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Are Long-acting Insulin Analogues Better Than Isophane Insulin? - Cochrane for ...

Feb 15, 2008 - Based on poor quality evidence, this review suggests that insulin glargine and insulin detemir have no advantage over isophane insulin in reducing A1C levels. In one study, isophane insulin reduced A1C levels slightly more than insulin detemir. However, patients on insulin glargine and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p447.html

Are Low-Fat Diets Better than Other Weight-Reducing Diets in Achieving Long-Term Weight...

Feb 1, 2003 - Low-fat diets are no better than low-calorie diets in achieving weight loss in overweight or obese people. In studies, the average weight loss after 18 months on either diet was less than 5 lb.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p507.html

Are Metered-Dose Inhalers with Holding Chambers Better Than Nebulizers for Treating ...

Jan 1, 2003 - In the emergency room, MDIs with holding chambers are as effective as nebulizers for delivering beta2 agonists to treat acute asthma in adults and children older than age two. There might be slightly less beta2 agonist–induced tachycardia in children when MDIs with holding chambers are ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p62.html

Are Neuraminidase Inhibitors Effective for Preventing and Treating Influenza in Healthy...

Oct 1, 2012 - Treating previously healthy patients with oseltamivir (Tamiflu) reduces the duration of influenza symptoms by approximately 21 hours, but it does not reduce the risk of hospitalization in this population.1 The data are insufficient to determine whether oseltamivir reduces the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p624.html

Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Apr 1, 2007 - Eight to 60 days of opioid therapy for the treatment of neuropathic pain effectively reduces pain scores as measured by a visual analog scale. A lack of response to opioids in the first 24 hours should not be used to predict whether longer-term opioid therapy might be beneficial. There ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p999.html

Are Oral Betamimetics Effective Maintenance Therapies After Threatened Preterm Labor? -...

Mar 1, 2007 - There is no evidence to support the use of oral betamimetics for maintenance therapy after treatment for threatened preterm labor, and there is a risk of adverse effects with these drugs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p648.html

Are Selective COX-2 Inhibitors as Effective as NSAIDs in Patients with Rheumatoid ...

Feb 1, 2004 - The efficacy of COX-2 inhibitors is similar to that of nonselective NSAIDs in reducing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p595.html

Are Some Antidepressants Safer than Others Regarding Suicide Risk? - POEMs - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - Mirtazapine (Remeron) and venlafaxine are associated with higher rates of completed suicide in primary care patients. Rates of suicide attempts and completion are similar with the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p52a.html

Are SSRIs Effective for Treating OCD? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2008 - SSRIs are effective for the treatment of OCD. If it is assumed that 10 percent of persons with OCD will recover without treatment, then 12 persons with OCD need to be treated for one additional person to have a response within six to 13 weeks. If it is assumed that 20 percent of persons...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1252.html

Are You Talking to Your Patients About CAM? - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 1, 2009 Issue Editorials Are You Talking to Your Patients About CAM? SUMI SEXTON, MD, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC Am Fam Physician. 2009 Aug 1;80(3):228-230. In June 2008, the National Center for...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p228.html

Aripiprazole as Adjunctive Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder - AFP ...

Aug 1, 2008 - Does augmentation with aripiprazole help patients with major depressive disorder who have not responded to initial therapy? Adding aripiprazole to SSRIs or SNRIs did not significantly improve depression in this study. However, this study did not compare the study drug with a real-world ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p308.html

Aripiprazole vs. Other Atypical Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2010 - Aripiprazole is less effective in treating schizophrenia than olanzapine (Zyprexa), but has fewer metabolic and sedative adverse effects. There is no difference in effectiveness between aripiprazole and risperidone (Risperdal); however, aripiprazole may be associated with less dystonia,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1335.html

Aripiprazole vs. Placebo or Haloperidol for Schizophrenia - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Dec 1, 2016 - Aripiprazole was shown to have one major benefit over placebo, but favorable outcomes with haloperidol throw its effectiveness into question. Are the differences merely anomalies?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p877.html

Aromatase Inhibitors Such as Letrozole (Femara) vs. Clomiphene (Clomid) for Subfertile ...

May 1, 2019 - When treated with letrozole, subfertile women with PCOS who are trying to conceive have increased chances of pregnancy (number needed to treat [NNT] = 11) and live birth (NNT = 10) compared with those treated with clomiphene.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p545.html

ART for HIV: Recommendations from the International Antiviral Society—USA Panel - ...

Mar 15, 2015 - The International Antiviral Society—USA Panel has provided recommendations for management of HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Evidence has shown that ART for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is effective in preventing transmission among couples. ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p396.html

Arthroscopic Meniscal Surgery Is Equivalent to Nonoperative Management - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2017 - The existing research base, with biases that typically make interventions look better, is unable to demonstrate that arthroscopy for meniscal injuries is any better than nonoperative approaches. Because this is a costly intervention and is being used more often, perhaps insurance ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p55.html

Arthroscopic Surgery for Knee Osteoarthritis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Aug 1, 2008 - Compared with other modalities of treatment such as sham surgery, joint lavage, and joint washout, arthroscopic debridement does not improve outcomes for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p331.html

As-Needed Budesonide/Formoterol Similar to Maintenance Budesonide Plus SABA in Patients...

Nov 15, 2019 - In these patients with mild asthma (more than one-half used a short-acting beta-agonist [SABA] such as albuterol two or fewer times per week), as-needed use of a combined budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort) inhaler was as effective at preventing exacerbations as daily maintenance ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646a.html

As-Needed Use of Budesonide Plus Formoterol As Good As Daily Use of Steroid - POEMs - ...

Nov 15, 2018 - As-needed use of budesonide/formoterol is as effective as the daily use of maintenance budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline at preventing severe exacerbations, and results in a much lower cumulative steroid dose.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od4.html

Aspirin after Acute Ischemic Stroke - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Learn more about the effect of aspirin therapy given within 48 hours of acute ischemic stroke in reducing the risk of death, dependence, or recurrent stroke, and the chance of complete recovery.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/od2.html

Aspirin Combined with Clopidogrel (Plavix) Decreases Cardiovascular Events in Patients ...

Dec 1, 2007 - A combination of aspirin and clopidogrel decreased cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease and in those with acute coronary syndrome. However, the risk of major bleeding events outweighed the benefits in all high-risk patients except those with acute ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1643.html

Aspirin in Patients with Actue Ischemic Stroke - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Feb 1, 2009 - Aspirin in a daily dose of 160 to 300 mg initiated within 48 hours of symptom onset results in a net decrease in morbidity and mortality caused by acute ischemic stroke, based on a systematic review), regardless of the availability of computed tomography (CT).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0201/p226.html

Aspirin Is as Safe and Effective as LMWH for Extended Thromboprophylaxis After Total ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p739.html

Aspirin No Different Than Rivaroxaban for Prevention of VTE After TKA or THA - POEMs - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - Extended prophylaxis with low-dose aspirin is similar in efficacy to rivaroxaban for the prevention of symptomatic VTE following TKA or THA. Aspirin is cheap, widely available, and effective, making it a good alternative to the more costly direct oral anticoagulants.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p248.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

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