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Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2020 - A 31-year-old woman presents to your office for a well-woman examination. She is sexually active in a monogamous relationship and has never been pregnant. She tells you that her mother was diagnosed with tubal cancer at age 40 and that her sister, who is 42 years of age, was recently ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p239.html

Screening and Counseling Adolescents and Young Adults: A Framework for Comprehensive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Healthy development is likely to occur when an adolescent’s risk factors are limited and when protective factors are fostered. Healthy development is further encouraged when youth feel valued, empowered, and form healthy social connections. Threats to the well-being of adolescents ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p147.html

Breast Cancer Screening: ACP Releases Guidance Statements - Practice Guidelines - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - The American College of Physicians reviewed guidelines from other organizations and developed four statements to provide advice to clinicians about breast cancer screening for women who are at average risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p184.html

Accuracy of Dermoscopy vs. Visual Inspection for Diagnosing Melanoma in Adults - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - The addition of dermoscopy to in-person visual inspection of skin lesions increases specificity and sensitivity in the detection of melanoma. In-person evaluation with dermoscopy is more accurate than image-based assessment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p145.html

Muscle Weakness in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Although the prevalence of muscle weakness in the general population is uncertain, it occurs in about 5% of U.S. adults 60 years and older. Determining the cause of muscle weakness can be challenging. True muscle weakness must first be differentiated from subjective fatigue or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p95.html

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement -...

Jan 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p112.html

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus in Pregnant Women - Putting Prevention into Practice - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - A 33-year-old U.S.-born pregnant clinician comes to your office for a first prenatal visit. Her most recent menstrual period was six weeks ago, and she has been taking prenatal vitamins for the past eight weeks. She was pregnant once more than two years ago, and at the time she screened...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p115.html

PLAC Test for Lp-PLA2 Activity to Predict Coronary Heart Disease - Diagnostic Tests: ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - The PLAC test is a blood test used to measure serum activity of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), an enzyme that breaks down oxidized low-density lipoprotein in the vascular wall.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p44.html

Fasting and Nonfasting Lipid Levels Similarly Predict Cardiovascular Disease Risk - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Guidelines recommend checking lipid levels in nonfasting patients. They are easier to obtain and are equally predictive of subsequent cardiac events. Although triglyceride levels may be higher in nonfasting patients, cholesterol levels will be similar whether the patient was fasting or ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p53.html

Adding Ultrasonography to Mammography Increases False-Positive Findings Without an ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Adding ultrasonography to screening mammography in women younger than 50 years at low, intermediate, or high breast cancer risk is not associated with an increase in breast cancer detection. It is associated with increased unnecessary biopsy recommendations and results in more frequent ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p53a.html

The Case Against Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Disease Risk ...

Dec 15, 2019 - Although coronary artery calcium testing may slightly improve future risk prediction, this theoretical benefit is outweighed by its potential harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p734.html

Diagnosing DVT in Nonpregnant Adults in the Primary Care Setting - Point-of-Care Guides... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2019 - What is the best approach to the evaluation of nonpregnant adults with suspected first lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the outpatient primary care setting?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p778.html

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2019 - A 71-year-old woman comes to your office for a regularly scheduled visit. She has type 2 diabetes mellitus and a 50-pack-year smoking history, and had non-ulcer dyspepsia two years ago. Her body mass index is 32 kg per m2, and her blood pressure is normal.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p771.html

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Dec 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od1.html

Diagnosing VTE: Guidelines from the American Society of Hematology - Practice ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - The American Society of Hematology has published recommendations for determining the optimal diagnostic strategy based on pretest risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p716.html

General Health Checks in Adults for Reducing Disease-Related Morbidity and Mortality - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - General health check visits have no benefit on cardiovascular morbidity or on total, cardiovascular, or cancer-related mortality. There is also no evidence that they cause patient harm.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p676.html

Screening for HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Nov 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for HIV infection in adolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years. Younger adolescents and older adults who are at increased risk of infection should also be screened.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od2.html

Screening for HIV Infection and Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV ...

Nov 15, 2019 - J.S., a 29-year-old transgender woman, presents for her first maintenance visit with a new family physician. It has been three years since her previous visit with a primary care physician. She has no chronic illnesses, stopped using tobacco products four years ago, and reports that she ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p637.html

Fully Automated Blood Pressure Measurement Is the Way to Go in the Office - POEMs - ...

Nov 15, 2019 - automated measurement aligns better with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, the best predictor of cardiovascular events, than manual measurement; manual readings are an average 13.4 to 14.5 mm Hg (systolic) higher than daytime ambulatory or automated readings in patients with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646.html

Allopurinol Hypersensitivity Assay HLA-B*58:01 Genotyping - Diagnostic Tests: What ...

Nov 1, 2019 - The allopurinol hypersensitivity assay, or HLA-B*58:01 test, is a blood test to detect the presence of a human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) genetic variant that increases the risk of life-threatening, severe cutaneous adverse reactions in patients taking allopurinol.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p530.html

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: Recommendation...

Oct 15, 2019 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic children.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/od1.html

Laboratory-Based Prediction Model Can Rule Out Serious Bacterial Infections in Febrile ...

Oct 1, 2019 - In febrile infants up to 60 days of age, the combination of a normal urinalysis result, an absolute neutrophil count of less than 4,090 per mL (4.1 × 109 per L), and a serum procalcitonin level of less than 1.71 ng per mL is accurate at ruling out serious bacterial infections.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p440.html

Diagnosing Dementia and Clarifying Goals of Care - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse ...

Sep 15, 2019 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p369.html

Normal Vital Signs and Pulmonary Examination Results Rule Out CAP in Adults with Acute ...

Sep 15, 2019 - Community-dwelling adults who present to a primary care office with acute respiratory infection symptoms but normal vital signs and normal findings on a pulmonary examination have only a 0.4% likelihood of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p375.html

Prolaris Test for Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment - Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians ...

Sep 1, 2019 - The Prolaris test improves the accuracy of prognosis for patients with prostate cancer, especially those with low- or intermediate-grade disease who may be deciding between interventional and noninterventional treatment approaches.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p311.html

Health Maintenance in School-Aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p213.html

Human Trafficking: How Family Physicians Can Recognize and Assist Victims - Editorials ...

Aug 15, 2019 - Identifying a trafficking victim requires an understanding of the law as well as knowledge of risk factors and signs and symptoms of exploitation.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p202.html

Identifying Outpatients with Acute Cough at Very Low Risk of Pneumonia - Point-of-Care ...

Aug 15, 2019 - In patients with acute cough, is it possible to identify a subset with a very low likelihood of community-acquired pneumonia?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p246.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy or Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in...

Aug 1, 2019 - This meta-analysis provides high-quality evidence that flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing both reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer. The study did not provide a clear answer regarding a superior screening modality, so the decision to choose one test over ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/od1.html

Hearing Loss in Adults: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2019 - More than 30 million U.S. adults have hearing loss. This condition is underrecognized, and hearing aids and other hearing enhancement technologies are underused. Hearing loss is categorized as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. Age-related sensorineural hearing loss (i.e., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p98.html

Amenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2019 - Menstrual patterns can be an indicator of overall health and self-perception of well-being. Primary amenorrhea, defined as the lifelong absence of menses, requires evaluation if menarche has not occurred by 15 years of age or three years post-thelarche. Secondary amenorrhea is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p39.html

Noninvasive Diagnostic Tests for Helicobacter pylori Infection - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2019 - When compared with serology or stool antigen tests, the urea breath test has the highest diagnostic accuracy to identify H. pylori infection in patients without a history of gastrectomy or recent use of antibiotics or proton pump inhibitors.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p16.html

mSEPT9 (Epi proColon) Blood Test for Colorectal Cancer Screening - Diagnostic Tests: ...

Jul 1, 2019 - Epi proColon is a blood test used for the detection of the methylated septin 9 (mSEPT9) gene. It is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for colorectal cancer screening in people at average risk who have declined first-line screening tests.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p10.html

Evaluating Diagnostic Tests: Introducing a New Feature in AFP - Editorials - American ...

Jul 1, 2019 - This new feature cuts through the hype and provides independent, objective assessments of new diagnostic tests that readers are considering incorporating into their practices.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p8.html

Identification of and Treatment for Unhealthy Alcohol Use in Primary Care Settings - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - We have identified the ways in which family physicians can implement the USPSTF screening recommendation for unhealthy alcohol use and then intervene when a patient has a positive screen.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p733.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use in ...

Jun 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use in primary care settings in adults 18 years or older, including pregnant women, and providing persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/od1.html

Lung Cancer Screening: Pros and Cons - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse -...

Jun 15, 2019 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p740.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use in ...

Jun 15, 2019 - A 20-year-old male with a history of exercise-induced asthma presents to your office for his yearly physical. He is a student at the local university and is on the university fencing team. When asked about his classwork, he expresses that college is going okay but can be stressful ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p771.html

Depression After ACS Events: AAFP Releases Updated Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Family Physicians has released a guideline focusing on depression in adults within three months of an ACS event (unstable angina or myocardial infarction). The guideline is based on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and observational studies and...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p785.html

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Screening and Evaluation - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire has the best combination of positive and negative likelihood ratios.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p712.html

Cancer Screening: ACS Releases Annual Summary of Recommendations - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) provides a summary of recommendations for cancer screening each year, including any updates and recent data, and advice for when recommendations cannot be made.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p719.html

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: ...

May 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for intimate partner violence (IPV) in women of reproductive age and provide or refer women who screen positive to ongoing support services.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/od1.html

What Evidence Do We Need Before Recommending Routine Screening for Social Determinants ...

May 15, 2019 - Social determinants have a large effect on patients' health and well-being. Primary care clinicians need more evidence about their role in addressing social determinants of health, and community resources and public health support are needed to help patients with unmet social needs.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p602.html

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults - ...

May 15, 2019 - A.F., a 32-year-old woman, presents for a health maintenance visit. It has been more than a year since she was last seen. She has no significant medical history and has never used tobacco, alcohol, or any other substances.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p649.html

Chronic Cough After Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Suggestions from the ACCP - Practice ...

May 15, 2019 - To address the high prevalence of bronchiolitis, the effects of chronic cough on patients' quality of life, and adverse effects from inappropriate use of medications, an expert panel from the American College of Chest Physicians performed systematic reviews to develop several ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p654.html

FIT Has Similar Yield as Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer and Advanced Adenoma Over 10...

May 15, 2019 - Over a 10-year period, the rates of detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenomas using FIT are similar to those seen in studies of screening colonoscopy. This does not prove that FIT reduces morbidity and mortality due to CRC as effectively as colonoscopy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/od5.html

Simple Clinical Prediction Rule Determines Risk of Heart Failure with Preserved ...

May 15, 2019 - A simple clinical prediction rule using noninvasive data can identify patients at low, moderate, and high risk for HFPEF.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/od3.html

Applying a Clinical Decision Rule for CAD in Primary Care to Select a Diagnostic Test ...

May 1, 2019 - Using the INTERCHEST chest pain decision rule to decide next steps when a patient presents to a primary care physician with chest pain.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p584.html

Screening for Syphilis In Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive ...

Apr 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends early screening for syphilis infection in all pregnant women.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/od2.html

Pulse Oximetry Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Pulse oximetry is an accurate screening test for critical congenital heart defects in newborns. Pulse oximetry is simple to use, widely available, and has moderate sensitivity (76.3%) and good specificity (99.9%). However, the prevalence of critical congenital heart defects is low, and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p421.html

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