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Diagnosis of Stridor in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stridor is a sign of upper airway obstruction. In children, laryngomalacia is the most common cause of chronic stridor, while croup is the most common cause of acute stridor. Generally, an inspiratory stridor suggests airway obstruction above the glottis while an expiratory stridor is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2289.html

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 1998 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 1998 Issue Editorials Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children ALEJANDRO HOBERMAN, M.D., and ELLEN R. WALD, M.D., Children's Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 1998 May 15;57(10):2337-2340. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2337.html

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Feb 15, 2018 - A recent observational study found that 2.2% of acutely ill children younger than five years met criteria for a UTI when their urine was cultured. However, in the same study, overall clinician impression that a UTI was present (fairly to very certain) identified only 28 out of 60 ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p273.html

Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p19.html

Dietary Supplement Use in Children: Concerns of Efficacy and Safety - Editorials - ...

Mar 15, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 2005 Issue Editorials Dietary Supplement Use in Children: Concerns of Efficacy and Safety PAULA GARDINER, M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 15;71(6):1068-1071. Increasing numbers of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1068.html

Dietary Therapy for Children with Hypercholesterolemia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Accumulating evidence clearly shows that atherosclerosis begins in youth. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has recommended that children at high risk of developing coronary artery disease as adults be screened so that those with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p675.html

Digital Media Use Associated with ADHD Symptom Development Among Adolescents - POEMs - ...

Feb 1, 2019 - High school students who reported a high frequency (many times per day) of digital media use (e.g., social networking, streaming movies or music, texting) were significantly more likely to self-report symptoms of ADHD over two years of follow-up (10% higher symptom reporting rate).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p189.html

Disorders of Puberty - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Normal puberty begins between eight and 14 years of age in girls and between nine and 14 years of age in boys. Pubic hair distribution is used to stage puberty, along with breast size and contour in girls and testicular volume in boys. Some children experience constitutional sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p209.html

Disorders of Puberty: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2017 - Disorders of puberty can profoundly impact physical and psychosocial well-being. Precocious puberty is pubertal onset before eight years of age in girls and before nine years of age in boys. Patients with early isolated pubertal changes, prepubertal linear growth, and no worrisome ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p590.html

Do Children with Acute Asthma Benefit More from Anticholinergics and Beta2 Agonists ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations experience improved respiratory function and are less likely to require hospital admission when treated with multiple doses of beta2 agonists combined with anticholinergics. The same benefit has not been proved in children with mild ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p417.html

Do Tympanostomy Tubes for OME Prevent Hearing Loss? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - In children with typical hearing and language development, immediate placement of tympanostomy tubes for OME does not improve important long-term outcomes compared with a period of watchful waiting and placement of tubes only if there is no improvement.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p807.html

Does Delaying Complementary Foods Protect Children Against Allergic and Atopic ...

Dec 15, 2013 - Breastfeeding duration, rather than exclusivity, may be the most important factor in prevention of atopic diseases. Earlier introduction of foods commonly associated with allergies may help prevent allergic and atopic diseases, but these data are inconclusive.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p818.html

Does Screening for Tuberculosis in Children Decrease Morbidity or Mortality? - FPIN's ...

Mar 15, 2004 - Routine screening of low-risk children for tuberculosis infection before entering kindergarten is not necessary.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1479.html

Double-Ligature: A Treatment for Pedunculated Umbilical Granulomas in Children - ...

May 15, 2002 - Umbilical granulomas are common inflammatory reactions to the resolving umbilical stump. The double-ligature technique is simple to perform and provides good cosmetic and functional results with only minor complications. The granuloma becomes necrotic and drops off within seven to 14 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2067.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants: ...

Jan 1, 2016 - This consensus communication focuses on new data that support introducing peanuts early in infants, and it aims to assist with decisions about introduction; it can be used for guidance while formal guidelines are being developed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p61.html

Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine - Oct 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - No: Universal Screening Has Uncertain Benefits and a High Risk of Harms. Atherosclerosis can be demonstrated in young arteries, and its development over time correlates with the presence of risk factors for the disease, including higher lipid levels. But the presence of this association...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od1.html

Effect of Pacifier Use on Duration of Breastfeeding - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2018 - In healthy, full-term, breastfeeding infants, there is moderate evidence that unrestricted pacifier use, started at birth or after lactation has been established, does not decrease the likelihood of continued exclusive or partial breastfeeding through four months of age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p311.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids on Growth in Children with Persistent Asthma - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Inhaled fluticasone (Flovent; 200 mcg per day) is associated with a greater linear growth velocity when compared with beclomethasone (400 mcg per day; an equivalent dose).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p404.html

Effects of Soy Protein-Based Formula in Full-Term Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jan 1, 2008 - There are no significant long-term detrimental effects associated with the use of currently available, commercially produced, isolated soy protein-based formula in full-term infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p87.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Cautions and Concerns - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - E-cigarettes are gaining popularity as a novel approach to smoking cessation, but data regarding safety and effectiveness are lacking. Until there is further research into the benefits and risks of e-cigarettes, physicians should recommend more familiar alternatives to help their ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p282.html

Enuresis in Children: A Case Based Approach - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - Enuresis is defined as intermittent urinary incontinence during sleep in a child at least five years of age. Approximately 5% to 10% of all seven-year-olds have enuresis, and an estimated 5 to 7 million children in the United States have enuresis. The pathophysiology of primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p560.html

Evaluating Children for Possible Sexual Abuse - Editorials - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2001 Issue Editorials Evaluating Children for Possible Sexual Abuse JOYCE A. ADAMS, M.D., Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, School of Medicine, San Diego, California Am Fam Physician. 2001 Mar...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p843.html

Evaluating Fever of Unidentifiable Source in Young Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - Most children will have been evaluated for a febrile illness by 36 months of age. Although the majority will have a self-limited viral illness, studies done before the use of Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccines showed that approximately 10 percent of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1805.html

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