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The Gomco Circumcision: Common Problems and Solutions - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - Circumcision performed using the Gomco clamp is usually quick and effective, and results in very little bleeding. However, every clinician performing circumcision occasionally has concerns or questions regarding the procedure. Some of the more common concerns regarding the use of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p891.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

The Maternal Health Benefits of Breastfeeding - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2015 Issue Editorials The Maternal Health Benefits of Breastfeeding ELEANOR B. SCHWARZ, MD, MS, University of California–Davis, Sacramento, California MELISSA NOTHNAGLE, MD, MSC, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island Am...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p602.html

Congenital Toxoplasmosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Approximately 85 percent of women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Transmission of T. gondii to the fetus can result in serious health problems, including mental retardation, seizures, blindness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2131.html

Returning to Work While Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Mothers who work outside the home initiate breastfeeding at the same rate as mothers who stay at home. However, the breastfeeding continuance rate declines sharply in mothers who return to work. While the work environment may be less than ideal for the breastfeeding mother, obstacles ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2201.html

The Newborn Examination: Part II. Emergencies and Common Abnormalities Involving the ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Careful examination of the neonate at delivery can detect anomalies, birth injuries, and disorders that may compromise successful adaptation to extrauterine life. A newborn with one anatomic malformation should be evaluated for associated anomalies. If a newborn is found to have an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p265.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Screening programs relying primarily on physical examination techniques for the early detection and treatment of congenital hip abnormalities have not been as consistently successful as expected. Since the 1980s, increased attention has been given to ultrasound imaging of the hip in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p177.html

Impact of Breastfeeding Support - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2013 - Proactive support in many forms, provided by health care professionals or laypersons, increases the duration of any breastfeeding (including partial and exclusive) and exclusive breastfeeding. Face-to-face support is superior to telephone-based interventions. Support for continued ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p176.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Although screening increases the proportion of newborns who are treated for DDH, there is insufficient evidence that targeted or universal ultrasound screening improves long-term orthopedic outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p10.html

Caring for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Congenital heart defects are classified into two broad categories: acyanotic and cyanotic lesions. The most common acyanotic lesions are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular canal, pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis and coarctation...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1857.html

Issues in Newborn Screening for Phenylketonuria - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The blood sample for phenylketonuria (PKU) screening should be obtained at least 12 hours after the infant's birth. Newborn screening for PKU has largely eliminated mental retardation caused by this disease. If the first phenylalanine test demonstrates positive results, a repeat test ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1462.html

Common Issues in the Care of Sick Neonates - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Newborn infants may be transferred to a special care nursery because of conditions such as prematurity (gestation less than 37 weeks), prolonged resuscitation, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and jaundice, and for evaluation of neonatal sepsis. Newborn infants' core temperature should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1685.html

Care of the Premature Infant: Part I. Monitoring Growth and Development - American ...

May 1, 1998 - When monitoring growth and development in the premature infant, physicians should make adjustments for the estimated due date. With minor exceptions, administration of immunizations is based on the chronologic age. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine should be delayed until the infant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2123.html

Neonatal Jaundice - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2012 - What are the effects of treatments for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in term and preterm infants?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p824.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Reaffirmation Recommendation ...

Jan 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns for the prevention of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p195.html

Aseptic Meningitis in the Newborn and Young Infant - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - When a toxic newborn or young infant presents with fever and lethargy or irritability, it is important to consider the diagnosis of meningitis even if the classic localizing signs and symptoms are absent. Cerebrospinal fluid should be obtained (unless lumbar puncture is clinically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2761.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum - Putting Prevention into ...

Jan 15, 2012 - Case study: You are called to an emergent but uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal delivery at 38 weeks' gestation. The mother is 19 years of age, with a history of heroin use and multiple sex partners. She has not received medical care for the past few years.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p197.html

Promoting and Supporting Breast-Feeding - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - The family physician can significantly influence a mother's decision to breast-feed. Prenatal support, hospital management and subsequent pediatric and maternal visits are all-important components of breast-feeding promotion. Prenatal encouragement increases breast-feeding rates and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2093.html

Umbilical Cord Blood: Importance of Supporting Public Banks - Editorials - American ...

Sep 15, 2011 - Umbilical cord blood, which is rich in hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells, has become a major alternative donor source for blood and marrow transplantation in patients with leukemia, bone marrow failure, and immune disorders. In many cases, it is the only timely option for therapy.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p638.html

Initial Management of Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Breast milk is widely accepted as the ideal source of nutrition for infants. In order to ensure success in breastfeeding, it is important that it be initiated as early as possible during the neonatal period. This is facilitated by skin-to-skin contact between the mother and infant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p981.html

Office Care of the Premature Infant: Part II. Common Medical and Surgical Problems - ...

May 15, 1998 - Medical problems associated with prematurity are frequently complex, and a multidisciplinary approach is often required. Some common problems include the following: (1) anemia, which can be reduced by iron supplementation, (2) cerebral palsy or mental retardation as a result of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2383.html

Bilirubin Screening in Newborns: What Should We Do? - Editorials - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2010 - A more aggressive approach to screening for hyperbilirubinemia does not have good evidence to support it, nor is it justified to abandon what we have been taught just because there is insufficient evidence at this time. In this case, a middle ground is best: continuing current practice ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p336.html

Screening of Infants for Hyperbilirubinemia to Prevent Chronic Bilirubin Encephalopathy...

Aug 15, 2010 - Case study: K.J. is a full-term newborn male who was born 24 hours ago after an uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal delivery. His parents, who are Asian American, have been attending your practice for five years. K.J. does not appear jaundiced on examination.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p411.html

Screening of Infants for Hyperbilirubinemia to Prevent Chronic Bilirubin ...

Aug 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is insufficient to recommend screening infants for hyperbilirubinemia to prevent chronic bilirubin encephalopa.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p408.html

Primary Care Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

May 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends interventions during pregnancy and after birth to promote and support breastfeeding.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1265.html

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