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Stroke: Strategies for Primary Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. Primary prevention of stroke includes lifestyle modifications and measures to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation. Lowering blood pressure in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2379.html

Psychosocial and Psychological Interventions for Preventing Postpartum Depression - ...

Jun 1, 2014 - A range of prevention strategies can reduce the risk of postpartum depression, but more study is needed to determine which interventions are most effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p871.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults - Putting ...

Jun 1, 2014 - A 55-year-old woman presents to your office for a refill of her blood pressure medication. She is otherwise healthy and does not take other medications. She states that her older sister has been taking vitamin D and calcium supplements for several years to keep her bones strong, and ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p897.html

Evidence to Guide Measles Immunization Recommendations - AFP Journal Club - American ...

May 15, 2014 - Although measles vaccination is rarely associated with fever and seizures in children, the benefits of immunization outweigh the risks. Parents should be encouraged to follow recommended immunization schedule and avoid the MMR and varicella combination vaccine.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p786.html

The Maternal Health Benefits of Breastfeeding - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 1, 2015 Issue Editorials The Maternal Health Benefits of Breastfeeding ELEANOR B. SCHWARZ, MD, MS, University of California–Davis, Sacramento, California MELISSA NOTHNAGLE, MD, MSC, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island Am...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p602.html

Pharmacologic Prevention of Osteoporotic Fractures - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and a deterioration in the microarchitecture of bone that increases its susceptibility to fracture. The World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as a bone mineral density that is 2.5 standard deviations or more below the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1293.html

Preventing Recurrent Nephrolithiasis in Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health ...

Mar 15, 2014 - What are the potential benefits and adverse effects associated with dietary and pharmacologic interventions to prevent recurrence of kidney stones in adults 18 years and older?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p461.html

Are Cranberry Products Effective for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections? - ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Cranberry products are not effective and should not be recommended for the prevention of UTIs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p745.html

Optimal Use of IUDs: Why Aren't We There Yet? - Editorials - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2014 - IUDs are safe and effective. Physicians with an understanding of IUD procedures and of their benefits and risks are more likely to appropriately counsel their patients.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p434.html

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Does Not Reduce Postpartum Urinary Incontinence - POEMs - ...

Mar 1, 2014 - This intervention, which included primiparous women with and without urinary incontinence at six weeks post-partum, demonstrated that intensive supervised pelvic floor muscle training did not reduce the prevalence of urinary incontinence at six months. These results are noteworthy ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p390.html

ACP Recommendations for VTE Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Most hospitalized patients have at least one risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1204.html

Nut Consumption Associated with Reduced Mortality - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - In a study of health professionals, nut consumption was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. This was primarily because of a reduction in heart disease associated with any nut consumption and a reduction in cancer associated with tree nut consumption.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Adult Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2014 - The 2014 immunization schedule for adults from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has a few changes that are particularly relevant to family physicians. The schedule is available at http://www.aafp.org/patient-care/immunizations/schedules.html.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p302.html

Smallpox Vaccine: Contraindications, Administration, and Adverse Reactions - American ...

Sep 1, 2003 - Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the anthrax exposures in the following weeks, concern that smallpox could be used as a biologic weapon has increased. Public health departments and the U.S. military have begun the process of vaccinating soldiers and civilian ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p889.html

What's New in Childhood Vaccines - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Recommending and providing childhood vaccines is a vital part of a family physician's role in delivering health care to our youth. This editorial reviews several changes in childhood vaccines in the past two years.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p153.html

Influenza Vaccine Reduces Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients -...

Feb 1, 2014 - This meta-analysis found that the influenza vaccine is associated with a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in adults with coronary disease. The benefit of influenza vaccination is strongest in adults with a history of recent acute coronary syndrome within ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p224a.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - There are a few changes to the 2014 immunization schedule for children and adolescents, as well as the catch-up schedule, from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p229.html

Emtricitabine/Tenofovir (Truvada) for HIV Prophylaxis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - When used with a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, emtricitabine/tenofovir effectively prevents HIV-1 infection in high-risk patients. Adherence to daily dosing is important to maintain protection. The cost of therapy may limit access, and not all insurance companies currently ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p535.html

Travel Immunizations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - Advising travelers on vaccine-preventable illnesses is increasingly becoming the responsibility of primary care physicians. The approach to vaccine recommendations should be based on a thorough assessment of the risks for travel-related diseases, the time available before trip ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p89.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Prevention and Treatment of Overweight in Children and Adolescents - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2004 - Overweight in childhood and adolescence is an important public health issue because of its rapidly increasing prevalence and associated adverse medical and social consequences. Recent studies have estimated that 15 percent of children in the United States are at risk for overweight, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2591.html

Does Delaying Complementary Foods Protect Children Against Allergic and Atopic ...

Dec 15, 2013 - Breastfeeding duration, rather than exclusivity, may be the most important factor in prevention of atopic diseases. Earlier introduction of foods commonly associated with allergies may help prevent allergic and atopic diseases, but these data are inconclusive.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p818.html

New Contraceptive Options - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Almost one half of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Primary reasons for the high rate of unplanned pregnancy include dissatisfaction with or underuse of effective contraceptive methods and poor compliance with contraceptive methods that require daily adherence. Several ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p853.html

Aspirin Is as Safe and Effective as LMWH for Extended Thromboprophylaxis After Total ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p739.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p993.html

Low-Dose Penicillin Prevents Recurrent Cellulitis - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - For patients with at least two previous episodes of cellulitis in the previous three years, low-dose penicillin can prevent recurrence (number needed to treat = 6).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608a.html

Kidney Stones: Prevention Options - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - Increased fluid intake or decreased soft drink intake may prevent further kidney stones in patients with a single episode of a calcium stone, but other dietary interventions are not effective. Thiazides and citrates with increased fluid intake decrease recurrence in patients with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p609a.html

n-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - There is no evidence that n-3 fatty acids prevent cardiovascular events or death in older adults who have cardiovascular disease (or who are at risk of it but have not had a myocardial infarction).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/od2.html

Prevention of Herpes Zoster in Older Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Nov 1, 2013 - The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing shingles in older adults. Vaccination benefit was greater in persons 60 to 69 years of age than in those 70 years and older. Local injection site reactions were common.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p578.html

Breast Cancer Prevented in Some Women with Drug Treatment - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2013 - In some postmenopausal women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, tamoxifen and, to a lesser extent, raloxifene (Evista) will prevent the development of breast cancer. For every 1,000 women who receive the prophylaxis, there will be seven to nine fewer cases of diagnosed breast...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

Emergency Postcoital Contraception - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Emergency postcoital contraception, a method used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, is a highly effective but underutilized birth control option. Two hormone regimens, ethinyl estradiol (100 microg) with levonorgestrel (0.5 mg) or high-dose levonorgestrel (0.75 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2287.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

Preventive Strategies in Chronic Liver Disease: Part I. Alcohol, Vaccines, Toxic ...

Nov 1, 2001 - Chronic liver disease is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Hepatitis C virus infection is the most frequent cause of chronic liver disease and the most common indication for liver transplantation. Preventive care can significantly reduce the progression of liver ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1101/p1555.html

AAN/AHS Update Recommendations for Migraine Prevention in Adults - Practice Guidelines ...

Apr 15, 2013 - Studies suggest that more than one-third of persons with migraine need preventive therapy; however, only 3 to 13 percent use it. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American Headache Society (AHS) recently reviewed studies published since 2000 to determine which therapies reduce...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p584.html

Is Natural Family Planning a Highly Effective Method of Birth Control? Yes: Natural ...

Nov 15, 2012 - Yes: Natural Family Planning Is Highly Effective and Fulfilling. Natural family planning (NFP) is an effective and fulfilling method of avoiding pregnancy that has developed significantly over the past 80 years.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/od1.html

Dietary Therapy for Preventing and Treating Coronary Artery Disease - American Family ...

Mar 15, 1998 - Nearly one half of Americans die of cardiovascular disease. The morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease is strongly related to abnormal lipid levels, oxidation of lipids and intra-arterial clot formation. Nutrition powerfully influences each of these factors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1299.html

Update on Oral Contraceptive Pills - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1999 - Oral contraceptive pills are widely used and are generally safe and effective for many women. The World Health Organization has developed a risk classification system to help physicians advise patients about the safety of oral contraceptive pills. The choice of pill formulation is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2073.html

Antiretroviral Preexposure Prophylaxis for Preventing HIV Infection in High-Risk ...

Aug 1, 2013 - For some groups of patients at greater risk of HIV infection (e.g., serodiscordant partners, men who have sex with men and engage in high-risk behaviors, persons with multiple concurrent sex partners, persons who exchange sex for money), preexposure prophylaxis decreased the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p172.html

AHA Releases Updated Guidelines on the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released updated guidelines on the prevention of infective endocarditis. Many studies have questioned the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing dental or gastrointestinal (GI) or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p538.html

Primary Prevention of Child Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - In 1993, the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect declared a child protection emergency. Between 1985 and 1993, there was a 50 percent increase in reported cases of child abuse. Three million cases of child abuse are reported in the United States each year. Treatment of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1577.html

Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Why They Occur and How to Prevent Them - American...

May 15, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) usually occur as a consequence of colonization of the periurethral area by a virulent organism that subsequently gains access to the bladder. During the first few months of life, uncircumcised male infants are at increased risk for UTIs, but thereafter ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2440.html

Updated Recommendations on Daily Aspirin Use in Patients with Diabetes - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2010 - To address the uncertainties about aspirin use in persons with diabetes, experts from the American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, and American College of Cardiology Foundation reviewed the current evidence and updated the 2007 recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1559.html

Immunizations in Pregnancy - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2013 - Family physicians, even if not providing prenatal care, can play a critical role in maintaining current vaccinations in pregnant women. Learn which vaccinations to consider and which to avoid.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p828.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Case Study: G.H., a 35-year-old woman, presents for a routine preventive visit. She has no chronic illnesses or significant family history of disease. She does not smoke, but admits she does not exercise regularly or eat a very healthy diet. She drinks a moderate amount of alcohol.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p869.html

Is Rivaroxaban Noninferior to Standard Warfarin Therapy in Preventing Recurrent PE and ...

Jun 15, 2013 - A trial showing that one drug is noninferior to another does not mean that these drugs are equivalent. The noninferiority margin allows researchers to choose their own benchmark for what is considered a clinically significant difference between two drugs.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p872.html

Contraceptive Education for Women After Childbirth - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jun 1, 2013 - Postpartum education may increase contraceptive use and reduce unplanned repeat pregnancies, although the evidence is mixed. The optimal timing and content of educational programs are not known.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p761.html

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