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PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - Studies show no deaths were prevented and 1 in 5 underwent a prostate biopsy for a false-positive test. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od3.html

ACP Provides Guidance on Screening Pelvic Examination in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

May 15, 2015 - This guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) provides evidence on the use of pelvic examination to screen for pathology in average-risk, non-pregnant women. This guideline concentrates on screening in women without symptoms; a pelvic examination with bimanual examination...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p732.html

Screening for Oral Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Mar 15, 2015 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for oral cancer in asymptomatic adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/od1.html

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer in ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians screen women who have family members with breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer with one of several screening tools designed to identify a family history that may be associated with an ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/od1.html

Screening for Hereditary Cancer Syndromes - Curbside Consultation - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Family physicians play a key role in identifying patients in need of increased cancer surveillance because of a personal or family history of cancer. How does one know if a patient warrants genetic testing for hereditary cancer predisposition?

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p125.html

Screening for Oral Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2015 - A.C. is a 35-year-old man with a 15-year history of using chewing tobacco. He quit five years ago at his wife's urging. Although A.C. has no current symptoms, his wife asked him to make an appointment to get screened for oral cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p387.html

Lung Cancer Screening Is Cost-Effective, but Only If Done Correctly - POEMs - American ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) gave lung cancer screening a B recommendation on the basis of the reductions in disease-specific mortality and all-cause mortality seen in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). The NLST does not consider cost or cost-effectiveness in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p328.html

Screening and Surveillance for Colorectal Cancer: Avoiding the Pitfalls of ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Although much has been written about the need to encourage colonoscopy in underscreened populations, overscreening for colorectal cancer is now recognized as a problem that can lead to harm.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p82.html

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer in ...

Jan 15, 2015 - L.M. is a 37-year-old nonsmoking woman who is not taking any medications and has no significant past medical problems. Three of her female relatives have a history of breast cancer: her mother (diagnosed at 49 years of age, before menopause), her paternal grandmother (diagnosed at 72 ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p119.html

Accuracy of Fecal DNA and Fecal Immunochemical Test for Colorectal Cancer Detection - ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Fecal DNA testing is more sensitive but less specific than fecal immunochemical testing (FIT), and as a result, has a higher false-positive rate. It is also more expensive than other noninvasive alternatives such as FIT. We do not know which test will be better at reducing mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p326a.html

Screening for Lung Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Jul 15, 2014 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends annual screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (CT) in adults 55 to 80 years of age who have a 30 pack-year smoking history and currently smoke or quit within the past 15 years.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/od1.html

Immunochemical FOBTs Moderately Sensitive and Highly Specific for Colorectal Cancer - ...

Aug 15, 2014 - Immunochemical FOBTs, such as OC-Micro, OC-Sensor, or OC-Light, are moderately sensitive (73% to 89%) and highly specific (92% to 95%) for identifying colorectal cancer. In comparison, Hemoccult Sensa has a lower sensitivity (64% to 80%) and specificity (87% to 90%). Immunochemical ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od4.html

One in Five Patients Overdiagnosed with Lung Cancer Screening - POEMs - American Family...

Jul 15, 2014 - In patients screened for lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT), more than 18% of all lung cancers found are slow-growing and will not cause symptoms or harm during an average 6.4 years of follow-up. This risk of overdiagnosis should be part of the discussion regarding ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p112.html

Should Family Physicians Routinely Screen for Lung Cancer in High-Risk Populations? No:...

Jul 15, 2014 - There is still considerable uncertainty about the true magnitude of benefit from annual lung cancer screening, as well as the financial and psychological costs; therefore, the scope of the recommendation should be limited to one of individualized, shared decision making.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/od3.html

Screening for Lung Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2014 - M.B., a woman with diabetes mellitus, presents to your office for an annual well visit. M.B. reports having smoked one and a half packs of cigarettes daily for 20 years. Her neighbor was recently diagnosed with lung cancer, and M.B. requests to be tested for lung cancer, too.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p117.html

Should Family Physicians Routinely Screen for Lung Cancer in High-Risk Populations? ...

Jul 15, 2014 - When offered to the appropriate population in the appropriate context, CT-based lung cancer screening will reduce the number of deaths caused by this difficult disease.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/od2.html

HPV Screening Every Five Years Equal to Pap Smear Every Three Years - POEMs - American ...

Jun 1, 2014 - A single HPV test provides the same degree of protection over five years as a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear does for three years. We may soon see a recommendation for HPV testing as a stand-alone screen, with cytology reserved for women who have an HPV-positive result. We may also be able to...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p907a.html

No Increased Survival Benefit to Intensive Follow-Up After Colorectal Cancer Surgery - ...

May 1, 2014 - Compared with minimal follow-up after surgery for colorectal cancer, intensive follow-up with regular computed tomography (CT), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing, or both results in more patients undergoing repeat surgery but no reduction in overall mortality or disease-specific ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p752.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Cervical Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 1, 2013 - The incidence of cervical cancer, as well as mortality rates from the disease, has decreased over the past 30 years because of widespread screening with cervical cytology. Screening technologies and risk-benefit considerations for different age groups continue to evolve. The American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p776.html

AUA Releases Guideline on Early Detection of Prostate Cancer - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2014 - In April 2013, the American Urological Association (AUA) released a guideline on early detection of prostate cancer, namely to reduce prostate cancer mortality.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p137.html

ACS Releases Guideline on Screening for Lung Cancer with Low-Dose Computed Tomography -...

Jan 1, 2014 - In late 2010, results from the National Lung Screening Trial showed that lung cancer mortality was significantly reduced in high-risk adults who received annual screenings using low-dose computed tomography (CT). After these results were announced, the American Cancer Society (ACS) ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p56.html

The 2001 Bethesda System Terminology - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2003 - The 2001 Bethesda System for reporting cervical or vaginal cytologic diagnoses is an incremental change in the uniform terminology introduced in 1988 and revised in 1991. The 2001 Bethesda System includes specific statements about specimen adequacy, general categorization, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1992.html

Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive ...

May 15, 2013 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for ovarian cancer in women.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/od1.html

Screening for Ovarian Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

May 15, 2013 - Case study: A 55-year-old woman presents for a routine well-woman examination. She states that she is worried about ovarian cancer because one of her friends was recently diagnosed. She has no family history of breast, ovarian, or colon cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p709.html

Does Screening Mammography Lead to Overdiagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer? - AFP ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Implementation of a universal mammographic screening program leads to an increase in the diagnosis of invasive breast cancer, because of improved detection of clinically significant cancer and overdiagnosis.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p408.html

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