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Barrett's Esophagus - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition commonly managed in the primary care setting. Patients with GERD may develop reflux esophagitis as the esophagus repeatedly is exposed to acidic gastric contents. Over time, untreated reflux esophagitis may lead to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2113.html

Management of Hepatitis C: Evaluating Suitability for Drug Therapy - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2004 - Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is a common and serious disease. Although an estimated 2.7 million persons in the United States have this disease, most have not yet been diagnosed. Recent advances in treatment provide successful cure in 50 to 80 percent of cases. Current drug ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1429.html

Practical Selection of Antiemetics - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - An understanding of the pathophysiology of nausea and the mechanisms of antiemetics can help family physicians improve the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of therapy. Nausea and vomiting are mediated primarily by visceral stimulation through dopamine and serotonin, by vestibular and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1169.html

Gastric Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Although the overall incidence of gastric cancer has steadily declined in the United States, it is estimated that more than 12,000 persons died from gastric cancer in 2003. The incidence of distal stomach tumors has greatly declined, but reported cases of proximal gastric carcinomas, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1133.html

Hepatitis B - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - Hepatitis B causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. More than 400 million persons, including 1.25 million Americans, have chronic hepatitis B. In the United States, chronic hepatitis B virus infection is responsible for about 5,000 annual deaths from cirrhosis and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p75.html

Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - The primary treatment goals in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease are relief of symptoms, prevention of symptom relapse, healing of erosive esophagitis, and prevention of complications of esophagitis. In patients with reflux esophagitis, treatment is directed at acid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1311.html

Management of Crohn's Disease--A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2003 - Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that affects up to 480,000 persons in the United States. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, malaise, and arthralgias, and cause considerable morbidity. Speculation about genetic, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p707.html

Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy (Celiac Disease): More Common than You Think - American ...

Dec 15, 2002 - Gluten-sensitive enteropathy or, as it is more commonly called, celiac disease, is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the small intestine that is precipitated by the ingestion of gluten, a component of wheat protein, in genetically susceptible persons. Exclusion of dietary gluten ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2259.html

Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2002 - Irritable bowel syndrome is the most common functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is frequently treated by family physicians. Despite patients' worries about the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, it is a benign condition. The diagnosis should be made using standard ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1867.html

Echinococosis-An Emerging Parasite in the Immigrant Population - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - Echinococcus tapeworms are parasites that infect dog species worldwide and occasionally are transmitted to humans. Infection occurs most commonly in persons who raise sheep or cattle, and who have contact with dogs. The tapeworm eggs are typically ingested during play with dogs or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p817.html

Evaluation of Constipation - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2002 - Constipation is the reason for 2.5 million physician visits per year in the United States, with more than one half of these visits to primary care physicians. Patients and physicians frequently define constipation differently. To determine the underlying cause of constipation, it is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2283.html

Lactose Intolerance - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Persons with lactose intolerance are unable to digest significant amounts of lactose because of a genetically inadequate amount of the enzyme lactase. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and bloating, excessive flatus, and watery stool following the ingestion of foods containing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1845.html

Hemorrhoidectomy for Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - External hemorrhoids represent distended vascular tissue in the anal canal distal to the dentate line. Persons with thrombosed external hemorrhoids usually present with pain on standing, sitting or defecating. Acutely tender, thrombosed external hemorrhoids can be surgically removed if ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1629.html

Management of Helicobacter pylori Infection - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2002 - Helicobacter pylori is the cause of most peptic ulcer disease and a primary risk factor for gastric cancer. Eradication of the organism results in ulcer healing and reduces the risk of ulcer recurrence and complications. Testing and treatment have no clear value in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0401/p1327.html

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2001 - Gastroesophageal reflux is a common, self-limited process in infants that usually resolves by six to 12 months of age. Effective, conservative management involves thickened feedings, positional treatment, and parental reassurance. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a less common,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1853.html

Preventive Strategies in Chronic Liver Disease: Part II. Cirrhosis - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2001 - Cirrhosis is a diffuse process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules. The modified Child-Pugh score, which ranks the severity of cirrhosis based on signs and liver function test results, has been shown to predict ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1115/p1735.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2001 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2001 Issue Flexible Sigmoidoscopy THOMAS J. ZUBER, M.D., Saginaw Cooperative Hospital, Saginaw, Michigan Am Fam Physician. 2001 Apr 1;63(7):1375-1380. See patient information handout on flexible sigmoidoscopy. Office...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1375.html

Management of Gallstones and Their Complications - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - The accurate differentiation of gallstone-induced biliary colic from other abdominal disease processes is the most crucial step in the successful management of gallstone disease. Despite the availability of many imaging techniques to demonstrate the presence of gallstones, clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1673.html

Update on Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - An estimated 129,400 new cases of colorectal cancer occurred in the United States during 1999. The lifetime risk of developing this cancer is 2.5 to 5 percent in the general population but two to three times higher in persons who have a first-degree relative with colon cancer or an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1759.html

Meckel's Diverticulum - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - Although Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract, it is often difficult to diagnose. It may remain completely asymptomatic, or it may mimic such disorders as Crohn's disease, appendicitis and peptic ulcer disease. Ectopic tissue, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1037.html

Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2555.html

Evaluation and Management of Dyspepsia - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - Dyspepsia, often defined as chronic or recurrent discomfort centered in the upper abdomen, can be caused by a variety of conditions. Common etiologies include peptic ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux. Serious causes, such as gastric and pancreatic cancers, are rare but must also be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1773.html

Head and Neck Manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common esophageal disease. Besides the typical presentation of heartburn and acid regurgitation, either alone or in combination, GERD can cause atypical symptoms. An estimated 20 to 60 percent of patients with GERD have head and neck ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p873.html

HELLP Syndrome: Recognition and Perinatal Management - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - HELLP, a syndrome characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels and a low platelet count, is an obstetric complication that is frequently misdiagnosed at initial presentation. Many investigators consider the syndrome to be a variant of preeclampsia, but it may be a separate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p829.html

Prevention and Treatment of Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Common pathogens in traveler's diarrhea include enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia and many other species. Viruses and protozoa are the cause in many cases. Fortunately, traveler's diarrhea can usually be avoided by carefully selecting foods ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p119.html

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