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Room Air vs. Oxygen for Resuscitating Infants at Birth - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - Based on limited evidence, it appears that mortality is lower in infants resuscitated with room air than in those given 100 percent oxygen. However, these results should be treated with caution because one fourth of studies used back-up supplementary oxygen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p808.html

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - To complement the 2005 Annual Clinical Focus on medical genomics, AFP will be publishing a series of short reviews on genetic syndromes. This series was designed to increase awareness of these diseases so that family physicians can recognize and diagnose children with these disorders ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p279.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs MATTHEW J. NEFF Am Fam Physician. 2005 May 1;71(9):1819. AAP Releases Updated Breastfeeding Recommendations The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a revised policy statement on...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1819.html

CDC Releases Recommendations for State Newborn Screening Programs for Cystic Fibrosis -...

Apr 15, 2005 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released recommendations on the screening of newborns for cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is the second most common life-shortening, childhood-onset inherited disorder in the United States, behind sickle cell disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1605.html

Newborn Screening for Cystic Fibrosis: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease ...

Apr 15, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 2005 Issue Editorials Newborn Screening for Cystic Fibrosis: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention SCOTT D. GROSSE, PH.D. COLEEN A. BOYLE, PH.D. JOSÉ F. CORDERO, M.D., M.P.H., National Center on...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1482.html

Prevention of Group B Streptococcal Disease in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among newborns. Universal screening for GBS among women at 35 to 37 weeks of gestation is more effective than administration of intrapartum antibiotics based on risk factors. Lower vaginal and rectal cultures for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p903.html

Neonatal Jaundice - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in term and preterm infants?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p947.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2004 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1168. Influenza Vaccination Among Health Care Workers The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) has issued a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1168.html

Treatment of Infants with HIV-1 Infection - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2004 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1171-1172. Treatment of Infants with HIV-1 Infection The Committee on Pediatric AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1171.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2004 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs CARRIE MORANTZ BRIAN TORREY Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1168-1171. Updated Guideline on Jaundice in Newborns The Subcommittee on Hyperbilirubinemia of the American Academy of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1168a.html

Hospital Stay for Healthy Term Newborns - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - The Committee on Fetus and Newborn of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on the length of hospital stays for healthy term newborns. The hospital stay of the mother-infant dyad should be long enough to allow identification of early problems and to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p777.html

Counseling for Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Case study: BS, a 26-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy, comes to your office for routine prenatal care. She expresses concern because one of her relatives has told her that she should not breastfeed. You want to recommend breastfeeding and wonder how to counsel her.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p149.html

Evaluation of Infants Born to Mothers with West Nile Virus Infection - Practice ...

Jul 1, 2004 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidelines for the evaluation of infants born to mothers with West Nile virus infection. West Nile virus is a single-stranded RNA flavivirus with antigenic similarities to Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p204.html

Gowning in Newborn and Special-Care Nurseries - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2004 - There is no evidence that gowning in newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) improves clinically important outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p83.html

Craniosynostosis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Skull deformity in infants continues to be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Deformational plagiocephaly is a common and somewhat benign cause of skull deformity in infants that must be distinguished from the more serious craniosynostosis, which occurs alone or as a syndrome. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2863.html

The Newborn Foot - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - An examination of the feet is an essential component of an evaluation of a newborn. A thorough examination can be performed quickly. Despite its small size, the newborn foot is a complex structure. Most deformities can be diagnosed easily with physical examination alone, using few ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p865.html

Does Lidocaine-Prilocaine Cream (EMLA) Decrease the Pain of Neonatal Circumcision? - ...

Feb 15, 2004 - EMLA cream reduces the pain experienced by newborns during circumcision compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p909.html

Behavioral Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S....

Jan 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on counseling to promote breastfeeding, a new topic for the USPSTF.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p354.html

Returning to Work While Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Mothers who work outside the home initiate breastfeeding at the same rate as mothers who stay at home. However, the breastfeeding continuance rate declines sharply in mothers who return to work. While the work environment may be less than ideal for the breastfeeding mother, obstacles ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2201.html

Breastfeeding and Returning to Work in the Physician's Office - Editorials - American ...

Dec 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2003 Issue Editorials Breastfeeding and Returning to Work in the Physician's Office DAVID MEYERS, M.D., Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Dec 1;68(11):2129-2133. Related Article A...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2129.html

The Abnormal Fontanel - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2003 - The diagnosis of an abnormal fontanel requires an understanding of the wide variation of normal. At birth, an infant has six fontanels. The anterior fontanel is the largest and most important for clinical evaluation. The average size of the anterior fontanel is 2.1 cm, and the median ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2547.html

Congenital Toxoplasmosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Approximately 85 percent of women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Transmission of T. gondii to the fetus can result in serious health problems, including mental retardation, seizures, blindness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2131.html

Is Oral Sucrose an Effective Analgesic in Neonates? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Apr 15, 2003 - The use of oral sucrose, with or without pacifiers, has been shown to relieve pain in neonates, as assessed by physiologic and behavioral pain indicators and pain scores.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1713.html

Common Issues in the Care of Sick Neonates - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Newborn infants may be transferred to a special care nursery because of conditions such as prematurity (gestation less than 37 weeks), prolonged resuscitation, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and jaundice, and for evaluation of neonatal sepsis. Newborn infants' core temperature should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1685.html

Management of Newborns Exposed to Maternal HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - The management of infants whose mothers are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) involves minimizing the risk of vertical transmission of HIV, recognizing neonatal HIV infection early, preventing opportunistic infections, and addressing psychosocial issues. Maternal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2049.html

Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Infections - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Neonatal herpes simplex virus infections can result in serious morbidity and mortality. Many of the infections result from asymptomatic cervical shedding of virus after a primary episode of genital HSV in the third trimester. Antibodies to HSV-2 have been detected in approximately 20 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1138.html

Hyperbilirubinemia in the Term Newborn - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common problems encountered in term newborns. Historically, management guidelines were derived from studies on bilirubin toxicity in infants with hemolytic disease. More recent recommendations support the use of less intensive therapy in healthy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p599.html

The Newborn Examination: Part II. Emergencies and Common Abnormalities Involving the ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Careful examination of the neonate at delivery can detect anomalies, birth injuries, and disorders that may compromise successful adaptation to extrauterine life. A newborn with one anatomic malformation should be evaluated for associated anomalies. If a newborn is found to have an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p265.html

The Newborn Examination: Part I. Emergencies and Common Abnormalities Involving the ...

Jan 1, 2002 - The routine newborn assessment should include an examination for size, macrocephaly or microcephaly, changes in skin color, signs of birth trauma, malformations, evidence of respiratory distress, level of arousal, posture, tone, presence of spontaneous movements, and symmetry of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p61.html

Newborn Hearing Screening: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Dec 15, 2001 - This statement summarizes the third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on newborn hearing screening and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1995 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1215/p1995.html

Initial Management of Breastfeeding - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Breast milk is widely accepted as the ideal source of nutrition for infants. In order to ensure success in breastfeeding, it is important that it be initiated as early as possible during the neonatal period. This is facilitated by skin-to-skin contact between the mother and infant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p981.html

Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2001 Issue Editorials Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding DAVID MEYERS, M.D. Georgetown University School of Medicine Washington, D.C Am Fam Physician. 2001 Sep 15;64(6):931-932. Related Article Family physicians, as...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p931.html

NIH Consensus Statement on Phenylketonuria - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2001 - The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has released a statement on the screening and management of phenylketonuria (PKU). PKU, a form of hyperphenylalaninemia, is a rare metabolic disorder that is caused by a deficiency of the liver enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1430.html

AAP Develops Guidlelines for Early Detection of Dislocated Hips - Practice Guidelines -...

Feb 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has developed guidelines for the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which includes frank dislocation, partial dislocation, instability and inadequate formation of the acetabulum.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p565.html

Bilious Vomiting in the Newborn: Rapid Diagnosis of Intestinal Obstruction - American ...

May 1, 2000 - Bilious vomiting in newborns is an urgent condition that requires the immediate involvement of a team of pediatric surgeons and neonatologists for perioperative management. However, initial detection, evaluation and treatment are often performed by nurses, family physicians and general ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2791.html

Promoting and Supporting Breast-Feeding - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - The family physician can significantly influence a mother's decision to breast-feed. Prenatal support, hospital management and subsequent pediatric and maternal visits are all-important components of breast-feeding promotion. Prenatal encouragement increases breast-feeding rates and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2093.html

Failure to Pass Meconium: Diagnosing Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction - American Family ...

Nov 1, 1999 - Timely passage of the first stool is a hallmark of the well-being of the newborn infant. Failure of a full-term newborn to pass meconium in the first 24 hours may signal intestinal obstruction. Lower intestinal obstruction may be associated with disorders such as Hirschsprung's disease,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2043.html

Issues in Newborn Screening for Phenylketonuria - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The blood sample for phenylketonuria (PKU) screening should be obtained at least 12 hours after the infant's birth. Newborn screening for PKU has largely eliminated mental retardation caused by this disease. If the first phenylalanine test demonstrates positive results, a repeat test ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1462.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Screening programs relying primarily on physical examination techniques for the early detection and treatment of congenital hip abnormalities have not been as consistently successful as expected. Since the 1980s, increased attention has been given to ultrasound imaging of the hip in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p177.html

Aseptic Meningitis in the Newborn and Young Infant - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - When a toxic newborn or young infant presents with fever and lethargy or irritability, it is important to consider the diagnosis of meningitis even if the classic localizing signs and symptoms are absent. Cerebrospinal fluid should be obtained (unless lumbar puncture is clinically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2761.html

Caring for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Congenital heart defects are classified into two broad categories: acyanotic and cyanotic lesions. The most common acyanotic lesions are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular canal, pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis and coarctation...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1857.html

The Gomco Circumcision: Common Problems and Solutions - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - Circumcision performed using the Gomco clamp is usually quick and effective, and results in very little bleeding. However, every clinician performing circumcision occasionally has concerns or questions regarding the procedure. Some of the more common concerns regarding the use of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p891.html

Office Care of the Premature Infant: Part II. Common Medical and Surgical Problems - ...

May 15, 1998 - Medical problems associated with prematurity are frequently complex, and a multidisciplinary approach is often required. Some common problems include the following: (1) anemia, which can be reduced by iron supplementation, (2) cerebral palsy or mental retardation as a result of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2383.html

Care of the Premature Infant: Part I. Monitoring Growth and Development - American ...

May 1, 1998 - When monitoring growth and development in the premature infant, physicians should make adjustments for the estimated due date. With minor exceptions, administration of immunizations is based on the chronologic age. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine should be delayed until the infant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2123.html

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