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Vulvar Cancer - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - Vulvar cancer was reported in 3,200 women in 1998, resulting in 800 deaths. Recent evidence suggests that vulvar cancer comprises two separate diseases. The first type may develop from vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia caused by human papillomavirus infection and is increasing in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1269.html

ACS Releases Updated Guidelines on Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2012 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual update of guidelines for cancer screening, with recommendations covering cancers of the breast, cervix, colon and rectum, and prostate. For each cancer site, the guidelines address the affected population, associated tests or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p571.html

Colorectal Cancer: Risk Factors and Recommendations for Early Detection - American ...

Jun 1, 1999 - Spurred by mounting evidence that the detection and treatment of early-stage colorectal cancers and adenomatous polyps can reduce mortality, Medicare and some other payors recently authorized reimbursement for colorectal cancer screening in persons at average risk for this malignancy. A...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3083.html

Breast-Conserving Surgery for Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - Surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed significantly in recent years. Fine-needle aspirations or core-needle biopsies can be used in the diagnostic process, thus avoiding scarring incisions. The preferred method of treatment for many women with early breast cancer is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2271.html

Assessing Oral Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2002 - Oral cancers account for approximately 3 percent of all cases of cancer in the United States. An estimated 30,000 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer this year, and about one half of them will eventually die of the disease. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1379.html

Cancer Screening Guidelines - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Numerous medical organizations have developed cancer screening guidelines. Faced with the broad, and sometimes conflicting, range of recommendations for cancer screening, family physicians must determine the most reasonable and up-to-date method of screening. Major medical organizations...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1101.html

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2144.html

Axillary Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Need for Full Cutaneous Examination - American Family ...

Apr 15, 1998 - Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin malignancy. While this lesion most often occurs in sun-exposed areas of the skin, it can also develop in sites that are not usually exposed to sunlight or artificial ultraviolet radiation, such as the breast, palm or groin. A periodic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1860.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - In the United States, prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor malignancy in men and second to lung cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths in this group. Even though prostate cancer is responsible for 40,000 deaths per year, screening programs are a matter of controversy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1531.html

Testicular Cancer - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - Although testicular cancer accounts for only 1 percent of all tumors in males, it is the most common malignancy in males between 15 and 34 years of age. Cryptorchidism is the most significant risk factor for testicular cancer, increasing the risk up to 11-fold. A painless testicular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2539.html

Nasopharyngeal Cancer and the Southeast Asian Patient - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - Because of a documented increased incidence, nasopharyngeal cancer should be considered when signs or symptoms of ear, nose and throat disease are present in patients from southern China (in particular, Hong Kong and the province of Guangdong) or Southeast Asia. Environmental factors, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1776.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Screening for Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an important screening procedure because of its ability to detect early changes in the distal colon. The 60-cm flexible sigmoidoscope provides excellent visualization with minimal discomfort to patients. Successful sigmoidoscopy requires adequate patient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p313.html

Breast Cancer in Older Women - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - The American Geriatric Society currently recommends screening mammography for women up to 85 years of age whose life expectancy is three years or longer. The value of clinical breast examinations in older women needs further study. Total mastectomy and partial mastectomy with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1163.html

Cervical Cancer - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent cervical cancer? What are the effects of interventions to manage early-stage cervical cancer? What are the effects of additional interventions to manage bulky early-stage cervical cancer?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1186.html

Interventional Radiology in Cancer Patients - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - Procedures performed by an interventional radiology specialist are becoming increasingly important in the management of patients with cancer. Although general interventional radiology procedures such as angiography and angioplasty are used in patients with and without cancer, certain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p95.html

Screening for Bladder Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Feb 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for bladder cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p397.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Integrating Primary Care Recognition with Tertiary Care Center ...

Aug 1, 1999 - Soft tissue sarcomas account for fewer than 1 percent of malignancies diagnosed annually in the United States. These tumors usually present as an asymptomatic mass. Any lesion larger than 5 cm in diameter should be considered suspicious. Radiographs should be obtained as the initial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p567.html

When to Consider Radiation Therapy for Your Patient - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1999 - Radiation therapy can be an effective treatment modality for both malignant and benign disease. While radiation can be given as primary treatment, it may also be used pre- or postoperatively, with or without other forms of therapy. Radiation therapy is often curative but is sometimes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1177.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Updates Breast Cancer Screening ...

Mar 15, 2012 - Breast cancer–related death can be reduced through effective screening, which typically includes imaging, clinical examination, and self-examination or awareness. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends using all three techniques to screen for breast cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p654.html

Screening for Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - Many patients expect to undergo screening tests for cancer. In evaluating screening procedures, physicians must take into account the known effects of lead time, length and screening biases, all of which can result in an overestimation of the benefits of screening. The gold standard by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p513.html

New Tests for Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear has been used to screen women for cervical cancer since 1940. Recently, a number of new technologies have been developed to improve the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, there is substantial controversy about whether the new tests ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p780.html

Interventions to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Invitation letters are the most studied method of encouraging cervical cancer screening, and they are effective (relative risk [RR] = 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 1.52).1–3 Invitation letters may be more cost-effective than more intensive recruitment efforts (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p443.html

Screening for Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Approximately 10 to 15 percent of all breast cancers are thought to be familial and about one third of these cases are due to an inherited mutation in a BRCA1 or BRCA2 breast cancer-susceptibility gene. The lifetime incidence of breast cancer in mutation carriers is above 50 percent, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p99.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

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