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Amiodarone: Guidelines for Use and Monitoring - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic agent that is used to treat ventricular arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation. The drug prevents the recurrence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and produces a modest reduction of sudden deaths in high-risk patients. Amiodarone is more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2189.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

Amoxicillin/Clavulanate or Ibuprofen No Better Than Placebo for Acute Bronchitis - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Treating acute bronchitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is no more effective than placebo in decreasing symptoms in general or duration of frequent cough. Treatment does, however, produce adverse effects in one in eight patients.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p225.html

Amoxiclav Causes Diarrhea in 1 of 8 Persons Who Take It - POEMs - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The risk of diarrhea is significantly higher with amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxiclav; Augmentin) than placebo, with a number needed to treat to harm (NNTH) of 8, which is not dissimilar from the number needed to treat for conditions such as otitis media. Contrary to popular belief, the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p877.html

Amphetamines for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2012 - Amphetamines improve ADHD symptom severity but, when compared with placebo, they are associated with increased discontinuation rates because of adverse effects. There does not appear to be a difference among dosages or between the immediate- and sustained-release formulations.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p413.html

An Oral Appliance Does Not Improve Sleep in Patients with Less Severe Sleep Apnea - ...

Dec 1, 2015 - An oral appliance does not improve daytime sleepiness or other measures of a good night's sleep. It does, however, decrease apnea scores, snoring, and restless legs. Although not studied, these improvements may be valuable for bed partners who sleep each night enduring patients' lower ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1021.html

An Update on Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Emergency contraception decreases the risk of unintended pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse or after suspected failure of routine contraception (e.g., a condom breaking). Oral methods include combined contraceptive pills (i.e., Yuzpe method), single- or split-dose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p545.html

Analgesics for Osteoarthritis - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews - ...

Mar 1, 2013 - What are the comparative effectiveness, benefits, and adverse effects of oral and topical analgesics for osteoarthritis?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p354.html

Anaphylaxis: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, systemic allergic reaction that is almost always unanticipated and may lead to death by airway obstruction or vascular collapse. Anaphylaxis occurs as the result of an allergen response, usually immunoglobulin E–mediated, which leads to mast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1111.html

Anastrozole Decreases Rate of Breast Cancer in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women - POEMs -...

Aug 15, 2014 - Postmenopausal women at high risk of developing breast cancer who take anastrozole for five years have a lower rate of developing invasive breast cancer during that time frame.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od7.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Hypertension - American Family ...

Sep 15, 1999 - The sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) includes recommendations for the assessment of overall cardiovascular risk and the need for active antihypertensive drug therapy. Once the decision to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1185.html

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers - FPIN's ...

Feb 1, 2015 - ACE inhibitors should be used in patients with hypertension because they reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p193.html

Angiotensin-II Receptor Antagonists: Their Place in Therapy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1999 - Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists (or blockers) are a newer class of antihypertensive agents. These drugs are selective for angiotensin II (type 1 receptor); unlike angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, they do not inhibit bradykinin metabolism or enhance prostaglandin synthesis. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3140.html

Antibiotic and Corticosteroid Treatment Effective for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Short-term antibiotic treatment and short-term systemic corticosteroids are both associated with a faster resolution of COPD symptoms and fewer treatment failures.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od2.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Operative Vaginal Delivery - Medicine by the Numbers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Current guidelines from the World Health Organization do not recommend routine antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal birth because of insufficient evidence of effectiveness.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/od2.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Severe Acute Pancreatitis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - No, antibiotic prophylaxis does not decrease mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, defined as pancreatitis associated with pancreatic necrosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p49.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding -...

May 1, 2017 - Antibiotics should be used for prophylaxis in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Prophylaxis reduces all-cause mortality by 21%, as well as bacterial infections and rebleeding.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p582.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States: Stepping Back from the Brink - ...

Jun 15, 2014 - Preventing and controlling resistance requires the engagement of many different sectors of society. However, the physician's role in this effort is singularly important.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p938.html

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.html

Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Acute bronchitis is a lower respiratory tract infection, most commonly viral, that accounts for a significant number of health care visits. This review discusses the benefits and harms of antibiotics for acute bronchitis or acute productive cough.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/od2.html

Antibiotics for Acute Laryngitis in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2005 - Two small trials of antibiotic treatment in acute laryngitis do not support routine use of antibiotics in these patients. Most patients will feel better in five to seven days, and it is unlikely that they will experience a clinically important benefit from antibiotics.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p76.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

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