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Transient Ischemic Attacks: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2004 - Transient ischemic attack is no longer considered a benign event but, rather, a critical harbinger of impending stroke. Failure to quickly recognize and evaluate this warning sign could mean missing an opportunity to prevent permanent disability or death. The 90-day risk of stroke after...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1665.html

Diagnostic Approach to Tinnitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - Tinnitus is a common disorder with many possible causes. Most cases of tinnitus are subjective, but occasionally the tinnitus can be heard by an examiner. Otologic problems, especially hearing loss, are the most common causes of subjective tinnitus. Common causes of conductive hearing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p120.html

Stroke: Strategies for Primary Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. Primary prevention of stroke includes lifestyle modifications and measures to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation. Lowering blood pressure in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2379.html

Tremor - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - Tremor, a rhythmic, involuntary, oscillatory movement of body parts, is the most common movement disorder. Tremors are classified as rest or action tremors. Rest tremor occurs when the affected body part is completely supported against gravity. Action tremors are produced by voluntary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1545.html

West Nile Virus in the United States: An Update on an Emerging Infectious Disease - ...

Aug 15, 2003 - West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and human neuropathogen. Since the virus was recognized in New York City in 1999, it has spread rapidly across the United States, with human disease documented in 39 states and the District of Columbia. West Nile virus can cause a broad ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p653.html

Vitamin B12 Deficiency - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is a common cause of macrocytic anemia and has been implicated in a spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders. The role of B12 deficiency in hyperhomocysteinemia and the promotion of atherosclerosis is only now being explored. Diagnosis of vitamin B12 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p979.html

The Management of the Acute Migraine Headache - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - As many as 30 million Americans have migraine headaches. The impact on patients and their families can be tremendous, and treatment of migraines can present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for family physicians. Abortive treatment options include nonspecific and migraine-specific ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2123.html

Tension-Type Headache - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - Tension-type headache typically causes pain that radiates in a band-like fashion bilaterally from the forehead to the occiput. Pain often radiates to the neck muscles and is described as tightness, pressure, or dull ache. Migraine-type features (unilateral, throbbing pain, nausea, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p797.html

Headaches in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Headaches are common during childhood and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. The rational, cost-effective evaluation of children with headache begins with a careful history. The first step is to identify the temporal pattern of the headache--acute, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p625.html

Advances in the Treatment of Epilepsy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2001 - Significant advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy over the past decade. With the advent of electroencephalographic video monitoring, physicians are now able to reliably differentiate epilepsy from other conditions that can mimic it, such as pseudoseizures. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p91.html

Neurological Complications of Scuba Diving - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Recreational scuba diving has become a popular sport in the United States, with almost 9 million certified divers. When severe diving injury occurs, the nervous system is frequently involved. In dive-related barotrauma, compressed or expanding gas within the ears, sinuses and lungs ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2211.html

New Concepts In Acute Pain Therapy: Preemptive Analgesia - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Pain, which is often inadequately treated, accompanies the more than 23 million surgical procedures performed each year and may persist long after tissue heals. Preemptive analgesia, an evolving clinical concept, involves the introduction of an analgesic regimen before the onset of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1979.html

Early Diagnosis of Dementia - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Until recently, the most significant issue facing a family physician regarding the diagnosis and treatment of dementia was ruling out delirium and potentially treatable etiologies. However, as more treatment options become available, it will become increasingly important to diagnose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p703.html

Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Common Cause of Spinal Cord Dysfunction in Older ...

Sep 1, 2000 - Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. The aging process results in degenerative changes in the cervical spine that, in advanced stages, can cause compression of the spinal cord. Symptoms often develop insidiously and are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1064.html

Management of Herpes Zoster (Shingles) and Postherpetic Neuralgia - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2000 - Herpes zoster (commonly referred to as

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2437.html

Treatment of Nonmalignant Chronic Pain - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Nonmalignant, chronic pain is associated with physical, emotional and financial disability. Recent animal studies have shown that remodeling within the central nervous system causes the physical pathogenesis of chronic pain. This central neural plasticity results in persistent pain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1331.html

Recognizing an Index Case of Tuberous Sclerosis - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Tuberous sclerosis is the most common neurocutaneous syndrome after neurofibromatosis. Dermatologic manifestations may be the only clues the family physician has to the diagnosis of the disorder, which is also marked by childhood seizures and mental retardation. Characteristic signs of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p703.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

The "Burner": A Common Nerve Injury in Contact Sports - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1999 - A

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2035.html

Assessment and Management of Concussion in Sports - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - The most common head injury in sports is concussion. Athletes who sustain a prolonged loss of consciousness should be transported immediately to a hospital for further evaluation. Assessment of less severe injuries should include a thorough neurologic examination. The duration of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p887.html

Stroke: Part I. A Clinical Update on Prevention - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - Clinical trials conducted during the past five years have yielded important results that have allowed us to refine our approach to stroke prevention. Treatment of isolated systolic hypertension prevents stroke and is generally well tolerated. New antiplatelet agents (clopidogrel and the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2475.html

Recognition and Management of Tourette's Syndrome and Tic Disorders - American Family ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Tic disorders and Tourette's syndrome are conditions that primary care physicians are likely to encounter. Up to 20 percent of children have at least a transient tic disorder at some point. Once believed to be rare, Tourette's syndrome is now known to be a more common disorder that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2263.html

Update on Parkinson's Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - Parkinson's disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. The hallmark physical signs are tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia. Idiopathic Parkinson's disease is caused by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and nigrostriatal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2155.html

Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Options for Herniated Lumbar Disc - American Family ...

Feb 1, 1999 - Degeneration of the intervertebral disc from a combination of factors can result in herniation, particularly at the L4-5 and L5-S1 levels. The presence of pain, radiculopathy and other symptoms depends on the site and degree of herniation. A detailed history and careful physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0201/p575.html

Advances in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1998 - Management of the most common type of dementia--Alzheimer's disease--is becoming increasingly sophisticated. Differentiation of Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia has become therapeutically important, since the choice of treatments depends on the diagnosis. Two cholinesterase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1101/p1577.html

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