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Dyspareunia in Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Dyspareunia is recurrent or persistent pain with sexual intercourse that causes distress. It affects approximately 10% to 20% of U.S. women. Dyspareunia may be superficial, causing pain with attempted vaginal insertion, or deep. Women with sexual pain are at increased risk of sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p597.html

Common Fractures of the Radius and Ulna - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - Fractures of the radius and ulna are the most common fractures of the upper extremity, with distal fractures occurring more often than proximal fractures. A fall onto an outstretched hand is the most common mechanism of injury for fractures of the radius and ulna. Evaluation with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p345.html

Interpreting SARS-CoV-2 Diagnostic Tests: Common Questions and Answers - American ...

Apr 15, 2021 - SARS-CoV-2 is the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The spectrum of asymptomatic, presymptomatic, and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission presents challenges for evaluating SARS-CoV-2 test performance for diagnostic or screening purposes and for interpreting test results. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p465.html

Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children and Infants: Common Questions and Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in children and are associated with significant short- and long-term morbidity. They have a high recurrence rate and are associated with anatomic and functional abnormalities. The decision to test for UTI is based on risk factors and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p278.html

Out-of-Hospital Birth - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Since the 1970s, most births in the United States have been planned to occur in a hospital. However, a small percentage of Americans choose to give birth outside of a hospital. The number of out-of-hospital births has increased, with one in every 61 U.S. births (1.64%) occurring out of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p672.html

Neonatology/Newborn Issues - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on neonatology and newborn issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, circumcision, jaundice, newborn examination, newborn resuscitation, newborn screening, premature infant care, postpartum counseling, and well-child visits. This collection...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=18

Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on labor, delivery, and postpartum issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, episiotomy, labor pain management, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm labor and birth, shoulder dystocia, umbilical cord blood storage, and vaginal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=16

Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidney and renal pelvis and should be suspected in patients with flank pain and laboratory evidence of urinary tract infection. Urine culture with antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be performed in all patients and used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p173.html

Allergy and Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues, including allergies and asthma, allergens, allergy testing, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, and latex allergies. This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=58

Arthritis and Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on arthritis and joint pain, including arthritis, gout, knee osteoarthritis, monoarthritis, osteoarthritis, polyarticular joint pain, Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, and shoulder osteoarthritis. This collection features AFP...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=77

Eating Disorders in Primary Care: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Eating disorders are potentially life-threatening conditions characterized by disordered eating and weight-control behaviors that impair physical health and psychosocial functioning. Early intervention may decrease the risk of long-term pathology and disability. Clinicians should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p22.html

HIV Infection in Adults: Initial Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The HIV epidemic is an important public health priority. Transmissions continue to occur despite effective therapies that make HIV preventable and treatable. Approximately one-half of people with HIV are not receiving suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Starting ART early, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p407.html

Health Maintenance and Counseling - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and counseling and related issues, including dietary and nutrition guidelines, health maintenance in children, lifestyle counseling, and physical activity. This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=64

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Menstrual Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on menstrual conditions and related issues, including abnormal uterine bleeding, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, endometrial ablation, endometriosis, heavy menstrual bleeding, menorrhagia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, premenstrual syndrome, and uterine...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=81

Urethritis: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - Urethritis refers to inflammation of the urethra and is classified as gonococcal (caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae) or nongonococcal in origin (most commonly caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, or Trichomonas vaginalis). The most common signs and symptoms include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p553.html

Alcohol Use Disorders - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and detoxification. This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=1

Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, hematuria, proteinuria, and renal disease. This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=15

Cancer - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is a diagnostic tool for many conditions affecting the central nervous system. Urgent indications for lumbar puncture include suspected central nervous system infection or subarachnoid hemorrhage. CSF analysis is not necessarily diagnostic but can be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p422.html

Anaphylaxis: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening systemic reaction, normally occurring within one to two hours of exposure to an allergen. The incidence of anaphylaxis in the United States is 2.1 per 1,000 person-years. Most anaphylactic reactions occur outside the hospital setting. Urticaria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p355.html

Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in women and accounts for 30% of all new cancers in the United States. The highest incidence of breast cancer is in women 70 to 74 years of age. Numerous risk factors are associated with the development of breast cancer. A risk assessment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p33.html

In-flight Medical Emergencies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - In 2018, approximately 2.8 million passengers flew in and out of U.S. airports per day. Twenty-four to 130 in-flight medical emergencies are estimated to occur per 1 million passengers; however, there is no internationally agreed-upon recording or classification system. Up to 70% of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p547.html

Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and acute low back pain, lumbar spinal stenosis, sciatica, and vertebral compression fractures. This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=109

Peripheral Nerve Entrapment and Injury in the Upper Extremity - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Peripheral nerves in the upper extremities are at risk of injury and entrapment because of their superficial nature and length. Injury can result from trauma, anatomic abnormalities, systemic disease, and entrapment. The extent of the injury can range from mild neurapraxia, in which the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p275.html

Post-ICU Care in the Outpatient Setting - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - More than 5 million patients in the United States are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) annually, and an increasing percentage of patients treated in the ICU survive to hospital discharge. Because these patients require follow-up in the outpatient setting, family physicians should...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p590.html

HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS and related issues, including antiretroviral therapy, behavioral counseling, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, and infection prevention. This collection features AFP content on human ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=11

Dysphagia: Evaluation and Collaborative Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dysphagia is common but may be underreported. Specific symptoms, rather than their perceived location, should guide the initial evaluation and imaging. Obstructive symptoms that seem to originate in the throat or neck may actually be caused by distal esophageal lesions. Oropharyngeal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p97.html

Labor Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dystocia (abnormally slow or protracted labor) accounts for 25% to 55% of primary cesarean deliveries. The latent phase of labor begins with onset of regular, painful contractions and continues until 6 cm of cervical dilation. Current recommendations are to avoid admission to labor and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p90.html

Health Maintenance for Women of Reproductive Age - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Health maintenance for women of reproductive age includes counseling and screening tests that have been demonstrated to prevent disease and improve health. This article focuses mainly on conditions that are more common in women or have a unique impact on female patients. Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p209.html

Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic medications, epilepsy, febrile seizures, nonepileptic seizures, seizures in the elderly, and status epilepticus. This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=80

Obesity - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, childhood obesity, diet, exercise, lifestyle counseling, and weight loss maintenance. This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=19

Difficult-to-Treat and Severe Asthma: Management Strategies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease in the United States. Up to 17% of asthma cases are classified as difficult to treat, and 3.7% of these are considered severe. Uncontrolled asthma is characterized by poor symptom control or frequent exacerbations. In difficult-to-treat ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p286.html

Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases) - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other liver disease, including cirrhosis, chronic liver failure, hemochromatosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=38

The Suicidal Patient: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Suicide rates in the United States increased from 20% to 30% between 2005 and 2015, and family physicians need evidence-based resources to address this growing clinical concern. Asking high-risk patients (e.g., patients with previous suicide attempts, substance misuse, low social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p417.html

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

Eye and Vision Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye examinations, glaucoma, LASIK surgery, ocular emergencies, red eye, vision loss, and vision screening. This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=66

Inguinal Hernias: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Groin hernias are caused by a defect of the abdominal wall in the groin area and comprise inguinal and femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are more common in men. Although groin hernias are easily diagnosed on physical examination in men, ultrasonography is often needed in women. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p487.html

Care of Special Populations - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on the care of special populations and related issues, including ethnic minorities; gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons; homeless and uninsured persons; and mentally retarded persons. This collection features AFP content on the care of ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=45

Frailty: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Frailty, which is a geriatric syndrome that affects 5% to 17% of older adults, is a state of increased vulnerability across multiple health domains that leads to adverse health outcomes. Frail older adults are at increased risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and death. Frailty ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p219.html

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Degenerative cervical myelopathy encompasses a collection of pathologic conditions that result in progressive spinal cord dysfunction secondary to cord compression. Patients are typically male (3: 1 male-to-female ratio), and the average age of presentation is 64 years. The exact ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p740.html

Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content from the Point-of-Care Guides collection on topics related to anticoagulation, cancer, cardiovascular issues, diabetes, gastrointestinal issues, infectious diseases, mortality risk, musculoskeletal issues, neurologic issues, obstetric issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=75

Ear and Hearing Disorders - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis externa, otitis media, and tinnitus. This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=98

Tobacco Abuse and Dependence - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including addiction, behavioral and drug therapies, lifestyle counseling, and smoking cessation. This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=28

Pain Management in Labor - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - A patient’s sense of empowerment and control is most predictive of maternal satisfaction with childbirth. Analgesia during labor greatly affects this experience. Individual patient priorities for labor pain management should be explored as part of routine prenatal care. Continuous labor...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p355.html

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related issues, including the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of adults and children with ADHD. This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=68

Esophageal Motility Disorders - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Esophageal motility disorders can cause chest pain, heartburn, or dysphagia. They are diagnosed based on specific patterns seen on esophageal manometry, ranging from the complete absence of contractility in patients with achalasia to unusually forceful or disordered contractions in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p291.html

Persistent Night Sweats: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Night sweats are a nonspecific symptom that patients commonly experience but rarely discuss with their physicians without prompting. Although many life-threatening causes such as malignancies or infections have been described, most patients who report persistent night sweats in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p427.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed to screen for signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and impending fetal death during labor. Because these events have a low prevalence, continuous electronic fetal monitoring has a false-positive rate of 99%. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158.html

Oral and Dental Conditions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on oral and dental conditions and related issues, including temporomandibular disorders, smell and taste disorders, dental infections, and salivary gland disorders. This collection features AFP content on oral and dental conditions and related ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=108

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