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Ozenoxacin (Xepi) for the Treatment of Impetigo - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - Ozenoxacin is an effective and safe topical quinolone treatment for bullous and nonbullous impetigo in patients as young as two months. However, it is expensive and some patients may have limited access because it is only available through a physician or hospital.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p760.html

Newborn Circumcision Techniques - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Newborn male circumcision is a common elective surgical procedure for the removal of foreskin covering the glans penis. The American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the American Academy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p680.html

Nerve Blocks: Part I. Upper Extremity - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Procedural anesthesia is administered by family physicians for a variety of conditions, including neuropathies, fracture reduction, foreign body removals, and complex wound management. A nerve block may be preferred because it provides effective regional anesthesia with less anesthetic....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p654.html

Nerve Blocks: Part II. Lower Extremity - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Family physicians use anesthesia to provide diagnostic and procedural analgesia for conditions such as neuropathies, fracture reduction, foreign body removals, and complex wound management. Local infiltration of anesthetics is commonly used in this setting because of the ease of use, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p669.html

For Three-Vessel Disease, but Not Left Main Disease, CABG Is Preferred Over PCI - POEMs... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - For patients with left main disease, PCI with a drug-eluting stent and CABG had similar all-cause mortality rates at 10 years. For those with three-vessel disease, CABG is associated with lower 10-year mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p698.html

No Short-Term Extra Benefit when Muscle Relaxants Are Added to Ibuprofen for Acute Low ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Adding a muscle relaxant to treatment with ibuprofen does not improve functional outcomes or pain, or lessen the number of people reporting moderate to severe back pain one week after starting treatment.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p695.html

Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation for Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by hyperinflation of the lungs, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Learn more about the benefits and harms of using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for exacerbation of COPD.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/od1.html

Supplemental Oxygen Therapy for Nonhypoxemic Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - No conclusive evidence demonstrates that routine use of supplemental oxygen therapy is associated with clinical benefit or harm in nonhypoxemic patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p687.html

Equivalent Pain Relief with Different Doses of Ibuprofen - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Higher doses of ibuprofen for acute pain relief offer no more benefit at 60 minutes than a single 400-mg dose. The same has been shown for chronic treatment of osteoarthritis. A higher, anti-inflammatory dose is not needed.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p631.html

Nonpharmacologic Approaches Are Better Than Medication to Control Aggression and ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Nonpharmacologic approaches to agitation or aggression in patients with dementia are more effective than medication (e.g., haloperidol). Outdoor activities, multidisciplinary care, and massage and touch therapy with or without music are all effective.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p631a.html

Surgery or Lasers Preferred to Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins - POEMs - American... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - For symptomatic varicose veins at least 3 mm in diameter with evidence of saphenous vein reflux, laser ablation is the preferred initial therapy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p630a.html

Therapies for COPD Exacerbations in Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - What are the benefits and harms of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p557.html

Antidepressants Plus Benzodiazepines for Adults with Major Depression - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - A combination of tricyclic antidepressants and benzodiazepines is more effective for major depression in adults than tricyclic antidepressants alone in the first four weeks of treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p527.html

Lithium for Acute Mania - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Lithium is more effective at inducing a reduction of at least 50% on the validated Young Mania Rating Scale compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6; 95% CI, 5 to 8; six studies; n = 1,707).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p528.html

Tranexamic Acid for Postpartum Hemorrhage - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Postpartum hemorrhage is the most common cause of maternal death worldwide. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent that has shown to decrease bleeding in surgical patients and all-cause death in trauma patients. Does early administration of tranexamic acid reduce the rate of death...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/od2.html

Megestrol for Palliative Care in Patients with Cancer - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Megestrol may be considered as a component of palliative care nutritional support in patients with cancer.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/od1.html

Outpatient Burn Care: Prevention and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Most patients with burn injuries are treated as outpatients. Two key determinants of the need for referral to a burn center are burn depth and percentage of total body surface area involved. All burn injuries are considered trauma, prompting immediate evaluation for concomitant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p463.html

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain: Unintended Consequences of the 2016 CDC Guideline...

Apr 15, 2020 - Since the 2016 CDC guideline for the use of opioid pain relievers was released, there has been a significant reduction in opioid prescribing, and the guideline has been adopted by state Medicaid agencies, insurers, and others. Widespread implementation of the guideline has had ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p458.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

Ketorolac vs. Morphine for Pain Relief After Fractures - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Parenteral ketorolac is as effective as parenteral morphine for short-term pain relief in patients with long bone fractures, and it results in fewer adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p495.html

Galcanezumab (Emgality) for Migraine and Cluster Headaches - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - In otherwise healthy adults with severe and frequent migraine or cluster headaches, galcanezumab may provide a modest reduction in debilitating headache frequency in the short term.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p502.html

Sepsis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Guidelines published in 2016 provide a revised definition of sepsis: life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The guidelines define septic shock as sepsis with circulatory, cellular, and metabolic dysfunction that is associated with a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p409.html

Cutaneous Cryosurgery for Common Skin Conditions - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Cryosurgery is the application of freezing temperatures to achieve the destruction of tissue. Cutaneous cryosurgery has become a commonly performed outpatient procedure because of the combination of its safety, effectiveness, low cost, ease of use, lack of need for injectable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p399.html

Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Should benzodiazepeines continue to be prescribed during the initiation phase of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for acute relief of panic attacks? Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/od1.html

Five Days of Penicillin for Strep Throat Is Equal to 10 Days - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Five days of 800-mg penicillin four times a day produced noninferior results to 10 days of 1,000-mg penicillin three times a day, with shorter symptom duration. This is not the first study to show similar benefits with a shorter duration of oral antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434.html

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