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Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Streptococcus pneumoniae causes approximately 3,300 cases of meningitis, 100,000 to 135,000 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization and 6 million cases of otitis media annually in the United States. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, approved in 2000 for use in the United States, was ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1991.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Reaffirmation Recommendation ...

Jan 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns for the prevention of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p195.html

Poliovirus Vaccine Options - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - As a result of the success of immunization, indigenous wild poliomyelitis has disappeared from the United States. Of 142 confirmed cases of paralytic poliomyelitis reported in the United States from 1980 to 1996, 134 were classified as vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP). ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p113.html

Prevention of Neonatal Group B Streptococcal Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - Neonatal group B streptococcal infection is the primary cause of neonatal morbidity related to infection. It can often be prevented by identifying and treating pregnant women who carry group B streptococci or who are at highest risk of transmitting the bacteria to newborns. Increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2713.html

Stroke: Part I. A Clinical Update on Prevention - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - Clinical trials conducted during the past five years have yielded important results that have allowed us to refine our approach to stroke prevention. Treatment of isolated systolic hypertension prevents stroke and is generally well tolerated. New antiplatelet agents (clopidogrel and the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2475.html

Attenuating Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Dec 15, 2000 - Patients with type 2 diabetes (formerly known as non-insulin-resistant diabetes) have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients. By inducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2633.html

Disability Prevention Principles in the Primary Care Office - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - The simple request for a sick note can disguise important medical, psychologic or social issues. Disability may be influenced by social and cultural factors as well as by patient expectations. Assessment of impairment and subsequent disability is best made on the basis of objective data...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p679.html

Update on Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Coronary Disease and Stroke - ...

Sep 15, 2000 - Dietary antioxidants and folic acid may play a role in the pathophysiology of coronary disease and stroke. We review patient-oriented evidence on the effectiveness of supplementation with antioxidants and/or folic acid in the prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke. Observational...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1359.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

Lowering the Age for Routine Influenza Vaccination to 50 Years: AAFP Leads the Nation ...

Nov 1, 1999 - The American Academy of Family Physicians now recommends that all persons 50 years of age and older receive an annual influenza vaccination, because the rates of morbidity and mortality associated with influenza are high and vaccination is cost-effective. Reasons for lowering the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2061.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial ...

Mar 15, 2012 - How does rivaroxaban compare with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? This study concluded that rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin. However, noninferiority trials do not meet the same rigorous design and statistical format of traditional ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p577.html

Guidelines for the Use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives - Practice Guidelines -...

Feb 15, 2012 - The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) has increased from 1.3 to 5.5 percent over the past decade. There are three LARCs available in the United States: the etonogestrel single-rod implant and two types of intrauterine devices (IUDs; copper T380A and levonorgestrel ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p403.html

Dabigatran (Pradaxa) for Prevention of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American...

Dec 15, 2011 - Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, with similar rates of major bleeding. Because it does not require laboratory monitoring, dabigatran therapy is less complicated than warfarin therapy, but it costs significantly more.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1397.html

Antiretroviral Therapy to Prevent Transmission in HIV-Discordant Couples - Cochrane for...

Mar 1, 2012 - Rates of HIV transmission are at least three times lower in HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is receiving antiretroviral therapy, compared with HIV-discordant couples in which the partner with infection is not receiving therapy. Among HIV-discordant couples in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p445.html

ACIP Releases 2012 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2012 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) introduces the 2012 immunization schedules for young children (birth through six years of age), older children and adolescents (seven through 18 years of age), and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p281.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum - Putting Prevention into ...

Jan 15, 2012 - Case study: You are called to an emergent but uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal delivery at 38 weeks' gestation. The mother is 19 years of age, with a history of heroin use and multiple sex partners. She has not received medical care for the past few years.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p197.html

Preventing Acute Mountain Sickness - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Gradual ascent is the most effective method for preventing acute mountain sickness.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p398.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Improving Adult Immunization Rates: Overcoming Barriers - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2011 - Adult vaccinations are underutilized despite proven efficacy and cost-effectiveness. There are many barriers to immunization that are more prominent in adults than in children, including cost, lack of tracking systems, and competing demands.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p977.html

Postherpetic Neuralgia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - What are the effects of interventions aimed at preventing herpes zoster and subsequent postherpetic neuralgia? What are the effects of interventions during an acute attack of herpes zoster aimed at preventing postherpetic neuralgia? What are the effects of interventions to relieve ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p690.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p827.html

ACIP Updates General Immunizations Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides general guidelines for the administration of its recommended routine vaccinations, which are aimed at preventing 17 diseases in children and adults. Sections of this ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p951.html

Statins for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2011 - Trials to date have found that statins reduce all-cause mortality, composite cardiovascular outcomes, and revascularization. However, most trials included large numbers of persons with known CVD. Clear evidence of the effectiveness of statins to prevent a first cardiovascular event is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p767.html

Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acellular vaccines are as effective as whole-cell vaccines at preventing pertussis and mild pertussis disease (e.g., cold symptoms, cough without classic whoop or cough paroxysms) in children. Adverse effects are similar to those from placebo and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2011 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent community-acquired pneumonia? What are the effects of treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in outpatient settings and in persons admitted to a hospital or receiving instensive care?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p218.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

Let Quitlines Assist You in Helping More Smokers Quit - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Despite significant advances in pharmacotherapy and counseling techniques, tobacco use remains the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 443,000 premature deaths annually. Family physicians are in an ideal position to influence cessation rates because more than 70 ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p162.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jun 15, 2011 - Case study: K.T., a 48-year-old man, presents for a routine office visit. He is worried about cardiovascular disease (CVD) and asks whether he should take daily aspirin to lower his risk. His blood pressure is 120/60 mm Hg, and his total cholesterol is 180 mg per dL (4.66 mmol per L), ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1469.html

New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers - Editorials - ...

Apr 1, 2013 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2013 Issue Editorials New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers DENNIS R. DURBIN, MD, MSCE, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2013 Apr 1;87(7):472-474....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p472.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

The Case Against Routine Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention in Low-Risk Adults - ...

Jun 15, 2011 - A policy of generalized aspirin use in adults for the primary prevention of CVD is probably not warranted. Instead, the benefits and risks of aspirin therapy for primary prevention need to be considered on an individual basis, and should be reserved for persons at highest long-term risk...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1387.html

Pre-employment Examinations for Preventing Occupational Injury and Disease - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2011 - There is limited evidence that task-focused examinations reduce sick leave and the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries; however, general pre-employment examinations have no effect on health outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1270.html

Preventing Dementia: Is There Hope for Progress? - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Undoubtedly, there is an increasing need to clarify the modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment. Because the prevalence of dementia doubles every five years, the global burden of dementia will increase significantly—an impact that warrants a more anticipatory approach to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1034.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Preventing Progression - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent progression of nephropathy in persons with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and early and late nephropathy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p732.html

Folic Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Dec 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that all women planning or capable of pregnancy take a daily supplement containing 0.4 to 0.8 mg (400 to 800 mcg) of folic acid.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1526.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment: ...

Feb 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using the nontraditional risk factors discussed in this statement to screen asymptomatic men and women with no history of coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p441.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment - Putting ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Case study: A 47-year-old man with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes mellitus, or any CHD risk equivalent asks about smoking cessation therapies. His past laboratory results include a total cholesterol level of 230 mg per dL (5.96 mmol per L) and a high-density ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p449.html

ACIP Releases 2011 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2011 - Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updates the recommended immunization schedules for children, adolescents, and adults. These schedules describe the immunizations recommended for routine administration in ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p318.html

Folic Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Dec 15, 2010 - Case study: A 36-year-old recently married woman comes to your office for a routine gynecologic examination. She tells you that she has been in generally good health since her last visit.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1533.html

Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer - ...

Dec 15, 2010 - Cervarix is effective in preventing known cytologic and histologic precursors of cervical cancer, although, as with Gardasil, it has not been shown to decrease rates of cervical cancer. This protection has been shown to last for six years, but it is unclear if a booster dose is needed.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1541.html

Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in ...

Nov 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use and provide tobacco cessation interventions for those who use tobacco products.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1266.html

Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in ...

Nov 15, 2010 - Case study: A young married couple visits your office for their initial prenatal visit. They each smoke one pack of cigarettes daily.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1269.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination for 2010-2011 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations on influenza control for the 2010–2011 season. Seasonal influenza vaccines in 2010–2011 will contain A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p838.html

Sunscreen Use for Skin Cancer Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2010 - Daily sunscreen use reduces the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma but not the incidence of basal cell carcinoma.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p989.html

AAP Recommendations on Vaccination Against Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection - ...

Oct 15, 2010 - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p996.html

Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel Working with Older Patients - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2010 - Currently, there is no high-quality evidence to support the immunization of health care personnel in long-term care facilities to reduce the spread of seasonal influenza to older residents. Immunization of personnel did reduce influenza-like illness and all-cause mortality in the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p763.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p542.html

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