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Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed significantly in recent years. Fine-needle aspirations or core-needle biopsies can be used in the diagnostic process, thus avoiding scarring incisions. The preferred method of treatment for many women with early breast cancer is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2271.html

Cervical Cancer - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent cervical cancer? What are the effects of interventions to manage early-stage cervical cancer? What are the effects of additional interventions to manage bulky early-stage cervical cancer?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1186.html

Screening for Bladder Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Feb 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for bladder cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p397.html

Osteosarcoma: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Mar 15, 2002 - The treatment of osteosarcoma requires a multidisciplinary approach involving the family physician, orthopedic oncologist, medical oncologist, radiologist and pathologist. Osteosarcoma is a mesenchymally derived, high-grade bone sarcoma. It is the third most common malignancy in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1123.html

Update on Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - An estimated 129,400 new cases of colorectal cancer occurred in the United States during 1999. The lifetime risk of developing this cancer is 2.5 to 5 percent in the general population but two to three times higher in persons who have a first-degree relative with colon cancer or an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1759.html

Cervical Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women worldwide, after breast cancer. A preponderance of evidence supports a causal link between human papillomavirus infection and cervical neoplasia. The presence of high-risk human papillomavirus genital subtypes increases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1369.html

Interventions to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Invitation letters are the most studied method of encouraging cervical cancer screening, and they are effective (relative risk [RR] = 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 1.52).1–3 Invitation letters may be more cost-effective than more intensive recruitment efforts (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p443.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Updates Breast Cancer Screening ...

Mar 15, 2012 - Breast cancer–related death can be reduced through effective screening, which typically includes imaging, clinical examination, and self-examination or awareness. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends using all three techniques to screen for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p654.html

Diagnosis and Management of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2001 - The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased in recent years more than that of any other cancer in the United States. About one in 70 people will develop melanoma during their lifetime. Family physicians should be aware that a patient with a changing mole, an atypical mole or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1359.html

Endometrial Cancer - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1999 - Endometrial cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, accounting for approximately 6,000 deaths per year in the United States. It is more common in women who are older, white, affluent obese and of low parity. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are also predisposing factors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3069.html

Assessing Oral Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2002 - Oral cancers account for approximately 3 percent of all cases of cancer in the United States. An estimated 30,000 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer this year, and about one half of them will eventually die of the disease. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1379.html

Neurological Complications of Systemic Cancer - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Neurologic complications occur frequently in patients with cancer. After routine chemotherapy, these complications are the most common reason for hospitalization of these patients. Brain metastases are the most prevalent complication, affecting 20 to 40 percent of cancer patients and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p878.html

Guide to Mammography Reports: BI-RADS Terminology - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Mammography reports use specific terminology from the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) to describe findings and to assign a final assessment category. This editorial addresses questions that commonly arise when primary care physicians interpret mammography reports.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p114.html

Screening for Bladder Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2012 - Case study: K.J., a 62-year-old white man, presents for a preventive visit. He has not seen a physician for three years because he is generally healthy. After his 65-year-old neighbor was diagnosed with bladder cancer, K.J.'s wife convinced him to be screened.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p401.html

Screening Mammography for Reducing Breast Cancer Mortality - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Jan 15, 2012 - Screening mammography reduces breast cancer mortality in women 40 to 49 years of age who have an average risk of breast cancer.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p176.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

Colorectal Cancer: Risk Factors and Recommendations for Early Detection - American ...

Jun 1, 1999 - Spurred by mounting evidence that the detection and treatment of early-stage colorectal cancers and adenomatous polyps can reduce mortality, Medicare and some other payors recently authorized reimbursement for colorectal cancer screening in persons at average risk for this malignancy. A...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3083.html

Cancer Screening Guidelines - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Numerous medical organizations have developed cancer screening guidelines. Faced with the broad, and sometimes conflicting, range of recommendations for cancer screening, family physicians must determine the most reasonable and up-to-date method of screening. Major medical organizations...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1101.html

Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Screening - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2000 - Approximately 180,000 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed annually, accounting for about 48,000 deaths per year in the United States. The screening guidelines for the diagnosis of breast cancer are continually changing. Because of increased awareness of the signs and symptoms of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0801/p596.html

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2144.html

Effect of Mammography on Breast Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2011 - Although mammography can lead to false-positive results, emotional stress, and unnecessary biopsies, it appears to reduce deaths from breast cancer by about 15 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1225.html

Interventional Radiology in Cancer Patients - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - Procedures performed by an interventional radiology specialist are becoming increasingly important in the management of patients with cancer. Although general interventional radiology procedures such as angiography and angioplasty are used in patients with and without cancer, certain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p95.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - In the United States, prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor malignancy in men and second to lung cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths in this group. Even though prostate cancer is responsible for 40,000 deaths per year, screening programs are a matter of controversy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1531.html

Testicular Cancer - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - Although testicular cancer accounts for only 1 percent of all tumors in males, it is the most common malignancy in males between 15 and 34 years of age. Cryptorchidism is the most significant risk factor for testicular cancer, increasing the risk up to 11-fold. A painless testicular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2539.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Screening for Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an important screening procedure because of its ability to detect early changes in the distal colon. The 60-cm flexible sigmoidoscope provides excellent visualization with minimal discomfort to patients. Successful sigmoidoscopy requires adequate patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p313.html

Nasopharyngeal Cancer and the Southeast Asian Patient - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - Because of a documented increased incidence, nasopharyngeal cancer should be considered when signs or symptoms of ear, nose and throat disease are present in patients from southern China (in particular, Hong Kong and the province of Guangdong) or Southeast Asia. Environmental factors, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1776.html

Breast Cancer in Older Women - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - The American Geriatric Society currently recommends screening mammography for women up to 85 years of age whose life expectancy is three years or longer. The value of clinical breast examinations in older women needs further study. Total mastectomy and partial mastectomy with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1163.html

Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Integrating Primary Care Recognition with Tertiary Care Center ...

Aug 1, 1999 - Soft tissue sarcomas account for fewer than 1 percent of malignancies diagnosed annually in the United States. These tumors usually present as an asymptomatic mass. Any lesion larger than 5 cm in diameter should be considered suspicious. Radiographs should be obtained as the initial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p567.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

Axillary Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Need for Full Cutaneous Examination - American Family ...

Apr 15, 1998 - Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin malignancy. While this lesion most often occurs in sun-exposed areas of the skin, it can also develop in sites that are not usually exposed to sunlight or artificial ultraviolet radiation, such as the breast, palm or groin. A periodic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1860.html

Screening for Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - Many patients expect to undergo screening tests for cancer. In evaluating screening procedures, physicians must take into account the known effects of lead time, length and screening biases, all of which can result in an overestimation of the benefits of screening. The gold standard by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p513.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Aug 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for testicular cancer in adolescent or adult males.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p444.html

Screening for Testicular Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2011 - Case study: A 17-year-old male presents to your office for a college entrance physical examination. He learned about testicular cancer in health class, and asks you about screening. He has no history of cryptorchidism and no physical symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p451.html

New Tests for Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear has been used to screen women for cervical cancer since 1940. Recently, a number of new technologies have been developed to improve the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, there is substantial controversy about whether the new tests ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p780.html

Prostate Cancer Screening: More Harm Than Good? - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - The American Cancer Society and other national medical organizations emphasize the need for routine screening for prostate cancer in men over the age of 50. The serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) assay is the test most commonly recommended for the purpose of screening. However, when ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p432.html

When to Consider Radiation Therapy for Your Patient - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1999 - Radiation therapy can be an effective treatment modality for both malignant and benign disease. While radiation can be given as primary treatment, it may also be used pre- or postoperatively, with or without other forms of therapy. Radiation therapy is often curative but is sometimes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1177.html

Screening for the Early Detection and Prevention of Oral Cancer - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2011 - Screening by visual inspection of the oral cavity does not appear to reduce deaths from oral cancer in the general population, although there is some evidence that it could be effective in high-risk patients who use tobacco and alcohol.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1047.html

Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer - ...

Dec 15, 2010 - Cervarix is effective in preventing known cytologic and histologic precursors of cervical cancer, although, as with Gardasil, it has not been shown to decrease rates of cervical cancer. This protection has been shown to last for six years, but it is unclear if a booster dose is needed.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1541.html

ACS Recommendations on Prostate Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 1, 2010 - Although there have been substantive advances in the understanding of prostate cancer screening since the previous American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline update in 2001, there are still uncertainties about the overall value of early detection. Evidence that periodic prostate-specific ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1404.html

Screening for Breast Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Sep 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends biennial screening mammography for women 50 to 74 years of age.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p672.html

Sunscreen Use for Skin Cancer Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2010 - Daily sunscreen use reduces the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma but not the incidence of basal cell carcinoma.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p989.html

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Apr 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for colorectal cancer in adults using fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy, beginning at 50 years of age and continuing until 75 years of age. The risks and benefits of these screening methods...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1012.html

Mammography Screening for Breast Cancer: Recommendation of the U.S. Preventive Services...

Sep 15, 2010 - The November 2009 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation for breast cancer screening, while sparking much controversy, was not a radical departure from the previous 2002 recommendation. The USPSTF approached the recommendation update with the basic questions of what...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p602.html

Screening for Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Jun 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using a whole-body skin examination by a primary care physician or patient skin self-examination for the early detection of cutaneous ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1433.html

Screening for Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Case study: S.B., a healthy 47-year-old woman, comes to your office for a routine check-up. S.B. has fair skin and a history of frequent sun exposure and sunburns when she was in college more than 25 years ago. She has no personal or family history of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1435.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Screening for Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 15, 1999 Issue Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Screening for Colorectal Cancer This article is reprinted with corrected figures from the January 15, 1999, issue (Am Fam Physician 1999;59: 313–24). A patient information handout accompanied...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1537.html

Screening for Colorectal Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2010 - Case study: N.P., a 51-year-old man, comes to your office because one of his friends was recently diagnosed with colorectal cancer. He is wondering whether he should be screened too.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1017.html

ACG Guidelines for Colorectal Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2009 - The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) updated its recommendations on screening for colorectal cancer in 2008, and continues to support colonoscopy in average-risk patients every 10 years based on the evidence of effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and patient acceptance.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p647.html

ASCO Updates Guideline on the Use of Pharmacologic Interventions to Reduce Breast ...

Mar 15, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology's (ASCO) updated guideline addresses: (1) the use of tamoxifen, raloxifene (Evista), aromatase inhibitors, and fenretinide (not available in the United States) versus no pharmacologic intervention to reduce the risk of breast cancer; (2) the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p799.html

ASCO and AUA Release Guideline on Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention with 5-Alpha ...

Jan 1, 2010 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and American Urological Association (AUA) developed a practice guideline on the benefits and harms of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for prevention of prostate cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p76.html

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