Search Results for

*

351-400 of 656 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Current Concepts in Concussion: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Concussion is a disturbance in brain function caused by direct or indirect force to the head. It is a functional rather than structural injury that results from shear stress to brain tissue caused by rotational or angular forces—direct impact to the head is not required. Initial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p123.html

Postpartum Major Depression - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - Postpartum major depression is a disorder that is often unrecognized and must be distinguished from baby blues. Antenatal depressive symptoms, a history of major depressive disorder, or previous postpartum major depression significantly increase the risk of postpartum major depression. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p926.html

Update on ASCCP Consensus Guidelines for Abnormal Cervical Screening Tests and Cervical...

Jul 15, 2009 - New data have emerged since publication of the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology's 2001 consensus guidelines for management of abnormal cervical cytology and histology. The 2006 guidelines include recommendations for special populations (i.e., adolescents and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p147.html

Jaundice in the Adult Patient - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2004 - Jaundice in an adult patient can be caused by a wide variety of benign or life-threatening disorders. Organizing the differential diagnosis by prehepatic, intrahepatic, and posthepatic causes may help make the work-up more manageable. Prehepatic causes of jaundice include hemolysis and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p299.html

Infant Formula - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2009 - Although the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend breast milk for optimal infant nutrition, many parents still choose formula as an acceptable alternative. The wide variety of available formulas is confusing to parents and physicians, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p565.html

Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction describes the narrowing of the airway that occurs with exercise. More than 10 percent of the general population and up to 90 percent of persons previously diagnosed with asthma have exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Common symptoms include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p427.html

Summary of the NIAID-Sponsored Food Allergy Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Patients with suspected food allergies are commonly seen in clinical practice. Although up to 15 percent of parents believe their children have food allergies, these allergies have been confirmed in only 1 to 3 percent of all Americans. Family physicians must be able to separate true ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p43.html

Management of Spontaneous Abortion - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Spontaneous abortion, which is the loss of a pregnancy without outside intervention before 20 weeks' gestation, affects up to 20 percent of recognized pregnancies. Spontaneous abortion can be subdivided into threatened abortion, inevitable abortion, incomplete abortion, missed abortion,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1243.html

Anemia in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2010 - Anemia in older persons is commonly overlooked despite mounting evidence that low hemoglobin levels are a significant marker of physiologic decline. Using the World Health Organization definition of anemia (hemoglobin level less than 13 g per dL [130 g per L] in men and less than 12 g ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p480.html

Diagnosis and Initial Management of Acute HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Recognition and diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the primary care setting presents an opportunity for patient education and health promotion. Symptoms of acute HIV infection are nonspecific (e.g., fever, malaise, myalgias, rash), making misdiagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1239.html

Human Papillomavirus: Clinical Manifestations and Prevention - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Human papillomaviruses cause the most common sexually trans- mitted infection in the world and are responsible for nearly all cases of cervical cancer. Genital human papillomavirus infection can be divided into low-risk infections (causing genital warts) and high-risk infections ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1209.html

Chronic Low Back Pain: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2009 - Chronic low back pain is a common problem in primary care. A history and physical examination should place patients into one of several categories: (1) nonspecific low back pain; (2) back pain associated with radiculopathy or spinal stenosis; (3) back pain referred from a nonspinal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1067.html

Diagnosis and Management of Preeclampsia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multisystem disorder of unknown etiology. The disorder affects approximately 5 to 7 percent of pregnancies and is a significant cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Preeclampsia is defined by the new onset of elevated blood pressure ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2317.html

Approach to the Adult Patient with Fever of Unknown Origin - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in adults is defined as a temperature higher than 38.3 degrees C (100.9 degrees F) that lasts for more than three weeks with no obvious source despite appropriate investigation. The four categories of potential etiology of FUO are classic, nosocomial, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2223.html

Medications for Migraine Prophylaxis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - Sufficient evidence and consensus exist to recommend propranolol, timolol, amitriptyline, divalproex, sodium valproate, and topiramate as first-line agents for migraine prevention. There is fair evidence of effectiveness with gabapentin and naproxen sodium. Botulinum toxin also has ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p72.html

Perioperative Cardiac Risk Reduction - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2012 - Cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive stress testing is rarely helpful in assessing risk, and for most patients there is no evidence that coronary revascularization provides more protection against perioperative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p239.html

Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - The proper treatment of hyperthyroidism depends on recognition of the signs and symptoms of the disease and determination of the etiology. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. Other common causes include thyroiditis, toxic multinodular goiter, toxic adenomas, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p623.html

Amenorrhea: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - A thorough history and physical examination as well as laboratory testing can help narrow the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea. In patients with primary amenorrhea, the presence or absence of sexual development should direct the evaluation. Constitutional delay of growth and puberty...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1374.html

Treatment Options for Insomnia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - The frequency of sleep disruption and the degree to which insomnia significantly affects daytime function determine the need for evaluation and treatment. Physicians may initiate treatment of insomnia at an initial visit; for patients with a clear acute stressor such as grief, no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p517.html

Acute Pancreatitis: Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Mild acute pancreatitis has a low mortality rate, but patients with severe acute pancreatitis are more likely to develop complications and have a much higher death rate. Although serum amylase and lipase levels remain the most widely used diagnostic assays for acute pancreatitis, other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1513.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common condition associated with metabolic syndrome. It is the most common cause of elevated liver enzymes in U.S. adults, and is diagnosed after ruling out other causes of steatosis (fatty infiltration of liver), particularly infectious hepatitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1961.html

A Practical Approach to Neonatal Jaundice - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Kernicterus and neurologic sequelae caused by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia are preventable conditions. A structured and practical approach to the identification and care of infants with jaundice can facilitate prevention, thus decreasing rates of morbidity and mortality. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1255.html

A Practical Approach to Hypercalcemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2003 - Hypercalcemia is a disorder commonly encountered by primary care physicians. The diagnosis often is made incidentally in asymptomatic patients. Clinical manifestations affect the neuromuscular, gastrointestinal, renal, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. The most common causes of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1959.html

Evaluation of Scrotal Masses - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - Scrotal masses can represent a wide range of medical issues, from benign congenital conditions to life-threatening malignancies and acute surgical emergencies. Having a clear understanding of scrotal anatomy allows the examiner to accurately identify most lesions. Benign lesions such as...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1165.html

Slowing Global Warming: Benefits for Patients and the Planet - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - Global warming will cause significant harm to the health of persons and their communities by compromising food and water supplies; increasing risks of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases and heat stress; changing social determinants of health resulting from extreme weather ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p271.html

Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2003 - Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, commonly known as 'morning sickness,' affects approximately 80 percent of pregnant women. Although several theories have been proposed, the exact cause remains unclear. Recent research has implicated Helicobacter pylori as one possible cause. Nausea and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p121.html

Update on the Evaluation and Management of Functional Dyspepsia - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2011 - Dyspepsia affects up to 40 percent of adults each year and is often diagnosed as functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia. The defining symptoms are postprandial fullness, early satiation, or epigastric pain or burning in the absence of causative structural disease. These symptoms may coexist ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p547.html

Secondary Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. In patients who have had a myocardial infarction or revascularization procedure, secondary prevention of coronary artery disease by comprehensive risk factor modification reduces mortality, decreases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p289.html

Treatment Options for Localized Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - In the United States, more than 90 percent of prostate cancers are detected by serum prostate-specific antigen testing. Most patients are found to have localized prostate cancer, and most of these patients undergo surgery or radiotherapy. However, many patients have low-risk cancer and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p413.html

Umbilical Cord Blood: A Guide for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplants are used to treat a variety of oncologic, genetic, hematologic, and immunodeficiency disorders. Physicians have an important role in educating, counseling, and offering umbilical cord blood donation and storage options to patients. Parents may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p661.html

Update on Subclinical Hyperthyroidism - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2011 - Subclinical hyperthyroidism is defined by low or undetectable serum thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, with normal free thyroxine and total or free triiodothyronine levels. It can be caused by increased endogenous production of thyroid hormone (as in Graves disease or toxic nodular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p933.html

Specialized Nutrition Support - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Specialized nutrition support should be offered to patients who are malnourished or at risk of becoming malnour- ished when it would benefit patient outcomes or quality of life. Improving the nutritional value of ingested food and tailoring intake to the patient’s preferences, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p173.html

Acute Stroke Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Stroke can be categorized as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of ischemic stroke diagnosis. The most common presenting symptoms for ischemic stroke are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p33.html

Heat-Related Illness - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2011 - Heat-related illness is a set of preventable conditions ranging from mild forms (e.g., heat exhaustion, heat cramps) to potentially fatal heat stroke. Hot and humid conditions challenge cardiovascular compensatory mechanisms. Once core temperature reaches 104°F (40°C), cellular damage ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1325.html

Managing Hypertension Using Combination Therapy - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Combination therapy of hypertension with separate agents or a fixed-dose combination pill offers the potential to lower blood pressure more quickly, obtain target blood pressure, and decrease adverse effects. Antihypertensive agents from different classes may offset adverse reactions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1279.html

Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain affects the functionality, mood, and sleep patterns of approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients with diabetes mellitus. Treatment goals include restoring function and improving pain control. Patients can realistically expect a 30 to 50 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p151.html

Celiac Disease - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - As many as one in every 100 to 200 persons in the United States has celiac disease, a condition resulting from an inappropriate immune response to the dietary protein gluten. The manifestations of celiac disease range from no symptoms to overt malabsorption with involvement of multiple ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1795.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Enuresis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - Enuresis is defined as repeated, spontaneous voiding of urine during sleep in a child five years or older. It affects 5 to 7 million children in the United States. Primary nocturnal enuresis is caused by a disparity between bladder capacity and nocturnal urine production and failure of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p489.html

Hyperbilirubinemia in the Term Newborn - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common problems encountered in term newborns. Historically, management guidelines were derived from studies on bilirubin toxicity in infants with hemolytic disease. More recent recommendations support the use of less intensive therapy in healthy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p599.html

Venous Thromboembolism During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - Venous thromboembolism is the leading cause of maternal death in the United States. Pregnancy is a risk factor for deep venous thrombosis, and risk is further increased with a personal or family history of thrombosis or thrombophilia. Screening for thrombophilia is not recommended for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1709.html

Trigeminal Neuralgia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Trigeminal neuralgia is an uncommon disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. Typically, brief attacks are triggered by talking, chewing, teeth brushing, shaving, a light touch, or even a cool breeze. The pain is nearly always ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1291.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Bladder Cancer - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2009 - Bladder cancer is the sixth most prevalent malignancy in the United States. The most common type of bladder cancer is urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma, and cystoscopy remains the mainstay of diagnosis and surveillance. Fluorescence cystoscopy offers improvement in the detection ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p717.html

Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Ectopic pregnancy is a high-risk condition that occurs in 1.9 percent of reported pregnancies. The condition is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the first trimester. If a woman of reproductive age presents with abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, syncope, or hypotension, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1707.html

ACC/AHA Guideline Update for the Management of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial ...

Jun 15, 2009 - The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association, in collaboration with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, have issued an update of the 2004 guideline for the management of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The American Academy of Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1080.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis Against Human Immunodeficiency Virus - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Family physicians often encounter situations in which postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with antiretroviral medications against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may be indicated. When the exposure source's HIV status is unknown and testing of the source is possible, use of a rapid HIV ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p161.html

Lymphadenopathy: Differential Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1998 - Although the finding of lymphadenopathy sometimes raises fears about serious illness, it is, in patients seen in primary care settings, usually a result of benign infectious causes. Most patients can be diagnosed on the basis of a careful history and physical examination. Localized ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1313.html

Geriatric Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - In elderly patients, failure to thrive describes a state of decline that is multifactorial and may be caused by chronic concurrent diseases and functional impairments. Manifestations of this condition include weight loss, decreased appetite, poor nutrition, and inactivity. Four ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p343.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Constipation in Infants and Children - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2006 - Constipation in children usually is functional and the result of stool retention. However, family physicians must be alert for red flags that may indicate the presence of an uncommon but serious organic cause of constipation, such as Hirschsprung's disease (congenital aganglionic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p469.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family...

Sep 1, 2006 - Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with the majority of preventable cases attributed to excessive alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often is an indolent disease; most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p756.html

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Aug 15, 2010 - Pulmonary arterial hypertension is defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure greater than 25 mm Hg at rest or 30 mm Hg during physical activity. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is classified into subgroups, including idiopathic, heritable, and pulmonary arterial hypertension ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p370.html

25 50 100 results per page