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COVID-19 - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - Advertisement AFP BY TOPIC COVID-19 Editors' Choice of Best Available Content COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by an enveloped single-stranded RNA novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), that was declared a pandemic by the World...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=117

Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Pharmacologic management of acute pain should be tailored for each patient, including a review of treatment expectations and a plan for the time course of prescriptions. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are first-line treatment options for most patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p63.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Guidelines from the American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The American Thoracic Society published guidelines for pharmacologic management of COPD and long-term oxygen therapy for COPD and interstitial lung disease based on systematic reviews.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p102.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations: Guidelines from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Run by May 2022; run with ATS and VA/DoD PGs; conflicts:

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p100.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Guidelines from the VA/DoD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense published guidelines for the primary care management of COPD.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p98.html

Pharmacologic Management of Agitation in Patients with Dementia - FPIN's Clinical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risperidone are moderately effective at decreasing agitation in all types of dementia. Olanzapine and risperidone reduce dementia-related agitation much longer than placebo. Dextromethorphan/quinidine may be effective at reducing agitation in ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p91.html

Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation: Surgical vs. Conservative Interventions - Cochrane... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Surgical treatment for AC joint dislocation of the shoulder does not appear to be superior to conservative management in adults. Surgical therapy increases the risk of hardware complications, infection, and continued discomfort.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p28.html

Clascoterone (Winlevi) for the Treatment of Acne - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - More comparative data are needed to justify the use of clascoterone over less expensive, currently available therapies for moderate to severe acne. However, systemic absorption of clascoterone is low, and it may serve as a safe alternative for patients 12 years and older who saw ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p93.html

GeneSight Psychotropic Genetic Testing for Psychiatric Medication Selection - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The GeneSight test may assist in drug selection and dosing for individuals having difficulty finding an effective option or who have had intolerable adverse effects after trials of several drugs. However, because only a small population of patients are expected to have genetic ...

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p89.html

Pharmacogenetic Gene-Drug Associations: FDA Perspective on What Physicians Need to Know...

Jul 1, 2021 - To share its perspective on the state of the science, the FDA has published a table of pharmacogenetic associations related to genetic variants that can affect drug concentrations, therapeutic responses, or adverse events.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p16.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Regression of Endometrial Hyperplasia ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - A Cochrane review compared the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system with progesterone for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p26.html

Once-Weekly Semaglutide Is an Effective Adjunct for Weight Loss in Adults without ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide used as an adjunct to intensive behavioral therapy significantly improves the likelihood that adults without diabetes who are overweight or obese will lose at least 5% of their baseline body weight compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p96.html

Low-Carb Diets May Produce Short-Term Diabetes Remission - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Patients with type 2 diabetes can try cutting out bread and pasta, leaving the skin on chicken, or eating nuts and avocados to lower their blood glucose levels. Six months of a low-carbohydrate diet (less than 26% of calories from carbohydrates) was more likely than other diets or usual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p95.html

Single-Dose Opioid Analgesics Offer No Benefit over Nonopioid Analgesia for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - A single dose of opioid analgesics provides similar acute pain relief compared with a single dose of a combination of acetaminophen and ibuprofen in patients with acute musculoskeletal pain in the emergency department.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p95a.html

Cryoablation Preferred as Initial Therapy for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Initial cryoablation for patients with paroxysmal AF is superior to initial antiarrhythmic drug therapy. Another study in the same issue of New England Journal of Medicine compared cryoablation with medical therapy and had similar findings.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p97.html

Obstetric Lacerations: Prevention and Repair - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - Obstetric lacerations are a common complication of vaginal delivery. Lacerations can lead to chronic pain and urinary and fecal incontinence. Perineal lacerations are defined by the depth of musculature involved, with fourth-degree lacerations disrupting the anal sphincter and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p745.html

Hypertension: New Guidelines from the International Society of Hypertension - Practice ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - The International Society of Hypertension has published summary guidelines based on major international guidelines published between 2017 and 2020 on the control of hypertension. These summary guidelines include essential recommendations and suggestions for optimal care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p763.html

Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - A 27-year-old patient, R.C., with a history of generalized anxiety disorder presents for a wellness examination. R.C. previously smoked a pack of cigarettes per day but has cut down to half a pack per day and started using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and is interested in ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p753.html

Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: ...

Jun 15, 2021 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to nonpregnant adults who use tobacco.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/od1.html

Poor Physician-Patient Communication and Medical Error - Lown Right Care: Reducing ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p757.html

Exercise Is the Only Intervention to Provide Long-Term Improvement in Patients with ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - What interventions are effective in managing patients with chronic low back pain?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p696.html

Psychological Therapies for Women Who Experience Intimate Partner Violence - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Are psychological therapies safe and effective for women who experience intimate partner violence?

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p661.html

Preoperative A1C Threshold in Patients with Diabetes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - In patients with diabetes mellitus who are preparing for total joint replacement, what is the preoperative A1C goal to reduce postoperative periprosthetic joint infections?

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p693.html

Lipid Lowering Is Beneficial for Secondary Prevention but Not Primary Prevention in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Does lipid lowering reduce major vascular events in patients 75 years and older?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p695a.html

Pessaries for Managing Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Women - Cochrane for Clinicians - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Pessaries combined with pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) probably improve pelvic organ prolapse symptoms in women and prolapse-specific quality of life compared with PFMT alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p660.html

Oxytocin as First-line Uterotonic Therapy for Postpartum Hemorrhage - Medicine by the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Oxytocin decreases the chances of a blood transfusion and has fewer adverse effects compared with misoprostol.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p656.html

Post-ICU Care in the Outpatient Setting - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - More than 5 million patients in the United States are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) annually, and an increasing percentage of patients treated in the ICU survive to hospital discharge. Because these patients require follow-up in the outpatient setting, family physicians should...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p590.html

Key Potentially Inappropriate Drugs in Pediatrics: The KIDs List - Practice Guidelines ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - The Pediatric Pharmacy Association produced a list of key potentially inappropriate drugs in pediatrics, or the KIDs List, to guide physicians who treat children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p633.html

SGLT2 Inhibitors Improve All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in Patients Regardless ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - What effect do sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have on mortality and cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with and without diabetes mellitus, heart failure, or kidney disease?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p630a.html

Colchicine Reduces MI and Revascularization in Patients with Established Coronary ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Colchicine, 0.5 mg daily, significantly reduces the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven revascularization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p631a.html

In-flight Medical Emergencies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - In 2018, approximately 2.8 million passengers flew in and out of U.S. airports per day. Twenty-four to 130 in-flight medical emergencies are estimated to occur per 1 million passengers; however, there is no internationally agreed-upon recording or classification system. Up to 70% of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p547.html

Nonopioid Pharmacologic Treatments for Chronic Pain - Implementing AHRQ Effective ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - What are the effects of nonopioid drugs on pain, function, and quality of life in patients with specific types of chronic pain, and what are the adverse events related to these drugs?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p561.html

Exercise for Dysmenorrhea - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - Low-intensity exercise, such as stretching or core strengthening, and high-intensity exercise, such as Zumba or aerobic training, improve menstrual pain intensity compared with no exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p525.html

Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Management Guidelines from the AGA and JTF - Practice ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and the Joint Task Force on Allergy-Immunology Practice Parameters (JTF) published guidelines for treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p573.html

Ketogenic Diets for Drug-Resistant Epilepsy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - In children with drug-resistant epilepsy, a ketogenic diet decreases the risk of seizures by 50% after three to four months.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/p524.html

Ibuprofen vs. Acetaminophen for Fever or Pain in Children Younger Than Two Years - ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2021 - A meta-analysis found that ibuprofen is more effective than acetaminophen in reducing fever and pain in children younger than two years, although further study is needed to evaluate combination therapy, dosing, and use in children younger than six months.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0501/od1.html

Mifepristone and Misoprostol for Early Pregnancy Loss and Medication Abortion - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Medication regimens using mifepristone and misoprostol are safe and effective for outpatient treatment of early pregnancy loss for up to 84 days’ gestation and for medication abortion up to 77 days’ gestation. Gestational age is determined using ultrasonography or menstrual history. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p473.html

Key Recommendations on Managing Dyslipidemia for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction: ...

Apr 15, 2021 - In June 2020, the third iteration of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense guidelines on managing dyslipidemia was published. These recommendations create a simple, pragmatic, evidence-based approach that can be valuable to family physicians.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p455.html

Dyslipidemia Management for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Guidelines from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense have updated recommendations for evaluation and management of dyslipidemia to prevent cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p507.html

Elagolix, Estradiol, and Norethindrone Kit (Oriahnn) for the Management of Heavy ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Oriahnn can decrease menstrual blood loss in premenopausal patients with uterine fibroids. Although it has been studied for only six months of use and may result in significant bone loss, it is labeled for up to two years of continuous therapy.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p505.html

Nerve Blocks for Pancreatic Cancer Pain - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2021 - Celiac plexus blocks can be used for pain associated with pancreatic cancer. They slightly reduce pain while decreasing opioid consumption, with fewer adverse effects compared with standard analgesic therapy.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p502.html

HIV Infection in Adults: Initial Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The HIV epidemic is an important public health priority. Transmissions continue to occur despite effective therapies that make HIV preventable and treatable. Approximately one-half of people with HIV are not receiving suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Starting ART early, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p407.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Chronic Insomnia Disorder: Updated Guidelines from the ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense (VA/DoD) approved a clinical practice guideline for the management of obstructive sleep apnea and chronic insomnia disorder.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p442.html

Active vs. Expectant Management in the Third Stage of Labor - Cochrane for Clinicians -... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Very low-quality evidence suggests that active management of the third stage of labor reduces the risk of severe primary postpartum hemorrhage greater than 1,000 mL.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p404.html

Treatment of Distal DVT - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p432.html

Kinesiology Taping for Knee Osteoarthritis Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - How effective is kinesiology taping (elastic tape applied to the knee to create patellar tension) for osteoarthritis pain of the knee?

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p434.html

In High-Risk Older Patients with Atrial Fibrillation, Rhythm Control Reduces ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - In high-risk older patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation, a strategy of rhythm control results in fewer cardiovascular deaths and fewer strokes.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p440.html

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Lumbosacral Radicular Pain - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Epidural corticosteroid injections for the treatment of lumbosacral radicular pain may offer modest short-term (two weeks to three months) benefit compared with placebo injection for radicular leg pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p405.html

iCanQuit Smartphone App Is Effective in Helping with Smoking Cessation - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Use of the iCanQuit smartphone app by smokers, who were recruited through Facebook and other Internet tools, produced higher cessation rates at 12 months (28.2%) than the QuitGuide app (21.1%).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p441.html

Three Strategies Are Effective in Managing Patients with Medication Overuse Headaches -... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Achieving cure from medication overuse headaches after six months was likely regardless of strategy: detoxification (discontinuation of analgesic) plus pharmacologic prophylaxis, pharmacologic prophylaxis without withdrawal, or detoxification with pharmacologic preventive therapy ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p439a.html

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