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Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1481.html

Impact of Breastfeeding Support - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2013 - Proactive support in many forms, provided by health care professionals or laypersons, increases the duration of any breastfeeding (including partial and exclusive) and exclusive breastfeeding. Face-to-face support is superior to telephone-based interventions. Support for continued ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p176.html

ACIP Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2013 - Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules. First, the format of the routine child and adolescent schedules has changed and the two previous age-based schedules (0 to six years and seven to 18 years of age) have been merged into one 0- to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p204.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

AHA Releases Updated Guidelines on the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released updated guidelines on the prevention of infective endocarditis. Many studies have questioned the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing dental or gastrointestinal (GI) or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p538.html

Is Natural Family Planning a Highly Effective Method of Birth Control? No: Natural ...

Nov 15, 2012 - No: Natural Family Planning Methods Are Overrated. Natural family planning (NFP) methods are not highly effective contraceptive options. The most important consequence of contraceptive failure is unintended pregnancy, which is costly to the individual and to society.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/od2.html

Dietary Therapy for Preventing and Treating Coronary Artery Disease - American Family ...

Mar 15, 1998 - Nearly one half of Americans die of cardiovascular disease. The morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease is strongly related to abnormal lipid levels, oxidation of lipids and intra-arterial clot formation. Nutrition powerfully influences each of these factors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1299.html

Prevention of Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Dec 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends exercise or physical therapy and vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older who are at increased risk of falls.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od3.html

Putting Prevention into Practice - Dec 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Case study: A 73-year-old woman comes to your office for routine follow-up for hypertension. She lives alone in an apartment and walks slowly, requiring the use of a cane. She is otherwise healthy and alert. Her most recent eye examination was three years ago.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1135.html

The Geriatric Patient: A Systematic Approach to Maintaining Health - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2000 - The number of persons 65 years of age and older continues to increase dramatically in the United States. Comprehensive health maintenance screening of this population is becoming an important task for primary care physicians. As outlined by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1089.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults - U.S. Preventive ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2014 Issue U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults: Recommendation Statement Am Fam Physician. 2014 Jun 1;89(11):online. Related Putting Prevention into...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/od1.html

Implementing the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - The Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) include recommendations developed and promoted by the American Medical Association's Department of Adolescent Health and are intended to organize, restructure and redefine health care delivery for 11- to 21-year-old patients. Data...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2181.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 24 years of age who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od3.html

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Case study: A 17-year-old white female patient with dark hair comes to your office for a refill of her seasonal allergy prescription. Her primary residence is in Minnesota. She mentions that she heard that sun tanning was bad for you and asks whether it is true.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p773.html

Are Neuraminidase Inhibitors Effective for Preventing and Treating Influenza in Healthy...

Oct 1, 2012 - Treating previously healthy patients with oseltamivir (Tamiflu) reduces the duration of influenza symptoms by approximately 21 hours, but it does not reduce the risk of hospitalization in this population.1 The data are insufficient to determine whether oseltamivir reduces the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p624.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2012-2013 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued its annual guideline on influenza vaccination. This year’s guideline provides information on dosing considerations for children six months to eight years of age, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p686.html

Primary Prevention of Child Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - In 1993, the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect declared a child protection emergency. Between 1985 and 1993, there was a 50 percent increase in reported cases of child abuse. Three million cases of child abuse are reported in the United States each year. Treatment of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1577.html

The Proactive Sexual Health History: Key to Effective Sexual Health Care - American ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Family physicians must proactively address the sexual health of their patients. Effective sexual health care should address wellness considerations in addition to infections, contraception, and sexual dysfunction. However, physicians consistently underestimate the prevalence of sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1705.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Anticipatory Guidance in Infant Oral Health: Rationale and Recommendations - American ...

Jan 1, 2000 - If appropriate measures are applied early enough, it may be possible to totally prevent oral disease. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that infants be scheduled for an initial oral evaluation within six months of the eruption of the first primary tooth but by no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p115.html

Prevention of Recurrent Nephrolithiasis - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - The first episode of nephrolithiasis provides an opportunity to advise patients about measures for preventing future stones. Low fluid intake and excessive intake of protein, salt and oxalate are important modifiable risk factors for kidney stones. Calcium restriction is not useful and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2269.html

Advantages of the No-Scalpel Vasectomy Technique - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Jun 15, 2012 - NSV should be used instead of the standard incisional method.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/od1.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

AAP Expands Recommendations on SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Deaths - Practice ...

May 1, 2012 - Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a term attributed to any infant death that cannot be explained. Sudden unexpected infant death describes any sudden and unexpected death, whether explained or unexplained, that occurs during infancy. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0501/p918.html

Travel Medicine: Helping Patients Prepare for Trips Abroad - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - One third of persons who travel abroad experience a travel-related illness, usually diarrhea or an upper respiratory infection. The risk of travelers' diarrhea can be reduced by eating only freshly prepared, hot foods. Combination therapy with a single dose of ofloxacin plus loperamide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p383.html

Do Electronic Health Records Improve Processes and Outcomes of Preventive Care? - ...

May 15, 2012 - Electronic health records (EHRs) are thought to be valuable tools to prompt physicians to provide preventive services. How strong is the evidence that EHRs can improve processes and outcomes of preventive care?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p956.html

Appropriate Use of the Intrauterine Device - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - The intrauterine device, a common form of birth control in the early 1970s, is now avoided by American physicians and women because of concern about complications. This concern is largely the result of the problems reported with use of an intrauterine device that is no longer ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2077.html

Guidelines for the Use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives - Practice Guidelines -...

Feb 15, 2012 - The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) has increased from 1.3 to 5.5 percent over the past decade. There are three LARCs available in the United States: the etonogestrel single-rod implant and two types of intrauterine devices (IUDs; copper T380A and levonorgestrel ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p403.html

Malaria Prevention in Travelers - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - The prevention of malaria in travelers is becoming a more challenging clinical and public health problem because of the global development of drug-resistant Plasmodium strains of malaria and the increasing popularity of travel to exotic locales. Travelers can reduce their risk of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2523.html

Prevention of Osteoporosis and Fractures - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Osteoporosis and low bone density are associated with a risk of fracture as a result of even minimally traumatic events. The estimated lifetime risk of osteoporotic fracture is as high as 50 percent, especially in white and Asian women. The use of caffeine, tobacco and steroids is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p194.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Reaffirmation Recommendation ...

Jan 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns for the prevention of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p195.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial ...

Mar 15, 2012 - How does rivaroxaban compare with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? This study concluded that rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin. However, noninferiority trials do not meet the same rigorous design and statistical format of traditional ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p577.html

Effective Use of Statins to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - Primary and secondary prevention trials have shown that use of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) to lower an elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level can substantially reduce coronary events and death from coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p309.html

Proper Use of Child Safety Seats - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death in children one to 14 years of age. Used correctly, child safety seats significantly reduce child morbidity and mortality. Although many parents know child safety seats are important, more than 80 percent of seats are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2085.html

Updated Recommendations on Daily Aspirin Use in Patients with Diabetes - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2010 - To address the uncertainties about aspirin use in persons with diabetes, experts from the American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, and American College of Cardiology Foundation reviewed the current evidence and updated the 2007 recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1559.html

Protecting the Health and Safety of Working Teenagers - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - More than one third of high school students work during the school year, and many more are employed during the summer months. Teenage workers face a variety of health and safety hazards. Occupational injury and illness are largely preventable, and family physicians can play a crucial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p575.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

Antiretroviral Therapy to Prevent Transmission in HIV-Discordant Couples - Cochrane for...

Mar 1, 2012 - Rates of HIV transmission are at least three times lower in HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is receiving antiretroviral therapy, compared with HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is not receiving therapy. Among HIV-discordant couples in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p445.html

Preconception Health Care - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - Appropriate preconception health care improves pregnancy outcomes. When started at least one month before conception, folic acid supplements can prevent neural tube defects. Targeted genetic screening and counseling should be offered on the basis of age, ethnic background, or family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2507.html

Hypertension Treatment and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease in the Elderly - ...

Mar 1, 1999 - Both isolated systolic hypertension (>140 mm Hg/<90 mm Hg) and systolic/diastolic hypertension (>140 mm Hg/>90 mm Hg) are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Specific antihypertensive drug therapy is available if lifestyle interventions fail to reduce blood ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1248.html

Environmental Control of Allergic Diseases - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - Allergic disease affects millions of persons in the United States. Environmental control measures are essential for persons who are sensitive to dust mite and cat allergens and may be important in persons who are sensitive to cockroaches and fungus. The bedroom is the most important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p421.html

SIDS: Counseling Parents to Reduce the Risk - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - Although the cause or causes of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remain unknown, the incidence of SIDS is on the decline in the United States and other countries. This decline has been accomplished largely through public education campaigns informing parents about several important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1566.html

Preventing Congestive Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - The morbidity, mortality and health care costs associated with congestive heart failure make prevention a more attractive public health strategy than treatment. Aggressive management of etiologic factors, including hypertension, coronary artery disease, valvular disease and excessive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1901.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Dabigatran (Pradaxa) for Prevention of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American...

Dec 15, 2011 - Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, with similar rates of major bleeding. Because it does not require laboratory monitoring, dabigatran therapy is less complicated than warfarin therapy, but it costs significantly more.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1397.html

Primary Prevention of CHD: Nine Ways to Reduce Risk - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Lowering cholesterol can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Treating hypertension reduces overall mortality and is most effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in older patients. Smoking cessation reduces the level of risk to that of nonsmokers within about...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1455.html

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