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Cirrhosis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2019 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. Newer research has established that liver fibrosis is a dynamic process and that early cirrhosis may be reversible. Only one in three people with cirrhosis knows they have it. Most patients with cirrhosis remain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p759.html

The Case Against Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Disease Risk ...

Dec 15, 2019 - Although coronary artery calcium testing may slightly improve future risk prediction, this theoretical benefit is outweighed by its potential harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p734.html

Overuse of Statins in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ...

Dec 15, 2019 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p742.html

Diagnosing DVT in Nonpregnant Adults in the Primary Care Setting - Point-of-Care Guides...

Dec 15, 2019 - What is the best approach to the evaluation of nonpregnant adults with suspected first lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the outpatient primary care setting?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p778.html

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Dec 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od1.html

One Month of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Followed by Clopidogrel Alone is Superior to 12 ...

Dec 15, 2019 - This study found that one month of dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin plus clopidogrel or prasugrel [Effient]) followed by clopidogrel monotherapy for up to five years is both noninferior and superior to 12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy followed by aspirin for up to five years for...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od5.html

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2019 - A 71-year-old woman comes to your office for a regularly scheduled visit. She has type 2 diabetes mellitus and a 50-pack-year smoking history, and had non-ulcer dyspepsia two years ago. Her body mass index is 32 kg per m2, and her blood pressure is normal.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p771.html

Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Return To Work - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - Nonspecific low back pain refers to a condition without a distinct etiology to explain its associated symptoms. This pain may become chronic and is a major cause of work loss around the world. Without a specific explanation for a patient’s symptoms, the family physician is charged with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p697.html

Gabapentinoids for Pain: Potential Unintended Consequences - Editorials - American ...

Dec 1, 2019 - The widespread and often indiscriminate prescribing of gabapentinoids is not supported by robust evidence, and it carries known and unknown risks.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p672.html

Alpha Blockers for Nephrolithiasis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - The alpha blocker tamsulosin (Flomax) can be used to improve clearance of stones larger than 5 mm, shorten expulsion times, and reduce hospitalization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p710.html

Diagnosing VTE: Guidelines from the American Society of Hematology - Practice ...

Dec 1, 2019 - The American Society of Hematology has published recommendations for determining the optimal diagnostic strategy based on pretest risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p716.html

General Health Checks in Adults for Reducing Disease-Related Morbidity and Mortality - ...

Dec 1, 2019 - General health check visits have no benefit on cardiovascular morbidity or on total, cardiovascular, or cancer-related mortality. There is also no evidence that they cause patient harm.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p676.html

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Treatment of Urinary Incontinence in Women - Medicine ...

Dec 1, 2019 - Urinary incontinence is common in adult women, leading to health complications such as rash and urinary tract infections. This review discusses pelvic floor muscle training for the treatment of urinary incontinence in women.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/od1.html

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement -...

Nov 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons who are at high risk of HIV acquisition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od1.html

Screening for HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for HIV infection in adolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years. Younger adolescents and older adults who are at increased risk of infection should also be screened.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od2.html

Fully Automated Blood Pressure Measurement Is the Way to Go in the Office - POEMs - ...

Nov 15, 2019 - automated measurement aligns better with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, the best predictor of cardiovascular events, than manual measurement; manual readings are an average 13.4 to 14.5 mm Hg (systolic) higher than daytime ambulatory or automated readings in patients with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646.html

Screening for HIV Infection and Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV ...

Nov 15, 2019 - J.S., a 29-year-old transgender woman, presents for her first maintenance visit with a new family physician. It has been three years since her previous visit with a primary care physician. She has no chronic illnesses, stopped using tobacco products four years ago, and reports that she ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p637.html

As-Needed Budesonide/Formoterol Similar to Maintenance Budesonide Plus SABA in Patients...

Nov 15, 2019 - In these patients with mild asthma (more than one-half used a short-acting beta-agonist [SABA] such as albuterol two or fewer times per week), as-needed use of a combined budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort) inhaler was as effective at preventing exacerbations as daily maintenance ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646a.html

Early Cardioversion No Better Than Delayed Cardioversion for Recent-Onset Symptomatic ...

Nov 15, 2019 - For patients presenting to the emergency department with recent-onset symptomatic atrial fibrillation, early cardioversion is no better than delayed cardioversion in achieving sinus rhythm within four weeks.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p648.html

Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection Not Beneficial for Nonoperative Treatment of Rotator ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The review found no evidence that supports any additional benefit of platelet-rich plasma injections compared with various control interventions, including saline placebo, in the non-operative treatment of rotator cuff disease in adults.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p647.html

Care of the Military Veteran: Selected Health Issues - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2019 - According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 18.2 million veterans were living in the United States in 2017, of whom 1.6 million were female. Less than one-half of all veterans receive care at a Veterans Health Administration or military treatment facility, leaving most to receive services from...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p544.html

Pilonidal Disease Management: Guidelines from the ASCRS - Practice Guidelines - ...

Nov 1, 2019 - The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) has released a clinical practice guideline to provide physicians with diagnosis and treatment options of pilonidal disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p582.html

Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors vs. Other Antihypertensive Drug Classes for ...

Nov 1, 2019 - RAS inhibitors, which include angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and renin inhibitors, should not be used as first-line agents.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p540.html

Aspirin for Colon Cancer Risk Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Daily low-dose aspirin can be offered to patients older than 50 years for colon cancer prevention.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/od2.html

Allopurinol Hypersensitivity Assay HLA-B*58:01 Genotyping - Diagnostic Tests: What ...

Nov 1, 2019 - The allopurinol hypersensitivity assay, or HLA-B*58:01 test, is a blood test to detect the presence of a human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) genetic variant that increases the risk of life-threatening, severe cutaneous adverse reactions in patients taking allopurinol.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p530.html

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