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Obesity - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, childhood obesity, diet, exercise, lifestyle counseling, and weight loss maintenance. This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=19

Update on Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Obesity is a common condition that is associated with numerous medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus. Primary care physicians have an important role in helping patients develop a successful weight loss plan to improve their overall ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p361.html

Interventions for Reducing Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Individual dietary interventions alone fail to change body mass index or the standardized BMI z-score across all age groups. The impact of regular physical activity or combined dietary and physical activity interventions is modest at best.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p394.html

Weight Loss Maintenance - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Successful long-term weight loss maintenance can be achieved by various means. A combination of dietary and physical activity interventions, along with one or more behavioral approaches, has proven successful in some persons, as documented by the National Weight Control Registry, but is...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p630.html

Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Roughly two thirds of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, pulmonary disease, hepatobiliary disease, cancer, and a number of psychosocial complications. Physicians often feel unprepared ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1449.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer or refer adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/od1.html

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality...

Apr 15, 2019 - A.C., a 32-year-old woman, presents for her annual wellness visit. She recently had blood work completed that showed normal glucose and lipid levels. Her blood pressure is 124/76 mm Hg, weight is 221.8 lb (100.6 kg), height is 5 feet 6 inches (172 cm), and body mass index (BMI) is 34 kg...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p515.html

Lorcaserin Is Safe, But Only Modestly Effective for Weight Loss - POEMs - American ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Lorcaserin, 10 mg twice daily, helps some patients lose 10% or more of their body weight (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10) and appears to be safe in terms of cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od4.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older, and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/od4.html

Interventions for Treatment of Overweight and Obese Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Aug 1, 2018 - Interventions that include combinations of diet, physical activity, and behavior changes may reduce weight, body mass index (BMI), and BMI z-score (equivalent to BMI-for-age percentile) in overweight and obese children six to 11 years of age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p151.html

Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations - American Family...

Jul 1, 2008 - Childhood obesity is an increasingly serious problem; 13.9 percent of children two to five years of age, 18.8 percent of children six to 11 years of age, and 17.4 percent of adolescents 12 to 19 years of age in America are obese. Practical strategies that primary care physicians can use...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p56.html

Hormonal Contraceptives in Women Who Are Overweight or Obese - FPIN's Help Desk Answers...

Jun 1, 2017 - Hormonal contraceptives (oral contraceptive pills, implants, patches, and rings) are highly effective in women of all weights.There is no consistently demonstrated increased risk of pregnancy in overweight women using any specific hormonal method of contraception.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p732.html

Phentermine/Topiramate (Qsymia) for Chronic Weight Management - STEPS - American Family...

Oct 15, 2014 - Phentermine/topiramate has been shown to be a good option for sustained weight loss in patients who are unable to lose weight with diet and exercise alone. It should not be given to patients with a history of significant heart disease, and women of childbearing age should use ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p576.html

Wearable Devices for Weight Loss - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2018 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Dec 1, 2018 Issue FPIN's Help Desk Answers Wearable Devices for Weight Loss This is a corrected version of the article that appeared in print. KEVIN STEPHENS JR., MD, MBA, and ELISE MORRIS, MD, Georgetown University–Providence...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p670.html

Liraglutide (Saxenda) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Liraglutide, combined with lifestyle counseling, produces a clinically significant and sustained weight loss that continues as long as it is used. Nausea and vomiting, however, are common adverse effects, and about one in 10 patients will discontinue treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p161.html

Combination of Resistance and Aerobic Exercise Best for Older Persons with Obesity - ...

Sep 1, 2017 - In older patients with obesity embarking on a program to improve their health, weight loss accompanied by resistance training and aerobic training resulted in the biggest gains in functional status and physical performance.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p331.html

Bariatric Surgery Improves Quality of Life and Results in More Weight Loss Than ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Bariatric surgery using Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy was more effective than intensive medical therapy at improving quality of life and helping patients lose weight and reduce the need for medications. Anemia was more common with sleeve gastrectomy, and approximately ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p805.html

Brief Interventions for Weight Management in Kids Are Not Effective - POEMs - American ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Calculating the BMI of children and adolescents in primary care practices and counseling those who are overweight is ineffective to reduce BMI in children over several years of follow-up.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194a.html

Mediterranean Diet Produces Moderate Weight Loss - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - In addition to improving cardiovascular outlook, a Mediterranean diet produced greater sustained weight loss than a low-fat diet and similar weight loss to other diets in patients who were overweight or obese, most of whom had type 2 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59.html

Food Consumption by Children and Adults - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 1, 2017 Issue FPIN's Help Desk Answers Food Consumption by Children and Adults KIMBERLY L. COLLINS, MD, University of Washington Family Medicine Residency, Seattle, Washington GREG SANDERS, MD, Sea Mar Family Medicine Residency,...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/od2.html

Lorcaserin (Belviq) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Lorcaserin, combined with diet and exercise, can be used to produce additional weight loss, although the effect on morbidity and mortality is not known. It should be discontinued in patients who do not lose at least 5% of their body weight in the first 12 weeks because they are unlikely...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p863.html

Low-Carbohydrate Diet Better Than Low-Fat Diet to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors ...

Feb 15, 2015 - More than 40 years ago, Dr. Robert Atkins wrote his first book advocating for a low-carbohydrate diet to cause and sustain weight loss. This study (of mostly women) found that a low-carbohydrate diet—though not as severe a diet as the Atkins approach—caused an average 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p262.html

Common Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Over-the-counter dietary supplements to treat obesity appeal to many patients who desire a 'magic bullet' for weight loss. Asking overweight patients about their use of weight-loss supplements and understanding the evidence for the efficacy, safety, and quality of these supplements are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1731.html

Long-Term Results of Drug Treatment for Obesity - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - This review of commonly used weight-loss medications, including orlistat (Xenical), lorcaserin (Belviq), phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia), bupropion (Wellbutrin), metformin (Glucophage), and zonisamide (Zonegran), reported an average weight loss for participants of 2.5 to 8.0 kg (5.5 to ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389a.html

Prevention and Treatment of Overweight in Children and Adolescents - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2004 - Overweight in childhood and adolescence is an important public health issue because of its rapidly increasing prevalence and associated adverse medical and social consequences. Recent studies have estimated that 15 percent of children in the United States are at risk for overweight, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2591.html

Counseling for Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Patients - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2003 - Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. More than 60 percent of U.S. adults are now overweight or obese (defined as at least 30 lb [13.6 kg] overweight), predisposing more than 97 million Americans to a host of chronic diseases and conditions. Physical activity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1249.html

Screening for and Management of Obesity in Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Nov 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening all adults for obesity. Clinicians should offer or refer patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg per m2 or higher to intensive, multicomponent behavioral interventions.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/od3.html

Screening for and Management of Obesity in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Nov 15, 2012 - Case study: A 40-year-old woman presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. She has no significant medical history. She recently participated in a health fair at work and underwent free lipid and glucose screening; both levels were within normal limits.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p947.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Obesity: Assessment and Management in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition in which excess body fat may put a person at health risk. National data indicate that the prevalence of obesity in the United States is increasing in children and adults. Reversing these trends requires changes in individual behavior and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2185.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Hormonal and genetic factors are rarely the cause of childhood obesity; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p861.html

Drug Therapy for Obesity - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Obesity is a common health problem in the United States, and effective treatment is challenging. Obesity is associated with an increased mortality rate and risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Numerous treatments are available for obesity. Behavioral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2131.html

Medical Care for Obese Patients: Advice for Health Care Professionals - American Family...

Jan 1, 2002 - More than 60 percent of adults in the United States are overweight or obese, and obese persons are more likely to be ill than those who are not. Obesity presents challenges to physicians and patients and also has a negative impact on health status. Some patients who are obese may delay ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p81.html

Medical Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - Obesity is one of the most common medical problems in the United States and a risk factor for illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, degenerative arthritis and myocardial infarction. It is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and generates great social and financial costs. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p419.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Case study: A seven-year-old boy presents with his mother for a routine well-child visit. He does not report any problems, his medical history is unremarkable, and he has no family history of heart disease or diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p737.html

Successful Management of the Obese Patient - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Obesity is a chronic disease that affects a substantial number of Americans. Obesity significantly increases a person's risk of cardiovascular diseases and morbidity. Modification of lifestyle behaviors that contribute to obesity (e.g., inappropriate diet and inactivity) is the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3615.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen children six years and older for obesity, and offer them or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvement in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p739.html

Let's Treat Obesity Seriously - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 15, 2010 Issue Editorials Let's Treat Obesity Seriously GEORGE A. BRAY, MD, MACP, MACE, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Am Fam Physician. 2010 Jun 15;81(12):1406-1408. Related Article Patients who...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1406.html

Low Glycemic Diets for Obesity Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Compared with high glycemic index diets or conventional energy-restricted weight loss diets, low glycemic index diets better reduce body mass index (BMI) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The weighted mean difference showed that patients lost an additional 1 to 2 BMI units ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1534.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

CDC Releases Report on Prevalence of Adult Obesity - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jun 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that the prevalence of obesity in adults increased significantly from 1995 to 2005 in all states, based on data from the 1995, 2000, and 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1885.html

Exercise is an Effective Intervention in Overweight and Obese Patients - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Exercise leads to a weight loss of 1 lb, 2 oz to 16 lb, 12 oz (0.5 to 7.6 kg), compared with a 3-oz (0.1-kg) weight loss to a weight gain of 1 lb, 9 oz (0.7 kg) with no treatment. Patients participating in higher-intensity exercise lose 3 lb, 5 oz (1.5 kg) more than those participating ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1333.html

Family Physicians and the Childhood Obesity Epidemic - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 1, 2008 Issue Editorials Family Physicians and the Childhood Obesity Epidemic WENDELIN SLUSSER, MD, MS, UCLA FIT for Health, Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA and Venice Family Clinic Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center, Los...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p34.html

Are Obese Physicians Effective at Providing Healthy Lifestyle Counseling? - Curbside ...

Mar 1, 2007 - More than 40 percent of American adults are classified as obese by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and obesity is associated with many comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, type 2 diabetes, asthma, depression, orthopedic problems, sleep apnea).2 Physicians are not immune to...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p738.html

AAP Examines Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Lifestyle Changes - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement, Active Healthy Living: Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Increased Physical Activity, addresses how physicians can encourage physical activity in children and adolescents who are currently or are at risk of becoming ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1434.html

Screening for Overweight in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention into Practice...

May 15, 2006 - Case study: EH is a five-year-old boy seeing you for a routine well-child examination. His mother is concerned about his weight. He weighs 55 lb (25 kg), and his height is 42.5 in (108 cm). His body mass index (BMI) is 21.4 kg per m2, which places him in the 95th percentile for his age.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1795.html

Practice Guidelines - Apr 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released recommendations for screening for Tay-Sachs disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1471a.html

Practice Guidelines - Apr 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released an opinion statement on issues specific to pregnancy in obese women. Women who are obese are at increased risk of complications of pregnancy such as gestational hypertension and diabetes, preeclampsia, fetal ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1471.html

Screening and Interventions for Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation ...

Jan 1, 2006 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening and interventions for overweight in children and adolescents and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p115.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Task Force on Community Preventive Services reviewed school- and worksite-based strategies for the short-term prevention and control of overweight and obesity.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p167a.html

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