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COVID-19 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC COVID-19 Editors' Choice of Best Available Content COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by an enveloped single-stranded RNA novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), that was declared a pandemic by the World...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=117

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Approximately one-half of patients with alcohol use disorder who abruptly stop or reduce their alcohol use will develop signs or symptoms of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The syndrome is due to overactivity of the central and autonomic nervous systems, leading to tremors, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p253.html

Melatonin to Treat Insomnia in Older Adults - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Melatonin preparations reduce sleep-onset latency, increase total sleep time, and slightly improve sleep efficiency. Prolonged-release melatonin reduces sleep-onset latency in older adults and has rates of adverse effects similar to those of placebo.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p297.html

Remdesivir (Veklury) for the Treatment of COVID-19 in Hospitalized Patients - STEPS - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Although remdesivir has been shown to be safe and well tolerated, there is a lack of consistency in clinical trial results and guideline recommendations.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p311.html

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training to Prevent and Treat Urinary and Fecal Incontinence in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Structured PFMT beginning early in pregnancy prevents the onset of urge incontinence later in pregnancy and in the postpartum period compared with no intervention. There is no evidence that PFMT improves urinary incontinence later in pregnancy or in the postpartum period in pregnant ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p234.html

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Call for Mother-Infant Dyad Treatment Approach - ...

Aug 1, 2021 - Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a constellation of symptoms observed in newborns exposed to opioids during pregnancy. The incidence of NAS has steadily increased during the past decade as more infants have been born to mothers with opioid use disorder (OUD). Pregnancy and the ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p222.html

Comparison of Treatment Regimens for Helicobacter pylori Infection - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - A network meta-analysis found that vonoprazan-based triple therapy and reverse hybrid therapy demonstrated the highest overall cure rates and SUCRA values; however, among Western countries, levofloxacin-based triple therapy had the highest cure rate and SUCRA value. Standard triple ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/od1.html

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections Provide Minimal, If Any, Benefit in Low Back Pain ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Epidural corticosteroid injections provide a small and probably clinically insignificant reduction in leg and back pain in the immediate term (less than two weeks), and a small to moderate reduction in disability in the short and intermediate terms.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/od2.html

Take-and-Hold Prescriptions for Children with Respiratory Tract Infections Decrease ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - A strategy of providing education about the natural history of respiratory symptoms in children combined with giving a take-and-hold prescription (to be filled only if symptoms persisted) resulted in one in four of those children eventually receiving an antibiotic.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/od5.html

Breast Cancer Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, and the second most common cause of death from cancer in women in the United States. Risk assessment tools can identify the risk of breast cancer, and patients at high risk may be candidates for risk-reducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p171.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pharmacologic management of acute pain should be tailored for each patient, including a review of treatment expectations and a plan for the time course of prescriptions. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are first-line treatment options for most patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p63.html

Inhaled Budesonide Reduces the Risk of Emergency Department Evaluation or ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Inhaled budesonide, 800 mcg twice daily, significantly reduces the likelihood that patients with early COVID-19 will require emergency department evaluation or hospitalization (number needed to treat = 7 to 8). This is a widely available, relatively inexpensive drug with the potential ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p207.html

Can Pioglitazone Prevent or Delay Type 2 Diabetes in Patients with Prediabetes? - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pioglitazone prevents or delays the incidence of type 2 diabetes in individuals with prediabetes when compared with placebo (absolute risk reduction [ARR] = 11.3%; 95% CI, 0.9% to 15.6%; number needed to treat [NNT] = 9) or no intervention (ARR = 13.3%; 95% CI, 11.6% to 14.9%; NNT = 7)....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p139.html

Hydrochlorothiazide vs. Chlorthalidone for the Treatment of Hypertension - FPIN's Help ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Chlorthalidone reduces systolic blood pressure by 10 mm Hg more than hydrochlorothiazide at equal dosages in patients using monotherapy. Low-dose chlorthalidone and controlled-release hydrochlorothiazide reduce 24-hour ambulatory systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p203.html

GeneSight Psychotropic Genetic Testing for Psychiatric Medication Selection - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The GeneSight test may assist in drug selection and dosing for individuals having difficulty finding an effective option or who have had intolerable adverse effects after trials of several drugs. However, because only a small population of patients are expected to have genetic ...

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p89.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations: Guidelines from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Run by May 2022; run with ATS and VA/DoD PGs; conflicts:

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p100.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Guidelines from the American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The American Thoracic Society published guidelines for pharmacologic management of COPD and long-term oxygen therapy for COPD and interstitial lung disease based on systematic reviews.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p102.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Guidelines from the VA/DoD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense published guidelines for the primary care management of COPD.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p98.html

SGLT2 Inhibitors or GLP-1 Receptor Agonists Reduce Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - SGLT2 inhibitors, the diabetes medications ending in -flozin, and GLP-1 receptor agonists, the -tide medications, decrease cardiovascular and renal outcomes to a greater extent than placebo or other treatments. They should be considered in addition to metformin and other ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p206.html

Clascoterone (Winlevi) for the Treatment of Acne - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - More comparative data are needed to justify the use of clascoterone over less expensive, currently available therapies for moderate to severe acne. However, systemic absorption of clascoterone is low, and it may serve as a safe alternative for patients 12 years and older who saw ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p93.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Reducing Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is more effective than other medical therapies at reducing menstrual bleeding volume, with similar rates of adverse effects. The effectiveness of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system compared with endometrial ablation and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p138.html

Tighter Blood Pressure Control Does Not Increase the Likelihood of Orthostatic ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Orthostatic hypotension, a drop of 20 mm Hg systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic after moving from sitting to standing, was not associated with more intensive treatment of blood pressure and may be less likely to occur with intensive treatment.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p208.html

Pharmacologic Management of Agitation in Patients with Dementia - FPIN's Clinical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risperidone are moderately effective at decreasing agitation in all types of dementia. Olanzapine and risperidone reduce dementia-related agitation much longer than placebo. Dextromethorphan/quinidine may be effective at reducing agitation in ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p91.html

Once-Weekly Semaglutide Is an Effective Adjunct for Weight Loss in Adults without ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide used as an adjunct to intensive behavioral therapy significantly improves the likelihood that adults without diabetes who are overweight or obese will lose at least 5% of their baseline body weight compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p96.html

Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation: Surgical vs. Conservative Interventions - Cochrane... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Surgical treatment for AC joint dislocation of the shoulder does not appear to be superior to conservative management in adults. Surgical therapy increases the risk of hardware complications, infection, and continued discomfort.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p28.html

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