frailty ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p219.html

Eye and Vision Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye examinations, glaucoma, LASIK surgery, ocular emergencies, red eye, vision loss, and vision screening. This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=66

Immunizations (excluding Influenza) - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=63

Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases) - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other liver disease, including cirrhosis, chronic liver failure, hemochromatosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=38

Difficult-to-Treat and Severe Asthma: Management Strategies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease in the United States. Up to 17% of asthma cases are classified as difficult to treat, and 3.7% of these are considered severe. Uncontrolled asthma is characterized by poor symptom control or frequent exacerbations. In difficult-to-treat ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p286.html

Peripheral Nerve Entrapment and Injury in the Upper Extremity - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Peripheral nerves in the upper extremities are at risk of injury and entrapment because of their superficial nature and length. Injury can result from trauma, anatomic abnormalities, systemic disease, and entrapment. The extent of the injury can range from mild neurapraxia, in which the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p275.html

HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS and related issues, including antiretroviral therapy, behavioral counseling, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, and infection prevention. This collection features AFP content on human ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=11

Pain Management in Labor - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - A patient’s sense of empowerment and control is most predictive of maternal satisfaction with childbirth. Analgesia during labor greatly affects this experience. Individual patient priorities for labor pain management should be explored as part of routine prenatal care. Continuous labor...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p355.html

Genetics - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on genetics and related issues, including family medical history, genetic testing, and specific syndromes (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, fragile X syndrome, Down Syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Turner syndrome). This ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=56

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