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Does Screening for Tuberculosis in Children Decrease Morbidity or Mortality? - FPIN's ...

Mar 15, 2004 - Routine screening of low-risk children for tuberculosis infection before entering kindergarten is not necessary.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1479.html

Does Screening Mammography Lead to Overdiagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer? - AFP ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Implementation of a universal mammographic screening program leads to an increase in the diagnosis of invasive breast cancer, because of improved detection of clinically significant cancer and overdiagnosis.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p408.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? No: Concerns Are ...

Feb 1, 2013 - When patients are randomized and cardiovascular events are carefully adjudicated, there is no compelling evidence that calcium supplementation increases the rate of major cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od2.html

Does Widespread Calcium Supplementation Pose Cardiovascular Risk? Yes: The Potential ...

Feb 1, 2013 - The bolus administration of this micronutrient should be abandoned in most circumstances, and patients should be encouraged to obtain their calcium intake from an appropriately balanced diet.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/od1.html

DOT Examinations: Practical Aspects and Regulatory Review - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - Most certification examinations of commercial drivers are simple, and relatively few drivers are disqualified. If these examinations are not done properly, however, the public can be exposed to potentially unqualified drivers. Should an accident occur, the physician who examined the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p415.html

Downsides of Detecting Atrial Fibrillation in Asymptomatic Patients - Editorials - ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Despite the lack of outcomes evidence, the rise of wearable ECG sensors will cause many individuals to seek care for misdiagnosed AF. The best intervention for patients with correct diagnoses remains unclear. Primary care physicians must use their skills in discussing uncertainty and ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p354.html

DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes...

Apr 1, 2018 - There is only limited-quality evidence that at-risk patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists are less likely to progress to diabetes (number needed to treat [NNT] = 23). Serious adverse events were more likely in patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists than in patients taking placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p437.html

Drug Therapy for Obesity - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Obesity is a common health problem in the United States, and effective treatment is challenging. Obesity is associated with an increased mortality rate and risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Numerous treatments are available for obesity. Behavioral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2131.html

e-Cigarettes More Effective Than Nicotine Replacement for Cessation of Tobacco Use in ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Among adults who smoked a median of 15 cigarettes per day, those who were randomized to receive e-cigarettes were more likely to be abstinent at one year than those who received nicotine replacement (number needed to treat [NNT] = 12).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p442.html

Eating Less Meat: A Healthy and Environmentally Responsible Dietary Choice - Editorials...

Mar 15, 2016 - What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p451.html

ECG, Echocardiography, or MPI for Cardiac Screening: Guidance from the ACP - Practice ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In the United States, one in three deaths is from cardiovascular disease; coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death. This guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) provides recommendations on cardiac screening using these modalities.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p531.html

Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine - Oct 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - No: Universal Screening Has Uncertain Benefits and a High Risk of Harms. Atherosclerosis can be demonstrated in young arteries, and its development over time correlates with the presence of risk factors for the disease, including higher lipid levels. But the presence of this association...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od1.html

Effect of Mammography on Breast Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2011 - Although mammography can lead to false-positive results, emotional stress, and unnecessary biopsies, it appears to reduce deaths from breast cancer by about 15 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1225.html

Effective Guidelines for Counseling Parents Before Discharging a Newborn - Editorials -...

Mar 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Effective Guidelines for Counseling Parents Before Discharging a Newborn VIRGINIA A. MOYER, M.D., M.P.H, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Houston, Texas Am Fam Physician. 2006 Mar...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p771.html

Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2010 - Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex vitamin therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p850.html

Effectiveness of Condoms in Reducing Heterosexual Transmission of HIV - Cochrane for ...

Oct 1, 2004 - Evidence indicates that male condoms reduce the risk of heterosexual HIV transmission by 80 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1268.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Effectiveness of PPAR Gamma Agonists in Preventing Recurrent Stroke and Other Vascular ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - PPAR gamma agonists are probably effective in preventing recurrent stroke in people with previous stroke or TIA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p271.html

Efficacy of Antioxidants in GI Cancer Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Feb 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that supplementation with beta carotene or vitamins A, C, or E prevents GI cancer. Data for selenium is inconsistent and based on poor-quality studies, and supplementation with this mineral should not be recommended routinely. Most importantly, combinations of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p465.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Feb 1, 2016 - Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p178.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Mar 15, 2016 - Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes may be more effective than placebo devices for smoking cessation. They may also aid in smoking reduction, but the quality of available evidence is low. Little is known about their safety.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p492.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Cautions and Concerns - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - E-cigarettes are gaining popularity as a novel approach to smoking cessation, but data regarding safety and effectiveness are lacking. Until there is further research into the benefits and risks of e-cigarettes, physicians should recommend more familiar alternatives to help their ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p282.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are popular devices designed to heat a liquid solution, often containing nicotine, that generates an inhaled aerosol, or vapor. e-Cigarettes have been marketed as healthier alternatives to traditional cigarettes. Thus, most adult users are current or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p227.html

Emergency Contraception: AAP Review - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that education and counseling about emergency contraception be incorporated into the annual preventive visits of adolescent patients when issues of sexuality are addressed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p168.html

Emergency Contraception: Safety and Effectiveness - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Oral mifepristone (Mifeprex), ulipristal (Ella), levonorgestrel-releasing emergency contraception (Plan B One-Step), ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel, and the copper intrauterine device (IUD; Paragard) are safe and effective for emergency contraception.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p651.html

Emtricitabine/Tenofovir (Truvada) for HIV Prophylaxis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - When used with a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, emtricitabine/tenofovir effectively prevents HIV-1 infection in high-risk patients. Adherence to daily dosing is important to maintain protection. The cost of therapy may limit access, and not all insurance companies currently ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p535.html

Estimating Cardiovascular Risk - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) depends on accurate estimation of cardiovascular risk. However, a recent systematic review identified 363 prediction models.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p580.html

Evaluating Patients for Return to Work - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The family physician is often instrumental in the process of returning a patient to the workplace after injury or illness. Initially, the physician must gain an understanding of the job's demands through detailed discussions with the patient, the patient's work supervisor or the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p844.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Hormonal and genetic factors are rarely the cause of childhood obesity; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p861.html

Evidence to Avoid Overtesting and Overuse in Diabetes Mellitus and Other Diseases - ...

Nov 15, 2020 - What can physicians do to avoid overuse? Start by asking the right questions.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p583.html

Evidence to Guide Measles Immunization Recommendations - AFP Journal Club - American ...

May 15, 2014 - Although measles vaccination is rarely associated with fever and seizures in children, the benefits of immunization outweigh the risks. Parents should be encouraged to follow recommended immunization schedule and avoid the MMR and varicella combination vaccine.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p786.html

Evidence-Based Preventive Care: A Timely Matter - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2000 Issue Editorials Evidence-Based Preventive Care: A Timely Matter DOUGLAS B. KAMEROW, M.D., M.P.H., Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 2000 Apr 1;61(7):1984-1987. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p1984.html

Exercise Alone and Various Combinations of Interventions Reduce the Risk of Injurious ...

May 1, 2018 - Exercise alone; exercise combined with vision assessment and treatment; exercise combined with vision assessment and treatment, and environmental assessment and modification; and clinic-level quality improvement strategies combined with multifactorial assessment and treatment, calcium ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p606.html

Exercise and Older Patients: Prescribing Guidelines - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - A combination of aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises, plus increased general daily activity can reduce medication dependence and health care costs while maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in older adults. However, patients often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p437.html

Exercise is an Effective Intervention in Overweight and Obese Patients - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Exercise leads to a weight loss of 1 lb, 2 oz to 16 lb, 12 oz (0.5 to 7.6 kg), compared with a 3-oz (0.1-kg) weight loss to a weight gain of 1 lb, 9 oz (0.7 kg) with no treatment. Patients participating in higher-intensity exercise lose 3 lb, 5 oz (1.5 kg) more than those participating ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1333.html

Exercise to Improve Functioning in Patients with Dementia - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Exercise programs lasting at least two months moderately increase the ability of patients with dementia to perform ADLs.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p242.html

Exercise to Reduce Falls in Older Adults - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Exercise programs should be recommended for community-dwelling adults 60 years and older because they lead to fewer falls.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p42.html

Exophytic Digital Lesion - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

May 15, 2017 - A man presented with a papule on the dorsum of the left third finger with slight scaling

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p667.html

Expanded Newborn Screening: Information and Resources for the Family Physician - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Each year, 4 to 5 million newborns receive state-mandated screening. Although the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children has identified 34 core conditions that should be incorporated into screening programs, each state manages, funds, and maintains its own ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p703.html

Expanded Newborn Screening: Information and Resources for the Family Physician - ...

Apr 1, 2008 - Family physicians treat an increasing number of children with metabolic disorders identified through newborn screening, and they are often the first line of defense in responding to an abnormal screening result. How the family physician chooses to interpret information from the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p987.html

Factors at Play in the Athletic Preparticipation Examination - Editorials - American ...

May 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2000 Issue Editorials Factors at Play in the Athletic Preparticipation Examination DOUGLAS B. MCKEAG, M.D., M.S., Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana ROBERT E. SALLIS, M.D., UCR/UCLA Biomedical Sciences...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2617.html

Family Physicians and Immunizations - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Family Physicians and Immunizations JONATHAN TEMTE, M.D., PH.D. and DOUGLAS CAMPOS-OUTCALT, M.D., M.P.A., University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 2006 Dec...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2027.html

Family Physicians and the Childhood Obesity Epidemic - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 1, 2008 Issue Editorials Family Physicians and the Childhood Obesity Epidemic WENDELIN SLUSSER, MD, MS, UCLA FIT for Health, Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA and Venice Family Clinic Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center, Los...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p34.html

Family Planning and Contraception - American Family Physician

May 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on family planning and contraception, including emergency contraception, hormonal and non-hormonal contraception, infertility, in vitro fertilization, intrauterine devices, preconception care, tubal sterilization, and vasectomy. This collection ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=71

FDA Approves Alternative Dosing Schedule for Combined Hepatitis Vaccine - Practice ...

Apr 1, 2008 - In April 2007, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an alternative schedule for the combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine Twinrix (GlaxoSmithKline).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p1026.html

Fecal Occult Blood Tests Reduce Colorectal Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Jun 1, 2007 - Fecal occult blood testing reduces colorectal cancer mortality by 16 percent. Annual testing and rehydration of samples increases testing sensitivity but also increases the number of false-positive results.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1652.html

Few Americans with Diabetes Receive Multiple Preventive-Care Services - Practice ...

Jun 15, 2006 - Preventive-care services such as annual foot and dilated eye examinations and biannual A1C tests can prevent or delay amputation and blindness from diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys to...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2244.html

Fighting the Silent Epidemic of Poor Oral Health - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Fighting the Silent Epidemic of Poor Oral Health LOIS WESSEL, R.N., M.S., C.F.N.P., Association of Clinicians for the Underserved, Tysons Corner, Virginia KYU RHEE, M.D., M.P.P., Baltimore Medical System,...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p475.html

FIT Has Similar Yield as Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer and Advanced Adenoma Over 10...

May 15, 2019 - Over a 10-year period, the rates of detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenomas using FIT are similar to those seen in studies of screening colonoscopy. This does not prove that FIT reduces morbidity and mortality due to CRC as effectively as colonoscopy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/od5.html

FIT More Acceptable with Better Detection Rate Than gFOBT for Colorectal Cancer ...

Jun 15, 2018 - FIT is more sensitive and specific than the older guaiac-based fecal occult blood tests (gFOBTs) when screening for colorectal cancer. We now know that it is also more acceptable to patients and increases uptake in a centrally administered screening program.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p818.html

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