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Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2009 Issue Editorials Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus JONATHAN L. TEMTE, MD, PhD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p938.html

Becaplermin (Regranex) for Diabetic Foot Ulcers - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Although patients treated with becaplermin are more likely to experience complete and faster ulcer healing than patients continuing good wound care alone, the increased risk of cancer mortality and significant cost outweigh the possible benefits in most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p255.html

Bedtime Instead of Morning Ingestion of Hypertension Medication Equals a Significantly ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - This study found a significant reduction in mortality and morbidity among patients who took their once-daily anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime instead of in the morning. No significant difference occurred in compliance rates between bedtime and morning ingestion times. Individual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434a.html

Beers Criteria for Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Patients: An Update from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - The 2019 American Geriatrics Society update of the Beers Criteria uses the five criteria outlined in 2015; these include medications that should typically be avoided in most older patients, medications that should be avoided in older patients with certain conditions, medications that ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p56.html

Behavior Disorders of Dementia: Recognition and Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - Psychosis may pose a greater challenge than cognitive decline for patients with dementia and their caregivers. The nature and frequency of psychotic symptoms varies over the course of illness, but in most patients, these symptoms occur more often in the later stages of disease. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p647.html

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, ...

May 15, 2016 - A 40-year-old woman presents for a routine antepartum visit. She is 20 weeks pregnant and smokes half a pack of cigarettes per day despite efforts to quit. She has no other concerns, and her physical examination findings are normal. The patient asks if your clinic offers services to ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p861.html

Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, ...

May 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)–approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/od1.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Behavioral Interventions Reduce Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Requiring clinicians to justify antibiotic prescribing in the permanent electronic health record and to undergo periodic peer comparisons of prescribing rates are effective interventions for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections. Helpful ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1037.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - A.C., a 32-year-old woman, presents for her annual wellness visit. She recently had blood work completed that showed normal glucose and lipid levels. Her blood pressure is 124/76 mm Hg, weight is 221.8 lb (100.6 kg), height is 5 feet 6 inches (172 cm), and body mass index (BMI) is 34 kg...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p515.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer or refer adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/od1.html

Bell Palsy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - What are the effects of drug, surgical and physical treatments for Bell palsy in adults and children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p947.html

Bempedoic Acid (Nexletol) for the Treatment of Hyperlipidemia and Familial ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - Bempedoic acid is labeled as add-on therapy to diet and maximally tolerated statin for the treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p377.html

Benefits and Risks of Psychiatric Medications During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Traditionally, psychiatric medications were withheld during pregnancy because of fear of teratogenic and other effects. The emergence of evidence of the safety of most commonly used psychiatric medications, the availability of this information in the form of online databases, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p629.html

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatment?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1325.html

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms - Clinical Evidence ...

Aug 15, 2012 - What are the effects of medical, herbal, and surgical treatments in men with BPH?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p359.html

Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Should benzodiazepeines continue to be prescribed during the initiation phase of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for acute relief of panic attacks? Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/od1.html

Best Alternatives to Statins for Treating Hyperlipidemia - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Most alternatives to statin therapy reduce cholesterol levels but do not consistently demonstrate a reduction in cardiac-related and all-cause mortality in patients with or without coronary heart disease (CHD). Fibrates and niacin decrease the risk of major coronary events; however, no ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1027.html

Beta Blocker Therapy for Chronic Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Recent studies have shown that beta blocker therapy improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in patients who have chronic heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, the majority of whom are under the management of primary care physicians. Appropriate patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2267.html

Beta Blockers and Congestive Heart Failure - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2000 Issue Editorials Beta Blockers and Congestive Heart Failure ASSAD MOVAHED, M.D., East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina Am Fam Physician. 2000 Dec 1;62(11):2402-2404. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2402.html

Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior when compared with other medications.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od1.html

Beta Blockers for Suspected or Diagnosed Acute Myocardial Infarction - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Compared with placebo, beta-blocker use in patients with acute MI reduces short-term (less than three months) risk of MI and long-term (more than three months) risk of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p666.html

Beta-Blocker Use in Patients with COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2006 - In 20 studies of cardioselective beta blockers in patients with COPD, participants had no adverse pulmonary or respiratory effects. Because of their salutary cardiovascular effects, cardioselective beta blockers should not be withheld from patients with COPD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1858.html

Beta-Lactam Not as Effective as Beta-Lactam Plus Macrolide for Treating CAP in the ...

May 15, 2015 - In this noninferiority trial, monotherapy with a beta-lactam was not as effective as combination therapy with a beta-lactam and a macrolide for achieving clinical stability in seven days for hospitalized patients with moderately severe CAP.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p720.html

Beta2 Agonists for Acute Cough or a Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2017 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether beta2 agonists can improve symptoms for children with acute cough or bronchitis with wheeze. Beta2 agonists are not likely to benefit and may cause adverse effects in adults who do not have evidence of airflow restriction (number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p551.html

Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma BARBARA YAWN, M.D., M.SC., Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jul 15;74(2):232. The alert by the U.S. Food and Drug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p232.html

Beyond Analgesia in Palliative Care and End-of-Life Interventions - Editorials - ...

Jul 1, 2014 - Family physicians need a basic skill set that includes facilitating discussions on advance planning and goals, identifying and treating depression and anxiety, and managing pain and symptoms at the end of life.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p20.html

Bipolar Disorder - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2004 - What are the effects of treatments in mania and bipolar depression? What are the effects of interventions to prevent relapse?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1715.html

Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in Patients with Osteoporosis - ...

Jun 15, 2012 - In 2007, more than 5.4 million patients in the United States were taking oral bisphosphonates. However, bisphosphonates are under scrutiny because of the risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1134.html

Bisphosphonates: Safety and Efficacy in the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis - ...

May 1, 2000 - Osteoporosis affects more than 28 million Americans. With the advent of accessible and affordable diagnostic studies, awareness and recognition of this disease by patients and clinicians are growing. Osteoporotic fractures of the spine and hip are costly and associated with significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2731.html

Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide ...

Jul 1, 2018 - This Expert Consensus Decision Pathway from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) aims to provide physicians with decision-making assistance for managing bleeding events in patients taking anticoagulants.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p57.html

Blood Pressure Goal of 140 to 150 mm Hg Is Best for Patients with Diabetes - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Although most recent practice guidelines have relaxed the blood pressure goals for patients with diabetes, there are still a few holdouts that suggest aggressive treatment. This analysis shows that the ideal range for hypertension control in patients with diabetes is between 140 and 150...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59a.html

Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p276.html

Blood Pressure Treatment Targets for Uncomplicated Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Apr 1, 2010 - To date, there is no evidence to support treating patients with uncomplicated hypertension to blood pressure goals lower than the standard blood pressure target of less than or equal to 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. In randomized controlled trials, patients treated to lower blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p848.html

Blood Product Transfusion in Adults: Indications, Adverse Reactions, and Modifications ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Millions of units of blood products are transfused annually to patients in the United States. Red blood cells are transfused to improve oxygen-carrying capacity in patients with or at high risk of developing symptomatic anemia. Restrictive transfusion thresholds with lower hemoglobin ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p30.html

BMI Monitoring in the Management of Obesity in Toddlers - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Nov 1, 2006 Issue Editorials BMI Monitoring in the Management of Obesity in Toddlers QING HE, PH.D.,New York Obesity Research Center, St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Pediatrics, Columbia...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1483.html

Bone Density Testing to Monitor Osteoporosis Therapy in Clinical Practice - Editorials:...

Oct 1, 2010 - The bottom line in caring for patients with osteoporosis is that monitoring for treatment effect is appropriate and desirable. A statistically significant BMD loss may lead to further evaluation and possibly a change in treatment. The strategy of monitoring therapy with BMD testing is ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p749.html

Botulinum Toxin Injection for Facial Wrinkles - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Botulinum toxin injection for treatment of facial wrinkles is the most frequently performed cosmetic procedure in the United States, and it is one of the most common entry procedures for clinicians seeking to incorporate aesthetic treatments into their practice. Treatment of frown lines...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p168.html

Braces and Splints for Common Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - Braces and splints can immobilize and protect joints, reduce pain, decrease swelling, and facilitate healing of acute injuries. They are also used for injury prevention and chronic pain reduction, and to alter the function of a joint. The medial unloading (valgus) knee brace is an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p570.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction that can be mild with minimal confusion, or overt and severe with coma. Learn more about branched-chain amino acids for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/od1.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Breast Cancer Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, and the second most common cause of death from cancer in women in the United States. Risk assessment tools can identify the risk of breast cancer, and patients at high risk may be candidates for risk-reducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p171.html

Breast Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - What are the effects of treatments for breast pain?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p872.html

Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed significantly in recent years. Fine-needle aspirations or core-needle biopsies can be used in the diagnostic process, thus avoiding scarring incisions. The preferred method of treatment for many women with early breast cancer is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2271.html

Bridging Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Associated with More ...

Sep 1, 2015 - This study provides more evidence that bridging in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation does not improve outcomes, and is actually associated with a higher risk of bleeding complications and cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p398.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Brief Interventions for Weight Management in Kids Are Not Effective - POEMs - American ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Calculating the BMI of children and adolescents in primary care practices and counseling those who are overweight is ineffective to reduce BMI in children over several years of follow-up.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194a.html

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474a.html

Bromocriptine Mesylate (Cycloset) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American ...

May 15, 2013 - Cycloset will lower A1C levels by 0.3 to 0.5 percent when taken alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, without undesirable adverse effects such as hypoglycemia and weight gain. It will not cause further improvement of glucose control when used with insulin, metformin, or other ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p718.html

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