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Acute Pyelonephritis in Adults: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidney and renal pelvis and should be suspected in patients with flank pain and laboratory evidence of urinary tract infection. Urine culture with antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be performed in all patients and used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p173.html

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1057.html

Acute Sinusitis: A Cost Effective Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Nov 15, 1998 - Acute bacterial sinusitis usually occurs following an upper respiratory infection that results in obstruction of the osteomeatal complex, impaired mucociliary clearance and overproduction of secretions. The diagnosis is based on the patient's history of a biphasic illness (

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1795.html

Addition of Steroids Improves Outcomes in Children and Adults with CAP - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Adding corticosteroid treatment to the management of CAP is beneficial for children and adults. Treatment decreases clinical failures, time in the hospital, and the risk of death in adults with severe pneumonia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p55.html

Adefovir (Hepsera) for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Adefovir offers an effective first-line alternative for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. It also may prove to be useful in patients who have failed therapy with lamivudine as well as in patients who have difficulty tolerating interferon alfa-2b. How it compares with other agents or...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2429.html

Adult Immunization-Influenza Vaccine - Putting Prevention into Practice - American ...

May 1, 2000 - Case study: DB is 72 years old and recently moved into a nursing home. She has not received her yearly influenza shot. DB has numerous health problems, including diabetes mellitus, arthritis (for which she receives prednisone) and emphysema. She has a history of having influenza almost ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2901.html

Adult Immunization-Pneumococcal Vaccine - Putting Prevention into Practice - American ...

Apr 1, 2000 - Case study: JS is a 54-year-old white woman who comes to your office to establish herself as a patient. During a review of her medical history, several active medical problems come to light, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (formerly known as non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2239.html

Adult Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2001 - Rhinosinusitis can be divided among four subtypes: acute, recurrent acute, subacute and chronic, based on patient history and a limited physical examination. In most instances, therapy is initiated based on this classification. Antibiotic therapy, supplemented by hydration and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0101/p69.html

Advice for Protection Against Mosquitoes and Ticks - Editorials - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2015 - The changing epidemiology of vector-borne diseases highlights the importance of personal protective measures, including the use of insect repellents. Family physicians should be knowledgeable about which products are effective and safe.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p754.html

AFP's Approach to COVID-19 - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2020 - AFP is adapting to meet reader needs and has developed a new COVID-19 resource page. We are also continuing to cover a variety of topics to meet the needs of the specialty of family medicine.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p518.html

AHA Guidelines on Prevention of Rheumatic Fever and Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Group A streptococcus (GAS) infections of the pharynx are the precipitating cause of rheumatic fever. Proper diagnosis and adequate antibiotic treatment of GAS infections can prevent acute rheumatic fever in most cases. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated its ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p346.html

AHA Releases Updated Guidelines on the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2008 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released updated guidelines on the prevention of infective endocarditis. Many studies have questioned the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing dental or gastrointestinal (GI) or ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p538.html

AHA Scientific Statement on Diagnosis and Management of Infective Endocarditis - ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care of patients with endocarditis. The updated recommendations reflect the evolving nature of the condition and new issues that physicians face when treating patients...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1127.html

AHRQ Data on Antibiotic Use in Children with Otitis Media - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - As part of its Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) examined the use of antibiotics to treat otitis media in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2382.html

Aminoglycosides: A Practical Review - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1998 - Aminoglycosides are potent bactericidal antibiotics that act by creating fissures in the outer membrane of the bacterial cell. They are particularly active against aerobic, gram-negative bacteria and act synergistically against certain gram-positive organisms. Gentamicin is the most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1811.html

Amoxicillin/Clavulanate or Ibuprofen No Better Than Placebo for Acute Bronchitis - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Treating acute bronchitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is no more effective than placebo in decreasing symptoms in general or duration of frequent cough. Treatment does, however, produce adverse effects in one in eight patients.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p225.html

Amoxiclav Causes Diarrhea in 1 of 8 Persons Who Take It - POEMs - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The risk of diarrhea is significantly higher with amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxiclav; Augmentin) than placebo, with a number needed to treat to harm (NNTH) of 8, which is not dissimilar from the number needed to treat for conditions such as otitis media. Contrary to popular belief, the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p877.html

An HIV-Positive Patient Who Avoids Treatment - Curbside Consultation - American Family ...

Jun 1, 1999 - It is always frustrating when patients withhold important medical information or are not trusting or honest with their physicians. In these situations, it is helpful to first look at the possible reasons for the lack of forthrightness.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3252.html

An Office-Based Approach to Influenza: Clinical Diagnosis and Laboratory Testing - ...

Jan 1, 2003 - Vaccination is the primary measure for preventing morbidity and mortality from influenza. During the influenza season, family physicians must distinguish influenza from the common cold and other flu-like illnesses. Signs and symptoms of influenza include abrupt onset of fever, severe ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p111.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Severe Acute Pancreatitis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - No, antibiotic prophylaxis does not decrease mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, defined as pancreatitis associated with pancreatic necrosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p49.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for UTIs in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Daily antibiotic prophylaxis should not be used in patients with acute and nonacute spinal cord injuries.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p186.html

Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States: Stepping Back from the Brink - ...

Jun 15, 2014 - Preventing and controlling resistance requires the engagement of many different sectors of society. However, the physician's role in this effort is singularly important.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p938.html

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.html

Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Acute bronchitis is a lower respiratory tract infection, most commonly viral, that accounts for a significant number of health care visits. This review discusses the benefits and harms of antibiotics for acute bronchitis or acute productive cough.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/od2.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

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