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Adenomyosis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2022 - Adenomyosis is a clinical condition where endometrial glands are found in the myometrium of the uterus. One in three patients with adenomyosis is asymptomatic, but the rest may present with heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, or infertility. Heavy menstrual bleeding is the most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0100/p33.html

Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in women and accounts for 30% of all new cancers in the United States. The highest incidence of breast cancer is in women 70 to 74 years of age. Numerous risk factors are associated with the development of breast cancer. A risk assessment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p33.html

Breast Implants: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2021 - Breast implants are used for a wide range of cosmetic and reconstructive purposes. In addition to breast augmentation, implants can be used for postmastectomy breast reconstruction, correction of congenital breast anomalies, breast or chest wall deformities, and male-to-female top ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1100/p500.html

Chlamydial and Gonococcal Infections: Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2022 - Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are increasing in the United States. Because most infections are asymptomatic, screening is key to preventing complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility and decreasing community and vertical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0400/p388.html

Cluster Headache: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2022 - Cluster headache, the most common form of trigeminal autonomic cephalgia, is a rare primary headache disorder that affects less than 1% of the population. The mean age of onset is 30 years, and it is two to three times more common in males. Cluster headache consists of attacks of severe...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0100/p24.html

Common Benign Chronic Vulvar Disorders - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Common benign chronic vulvar conditions include genitourinary syndrome of menopause (formerly called vulvovaginal atrophy), lichen sclerosus, lichen planus, lichen simplex chronicus, and vulvodynia. Genitourinary syndrome of menopause results from the hypoestrogenic state that leads to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p550.html

Common Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2022 - Childhood sleep disorders can disrupt family dynamics and cause cognitive and behavior problems. Early recognition and management can prevent these complications. Behavior subtypes of childhood insomnias affect 10% to 30% of children and result from inconsistent parental limit-setting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200/p168.html

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Degenerative cervical myelopathy encompasses a collection of pathologic conditions that result in progressive spinal cord dysfunction secondary to cord compression. Patients are typically male (3: 1 male-to-female ratio), and the average age of presentation is 64 years. The exact ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p740.html

Dysmenorrhea - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Dysmenorrhea is common and usually independent of, rather than secondary to, pelvic pathology. Dysmenorrhea occurs in 50% to 90% of adolescent girls and women of reproductive age and is a leading cause of absenteeism. Secondary dysmenorrhea as a result of endometriosis, pelvic anatomic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p164.html

Evaluation After a First Seizure in Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2022 - Seizures are transient signs and symptoms of abnormal, excessive, or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. Up to 10% of adults have a seizure during their lifetime, with increasing incidence in people older than 55 years. One-third of people have a recurrent seizure within one ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0500/p507.html

Fever of Unknown Origin in Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2022 - Fever of unknown origin is defined as a clinically documented temperature of 101°F or higher on several occasions, coupled with an unrevealing diagnostic workup. The differential diagnosis is broad but is typically categorized as infection, malignancy, noninfectious inflammatory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200/p137.html

Heart Murmurs in Children: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2022 - Up to 8.6% of infants and 80% of children have a heart murmur during their early years of life. The presence of a murmur can indicate conditions ranging from no discernable pathology to acquired or congenital heart disease. In infants with a murmur, physicians should review the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0300/p250.html

Hip Pain in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Adults commonly present to their family physicians with hip pain, and diagnosing the cause is important for prescribing effective therapy. Hip pain is usually located anteriorly, laterally, or posteriorly. Anterior hip pain includes referred pain from intra-abdominal or intrapelvic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p81.html

Home Blood Pressure Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2021 - Home blood pressure monitoring provides important diagnostic information beyond in-office blood pressure readings and offers similar results to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Home blood pressure monitoring involves patients independently measuring their blood pressure with an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p237.html

Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) and hypermobility spectrum disorders are the most common symptomatic joint hypermobility conditions seen in clinical practice. The 2017 International Classification of the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes replaced previous terms for symptomatic joint ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p481.html

Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Groin hernias are caused by a defect of the abdominal wall in the groin area and comprise inguinal and femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are more common in men. Although groin hernias are easily diagnosed on physical examination in men, ultrasonography is often needed in women. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p487.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed to screen for signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and impending fetal death during labor. Because these events have a low prevalence, continuous electronic fetal monitoring has a false-positive rate of 99%. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158.html

Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment Principles, and Screening - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2022 - Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in men and women in the United States; however, it remains the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States and worldwide. The most common but nonspecific symptom of lung cancer is cough. Associated symptoms, including ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0500/p487.html

Management of Infants Born to Mothers with HIV Infection - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - In the United States, approximately 5,000 women living with HIV infection give birth each year. HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her child at any time during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and breastfeeding. Because of effective preventive measures, the transmission rate from ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p58.html

Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2022 - Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a non–insulin-dependent form of diabetes mellitus that is usually diagnosed in young adulthood. MODY is most often an autosomal dominant disease and is divided into subtypes (MODY1 to MODY14) based on the causative genetic mutation. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0200/p162.html

Mobility Assistive Device Use in Older Adults - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Many individuals need a mobility assistive device as they age. These devices include canes, crutches, walkers, and wheelchairs. Clinicians should understand how to select the appropriate device and size for individual patients (or work with a physical therapist) and prescribe the device...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p737.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Orthostatic Hypotension: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2022 - Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a decrease in blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or more systolic or 10 mm Hg or more diastolic within three minutes of standing from the supine position or on assuming a head-up position of at least 60 degrees during tilt table testing. Symptoms are due to...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0100/p39.html

Osteomyelitis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2021 - Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory condition of bone secondary to an infectious process. Osteomyelitis is usually clinically diagnosed with support from imaging and laboratory findings. Bone biopsy and microbial cultures offer definitive diagnosis. Plain film radiography should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1000/p395.html

Out-of-Hospital Birth - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Since the 1970s, most births in the United States have been planned to occur in a hospital. However, a small percentage of Americans choose to give birth outside of a hospital. The number of out-of-hospital births has increased, with one in every 61 U.S. births (1.64%) occurring out of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p672.html

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