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Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in women and accounts for 30% of all new cancers in the United States. The highest incidence of breast cancer is in women 70 to 74 years of age. Numerous risk factors are associated with the development of breast cancer. A risk assessment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p33.html

Thyroid Nodules: Advances in Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Thyroid nodules can be detected by ultrasonography in up to 68% of the general population. They are typically benign and are often discovered incidentally. The primary goal of thyroid nodule evaluation is to determine whether it is malignant. After thyroid ultrasonography has been ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p298.html

Dysphagia: Evaluation and Collaborative Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dysphagia is common but may be underreported. Specific symptoms, rather than their perceived location, should guide the initial evaluation and imaging. Obstructive symptoms that seem to originate in the throat or neck may actually be caused by distal esophageal lesions. Oropharyngeal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p97.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pharmacologic management of acute pain should be tailored for each patient, including a review of treatment expectations and a plan for the time course of prescriptions. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are first-line treatment options for most patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p63.html

Genital Ulcers: Differential Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Genital ulcers may be located on the vagina, penis, and anorectal or perineal areas and may be infectious or noninfectious. Herpes simplex virus is the most common cause of genital ulcers in the United States. A diagnosis of genital herpes simplex virus infection is made through ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p355.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Approximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p141.html

Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks. This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=24

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

Polycythemia Vera: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Polycythemia vera is one of three stem-cell–derived myeloid malignancies commonly known as myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is characterized by erythrocytosis, often with associated leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. It has a significant negative impact on overall mortality and morbidity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p680.html

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Adults: Evaluation and Management - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is defined as hemorrhage from the mouth to the ligament of Treitz. Common risk factors for upper GI bleeding include prior upper GI bleeding, anticoagulant use, high-dose nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, and older age. Causes of upper GI ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p294.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare, chronic pain disorder. It is challenging for patients and physicians because it leads to significant morbidity due to chronic pain that may last for years. CRPS typically develops four to six weeks after direct trauma, such as an injury ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p49.html

Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Chronic wounds are those that do not progress through a normal, orderly, and timely sequence of repair. They are common and are often incorrectly treated. The morbidity and associated costs of chronic wounds highlight the need to implement wound prevention and treatment guidelines. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.html

Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidney and renal pelvis and should be suspected in patients with flank pain and laboratory evidence of urinary tract infection. Urine culture with antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be performed in all patients and used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p173.html

Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Groin hernias are caused by a defect of the abdominal wall in the groin area and comprise inguinal and femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are more common in men. Although groin hernias are easily diagnosed on physical examination in men, ultrasonography is often needed in women. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p487.html

Mobility Assistive Device Use in Older Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Many individuals need a mobility assistive device as they age. These devices include canes, crutches, walkers, and wheelchairs. Clinicians should understand how to select the appropriate device and size for individual patients (or work with a physical therapist) and prescribe the device...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p737.html

Dyspareunia in Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Dyspareunia is recurrent or persistent pain with sexual intercourse that causes distress. It affects approximately 10% to 20% of U.S. women. Dyspareunia may be superficial, causing pain with attempted vaginal insertion, or deep. Women with sexual pain are at increased risk of sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p597.html

Persistent Night Sweats: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Night sweats are a nonspecific symptom that patients commonly experience but rarely discuss with their physicians without prompting. Although many life-threatening causes such as malignancies or infections have been described, most patients who report persistent night sweats in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p427.html

Obstetric Lacerations: Prevention and Repair - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Obstetric lacerations are a common complication of vaginal delivery. Lacerations can lead to chronic pain and urinary and fecal incontinence. Perineal lacerations are defined by the depth of musculature involved, with fourth-degree lacerations disrupting the anal sphincter and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p745.html

Clostridioides difficile Infection: Update on Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection have recently been updated. Risk factors include recent exposure to health care facilities or antibiotics, especially clindamycin. C. difficile infection is characterized by a wide range of symptoms, from ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p168.html

Frailty: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Frailty, which is a geriatric syndrome that affects 5% to 17% of older adults, is a state of increased vulnerability across multiple health domains that leads to adverse health outcomes. Frail older adults are at increased risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and death. Frailty ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p219.html

Urethritis: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - Urethritis refers to inflammation of the urethra and is classified as gonococcal (caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae) or nongonococcal in origin (most commonly caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, or Trichomonas vaginalis). The most common signs and symptoms include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p553.html

Health Maintenance for Women of Reproductive Age - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Health maintenance for women of reproductive age includes counseling and screening tests that have been demonstrated to prevent disease and improve health. This article focuses mainly on conditions that are more common in women or have a unique impact on female patients. Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p209.html

Functional Dyspepsia: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Functional dyspepsia is defined as at least one month of epigastric discomfort without evidence of organic disease found during an upper endoscopy, and it accounts for 70% of dyspepsia. Symptoms of functional dyspepsia include postprandial fullness, early satiety, and epigastric pain or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p84.html

HIV Infection in Adults: Initial Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The HIV epidemic is an important public health priority. Transmissions continue to occur despite effective therapies that make HIV preventable and treatable. Approximately one-half of people with HIV are not receiving suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Starting ART early, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p407.html

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