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Vaccine Adverse Events: Separating Myth from Reality - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - Vaccines are one of the most successful medical advances in modern times. Most vaccine-preventable illnesses are unfamiliar to modern parents. Because of this, parents are increasingly questioning the necessity of immunizing their children, especially because no vaccine is completely ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p786.html

Immunizations (excluding Influenza) - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=63

Sexual Health History: Techniques and Tips - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Family physicians should use a proactive, integrated, patient-centered approach to sexual health that includes, but is not limited to, disease identification and treatment. Successfully delivering positive, affirming, nonjudgmental sexual health care requires intentionally creating safe...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p286.html

Primary Care for Persons Who Inject Drugs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - More than 750,000 persons in the United States inject opioids, methamphetamine, cocaine, or ketamine, and that number is increasing because of the current opioid epidemic. Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are at higher risk of infectious and noninfectious skin, pulmonary, cardiac, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p109.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler’s anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler’s diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p620.html

Antiobiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Surgical Site Infections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2011 - Surgical site infections are the most common nosocomial infections in surgical patients, accounting for approximately 500,000 infections annually. Surgical site infections also account for nearly 4 million excess hospital days annually, and nearly $2 billion in increased health care ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p585.html

Preventive Health Care for Men Who Have Sex with Men - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise at least 4% of males in the United States. MSM may describe themselves as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. Because current medical practice does not always facilitate discussion of sexual behaviors, this group of men may face barriers to receiving...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p844.html

Update on Routine Childhood and Adolescent Immunizations - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2015 - Recommendations for routine vaccinations in children and adolescents have changed multiple times in recent years, based on findings in clinical trials, licensure of new vaccines, and evidence of waning immunity. Despite the overwhelming success of vaccinations, vaccine delay and refusal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p460.html

Prevention of Malaria in Travelers - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - There are approximately 300 million cases of malaria each year, resulting in 1 million deaths worldwide. Family physicians often encounter patients preparing to travel to malaria-endemic regions. Physicians should have basic knowledge of parasite transmission and malaria prevention. The...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p973.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis for Common Infectious Diseases - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is effective in preventing illness after potential or documented exposure to a variety of microbial pathogens and in reducing the risk of secondary spread of infection. Guidelines have been published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p25.html

Prevention of Health Care-Associated Infections - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2014 - Health care–associated infections cause approximately 75,000 deaths annually, in addition to increasing morbidity and costs. Over the past decade, a downward trend in health care–associated infections has occurred nationwide. Basic prevention measures include administrative support, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0915/p377.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Herpes zoster (shingles) is diagnosed clinically by recognition of the distinctive, painful vesicular rash appearing in a unilateral, dermatomal distribution. An estimated 1 million cases occur in the United States each year, and increasing age is the primary risk factor. Laboratory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1432.html

Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease: Updated CDC Guideline - American...

Jul 1, 2012 - Group B streptococcus is the leading cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in the United States. Universal screening is recommended for pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks’ gestation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently updated its guideline for the prevention of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p59.html

Update on Immunizations in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2011 - Vaccine-preventable diseases contribute significantly to the morbidity and mortality of U.S. adults. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updates its recommended adult immunization schedule annually. The most recent updates ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p1015.html

Immunizations in Pregnancy: Updated Recommendations - Editorials - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2020 - Important new data on the immunology of immunization in pregnancy provide greater support for and information on the provision and timing of these immunizations.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p205.html

Shared Decision-Making for Administering PCV13 in Older Adults - Editorials - American ...

Feb 1, 2020 - In June 2019, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices approved a change from its age-based 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine recommendations to a shared clinical decision-making process.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p134.html

Influenza Vaccination: Updated Recommendations from ACIP - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2019 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2019–2020 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p505.html

ACIP Approves 2020 Adult and Childhood/Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2020 - The 2020 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p251.html

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Recommendation Statement -...

Nov 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons who are at high risk of HIV acquisition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/od1.html

Closing Primary and Prenatal Care Gaps to Prevent Congenital Syphilis - Editorials - ...

Jul 15, 2020 - Family physicians can prevent congenital syphilis by following national screening guidelines; taking accurate, detailed sexual histories; providing evidence-based interventions to people who use injection drugs; and advocating to reduce structural barriers to care.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p78.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis Against Human Immunodeficiency Virus - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Family physicians often encounter situations in which postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with antiretroviral medications against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may be indicated. When the exposure source's HIV status is unknown and testing of the source is possible, use of a rapid HIV ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p161.html

HIV Status, Preexposure Prophylaxis, Sexual Health, and the Critical Role of Family ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Family physicians play a key role in expanding HIV testing and treatment, as well as providing sexual health services in areas where specialty sexual health services are not readily available.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p262.html

Screening for HIV Infection and Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2019 - J.S., a 29-year-old transgender woman, presents for her first maintenance visit with a new family physician. It has been three years since her previous visit with a primary care physician. She has no chronic illnesses, stopped using tobacco products four years ago, and reports that she ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p637.html

Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Healthy Children, Healthy Adults, and Older Adults...

Aug 1, 2019 - Influenza vaccination reduces rates of laboratory-confirmed influenza and symptomatic influenza-like illness in healthy children, healthy adults, and older adults. There is no consistent evidence that influenza vaccination reduces school absenteeism in children, parental absenteeism ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p143.html

Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Recommendation Statement - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p236.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for UTIs in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Daily antibiotic prophylaxis should not be used in patients with acute and nonacute spinal cord injuries.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p186.html

HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions - Medicine by ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/od1.html

Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (Shingrix) for the Prevention of Shingles - STEPS - American...

Oct 15, 2018 - Recombinant zoster vaccine is a relatively new shingles vaccine that has been shown to have greater effectiveness and protection than the existing live vaccine. Local and systemic adverse effects may occur after administration, but have been shown to resolve within one to three days.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p539.html

Vaccine Adverse Events: Separating Myth from Reality - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - Vaccines have turned many childhood diseases into distant memories in industrialized countries. However, questions have been raised about the safety of some vaccines because of rare but serious adverse effects that have been attributed to them. Pain, swelling, and redness at the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2113.html

Maternal Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Women should receive the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy regardless of previous immunization history. Infants whose mothers received prenatal immunization had 50% fewer cases of pertussis compared with those whose mothers received postpartum immunization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p454.html

Increased Water Intake Decreases UTI Recurrence in Women - POEMs - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Drinking an additional 1.5 liters per day of water halved the recurrence of UTI in women with a history of at least three episodes per year.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od3.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - The increase in travel and travel medicine knowledge over the past 30 years makes pretravel counseling an essential part of comprehensive family medicine. Effective counseling begins with assessment of individual and itinerary-based risks, using a growing body of evidence-based ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p583.html

Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2020 Issue Medicine by the Numbers A Collaboration of TheNNT.com and AFP Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children ELIZABETH A. SUNIEGA, MAJ, MC, USA; and D. JASON FRASCA, CPT, MC, USA Am Fam Physician. 2020 Mar...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/od2.html

Prophylactic Vaccination Against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent Cervical Cancer and ...

Jan 1, 2019 - HPV vaccination in women 15 to 26 years of age prevents the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and CIN 3 in women regardless of previous HPV exposure (number needed to treat [NNT] = 39). No serious adverse effects are associated with administration of the HPV ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p15.html

ACIP Approves 2019 Adult and Childhood/Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2019 - The 2019 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p264.html

Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2018-2019: Updates from ACIP - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2018 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2018–2019 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p541.html

Pneumococcal Vaccines in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by the ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Pneumococcal vaccines had no significant effect on mortality from cardiorespiratory disease when compared with control and had no significant effect on all-cause mortality. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p463.html

Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination and Screening: Best Practices from the ACP and CDC - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - The American College of Physicians and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention highlights the consensus among these recommendations, with recent evidence, to develop a best practice advice statement for vaccination, screening, care, and treatment of patients at risk of or who ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p121.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Traditionally, cranberry has been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections. Research suggests that its mechanism of action is preventing bacterial adherence to host cell surface membranes. Systematic reviews have concluded that no reliable evidence supports the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2175.html

ACIP Releases 2018 Adult Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2018 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule annually, incorporating any previously published updates or corrections from the previous year.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p279.html

Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2017-2018: Updates from ACIP - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2017 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations on influenza vaccination for the 2017–2018 season. In this update, ACIP announces the currently available vaccine products, reviews license and labeling ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p545.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease - Practice ...

May 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1106.html

Tenofovir for Prevention of HIV Infection - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2017 - The benefits are greater than the harm in using tenofovir for HIV prevention, but cost-effectiveness and personal preferences are critical.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/od1.html

Current Guidelines for Antibiotic Prophylaxis of Surgical Wounds - American Family ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Appropriately administered antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of surgical wound infection. Prophylaxis is uniformly recommended for all clean-contaminated, contaminated and dirty procedures. It is considered optional for most clean procedures, although it may be indicated for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2731.html

Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2095.html

Prevention of Meningococcal Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - Invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis has an average annual incidence of one case per 100,000 in the United States. The disease can be rapidly fatal or result in severe neurologic and vascular sequelae despite antibiotic therapy. Antibiotic chemoprophylaxis with rifampin, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2049.html

ACIP Releases 2017 Childhood Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 15, 2017 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the childhood immunization schedule annually to reflect recently published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 childhood immunization ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p260.html

ACIP Releases 2017 Adult Immunization Recommendations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2017 - Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviews and updates the adult immunization schedule to incorporate any published updates or corrections from the previous year. The 2017 adult immunization schedule ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p262.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

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