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Diagnosis and Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of synovial tissue and a wide array of multisystem comorbidities. Prevalence is estimated to be 0.8 percent worldwide, with women twice as likely to develop the disease as men. Untreated, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1037.html

Diagnosing Acute Monoarthritis in Adults: A Practical Approach for the Family Physician...

Jul 1, 2003 - Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The first step in diagnosis is to verify that the source of pain is the joint, not the surrounding soft tissues. The most common causes of monoarthritis are crystals (i.e., gout and pseudogout), trauma, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p83.html

Gout and Hyperuricemia - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Gout is a condition characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints or soft tissue. The four phases of gout include asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, intercritical gout and chronic tophaceous gout. The peak incidence occurs in patients 30 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p925.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Radiographic Assessment of Osteoarthritis - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2001 - Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent and disabling chronic conditions affecting older adults and a significant public health problem among adults of working age. As the bulk of the U.S. population ages, the prevalence of osteoarthritis is expected to rise. Although the incidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p279.html

Evaluation of Poststreptococcal Illness - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, scarlet fever, and rarely asymptomatic carrier states are associated with a number of poststreptococcal suppurative and nonsuppurative complications. As in streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, pediatric autoimmune ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1949.html

Diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematossus - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Systemic lupus erythematosus is a multisystem inflammatory disease that is often difficult to diagnose. Before the diagnosis can be established, four of 11 clinical and laboratory criteria must be met. Antinuclear antibody titer is the primary laboratory test used to diagnose systemic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2179.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to significantly reduce the risk for sudden death caused by cardiac arrhythmias and all-cause mortality in patients with known coronary heart disease. Fatty fish, such as salmon and tuna, and fish oil are rich sources of the omega-3 fatty acids ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p133.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gout - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - Gout is a disease resulting from the deposition of urate crystals caused by the overproduction or underexcretion of uric acid. The disease is often, but not always, associated with elevated serum uric acid levels. Clinical manifestations include acute and chronic arthritis, tophi, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1799.html

A Family Physicians' Guide to Monitoring Methotrexate - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Methotrexate has a long history of use in the treatment of various immunologic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. Although the drug is usually prescribed by a subspecialist, a family physician may assume responsibility for monitoring methotrexate therapy. Major ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1607.html

Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome) - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - Reactive arthritis, also called Reiter's syndrome, is the most common type of inflammatory polyarthritis in young men. It is sometimes the first manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection. An HLA-B27 genotype is a predisposing factor in over two thirds of patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p499.html

ANCA-Associated Small-Vessel Vasculitis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is the most common primary systemic small-vessel vasculitis to occur in adults. Although the etiology is not always known, the incidence of vasculitis is increasing, and the diagnosis and management of patients may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1615.html

Management of Giant Cell Arteritis and Polymyalgia Rheumatica - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica are closely related disorders that affect persons more than 50 years of age and cause substantial morbidity. Patients with giant cell arteritis typically have a localized headache, nonspecific systemic symptoms, temporal artery tenderness ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2061.html

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Temporal Arteritis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - Polymyalgia rheumatica and temporal arteritis are closely related inflammatory conditions that affect different cellular targets in genetically predisposed persons. Compared with temporal arteritis, polymyalgla rheumatica is much more common, affecting one in 200 persons older than 50 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p789.html

Osteoarthritis: Current Concepts in Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Most patients with osteoarthritis seek medical attention because of pain. The safest initial approach is to use a simple oral analgesic such as acetaminophen (perhaps in conjunction with topical therapy). If pain relief is inadequate, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1795.html

Clinical Utility of Common Serum Rheumatologic Tests - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Serum rheumatologic tests are generally most useful for confirming a clinically suspected diagnosis. Testing for rheumatoid factor is appropriate when rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome or cryoglobulinemia is suspected. Antinuclear antibody testing is highly sensitive for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1073.html

Treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: An Update - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - Systemic lupus erythematosus predominantly affects women and is more common in blacks. Although survival rates have improved, over one half of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have permanent damage in one or more organ systems. Arthritis and cutaneous manifestations are most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2753.html

Treating Fibromyalgia - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Fibromyalgia is an extremely common chronic condition that can be challenging to manage. Although the etiology remains unclear, characteristic alterations in the pattern of sleep and changes in neuroendocrine transmitters such as serotonin, substance P, growth hormone and cortisol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1575.html

Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Therapeutic Considerations - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Osteoarthritis is a common rheumatologic disorder. It is estimated that 40 million Americans and 70 to 90 percent of persons older than 75 years are affected by osteoarthritis. Although symptoms of osteoarthritis occur earlier in women, the prevalence among men and women is equal. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p841.html

Parvovirus B19 Infections - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - Infections caused by human parvovirus B19 can result in a wide spectrum of manifestations, which are usually influenced by the patient's immunologic and hematologic status. In the normal host, parvovirus infection can be asymptomatic or can result in erythema infectiosum or arthropathy....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1455.html

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