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Abaloparatide (Tymlos) for Osteoporosis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Abaloparatide is a safe and effective medication used to reduce the likelihood of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in women at high risk. However, it is expensive and requires daily injections. It has not been evaluated for its effect on decreasing hip fractures.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p260.html

In Healthy Older Adults, Low-Dose Aspirin Increases All-Cause and Cancer-Specific ...

Jul 15, 2019 - The findings are completely unexpected. Although recent studies by this group and other groups of researchers have failed to find a cardiovascular benefit, likely because of better control of other cardiovascular risk factors, this study found increased all-cause mortality, primarily ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p118a.html

Vitamin D is Equal to Placebo for Preventing Cognitive Decline in African-American ...

Jul 15, 2019 - Is vitamin D more effective than placebo in preventing cognitive decline in African American women older than 65 years who have low serum vitamin D levels at baseline?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p118.html

Omega-3 Oil Does Not Reduce Serious Cardiovascular Events for Patients with Diabetes ...

Jul 15, 2019 - In this study, there was no significant difference in the likelihood of a composite vascular outcome or all-cause mortality in patients given an omega-3 fatty acid supplement compared with those given an olive oil placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p120.html

Herbal and Dietary Supplement-Drug Interactions in Patients with Chronic Illnesses - ...

Jan 1, 2008 - Herbs, vitamins, and other dietary supplements may augment or antagonize the actions of prescription and nonprescription drugs. St. John's wort is the supplement that has the most documented interactions with drugs. As with many drug-drug interactions, the information for many dietary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p73.html

Denosumab for Reducing Risk of Fractures in Postmenopausal Women - Medicine by the ...

May 1, 2019 - Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with denosumab does not increase the risk of cancer or death but might increase the risk of infection. However, more studies are required.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/od1.html

Social Determinants of Health: Family Physicians’ Leadership Role - Editorials - ...

Apr 15, 2019 - Family physicians can be early adopters of SDOH tools and models for practice, and they can advocate for use of these tools across systems of care.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p476.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Preparing for Serious Illness: A Model for Better Conversations over the Continuum of ...

Mar 1, 2019 - How can we ensure that our seriously ill patients routinely get the right care without relying on individual sacrifice and luck?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p281.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Preventing Bacterial Endocarditis: American Heart Association Guidelines - American ...

Feb 1, 1998 - The American Heart Association recently revised its guidelines for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis. These guidelines are meant to aid physicians, dentists and other health care providers, but they are not intended to define the standard of care or to serve as a substitute for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0201/p457.html

Aspirin, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, and Placebo Equally Effective in Preventing Colorectal ...

Jun 1, 2019 - After 12 months, neither aspirin nor EPA, alone or in combination, are any better than placebo at preventing colorectal adenomas in patients with high-risk neoplasia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p717.html

Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (Shingrix) for the Prevention of Shingles - STEPS - American...

Oct 15, 2018 - Recombinant zoster vaccine is a relatively new shingles vaccine that has been shown to have greater effectiveness and protection than the existing live vaccine. Local and systemic adverse effects may occur after administration, but have been shown to resolve within one to three days.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p539.html

HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions - Medicine by ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/od1.html

Statins Effective for LDL 190 mg per dL or Higher, Regardless of Risk Level - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2018 - These results confirm that the use of statins for men with an LDL cholesterol level of at least 190 mg per dL, regardless of calculated risk, is associated with a clinically and statistically significant reduction in cardiovascular events and probably cardiovascular and all-cause ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p54a.html

Statins Ineffective for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients 75 ...

Apr 1, 2019 - In this retrospective study, statin treatment in patients 75 years or older without preexisting CVD did not change the likelihood of developing CVD or reduce any-cause mortality. However, patients 75 to 84 years of age with diabetes mellitus benefitted from treatment. These results ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p461.html

Maternal Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Women should receive the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy regardless of previous immunization history. Infants whose mothers received prenatal immunization had 50% fewer cases of pertussis compared with those whose mothers received postpartum immunization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p454.html

Aspirin’s Benefits and Harms Are Less Clear for Primary Prevention in Moderate-Risk ...

Apr 1, 2019 - In this study, after five years of treatment, patients at a moderate risk of heart disease who took low-dose aspirin did not show a decrease in coronary events and all-cause mortality and had slightly more gastrointestinal bleeding.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p459a.html

Preventing or Delaying Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Diet and Exercise - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2018 - There is moderate-quality evidence that in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) defined by an abnormal 75-g two-hour glucose tolerance test, implementing changes in diet and adding physical activity together can prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p643.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

Current Guidelines for Antibiotic Prophylaxis of Surgical Wounds - American Family ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Appropriately administered antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of surgical wound infection. Prophylaxis is uniformly recommended for all clean-contaminated, contaminated and dirty procedures. It is considered optional for most clean procedures, although it may be indicated for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2731.html

Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and CKD stage 3. They do not increase the risk of major bleeding events. The evidence remains insufficient to make recommendations for the use of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p422.html

Evaluating Benefits and Harms of Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Dec 15, 2018 - In patients with NVAF, anticoagulants decrease the risk of stroke by approximately 60%. However, they also significantly increase the risk of a major bleeding event or intracranial hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1215/p751.html

Increased Water Intake Decreases UTI Recurrence in Women - POEMs - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Drinking an additional 1.5 liters per day of water halved the recurrence of UTI in women with a history of at least three episodes per year.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od3.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - The increase in travel and travel medicine knowledge over the past 30 years makes pretravel counseling an essential part of comprehensive family medicine. Effective counseling begins with assessment of individual and itinerary-based risks, using a growing body of evidence-based ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p583.html

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