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Effect of Mammography on Breast Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2011 - Although mammography can lead to false-positive results, emotional stress, and unnecessary biopsies, it appears to reduce deaths from breast cancer by about 15 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1225.html

Sudden Death in Young Athletes: Screening for the Needle in a Haystack - American ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Nontraumatic sudden death in young athletes is always disturbing, as apparently invincible athletes, become, without warning, victims of silent heart disease. Despite public perception to the contrary, sudden death in young athletes is exceedingly rare. It most commonly occurs in male ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2763.html

New Tests for Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear has been used to screen women for cervical cancer since 1940. Recently, a number of new technologies have been developed to improve the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, there is substantial controversy about whether the new tests ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p780.html

Recognizing Occupational Disease-Taking an Effective Occupational History - American ...

Sep 15, 1998 - Occupational exposures contribute to the morbidity and mortality of many diseases. However, occupational diseases continue to be underrecognized even though they are responsible for an estimated 860,000 illnesses and 60,300 deaths each year. Family physicians can play an important role ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p935.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

SIDS: Counseling Parents to Reduce the Risk - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - Although the cause or causes of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remain unknown, the incidence of SIDS is on the decline in the United States and other countries. This decline has been accomplished largely through public education campaigns informing parents about several important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1566.html

Health Screening in Older Women - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - Health screening is an important aspect of health promotion and disease prevention in women over 65 years of age. Screening efforts should address conditions that cause significant morbidity and mortality in this age group. In addition to screening for cardiovascular disease, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1835.html

Practical Steps to Smoking Cessation for Recovering Alcoholics - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - Smoking rates among persons with a history of alcohol abuse are triple that of the general public. Strong evidence indicates that the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease is higher in recovering alcoholics than in peers who smoke, but do not drink alcohol. Yet these persons often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1869.html

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Streptococcus pneumoniae causes approximately 3,300 cases of meningitis, 100,000 to 135,000 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization and 6 million cases of otitis media annually in the United States. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, approved in 2000 for use in the United States, was ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1991.html

Medical Advice for Commercial Air Travelers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - Family physicians are often asked to advise patients who are preparing to travel. The Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 has enabled more passengers with medical disabilities to choose air travel. All domestic U.S. airlines are required to carry basic (but often limited) medical equipment, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p801.html

Disability Prevention Principles in the Primary Care Office - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - The simple request for a sick note can disguise important medical, psychologic or social issues. Disability may be influenced by social and cultural factors as well as by patient expectations. Assessment of impairment and subsequent disability is best made on the basis of objective data...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p679.html

Poliovirus Vaccine Options - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - As a result of the success of immunization, indigenous wild poliomyelitis has disappeared from the United States. Of 142 confirmed cases of paralytic poliomyelitis reported in the United States from 1980 to 1996, 134 were classified as vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP). ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p113.html

Update on Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Coronary Disease and Stroke - ...

Sep 15, 2000 - Dietary antioxidants and folic acid may play a role in the pathophysiology of coronary disease and stroke. We review patient-oriented evidence on the effectiveness of supplementation with antioxidants and/or folic acid in the prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke. Observational...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1359.html

Primary Care of International Adoptees - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - International adoptees are presenting to family physicians with increasing frequency. U.S. citizens have adopted over 100,000 international children since 1979. Prospective parents may seek advice from their physician during the adoptive process. If available at all, medical information...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2025.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: What's Different for Women? - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2001 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, as well as an important cause of disability, although many women and their physicians underestimate the risk. Exercise, hypertension treatment, smoking cessation and aspirin therapy are effective measures for the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1393.html

Improving Adult Immunization Rates: Overcoming Barriers - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2011 - Adult vaccinations are underutilized despite proven efficacy and cost-effectiveness. There are many barriers to immunization that are more prominent in adults than in children, including cost, lack of tracking systems, and competing demands.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p977.html

Screening for Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Approximately 10 to 15 percent of all breast cancers are thought to be familial and about one third of these cases are due to an inherited mutation in a BRCA1 or BRCA2 breast cancer-susceptibility gene. The lifetime incidence of breast cancer in mutation carriers is above 50 percent, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p99.html

ACIP Updates General Immunizations Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides general guidelines for the administration of its recommended routine vaccinations, which are aimed at preventing 17 diseases in children and adults. Sections of this ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p951.html

Lowering the Age for Routine Influenza Vaccination to 50 Years: AAFP Leads the Nation ...

Nov 1, 1999 - The American Academy of Family Physicians now recommends that all persons 50 years of age and older receive an annual influenza vaccination, because the rates of morbidity and mortality associated with influenza are high and vaccination is cost-effective. Reasons for lowering the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2061.html

ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2011 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p827.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acellular vaccines are as effective as whole-cell vaccines at preventing pertussis and mild pertussis disease (e.g., cold symptoms, cough without classic whoop or cough paroxysms) in children. Adverse effects are similar to those from placebo and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Aug 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for testicular cancer in adolescent or adult males.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p444.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2011 - Case study: A 17-year-old male presents to your office for a college entrance physical examination. He learned about testicular cancer in health class, and asks you about screening. He has no history of cryptorchidism and no physical symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p451.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Jul 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends vision screening for all children at least once between the ages of three and five years to detect the presence of amblyopia or its risk factors.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p221.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age - Putting Prevention into ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Case study: A three-year-old girl presents for routine childhood immunizations and a routine evaluation. She does not have a history of vision screening and has no abnormal vision symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p227.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers - Editorials - ...

Apr 1, 2013 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2013 Issue Editorials New Recommendations on Motor Vehicle Safety for Child Passengers DENNIS R. DURBIN, MD, MSCE, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2013 Apr 1;87(7):472-474....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p472.html

Let Quitlines Assist You in Helping More Smokers Quit - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Despite significant advances in pharmacotherapy and counseling techniques, tobacco use remains the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 443,000 premature deaths annually. Family physicians are in an ideal position to influence cessation rates because more than 70 ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p162.html

IOM Releases Report on Dietary Refernce Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2011 - The Institute of Medicine (IOM) assessed current information on potential health outcomes associated with calcium and vitamin D.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1352.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jun 15, 2011 - Case study: K.T., a 48-year-old man, presents for a routine office visit. He is worried about cardiovascular disease (CVD) and asks whether he should take daily aspirin to lower his risk. His blood pressure is 120/60 mm Hg, and his total cholesterol is 180 mg per dL (4.66 mmol per L), ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1469.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

The Case Against Routine Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention in Low-Risk Adults - ...

Jun 15, 2011 - A policy of generalized aspirin use in adults for the primary prevention of CVD is probably not warranted. Instead, the benefits and risks of aspirin therapy for primary prevention need to be considered on an individual basis, and should be reserved for persons at highest long-term risk...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1387.html

Pre-employment Examinations for Preventing Occupational Injury and Disease - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2011 - There is limited evidence that task-focused examinations reduce sick leave and the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries; however, general pre-employment examinations have no effect on health outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1270.html

Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Children: The Younger, the Better - Editorials: ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Despite the absence of data in children demonstrating morbidity and mortality reduction by aggressive treatment of lipid disorders, the overwhelming data in adults (e.g., decreasing LDL cholesterol, improved morbidity and mortality) and evidence of atherosclerotic lesions developing in ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p460.html

Screening for Osteoporosis - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

May 15, 2011 - Case study: A 59-year-old black woman presents for a routine well visit. She reports that her 60th birthday is in a few days, and asks if she should make an appointment to be screened for osteoporosis. She also asks whether her husband, who is 66 years of age, should be screened as well.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/p1201.html

Screening for Syphilis Infection in Pregnancy: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement -...

Jan 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that physicians screen all pregnant women for syphilis infection.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0115/od1.html

Screening for the Early Detection and Prevention of Oral Cancer - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2011 - Screening by visual inspection of the oral cavity does not appear to reduce deaths from oral cancer in the general population, although there is some evidence that it could be effective in high-risk patients who use tobacco and alcohol.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1047.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Case study: A seven-year-old boy presents with his mother for a routine well-child visit. He does not report any problems, his medical history is unremarkable, and he has no family history of heart disease or diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p737.html

Screening for Prostate Cancer: Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Is Not Effective - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - Several large randomized controlled trials show that PSA screening does not significantly reduce prostate cancer mortality, even in a U.S. study that included black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer. However, PSA screening does lead to overdiagnosis, overtreatment, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p802.html

Improving the Delivery of Preventive Services to Children - Editorials - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - How should a busy family physician approach well-child visits and the delivery of preventive services to children? Although there is a lack of robust patient-oriented evidence that addresses this question, several interventions improve the delivery of preventive services to children.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p659.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen children six years and older for obesity, and offer them or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvement in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p739.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment: ...

Feb 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using the nontraditional risk factors discussed in this statement to screen asymptomatic men and women with no history of coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p441.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment - Putting ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Case study: A 47-year-old man with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes mellitus, or any CHD risk equivalent asks about smoking cessation therapies. His past laboratory results include a total cholesterol level of 230 mg per dL (5.96 mmol per L) and a high-density ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p449.html

Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer - ...

Dec 15, 2010 - Cervarix is effective in preventing known cytologic and histologic precursors of cervical cancer, although, as with Gardasil, it has not been shown to decrease rates of cervical cancer. This protection has been shown to last for six years, but it is unclear if a booster dose is needed.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1541.html

ACIP Releases 2011 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2011 - Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updates the recommended immunization schedules for children, adolescents, and adults. These schedules describe the immunizations recommended for routine administration in ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p318.html

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jan 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for visual acuity for the improvement of outcomes in older adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p185.html

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jan 15, 2011 - Case study: A 68-year-old black man presents for a routine checkup and refill of his hypertension medication. He has smoked a pack of cigarettes daily for more than 45 years. He asks if he should be screened for cataracts, which his father developed in his 60s. The patient reports no ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p189.html

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Apr 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for colorectal cancer in adults using fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy, beginning at 50 years of age and continuing until 75 years of age. The risks and benefits of these screening methods...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1012.html

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