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Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Groin hernias are caused by a defect of the abdominal wall in the groin area and comprise inguinal and femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are more common in men. Although groin hernias are easily diagnosed on physical examination in men, ultrasonography is often needed in women. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p487.html

Inhaled Budesonide Reduces the Risk of Emergency Department Evaluation or ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Inhaled budesonide, 800 mcg twice daily, significantly reduces the likelihood that patients with early COVID-19 will require emergency department evaluation or hospitalization (number needed to treat = 7 to 8). This is a widely available, relatively inexpensive drug with the potential ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p207.html

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Most patients can safely begin using hormonal contraception at any point in their menstrual cycle. An evidence-based, flexible, patient-centered approach to initiating contraception promotes health and enhances patients’ reproductive autonomy. A recent Papanicolaou test is not necessary...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p291.html

Innovative Care Delivery: Behavioral Health Integration and Home-based Primary Care -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Identify opportunities to integrate behavioral health into clinical practice to improve quality and reduce cost for patients with mental and behavioral health needs. Explore how providing home-based primary care can improve outcomes and reduce utilization.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2021/0500/p5.html

Integrating Behavioral Health Into Primary Care -- FPM

Jun 1, 2021 - Integrating behavioral health improves patient outcomes and makes medical practice more satisfying. Here’s one way to do it.

Family Practice Management : From the Editor

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2021/0500/p3.html

Integrating Breast Cancer Risk Management into Primary Care - Editorials - American ...

Mar 15, 2020 - It is important that primary care physicians have the ability and resources to identify women eligible for genetic counseling and testing for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p330.html

Interpreting SARS-CoV-2 Diagnostic Tests: Common Questions and Answers - American ...

Apr 15, 2021 - SARS-CoV-2 is the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The spectrum of asymptomatic, presymptomatic, and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission presents challenges for evaluating SARS-CoV-2 test performance for diagnostic or screening purposes and for interpreting test results. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p465.html

Interventions for Reducing Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Individual dietary interventions alone fail to change body mass index or the standardized BMI z-score across all age groups. The impact of regular physical activity or combined dietary and physical activity interventions is modest at best.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p394.html

Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - A 27-year-old patient, R.C., with a history of generalized anxiety disorder presents for a wellness examination. R.C. previously smoked a pack of cigarettes per day but has cut down to half a pack per day and started using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and is interested in ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p753.html

Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: ...

Jun 15, 2021 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to nonpregnant adults who use tobacco.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/od1.html

Interventions to Improve Use of CPAP Machines in Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2021 - Behavioral interventions increase CPAP use compared with usual care. These interventions also increase CPAP adherence, measured by participants using their machine four or more hours per night, from 371 to 501 per 1,000 patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1000/p356.html

Intimate Partner Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Letters to the Editor - ...

Jan 1, 2021 - << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2021 Issue Letters to the Editor Intimate Partner Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic Am Fam Physician. 2021 Jan 1;103(1):6-7. To the Editor: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is exacerbating domestic violence in the United...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p6.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed to screen for signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and impending fetal death during labor. Because these events have a low prevalence, continuous electronic fetal monitoring has a false-positive rate of 99%. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Aug 1, 2020 Issue Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158-s1.html

Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate for Acute Asthma Exacerbation in Children and Adults - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Patients who received intravenous magnesium sulfate for acute asthma exacerbation in the emergency department had decreased hospital admissions and no serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p245.html

Iron Deficiency Anemia: Guidelines from the American Gastroenterological Association - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - The American Gastroenterological Association developed guidelines for the evaluation of IDA in adults.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p211.html

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Altitude Illness, Transfusions, Group B Streptococcus, Acute ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p586.html

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Questions and Answers for Effective Care - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a heterogeneous group of conditions related to specific biologic and cellular abnormalities that are not fully understood. Psychological factors do not cause IBS, but many people with IBS also have anxiety or depressed mood, a history of adverse life ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p727.html

Is Artificial Intelligence the Key to Reclaiming Relationships in Primary Care? - ...

Dec 1, 2021 - Over the past decade, artificial intelligence (i.e., technologies that perform tasks that normally require human intelligence) has been integrated into clinical decision support systems to provide timely information at the point of care and inform medical decision-making. Today, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1200/p558.html

Is Cutaneous Cryosurgery the Best Treatment Option for Cutaneous Warts? - Letters to ...

Dec 1, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2020 Issue Letters to the Editor Is Cutaneous Cryosurgery the Best Treatment Option for Cutaneous Warts? Am Fam Physician. 2020 Dec 1;102(11):648. Original Article: Cutaneous Cryosurgery for Common Skin Conditions Issue Date: April 1, 2020...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p648.html

Is the Use of Hormonal Contraception Associated With Suicide and Suicide Attempts? - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2022 - There may be an association between the use of hormonal contraception and suicide. Women using oral contraceptives had an increase in completed suicides and suicidal behaviors (i.e., suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts without success).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2022/0100/p82.html

Is This Some Kind of Joke? Understanding and Using Humor in the Clinical Setting -- FPM

Apr 1, 2020 - The wrong joke at the wrong time can shatter the doctor-patient relationship, but humor used wisely has health benefits and strengthens bonds in stressful situations.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0300/p11.html

KardiaMobile for ECG Monitoring and Arrhythmia Diagnosis - Diagnostic Tests: What ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - KardiaMobile is a mobile single lead ECG device that is FDA approved for detection of atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, and tachycardia.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p562.html

Kawasaki Disease and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: An Overview and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2021 - Kawasaki disease (KD) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) are inflammatory conditions that present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the physician. Although many of their features overlap, they are two distinct conditions. KD is a febrile illness most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p244.html

Keratinocyte Carcinomas: Should We Screen for Them? - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2020 - Keratinocyte carcinoma, which includes basal cell and cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas, is common, and the incidence is increasing.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p330.html

Ketogenic Diets for Drug-Resistant Epilepsy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - In children with drug-resistant epilepsy, a ketogenic diet decreases the risk of seizures by 50% after three to four months.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p524.html

Ketorolac vs. Morphine for Pain Relief After Fractures - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Parenteral ketorolac is as effective as parenteral morphine for short-term pain relief in patients with long bone fractures, and it results in fewer adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p495.html

Key CPT and Medicare Changes for Family Medicine in 2022 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2022 - The 2022 updates don’t include massive E/M coding changes like last year, but several changes are much-needed and relevant to family physicians.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2022/0100/p9.html

Key Potentially Inappropriate Drugs in Pediatrics: The KIDs List - Practice Guidelines ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - The Pediatric Pharmacy Association produced a list of key potentially inappropriate drugs in pediatrics, or the KIDs List, to guide physicians who treat children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p633.html

Key Recommendations on Managing Dyslipidemia for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction: ...

Apr 15, 2021 - In June 2020, the third iteration of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense guidelines on managing dyslipidemia was published. These recommendations create a simple, pragmatic, evidence-based approach that can be valuable to family physicians.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p455.html

Keys to High-Quality, Low-Cost Care: Empanelment, Attribution, and Risk Stratification ...

Oct 1, 2020 - Understand attribution and alignment methodologies in VBP arrangements to know which patients are assigned to you. Use empanelment and risk stratification to better understand where to expend a practice's care management and care coordination resources.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0900/p37.html

Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, hematuria, proteinuria, and renal disease. This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=15

Kinesiology Taping for Knee Osteoarthritis Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - How effective is kinesiology taping (elastic tape applied to the knee to create patellar tension) for osteoarthritis pain of the knee?

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p434.html

Knee Bruising and Swelling in a Teenager - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - A teenaged baseball player presented with left knee pain, bruising, and swelling, as well as subjective quadriceps weakness 10 days after sustaining a leg injury while sliding into home plate.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p49.html

Labor Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dystocia (abnormally slow or protracted labor) accounts for 25% to 55% of primary cesarean deliveries. The latent phase of labor begins with onset of regular, painful contractions and continues until 6 cm of cervical dilation. Current recommendations are to avoid admission to labor and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p90.html

Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on labor, delivery, and postpartum issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, episiotomy, labor pain management, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm labor and birth, shoulder dystocia, umbilical cord blood storage, and vaginal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=16

Lactic Acid, Citric Acid, and Potassium Bitartrate (Phexxi) Vaginal Gel for ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Given its high cost, mediocre contraceptive protection, and rate of adverse effects, Phexxi may be preferred only by people desiring to avoid hormonal contraception who wish to use on-demand contraception that they control, or for whom other contraceptive options are not suited or desired.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p628.html

Lasmiditan (Reyvow) for the Treatment of Acute Migraine - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Lasmiditan is a costly alternative to other more extensively studied medications for acute migraine. It should be reserved for those patients who lack relief with other available agents or who cannot tolerate other abortive medications.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p756.html

Learning Disorders, Perinatal Depression, Infants with GERD, Kidney Injury, Amblyopia -... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p463.html

Learning to Lead in Uncertain Times: Seven Tips -- FPM

Jun 1, 2020 - As a physician leader, you can help provide clarity, calm, and cohesion.

Family Practice Management : The Last Word

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0500/p36.html

Lefamulin (Xenleta) for the Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia - STEPS... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - Lefamulin may be considered for patients hospitalized with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p373.html

Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion During Cardiac Surgery for Another Reason Reduces the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2021 - Surgical closure of the left atrial appendage during cardiac surgery for another reason safely reduces the risk of ischemic stroke. Because the risk of stroke in the first 30 days after any cardiac surgery is approximately 2% and the absolute reduction in the risk of stroke with the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1200/od5.html

Lemborexant (Dayvigo) for the Treatment of Insomnia - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Lemborexant (Davigo) is labeled for adults with insomnia to improve with sleep onset and maintenance.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p241.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Reducing Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is more effective than other medical therapies at reducing menstrual bleeding volume, with similar rates of adverse effects. The effectiveness of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system compared with endometrial ablation and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p138.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Regression of Endometrial Hyperplasia ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - A Cochrane review compared the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system with progesterone for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p26.html

Life After Residency: Exploring Practice Options in Family Medicine -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2021 - Your options are limitless, so start your job search with a clear understanding of your personal and professional interests.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2021/0900/p30.html

Life Balance -- FPM Toolbox

Apr 27, 2020 - Download tools to help you manage your time and prevent burnout.

Family Practice Management : FPM Toolbox : Life Balance

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/toolBox/viewToolType.htm?toolTypeId=18

Linagliptin and Glimepiride Equally Effective for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - This study found that linagliptin is noninferior to glimepiride for reducing the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke in adults with type 2 diabetes at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p309a.html

Linear Hyperpigmentation - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2021 Issue Photo Quiz Linear Hyperpigmentation CLARE L. CODA, MD, University of California, Los Angeles, Internal Medicine–Pediatrics, Los Angeles, California JOHN P. WOODS, PA-C, Patient First Urgent Care, Baltimore, Maryland Am Fam...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p691.html

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