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Management of ACL Injuries: Clinical Practice Guideline from the AAOS - Practice ...

Aug 1, 2015 - Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, which are usually related to sports, have an incidence of approximately 252,000 yearly. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance in determining the best options for treating an ACL injury.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p232.html

Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Better Than Placebo to Relieve Pain in ...

Oct 1, 2015 - In this study, unlike others, patients with chronic plantar fasciitis treated with extra-corporeal shock wave therapy had greater pain relief than those treated with placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p635.html

Should Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening of Athletes Include ECG? Yes: ...

Sep 1, 2015 - Cardiovascular screening with ECG is a valid, cost-effective, and worthwhile endeavor in the preparticipation sports evaluation.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p338.html

Should Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening of Athletes Include ECG? No: There Is ...

Sep 1, 2015 - Although there are many reasons to conduct preparticipation sports examinations, there is insufficient evidence to support cardiac screening with ECG.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p343.html

Management of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Jun 1, 2015 - There are no clear evidence-based criteria to decide which patients should undergo operative vs. nonoperative management of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p794.html

Health Issues for Surfers - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2005 - Surfers are prone to acute injuries as well as conditions resulting from chronic environmental exposure. Sprains, lacerations, strains, and fractures are the most common types of trauma. Injury from the rider's own surfboard may be the prevailing mechanism. Minor wound infections can be...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2313.html

Obesity and Joint Injuries in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2015 - Lower extremity injuries are 18% more likely in overweight children, 24% more likely in obese children, and 34% more likely in extremely obese children when compared with normal weight peers. The risk of lower extremity fractures is also increased by 17% in overweight children, 23% in ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p320.html

Injection Equals Physical Therapy for Shoulder Impingement - POEMs - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2015 - Both physical therapy and corticosteroid injection decrease pain and disability by about 50% within one month of beginning treatment. However, average scores will not improve beyond that over the course of the year, and the average person will have pain, disability, and an altered ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p260a.html

Evaluation and Management of Concussion in Athletes: Recommendations from the AAN - ...

Apr 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) studied the incidence of concussion in high school and college athletes to address related clinical questions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p585.html

Managing Hypertension in Athletes and Physically Active Patients - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Athletes and other physically active patients should be screened for hypertension and given appropriate therapy if needed. Mild hypertension should be treated with non-pharmacologic measures for six months. If blood pressure control is adequate, lifestyle modifications are continued. If...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p445.html

Bicycle-Related Injuries - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Bicycle riding is a popular form of recreation among persons of all ages, and related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most injuries occur in males and are associated with riding at high speed; most serious injuries and fatalities result from collisions with motor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p2007.html

Evaluation of Overuse Elbow Injuries - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - The evaluation of elbow pain can be challenging because of the complexity of the joint and its central location in the upper extremity. Diagnosing the injury correctly requires an understanding of the anatomy of the elbow, which includes three articulations, two ligament complexes, four...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p691.html

The Painful Shoulder: Part II. Acute and Chronic Disorders - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Fractures of the humerus, scapula and clavicle usually result from a direct blow or a fall onto an outstretched hand. Most can be treated by immobilization. Dislocation of the humerus, strain or sprain of the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints, and rotator cuff injury often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3291.html

Exercise-Related Syncope in the Young Athlete: Reassurance, Restriction or Referral? - ...

Nov 1, 1999 - A common event in young adults, syncope is usually benign and only rarely requires more than simple reassurance. However, exercise-related syncope always requires investigation because it may be the only symptom that precedes a sudden cardiac death. Syncope that occurs during exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2001.html

The Female Athlete Triad - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3357.html

Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1481.html

The Potential Adverse Health Effects of Energy Drinks - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Energy drinks are becoming more popular in the United States, and family physicians should be familiar with them and their potentially harmful effects.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p321.html

Knee Braces: Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations for Their Use - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - Methods of preventing and treating knee injuries have changed with the rapid development and refinement of knee braces. Prophylactic knee braces are designed to protect uninjured knees from valgus stresses that could damage the medial collateral ligaments. However, no conclusive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p411.html

Groin Injuries in Athletes - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2001 - Groin injuries comprise 2 to 5 percent of all sports injuries. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are important to prevent these injuries from becoming chronic and potentially career-limiting. Adductor strains and osteitis pubis are the most common musculoskeletal causes of groin pain...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1405.html

Hip Pain in Athletes - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Hip pain in athletes involves a wide differential diagnosis. Adolescents and young adults are at particular risk for various apophyseal and epiphyseal injuries due to lack of ossification of these cartilaginous growth plates. Older athletes are more likely to present with tendinitis in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2109.html

Neurological Complications of Scuba Diving - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Recreational scuba diving has become a popular sport in the United States, with almost 9 million certified divers. When severe diving injury occurs, the nervous system is frequently involved. In dive-related barotrauma, compressed or expanding gas within the ears, sinuses and lungs ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2211.html

The Preparticipation Athletic Evaluation - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - A comprehensive medical history that includes questions about a personal and family history of cardiovascular disease is the most important initial component of the preparticipation athletic evaluation. Additional questions should focus on any history of neurologic or musculoskeletal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2683.html

Reassessing the Role of MRI in the Evaluation of Knee Pain - Editorials - American ...

Feb 1, 2012 - When used for the appropriate indications, MRI is a valuable tool in the evaluation and management of knee pain. However, it may provide clinically irrelevant information by identifying pathology that is not related to a patient's symptoms, which may ultimately lead to unnecessary ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p221.html

The "Burner": A Common Nerve Injury in Contact Sports - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1999 - A

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2035.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Heat-Related Illnesses - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - The body's ability to regulate core temperature depends on both host (internal) and environmental (external) factors. Although athletes are commonly thought to be most at risk for heat illnesses, children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. Heat cramps, which are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2307.html

Cognitive Rest in Concussion Management - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - In recent years, there have been significant and progressive changes in the evaluation, management, and return-to-play principles of sports concussions. Today, the medical community manages each case individually by applying guidelines that are based on the best scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p100.html

The Injured Ankle - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 1998 - Ankle injuries are common presenting complaints in both emergency departments and family physicians' offices. Approximately 1 million ankle injuries occur annually in the United States; most of them are sprains resulting from inversion injuries. Treatment options differ according to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0201/p474.html

Snowboarding Injuries - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Snowboarding is a popular winter sport that involves riding a single board down a ski slope or on a half-pipe snow ramp. Compared with injuries resulting from traditional alpine skiing, snowboarding injuries occur more frequently in the upper extremities and ankles and less frequently ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p131.html

Cardiovascular Screening of Student Athletes - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - Each year, a number of children and adolescents die suddenly from cardiac problems that are associated with a small subgroup of disorders and high-risk behaviors. While sudden cardiac death in any child or adolescent is distressing, it can be particularly devastating when it occurs in a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p765.html

High-Altitude Medicine - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - As more people enjoy the outdoors, high-altitude illness is increasingly becoming a problem that family physicians across the country must treat. High-altitude illness, which usually occurs at altitudes of over 1,500 m (4,921 ft), is caused primarily by hypoxia but is compounded by cold...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1907.html

Preventing Acute Mountain Sickness - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Gradual ascent is the most effective method for preventing acute mountain sickness.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p398.html

Concussion in Sports: Minimizing the Risk for Complications - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion, is a common consequence of collisions, falls and other forms of contact in sports. Concussion may be defined as an acute trauma-induced alteration of mental function lasting fewer than 24 hours, with or without preceding loss of consciousness....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1007.html

Assessment and Management of Concussion in Sports - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - The most common head injury in sports is concussion. Athletes who sustain a prolonged loss of consciousness should be transported immediately to a hospital for further evaluation. Assessment of less severe injuries should include a thorough neurologic examination. The duration of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p887.html

Surgical Options in the Management of Groin Hernias - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Inguinal and femoral hernias are the most common conditions for which primary care physicians refer patients for surgical management. Hernias usually present as swelling accompanied by pain or a dragging sensation in the groin. Most hernias can be diagnosed based on the history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p893.html

Sudden Death in Young Athletes: Screening for the Needle in a Haystack - American ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Nontraumatic sudden death in young athletes is always disturbing, as apparently invincible athletes, become, without warning, victims of silent heart disease. Despite public perception to the contrary, sudden death in young athletes is exceedingly rare. It most commonly occurs in male ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2763.html

Shoulder Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - What are the effects of oral and topical drug treatment in persons with shoulder pain?What are the effects of local injections, nondrug and surgical treatments in persons with shoulder pain?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p137.html

Reducing ACL Injuries in Female Athletes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2011 - Neuromuscular training programs that include plyometric and strengthening exercises significantly reduce noncontact ACL injuries in female soccer and handball players older than 14 years.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p210.html

AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p540.html

Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 1999 Issue Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes BRIAN L. MAHAFFEY, M.D., University of Missouri–Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri PATRICK A. SMITH, M.D., Columbia, Missouri Am Fam Physician. 1999 May...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2773.html

Corticosteroid Injections for Trigger Finger - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2009 - Based on limited evidence, corticosteroid injection combined with lidocaine (Xylocaine) was more effective than lidocaine alone for the treatment of trigger finger in adults. Compared with those who received lidocaine alone, 38 percent more of the patients who received corticosteroid ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p454.html

NSAIDs vs. Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Ankle Sprains - AFP Journal Club - ...

Dec 1, 2007 - Are NSAIDs better than acetaminophen for ankle sprains? Extended-release acetaminophen provides equivalent analgesia and return to activity as an NSAID in patients with mild to moderate ankle sprains. All NSAIDs have equivalent analgesic effect.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1605.html

AAP Releases Recommendations on Overuse Injuries and Overtraining in Child Athletes - ...

Dec 1, 2007 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released guidelines to assist in identifying and counseling children at risk of overuse injuries and overtraining syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1725.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Preparticipation Screening in Student Athletes - ...

Nov 15, 2007 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued recommendations that address preparticipation screening in high school and college athletes, which may identify cardiovascular disease (CVD) that could progress or cause sudden death.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1568.html

Tennis Elbow - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - What are the effects of treatments for tennis elbow?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p701.html

Supplements and Sports: Honest Advice - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 1, 2008 Issue Editorials Supplements and Sports: Honest Advice MARK STEPHENS, CDR, MC, USN, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 2008 Nov 1;78(9):1025. Related Article In...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1025.html

AAP Reports on Healthy Weight-Control Practices in Young Athletes - Practice Guidelines...

Jun 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released recommendations on healthy weight-control behaviors in young athletes to address counseling issues that physicians may encounter in caring for these patients. Children and adolescents often are involved in sports in which weight loss...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2069.html

Altitude Sickness - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments and interventions to prevent acute mountain sickness?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p879.html

ACSM Recommendations for Endurance Athletes - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2006 - The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has released evidence-based recommendations for athletes to prevent hyponatremia and dehydration during sporting events.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p547.html

New Challenges in Assessing and Managing Concussion in Sports - Editorials - American ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 1, 2007 Issue Editorials New Challenges in Assessing and Managing Concussion in Sports JAMES McKINLEY, MD, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, Family Medicine Residency Program Tyler, Texas Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p948.html

ACC Statement on Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening for Competitive Athletes - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - The American College of Cardiology (ACC) has released new eligibility guidelines for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities and clinical guidelines for preparticipation screening.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p523.html

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