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Empagliflozin (Jardiance) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - Empagliflozin can be added to existing type 2 diabetes treatment to lower A1C levels, although there are less expensive options. In older patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease, empagliflozin can decrease all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1014.html

Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs in approximately 25% of patients with diabetes mellitus who are treated in the office setting and significantly affects quality of life. It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p227.html

Blood Pressure Goal of 140 to 150 mm Hg Is Best for Patients with Diabetes - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Although most recent practice guidelines have relaxed the blood pressure goals for patients with diabetes, there are still a few holdouts that suggest aggressive treatment. This analysis shows that the ideal range for hypertension control in patients with diabetes is between 140 and 150...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59a.html

Screening for Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Putting Prevention ...

Jun 15, 2016 - M.A. is a 43-year-old woman with a seven pack-year smoking history. She has no health concerns and has not visited a physician in four years. Her blood pressure and pulse are normal, and her body mass index (BMI) is 27 kg per m2. She does not have a family history of diabetes mellitus ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1025.html

Treating Low Vitamin D Levels Is Ineffective in Postmenopausal Women - POEMs - American...

Feb 15, 2016 - You do not have to treat a low vitamin D level if your patient is a typical community-dwelling postmenopausal woman younger than 75 years. The usual dosage of vitamin D, 800 IU (20 mcg) daily, will not increase levels even after a year of therapy and has little effect on calcium ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p315.html

Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2015 - A 40-year-old woman presents for a routine well-woman examination. She is not pregnant, is in good health, reports no symptoms, and her physical examination is unremarkable. After seeing a health news segment on television, she asks if she should have her thyroid function checked.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p717.html

Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Osteoporosis-related fractures affect approximately one in two white women and one in five white men in their lifetime. The impact of fractures includes loss of function, significant costs, and increased mortality. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends using dual energy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p261.html

Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Jun 1, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for thyroid dysfunction in nonpregnant, asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/od1.html

Tight Glycemic Control for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Over Five Years) - Medicine by the...

Jun 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and 1 in 6 patients were harmed. See why.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/od2.html

No Benefit to Screening with CTA for Asymptomatic CAD in Adults with Diabetes - POEMs -...

Apr 15, 2015 - Using coronary CTA to screen for CAD in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and no indication of existing CAD does not improve outcomes more than standard care.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p566.html

Low-Carbohydrate Diet Better Than Low-Fat Diet to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors ...

Feb 15, 2015 - More than 40 years ago, Dr. Robert Atkins wrote his first book advocating for a low-carbohydrate diet to cause and sustain weight loss. This study (of mostly women) found that a low-carbohydrate diet—though not as severe a diet as the Atkins approach—caused an average 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p262.html

Testosterone Therapy in Men Associated with an Increase in the Risk of Nonfatal MI - ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Filling a prescription for testosterone therapy is associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing an MI, especially in older men and those with a history of cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p907.html

Long-Term Results of Drug Treatment for Obesity - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - This review of commonly used weight-loss medications, including orlistat (Xenical), lorcaserin (Belviq), phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia), bupropion (Wellbutrin), metformin (Glucophage), and zonisamide (Zonegran), reported an average weight loss for participants of 2.5 to 8.0 kg (5.5 to ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389a.html

Pioglitazone Exposure Increases Bladder Cancer Risk - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - This review of all available data found a significantly increased risk of bladder cancer among adults with type 2 diabetes treated with pioglitazone. Pioglitazone also significantly increases the risk of heart failure, and there is minimal, if any, patient-oriented evidence of benefit ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p136.html

Intensive Lifestyle Intervention Fails to Improve Patient-Oriented Outcomes in Persons ...

Dec 15, 2013 - This large, well-designed trial failed to find a statistically significant improvement in patient-oriented outcomes in patients with diabetes, despite a fairly intensive lifestyle intervention and long-term follow-up.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/od1.html

Insulin for Glycemic Control in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Administering insulin to maintain glycemic control does not improve the rates of mortality or dependency, or the final neurologic outcome after an acute ischemic stroke. Additionally, in randomized controlled trials, patients in the intervention groups (those under tight glycemic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1008.html

Hirsutism in Women - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - Hirsutism is excess terminal hair that commonly appears in a male pattern in women. Although hirsutism is generally associated with hyperandrogenemia, one-half of women with mild symptoms have normal androgen levels. The most common cause of hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p373.html

ACP Releases Guideline on Hormone Testing and Pharmacologic Treatment of Erectile ...

May 1, 2010 - As the general population ages and life expectancy increases, erectile dysfunction (ED) is anticipated to be a major health care burden. Therefore, the American College of Physicians (ACP) created a guideline on hormone testing and pharmacologic treatment of ED.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1158.html

Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2010 Issue Editorials Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults This is a corrected version of the editorial that appeared in print. JEFF UNGER, MD, Catalina Research Institute, Chino, California Am Fam Physician. 2010 Apr...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p843.html

Combination Therapy for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Feb 15, 2010 - There is insufficient evidence to recommend combination therapy for the routine management of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p439.html

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Nov 15, 2009 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in asymptomatic adults with sustained blood pressure (treated or untreated) greater than 135/80 mm Hg.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1138.html

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Case study: A 50-year-old woman with a history of hyperlipidemia visits your office for a physical examination. Her blood pressure is 140/82 mm Hg, and her body mass index is 30 kg per m2.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1141.html

ACP Guidelines on Screening for Osteoporosis in Men - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Oct 1, 2008 - Guidelines on screening for osteoporosis in men are available from the American College of Physicians (ACP). Although osteoporosis is commonly thought of as a disease that affects women, osteoporotic fractures also result in considerable morbidity and mortality in men.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p882.html

Zoledronic Acid (Reclast) for Osteoporosis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - Zoledronic acid, in combination with calcium and vitamin D, will reduce the risk of vertebral fractures, and to a lesser extent, hip fractures in women with osteoporosis. It decreases subsequent fractures and mortality in high-risk patients who have had a hip fracture. Zoledronic acid ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p508.html

Fracture Prevention in Postmenopausal Women - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

May 15, 2008 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1447.html

NAMS Updates Recommendations on Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis in ...

Nov 1, 2006 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has updated its evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women to address the need for standards of care as they relate to menopause-associated health conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1630.html

Pharmacologic Prevention of Osteoporotic Fractures - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and a deterioration in the microarchitecture of bone that increases its susceptibility to fracture. The World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as a bone mineral density that is 2.5 standard deviations or more below the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1293.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines for Clinical Management of Osteoporosis - Practice Guidelines ...

Mar 15, 2004 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently issued guidelines for the clinical management of osteoporosis in women, including recommendations for screening, prevention, and treatment.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1558.html

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Feb 1, 2004 - Case study: KC, a 46-year-old woman, visits your office to refill her cholesterol-lowering medication. She says she saw a recent news feature on the diabetes epidemic and asks if she needs to be tested.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p605.html

Screening for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women - Putting Prevention into Practice -...

Jan 1, 2004 - Case study: PK, a 65-year-old black woman, comes to get her annual influenza vaccination. She says she appreciates your recent visit to her mother, who is recovering from surgery following a hip fracture. PK asks if she should be screened for osteoporosis

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p139.html

Postmenopausal Osteoporosis and Estrogen - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2003 Issue Editorials Postmenopausal Osteoporosis and Estrogen HEIDI D. NELSON, M.D., M.P.H., Oregon Health and Science University Portland, Oregon Am Fam Physician. 2003 Aug 15;68(4):606-612. Observational studies and...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p606.html

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes in Adults - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - ...

May 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for type 2 diabetes in adults and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2177.html

Osteoporosis in Men - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Osteoporosis in men is now recognized as an increasingly important public health issue. About 30 percent of hip fractures occur in men, and one in eight men older than 50 years will have an osteoporotic fracture. Because of their greater peak bone mass, men usually present with hip, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1521.html

Raloxifene: A Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator that produces both estrogen-agonistic effects on bone and lipid metabolism and estrogen-antagonistic effects on uterine endometrium and breast tissue. Because of its tissue selectivity, raloxifene may have fewer side effects than are...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1131.html

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