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Infantile Colic - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Infantile colic can be distressing to parents whose infant is inconsolable during crying episodes. Colic is often defined by the 'rule of three': crying for more than three hours per day, for more than three days per week, and for longer than three weeks in an infant who is well-fed and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p735.html

ACIP Releases 2016 Childhood Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 15, 2016 - Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. New recommendations incorporated into ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p317.html

Retinoblastoma - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Retinoblastoma, a neuroblastic tumor, is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. Patients usually present with leukokoria (white reflex or white pupil), detected in primary care. The mean age at diagnosis is 12 months for bilateral tumors and 24 months for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1039.html

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia in Young Children - Putting Prevention into ...

Dec 15, 2015 - C.C., a 32-year-old white woman, presents to your office with her nine-month-old son for a routine well-child visit. She is preparing to switch him from breast milk to formula and had noted that most formulas contain iron. She wonders if her son should be screened for iron deficiency ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1103.html

Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants: ...

Jan 1, 2016 - This consensus communication focuses on new data that support introducing peanuts early in infants, and it aims to assist with decisions about introduction; it can be used for guidance while formal guidelines are being developed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p61.html

Home Visits for Pregnant Adolescents - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2016 - Nurse home visits for pregnant adolescents seem to improve resource utilization and prenatal clinic visit show rates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p25.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Tricyclic Antidepressants for the Treatment of ADHD in Children and Adolescents - ...

Sep 1, 2015 - TCAs, specifically desipramine and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are superior to placebo at reducing ADHD symptoms in the short term (two to six weeks); however, the quality of evidence is low. Increased heart rate and diastolic blood pressure may be noted with treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p352.html

Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Five Years and ...

Nov 15, 2015 - A two-year-old girl presents to your office for a routine well-child visit. She has had one ear infection in the past year but is otherwise healthy. Her mother has no specific concerns about her speech and language development. There is no family history of congenital disorders or ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p923.html

Conduct Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment In Primary Care - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2001 - Conduct disorder is a common childhood psychiatric problem that has an increased incidence in adolescence. The primary diagnostic features of conduct disorder include aggression, theft, vandalism, violations of rules and/or lying. For a diagnosis, these behaviors must occur for at least...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0415/p1579.html

Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - What are the effects of treatments for chronic suppurative otitis media in adults and children? What are the effects of treatments for cholesteatoma in adults and children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p694.html

Interventions Aimed at Increasing Childhood Vaccination Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2015 - Community discussions, community meetings, and information campaigns may increase immunization uptake in areas with only moderate vaccine use. There is no clear evidence to guide face-to-face educational interventions, and the impact of face-to-face interventions is uncertain in areas ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p775.html

Diagnosis of Stridor in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stridor is a sign of upper airway obstruction. In children, laryngomalacia is the most common cause of chronic stridor, while croup is the most common cause of acute stridor. Generally, an inspiratory stridor suggests airway obstruction above the glottis while an expiratory stridor is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2289.html

What to Do at Well-Child Visits: The AAFP’s Perspective - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2015 - Well-child visits provide the best opportunities to deliver evidence-based preventive services. Family physicians have limited time at these visits and therefore should prioritize preventive services that have strong evidence of net benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p362.html

Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or ...

Aug 15, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/od1.html

Lower Extremity Abnormalities in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - Rotational and angular problems are two types of lower extremity abnormalities common in children. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is caused by one of three types of deformity: metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and increased femoral anteversion....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p461.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/od1.html

Pharmacologic Therapy for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Children - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2015 - Among infants younger than 12 months diagnosed with GERD, weak evidence supports the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine H2 antagonists. Among children 12 months and older, studies have shown moderate benefit from PPIs and weak benefit from H2 antagonists for providing ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p351.html

Zinc Supplementation in Children Six Months to 12 Years of Age - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2015 - Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of growth failure.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p27.html

AAP Releases Guideline for the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children - ...

Mar 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published a guideline on the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children based on recommendations from the North American and European Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. It is important to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p395.html

Fluoride: The Family Physician's Role - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Fluoride is an important aspect of good oral care. With 181 million Americans not visiting the dentist annually, family physicians have an essential role in oral health care.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p174.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bacterial Sinusitis in ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Approximately 6% to 7% of children presenting with respiratory symptoms have acute sinusitis. This practice guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which updates the 2001 guideline, discusses diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children one to 18 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p676.html

Hand Washing Children's Dishes Associated with Fewer Allergies - POEMs - American ...

Aug 1, 2015 - These results add further credence to the idea that the gastrointestinal system plays a big role in the development of our immune system (i.e., the hygiene hypothesis). Washing children's bottles and eating utensils by hand instead of using an automatic dishwasher was associated with a ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p228.html

Diagnosis and Nonsurgical Treatment of DDH in Infants Up to Six Months of Age: ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p882.html

Evaluation and Management of Apparent Life-Threatening Events in Children - American ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Apparent life-threatening event syndrome predominantly affects children younger than one year. This syndrome is characterized by a frightening constellation of symptoms in which the child exhibits some combination of apnea, change in color, change in muscle tone, coughing, or gagging. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2301.html

Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical ...

Jun 15, 2015 - J.P. is a 16-year-old white female nonsmoker who presents for a sports clearance physical. She is in good overall health, excels academically, and plays water polo at school. During the patient history, she mentions that she and three friends were suspended from school for drinking ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p865.html

AAP Releases Policy Statement on Screening for Nonviral Sexually Transmitted Infections...

May 1, 2015 - This policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides recommendations on routine screening for nonviral STIs in adolescents and young adults (25 years and younger).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p652.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/od1.html

Ondansetron for Gastroenteritis in Children and Adolescents - Medicine by the Numbers -...

Apr 1, 2015 - Studies show vomiting stopped in 1 in 5 patients and diarrhea was a consistent adverse effect. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/od3.html

Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age: ...

Feb 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians prescribe oral fluoride supplementation starting at six months of age for children whose water supply is deficient in fluoride.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/od1.html

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention ...

Feb 15, 2015 - L.S. is a 14-year-old black adolescent who presents for a routine school physical examination. Her mother tells you that she and her husband have hypertension, and they worry about their daughter's blood pressure. She asks you whether L.S. should be periodically checked for high blood ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p257.html

Child Safety Seat Counseling: Three Keys to Safety - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - The number one cause of death for children younger than 14 years is vehicular injury. Child safety seats and automobile safety belts protect children in a crash if they are used correctly, but if a child does not fit in the restraint correctly, it can lead to injury. A child safety seat...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p473.html

Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care–based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug or nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. This recommendation applies to ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/od2.html

Absence Seizures in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - What are the effects of treatments for typical absence seizures in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p114.html

ACIP Releases 2015 Childhood Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2015 - The 2015 immunization schedule for children and the catch-up schedule from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have a few changes that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p265.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

AAO-HNSF Releases Guideline on Tympanostomy Tubes in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

May 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO–HNSF) has released a guideline on the indications for tube placement in children, as well as perioperative counseling.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p754.html

Evidence Does Not Show Benefit of Treating Mycoplasma Pneumonia in Children - POEMs - ...

Jan 15, 2015 - After all these years of knowing about Mycoplasma pneumoniae as a cause of lower respiratory tract infections and the effectiveness of various antibiotics against it in a Petri dish, we still do not know whether treating mycoplasma pneumonia in children is effective. This study does not...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p132.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: ...

Nov 15, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent initiation of tobacco use in school-aged children and adolescents.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1115/od1.html

Recurrent Epistaxis in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2014 - What are the effects of treatments for recurrent idiopathic epistaxis in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p105.html

AAO-HNS Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children and Adolescents - Practice Guidelines ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Although tonsillectomy is common and improves patients' quality of life, there are possible risks and practice variations in the care of patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Recent guidelines from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO–HNS) aim to provide ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p566.html

High-Potency Topical Corticosteroids Effective for Alopecia Areata in Children - POEMs ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Clobetasol propionate, 0.05%, applied in a thin layer for six weeks on, six weeks off, is a highly effective and safe treatment for alopecia areata in children; hydrocortisone, 1%, is not.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p913.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents - Putting...

Nov 15, 2014 - A 14-year-old male high school student presents for a preparticipation physical examination. He just started the 9th grade and is trying out for his school's football team. He is a nonsmoker and has never used illicit drugs. However, his parents are longtime smokers, and some of his ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1115/p723.html

Anemia in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2001 - Anemia in children is commonly encountered by the family physician. Multiple causes exist, but with a thorough history, a physical examination and limited laboratory evaluation a specific diagnosis can usually be established. The use of the mean corpuscular volume to classify the anemia...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1379.html

A Practical Guide to Infant Oral Health - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Early childhood caries is the most common chronic disease in young children and may develop as soon as teeth erupt. Bacteria, predominately mutans streptococci, metabolize simple sugars to produce acid that demineralizes teeth, resulting in cavities. Physicians should examine children's...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2113.html

Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2014 - There are no studies directly comparing the various screening tools. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is the tool most commonly used by physicians, followed by the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT). All other tools account for about 3% of usage.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p574.html

Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2003 - Failure to thrive is a condition commonly seen by primary care physicians. Prompt diagnosis and intervention are important for preventing malnutrition and developmental sequelae. Medical and social factors often contribute to failure to thrive. Either extreme of parental attention ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p879.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment: Recommendation Statement - ...

Aug 15, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment. This recommendation applies to children who do not have signs or symptoms of ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od1.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment - Putting Prevention into ...

Aug 15, 2014 - A young couple comes to your clinic with their adopted four-year-old daughter for her annual well-child visit. On physical examination, the patient appears to be well developed and well nourished, and measures in the 75th percentile for her height and weight.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/p255.html

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