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AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD ...

May 15, 2009 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p905.html

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection and Reflux - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Urinary tract infections in children are sometimes associated with vesicoureteral reflux, which can lead to renal scarring if it remains unrecognized. Since the risk of renal scarring is greatest in infants, any child who presents with a urinary tract infection prior to toilet training ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1472.html

A Practical Approach to Uncomplicated Seizures in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Uncomplicated seizures and epilepsy are common in infants and children. Family physicians should be aware of certain epilepsy syndromes that occur in children, such as febrile seizures, benign focal epilepsy of childhood, complex partial epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and video ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1109.html

Dietary Therapy for Children with Hypercholesterolemia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Accumulating evidence clearly shows that atherosclerosis begins in youth. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has recommended that children at high risk of developing coronary artery disease as adults be screened so that those with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p675.html

Sickle Cell Disease in Childhood: Part II. Diagnosis and Treatment of Major ...

Sep 15, 2000 - Treatment advances over the past 25 years have significantly decreased morbidity and mortality in children with sickle cell disease. Aggressive management of fever, early diagnosis of acute chest syndrome, judicious use of transfusions and proper treatment of pain can improve quality of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1309.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part II. Cough, Pharyngitis and ...

Oct 15, 1998 - This article summarizes the principles of judicious antimicrobial therapy for three of the five conditions--cough, pharyngitis, the common cold--that account for most of the outpatient use of these drugs in the United States. The principles governing the other two conditions, otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1335.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Evaluation of the Acutely Limping Child - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - A limp may be defined as any asymmetric deviation from a normal gait pattern. The differential diagnosis of a limp includes trauma, infection, neoplasia and inflammatory, congenital, neuromuscular or developmental disorders. Initially, a broad differential diagnosis should be considered...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1011.html

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis occurs during the adolescent growth spurt and is most frequent in obese children. Up to 40 percent of cases are bilateral. Recent classification methods emphasize epiphyseal stability rather than symptom duration. Most cases of slipped capital femoral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2135.html

Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acellular vaccines are as effective as whole-cell vaccines at preventing pertussis and mild pertussis disease (e.g., cold symptoms, cough without classic whoop or cough paroxysms) in children. Adverse effects are similar to those from placebo and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.html

Should All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? Yes: Merging Science, ...

Aug 15, 2011 - Screening offers the potential for early treatment, which can lessen the effect of a condition. This is true for ASDs and related disorders in which randomized controlled trials have demonstrated improvements in young children with ASDs with regard to parent-child social communication, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p361.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

SIDS: Counseling Parents to Reduce the Risk - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - Although the cause or causes of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remain unknown, the incidence of SIDS is on the decline in the United States and other countries. This decline has been accomplished largely through public education campaigns informing parents about several important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1566.html

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Streptococcus pneumoniae causes approximately 3,300 cases of meningitis, 100,000 to 135,000 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization and 6 million cases of otitis media annually in the United States. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, approved in 2000 for use in the United States, was ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1991.html

Probiotics for Persistent Diarrhea in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2011 - Limited data suggest that probiotic use decreases duration and frequency of loose stools, and reduces length of hospital stay in children with persistent diarrhea. One high-quality study showed Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG to be effective. Probiotics are generally well tolerated.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p25.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

Should All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? No: Screening Is Not ...

Aug 15, 2011 - Whether or not early detection of ASDs through screening is beneficial is best answered by an unbiased, comprehensive systematic review, before screening recommendations are proposed. Several guideline panels in other countries have conducted such a review using robust assessment ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p377.html

Office Care of the Premature Infant: Part II. Common Medical and Surgical Problems - ...

May 15, 1998 - Medical problems associated with prematurity are frequently complex, and a multidisciplinary approach is often required. Some common problems include the following: (1) anemia, which can be reduced by iron supplementation, (2) cerebral palsy or mental retardation as a result of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2383.html

Sudden Death in Young Athletes: Screening for the Needle in a Haystack - American ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Nontraumatic sudden death in young athletes is always disturbing, as apparently invincible athletes, become, without warning, victims of silent heart disease. Despite public perception to the contrary, sudden death in young athletes is exceedingly rare. It most commonly occurs in male ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2763.html

School Problems and the Family Physician - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - Children with school problems pose a challenge for the family physician. A multidisciplinary team of professionals can most appropriately assess and manage complex learning problems, which are often the cause of poor school performance. The family physician's primary role in this ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2816.html

Primary Care of International Adoptees - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - International adoptees are presenting to family physicians with increasing frequency. U.S. citizens have adopted over 100,000 international children since 1979. Prospective parents may seek advice from their physician during the adoptive process. If available at all, medical information...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2025.html

The Child With ADHD: Using the AAP Clinical Practice Guideline - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline that provides recommendations for the assessment and diagnosis of school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This guideline, the first of two guidelines to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1803.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part I. Otitis Media and Acute ...

Oct 1, 1998 - Five conditions--otitis media, acute sinusitis, cough, pharyngitis and the common cold--account for most of the outpatient use of antibiotics in the United States. The first part of this two-part article presents guidelines that encourage physicians to make an appropriate distinction ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1113.html

The AAP Practice Parameter on Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants and Young ...

Oct 15, 2000 - The Committee on Quality Improvement of the American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children, two months to two years of age. The practice...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1815.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Jul 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends vision screening for all children at least once between the ages of three and five years to detect the presence of amblyopia or its risk factors.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p221.html

Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age - Putting Prevention into ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Case study: A three-year-old girl presents for routine childhood immunizations and a routine evaluation. She does not have a history of vision screening and has no abnormal vision symptoms.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p227.html

AAP Reports on Use of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently reviewed the medical uses of probiotics and prebiotics to help guide physicians in counseling parents about the use of these products as dietary supplements added to foods for children, including infant formula.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p849.html

AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia - Practice Guidelines...

Mar 1, 2011 - Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p624.html

AAP Revises Policy Statement on the Use of Postnatal Corticosteroids for ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major morbidity in very preterm infants that negatively affects neurodevelopmental outcomes and is resistant to therapeutic interventions. A 2002 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement determined that the routine use of dexamethasone ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1501.html

ICSI Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition marked by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) has released guideline on diagnosis and management of ADHD in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p762.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Children: The Younger, the Better - Editorials: ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Despite the absence of data in children demonstrating morbidity and mortality reduction by aggressive treatment of lipid disorders, the overwhelming data in adults (e.g., decreasing LDL cholesterol, improved morbidity and mortality) and evidence of atherosclerotic lesions developing in ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p460.html

Self-Injurious Behavior in an Adolescent - Curbside Consultation - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2011 - The behavior of this patient is nonsuicidal self-injury, defined as the intended destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent. Nonsuicidal self-injury is a common biopsychosocial disorder observed in adolescents.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p609.html

The Changing Prevalence of the Autism Spectrum Disorders - Editorials - American Family...

Mar 1, 2011 - We know that the number of persons receiving services for autism spectrum disorders has increased substantially since the early 1990s, but are there really more children today with the cluster of behaviors that make up the autism spectrum disorders than there were in the past?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p515.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Case study: A seven-year-old boy presents with his mother for a routine well-child visit. He does not report any problems, his medical history is unremarkable, and he has no family history of heart disease or diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p737.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen children six years and older for obesity, and offer them or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvement in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p739.html

Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - FPIN's Clinical ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p747.html

Improving the Delivery of Preventive Services to Children - Editorials - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - How should a busy family physician approach well-child visits and the delivery of preventive services to children? Although there is a lack of robust patient-oriented evidence that addresses this question, several interventions improve the delivery of preventive services to children.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p659.html

Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 1999 Issue Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes BRIAN L. MAHAFFEY, M.D., University of Missouri–Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri PATRICK A. SMITH, M.D., Columbia, Missouri Am Fam Physician. 1999 May...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2773.html

Short Course of Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2011 - Antibiotic courses between two and seven days in duration are associated with a slightly higher risk of treatment failure than longer courses (number needed to treat = 33), but also a somewhat lower risk of adverse gastrointestinal effects (number needed to harm = 29). Ceftriaxone ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p37.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatment for acute UTI in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of UTI in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1252.html

AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with...

Nov 15, 2010 - The most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1285.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2010 - Pneumonia remains a common source of morbidity and mortality in children. A key question in the diagnostic evaluation of children with acute respiratory illness is whether chest radiography should be performed to rule in or rule out the diagnosis of pneumonia. Radiologically, pneumonia ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p192.html

AAP Recommendations on Vaccination Against Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection - ...

Oct 15, 2010 - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p996.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p542.html

Screening for Hyperlipidemia in Children: Primum Non Nocere - Editorials: Controversies...

Sep 1, 2010 - Only 40 to 55 percent of children with elevated cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels will continue to have elevated lipids on follow-up. A recent evidence review supporting the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force statement on lipid screening in children reached the following ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p468.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Rotavirus Vaccination - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Feb 15, 2010 - A live, oral human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine (RV5; Rotateq) was approved in 2006, followed by a live, oral human attenuated rotavirus vaccine (RV1; Rotarix) in 2008. Since the licensure of RV1, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated its guidelines on the routine...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p552.html

Screening and Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents: ...

Jul 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening adolescents (12 to 18 years of age) for major depressive disorder (MDD) when systems are in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, psychotherapy (i.e., cognitive behavioral or interpersonal), and follow-up.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p178.html

Screening and Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents - ...

Jul 15, 2010 - Case study: A woman brings her two children, a 14-year-old boy and a nine-year-old girl, to your office for a routine checkup. She tells you that her husband has major depression, and she wants to know whether her children should be checked for early signs of depression.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p185.html

Aspirin Use in Children for Fever or Viral Syndromes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Dec 15, 2009 - Aspirin should not be used to treat acute febrile viral illness in children.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1472.html

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