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Acting on Social Determinants of Health: A Primer for Family Physicians - Editorials - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - There is growing consensus that it is important to screen for social determinants of health in primary care and generate usable, actionable data to help physicians and practices build connections to community health resources.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p695.html

Primary Care Interventions to Support Breastfeeding: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Apr 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends providing interventions during pregnancy and after birth to support breastfeeding.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/od1.html

Membrane Sweeping to Decrease Rates of Postdate Induction - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2017 - In uncomplicated pregnancies, membrane sweeping at 38 to 40 weeks' gestation safely decreases the rate of postdate inductions. Membrane sweeping increases the incidence of spontaneous labor, especially in the subsequent seven days, and results in fewer pregnancies extending beyond 41 ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p35.html

Exercise and Older Patients: Prescribing Guidelines - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - A combination of aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises, plus increased general daily activity can reduce medication dependence and health care costs while maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in older adults. However, patients often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p437.html

Primary Interventions to Support Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Apr 15, 2017 - A.R., a 26-year-old woman, presents for a routine prenatal visit at 28 weeks' gestation. Her medical history is significant for poorly controlled asthma, and her family history is significant for breast cancer diagnosed in her mother. Her physical examination is unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p517.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease - Practice ...

May 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1106.html

Vitamin E in Pregnancy - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2017 - Vitamin E supplementation in pregnant women does not show any benefit among the most patient-important outcomes.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/od1.html

Current Guidelines for Antibiotic Prophylaxis of Surgical Wounds - American Family ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Appropriately administered antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of surgical wound infection. Prophylaxis is uniformly recommended for all clean-contaminated, contaminated and dirty procedures. It is considered optional for most clean procedures, although it may be indicated for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2731.html

Preventing Sports Injury and Illness: Key Resources for Family Physicians - Editorials ...

Apr 15, 2017 - Given the limited attention paid to the role and importance of physical activity in medical schools and the limited exposure to sports medicine and musculoskeletal problems during residency, many physicians would likely benefit from additional knowledge to improve their ability to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p479.html

Preventing Unintended Adolescent Pregnancy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Among adolescents, educational interventions increase reported condom use at most recent intercourse, whereas contraceptive-promoting interventions increase use of hormonal contraception.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p422.html

Prevention of Meningococcal Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - Invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis has an average annual incidence of one case per 100,000 in the United States. The disease can be rapidly fatal or result in severe neurologic and vascular sequelae despite antibiotic therapy. Antibiotic chemoprophylaxis with rifampin, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2049.html

The Cholesterol Dilemma: Treating the Risk or Treating to LDL-C Goal? - Editorials - ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Statins will long remain the cornerstone of treatment because of their proven benefits and cost-effectiveness, especially in the four statin benefit groups. However, emerging RCT evidence shows that the degree of LDL-C lowering may be more important than the drug used to achieve it.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p66.html

The Effect of Statins on Dementia and Cognitive Decline - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Statins given in later life to patients at risk of vascular disease do not prevent dementia or cognitive decline compared with placebo. Adverse effects are similar between groups.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p151.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

NPMS Releases Consensus Statement on Venous Thromboembolism During Pregnancy - Practice...

Mar 15, 2017 - The main strategy for preventing VTE-related mortality is thromboprophylaxis, but guidance regarding its use differs across specialties and organizations. For this reason, the National Partnership for Maternal Safety (NPMS), a group made up of a variety of leaders in women's health ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p397.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: New ...

Feb 15, 2017 - In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p222.html

Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure - Medicine by the Numbers - American...

Feb 1, 2017 - The decision to start an antiepileptic drug after a first unprovoked seizure has long been a clinically challenging one.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/od1.html

Interventions for Preventing Falls Among Older Adults Living in the Community - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Structured exercise programs and home safety interventions reduce both the rate and the risk of falling among community-dwelling adults 65 years and older, whereas multifactorial assessment and intervention programs reduce the rate of falls but not the risk of falling. Vitamin D ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p152.html

Sertraline Reduces Risk of Depression in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury - POEMs - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This study found that sertraline is more effective than placebo (number needed to treat = 6) in preventing the onset of a major depressive disorder in adults following a TBI. This study included patients with mild, moderate, and severe TBI.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194.html

Stretching for Prevention of Exercise-Related Injury - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Oct 1, 2016 - Stretching before exercise does not reduce the risk of injury. However, it may slightly reduce postexercise muscle soreness.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p547.html

The Health Hazards of Air Pollution—Implications for Your Patients - Editorials - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Air pollution has many deleterious health effects. Physicians can encourage their patients to recognize the health cobenefits of actions to support the environment.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p146.html

ACIP Releases 2017 Childhood Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 15, 2017 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule annually to reflect recently published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 childhood immunization ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p260.html

ACIP Releases 2017 Adult Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2017 - Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 adult immunization schedule ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p262.html

Strategies for Addressing and Overcoming Vaccine Hesitancy - Editorials - American ...

Jul 15, 2016 - Family physicians should give strong, favorable vaccine recommendations. When faced with true hesitancy, be curious and ask respectful questions to delineate concerns. Remember that patients' ambivalence is your friend because it means that they have not closed their minds to vaccines.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p94.html

DVT and Pulmonary Embolism: Part II. Treatment and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2841.html

Valproate for Adult Migraine Prophylaxis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Evidence supports current guideline recommendations on the use of valproate medications to prevent migraine.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/od1.html

Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2095.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

In Patients with Vascular Disease, Treating Sleep Apnea Does Not Reduce the Risk of ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Compared with usual care, the use of CPAP provides a modest improvement in daytime sleepiness, but does not reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular events, even in a high-risk population.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p123.html

The CDC’s Recommendations to Help Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - Editorials...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alcohol screening and brief intervention, coupled with regular discussion of the patient's reproductive life plan and ready access to effective contraception, can help ensure a healthier next generation while respecting women's autonomy.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p6.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

Preventing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Taking specific steps to make diagnosis more reliable is something we should all consider. We will never be perfect, but we owe it to our patients and our profession to improve. A diagnostic checklist is included.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p426.html

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Preconception care - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has released a position paper providing evidence-based recommendations that address reproductive health care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p508.html

AAP Updates Recommendations for Routine Preventive Pediatric Health Care - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated recommendations for preventive pediatric health care services, including evidence-based screenings and assessments that should be addressed at well-child visits. The recommendations are organized by age: infancy, early childhood, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p324.html

CDC Releases Updated Guidelines for Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-retroviral drugs to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following sexual or injection drug use exposures (nonoccupational PEP or nPEP) is an essential intervention requiring a timely response. Updated guidelines from the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p392.html

ACIP Updates Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2016-2017 - Practice Guidelines ...

Oct 15, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its annual recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2016–2017 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p668.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation ...

Oct 1, 2016 - Studies showed that 433 patients needed to be treated with rivaroxaban to prevent one stroke and 629 patients needed to be treated with rivaroxaban to prevent one thromboembolic event. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/od1.html

Pioglitazone After Stroke or TIA Reduces Stroke and MI, but Also Has Significant Harms ...

Aug 15, 2016 - In patients with a recent stroke or TIA and evidence of insulin resistance, pioglitazone reduces the likelihood of myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 36 over five years) but increases the risk of significant weight gain (number needed to treat to harm ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p319.html

Increased Alignment in Preventive Services Recommendations for Children - Editorials - ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Increased alignment between preventive services recommendations from the two major physician specialty groups who care for children.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p272.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Fluoride Varnish for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2016 - Topically applied fluoride varnishes are safe and effective in preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. There is little information about adverse effects or treatment acceptability. Family physicians should consider incorporating fluoride varnish into childhood preventive ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p743.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

The Impact of Contraception on Lactation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Use of hormonal contraception does not appear to shorten breastfeeding duration or negatively impact infant growth, based on inconsistent evidence of moderate quality. It is unclear if hormonal contraception negatively impacts breast milk volume or composition. Overall, there was ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p356.html

CDC Updates Interim Guidance on Caring for Women with Possible Exposure to Zika Virus -...

May 15, 2016 - Based on limited evidence on the persistence of Zika virus RNA in blood and semen, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its interim guidance on caring for reproductive-aged women who may have been exposed to the virus, including those who do not live in areas...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p874.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Transitional Care Interventions to Prevent Readmissions for Patients with Heart Failure...

Mar 1, 2016 - Home visiting programs and multidisciplinary clinic interventions for adult patients with heart failure reduced all-cause readmissions and mortality over three to six months. Structured telephone support reduced heart failure–specific readmissions and mortality over three to six months....

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p401.html

Avian Influenza: Preparing for a Pandemic - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - Avian influenza A (H5N1) first emerged as a global public health threat in 1997 when it caused a major human outbreak in Hong Kong. Endemic in waterfowl and highly virulent in poultry, H5N1 is capable of incidentally infecting humans and other mammals. Although H5N1 is not yet capable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p783.html

Eating Less Meat: A Healthy and Environmentally Responsible Dietary Choice - Editorials...

Mar 15, 2016 - What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p451.html

The CDC’s STEADI Initiative: Promoting Older Adult Health and Independence Through Fall...

Aug 15, 2017 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Aug 15, 2017 Issue Editorials The CDC's STEADI Initiative: Promoting Older Adult Health and Independence Through Fall Prevention ROBIN LEE, PhD, MPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia Am Fam Physician. 2017...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p220.html

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