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AAP Releases Guideline for the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children - ...

Mar 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published a guideline on the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children based on recommendations from the North American and European Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. It is important to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p395.html

ACG Releases Recommendations on the Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Practice ...

Jun 15, 2009 - Irritable bowl syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder characterized by abdominal discomfort and altered bowel function. The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) performed a series of systematic reviews, and developed evidence-based recommendations for the management of IBS.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1108.html

ACG Releases Updated Practice Guidelines for Ulcerative Colitis in Adults - Practice ...

Feb 1, 2005 - Updated practice guidelines for the treatment of ulcerative colitis in adults have been issued by the American College of Gastroenterology's (ACG's) Practice Parameters Committee.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p604.html

Adefovir (Hepsera) for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Adefovir offers an effective first-line alternative for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. It also may prove to be useful in patients who have failed therapy with lamivudine as well as in patients who have difficulty tolerating interferon alfa-2b. How it compares with other agents or...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2429.html

AGA Releases Position Statement on Gastrointestinal Medication Use During Pregnancy - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement on gastrointestinal medication use in pregnant women. Drug treatment of gastrointestinal disease in pregnant women can be difficult, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration classifications are not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p755.html

AGA Releases Updated Recommendations on Dyspepsia - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement to reflect new evidence on the evaluation of dyspepsia. The AGA defines dyspepsia as chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p185.html

AGA Reviews the Use of Corticosteroids Immunomodulators, and Infliximab in IBD - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association Institute (AGA) has issued a clinical position statement on corticosteroids, immunomodulators, and infliximab (Remicade) use in managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p410.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Severe Acute Pancreatitis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - No, antibiotic prophylaxis does not decrease mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, defined as pancreatitis associated with pancreatic necrosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p49.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding -...

May 1, 2017 - Antibiotics should be used for prophylaxis in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Prophylaxis reduces all-cause mortality by 21%, as well as bacterial infections and rebleeding.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p582.html

Antidepressants and Psychological Therapies Are Effective for IBS - POEMs - American ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Antidepressants and psychological therapies are effective in treating the symptoms of IBS. This study, an update of a similar systematic review and meta-analysis completed five years ago, found the same level of effectiveness for both treatment approaches as the previous analysis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p134.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part I. Treatment of Hepatitis, ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2003 Issue Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part I. Treatment of Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes Infections RICHARD COLGAN, M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland ROBERT...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p757.html

Appetite Suppressants as Adjuncts for Weight Loss - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - Phentermine and diethylpropion are appetite suppressants approved for use in the United States as adjuncts in the treatment of obesity. These agents demonstrate a modest weight loss benefit when combined with dietary modifications and exercise.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/od1.html

Aspirin Plus a High-Dose PPI Prevents Death and Progression in Patients with Barrett ...

Mar 15, 2019 - In this study, patients with Barrett esophagus were less likely to die or develop esophageal cancer or high-grade dysplasia if they took high-dose esomeprazole (Nexium) alone or in combination with aspirin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od5.html

Bariatric Surgery: Too Many Unanswered Questions - Editorials - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Bariatric Surgery: Too Many Unanswered Questions ARTHUR FRANK, M.D., George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Apr 15;73(8):1335-1336. Related Article One of the obvious...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1335.html

Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2020 Issue Medicine by the Numbers A Collaboration of TheNNT.com and AFP Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy AHMED HAMED, MD; AMIRA HAMED, MD; and KARISSA LAMBERT, MD Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/od1.html

Cannabinoids Somewhat Helpful for Nausea, Maybe Helpful for Spasticity, Probably Not ...

Oct 15, 2018 - This umbrella review found a modest benefit of cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain; a greater benefit for the treatment of spasticity and nausea and vomiting; and substantial harms. The studies were extremely heterogeneous in terms of the comparators, dose, duration, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/od3.html

Caring for Pregnant Women and Newborns with Hepatitis B or C - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1225.html

Chewing Gum for Postoperative Recovery of Gastrointestinal Function - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2015 - Having patients chew gum reduces the time to first flatus and time to first bowel movement, as well as the length of hospitalization by about half a day.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p974.html

Chewing Gum for Reducing Post-Cesarean Section Ileus - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Although the current body of literature suggests a need for higher-quality, more robust research, the simplicity, frugality, and safety of chewing gum makes it a viable option to offer women undergoing cesarean section.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od2.html

Childhood Constipation - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - What are the effects of treatments for childhood constipation?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1041.html

Choosing One PPI Treatment Over Another - AFP Journal Club - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2007 - Is one PPI better than another? All PPIs are equally effective in equipotent dosages, and choice should be based on price.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1273.html

Chronic Anal Fissures - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2016 - What are the effects of surgical treatments for chronic anal fissure?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p498.html

Chronic Pancreatitis - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2008 - What are the effects of lifestyle and drug interventions and dietary supplements in persons with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of nerve blocks for pain relief in persons with chronic pancreatitis? What are the effects of different invasive treatments for specific ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p661.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - Based on three good studies of 462 patients, discontinuing epidural analgesia in the second stage of labor does not significantly change rates of instrumented delivery or other delivery outcomes, but it increases rates of inadequate pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - For empiric treatment of GERD or endoscopy-negative reflux disease, a short trial of a proton pump inhibitor increases the chance of remission. Histamine H2-receptor antagonists are less expensive and work well in many patients, particularly those with less severe symptoms or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Combined evidence from two clinical trials of calcium supplementation lasting for several years revealed a reduced rate of recurrent colorectal adenoma. However, evidence is insufficient to recommend supplementation with dietary calcium for patients who have never had an adenoma.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2109.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Colonic Diverticular Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated diverticular disease and what treatments prevent complications? What are the effects of treatments for acute diverticulitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1163.html

Colonoscopy Surveillance After Polypectomy and Colorectal Cancer Resection - American ...

Apr 1, 2008 - This article describes a joint update of guidelines by the American Cancer Society and the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer delineating evidence-based surveillance recommendations for patients after polypectomy and colorectal cancer resection. Although there are some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p995.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Surveillance - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women. The incidence and mortality rate of the disease have been declining over the past two decades because of early detection and treatment. Screening in persons at average risk should begin at 50 years of age; the U.S. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p93.html

Common Questions About the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - American ...

May 15, 2015 - Common questions that arise regarding treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include which medications are most effective, when surgery may be indicated, which patients should be screened for Barrett esophagus and Helicobacter pylori infection, and which adverse effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p692.html

Complications of Adjustable Gastric Banding Surgery for Obesity - American Family ...

May 15, 2014 - Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding procedures have a favorable risk-benefit profile and are increasingly important as part of the overall management of obesity. These procedures are effective at inducing weight loss and improving comorbid conditions, including diabetes mellitus, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p813.html

Constipation in Adults - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2011 - What are the effects of nondrug interventions, fiber supplements, and paraffin in adults with idiopathic chronic constipation? What are the effects of stimulant and osmotic laxatives? What are the effects of prostaglandin derivatives and 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor agonists in ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p904.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Management of Gastrointestinal Complications - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2016 - Gastrointestinal disorders are common complications of diabetes mellitus and include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, vomiting of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p980.html

Diarrhea in Adults (Acute) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2008 - What are the effects of treatments for acute diarrhea in adults living in resource-rich countries? What are the effects of treatments for mild-to-moderate traveler's diarrhea in adults from resource-rich countries traveling to resource-poor countries? What are the effects of treatments ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p503.html

Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p19.html

Diverticular Bleeding - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2009 - Diverticular bleeding is a common cause of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Patients typically present with massive and painless rectal hemorrhage. If bleeding is severe, initial resuscitative measures should include airway maintenance and oxygen supplementation, followed by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p977.html

Drugs for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Are Similarly Effective - POEMs - American ...

Jun 15, 2018 - If nondrug measures are unsuccessful for chronic idiopathic constipation, the choice of a pharmacologic agent should be based on cost, tolerability, and long-term adherence rather than efficacy, because the efficacy is similar among drugs and drug classes.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p819a.html

Effect of Dietary Changes on IBS Symptoms - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FOD-MAPs) decreases IBS symptoms and improves quality of life compared with usual diet.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od1.html

Effective Management of Flatulence - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2009 - Probiotics and rifaximin (Xifaxan) have been shown to reduce total number of flatus episodes and associated discomfort.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1098.html

Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome -...

Nov 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication related adverse effects. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/od1.html

Efficacy of Direct-Acting Antivirals Compared with Older Agents for Hepatitis C - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Although they help patients achieve sustained viralogic response, expensive direct-acting antivirals have yet to show that they can succeed in meeting top-priority treatment goals.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/od1.html

Elbasvir/Grazoprevir (Zepatier) for Hepatitis C Virus Infection - STEPS - American ...

Mar 15, 2017 - Elbasvir/grazoprevir is a safe and effective treatment for HCV genotypes 1 and 4, with or without compensated cirrhosis or HIV-1 coinfection. Patients with renal impairment, including those on hemodialysis, can use the medication.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p393.html

Family Physicians Can Manage Adults with Hepatitis C - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2018 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages family physicians to treat patients with hepatitis C. Outcomes when primary care physicians prescribe direct-acting antivirals to patients with uncomplicated hepatitis C are comparable to those of subspecialists.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p413.html

Fecal Microbiota Transplant Effective for Irritable Bowel Syndrome - POEMs - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - This is the largest and best study to date of fecal microbiota transplant for irritable bowel syndrome —with impressive results.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p377.html

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Clostridium difficile Infection: Evidence and ...

Mar 15, 2017 - Fecal microbiota transplantation is an effective treatment to prevent recurrent episodes of moderate to severe C. difficile infection. Nevertheless, because of the uncertainty regarding long-term safety and effectiveness, and the high burden of recurrent C. difficile infection, large, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p351.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

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