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Appropriate Prescribing of Oral Beta-Lactam Antibiotics - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2000 - Beta-lactam antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds. As a group, these drugs are active against many gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic organisms. Information based on

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0801/p611.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part I. Otitis Media and Acute ...

Oct 1, 1998 - Five conditions--otitis media, acute sinusitis, cough, pharyngitis and the common cold--account for most of the outpatient use of antibiotics in the United States. The first part of this two-part article presents guidelines that encourage physicians to make an appropriate distinction ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1113.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part II. Cough, Pharyngitis and ...

Oct 15, 1998 - This article summarizes the principles of judicious antimicrobial therapy for three of the five conditions--cough, pharyngitis, the common cold--that account for most of the outpatient use of these drugs in the United States. The principles governing the other two conditions, otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1335.html

Are Cranberry Products Effective for the Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections? - ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Cranberry products are not effective and should not be recommended for the prevention of UTIs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p745.html

Are Neuraminidase Inhibitors Effective for Preventing and Treating Influenza in Healthy...

Oct 1, 2012 - Treating previously healthy patients with oseltamivir (Tamiflu) reduces the duration of influenza symptoms by approximately 21 hours, but it does not reduce the risk of hospitalization in this population.1 The data are insufficient to determine whether oseltamivir reduces the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p624.html

ART for HIV: Recommendations from the International Antiviral Society—USA Panel - ...

Mar 15, 2015 - The International Antiviral Society—USA Panel has provided recommendations for management of HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Evidence has shown that ART for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is effective in preventing transmission among couples. ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p396.html

Arthropod Bites - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2013 - The phylum Arthropoda includes arachnids and insects. Although their bites typically cause only local reactions, some species are venomous or transmit disease. The two medically important spiders in the United States are widow spiders (Latrodectus), the bite of which causes intense ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p841.html

Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The etiologies of meningitis range in severity from benign and self-limited to life-threatening with potentially severe morbidity. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Mortality remains high despite the introduction of vaccinations ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.html

Aseptic Meningitis in the Newborn and Young Infant - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - When a toxic newborn or young infant presents with fever and lethargy or irritability, it is important to consider the diagnosis of meningitis even if the classic localizing signs and symptoms are absent. Cerebrospinal fluid should be obtained (unless lumbar puncture is clinically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2761.html

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - A common dilemma in clinical medicine is whether to treat asymptomatic patients who present with bacteria in their urine. There are few scenarios in which antibiotic treatment of asymptomatic bacteruria has been shown to improve patient outcomes. Because of increasing antimicrobial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p985.html

ATS Adopts Diagnostic Standards for Tuberculosis - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Mar 1, 2001 - The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have developed standards for the diagnosis and classification of tuberculosis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p979.html

ATS, CDC, and IDSA Update Recommendations on the Treatment of Tuberculosis - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2003 - Recommendations for the treatment of tuberculosis in settings where mycobacterial cultures, radiographic facilities, and drug susceptibility testing are available have been published by the American Thoracic Society (ATS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1854.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

Autism and Childhood Vaccinations: Debunking the Myth - AFP Journal Club - American ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Are childhood vaccinations associated with subsequent development of autism? This month's article provides the science and statistics to dispel the theory that childhood vaccinations induce autism.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p586.html

Avian Influenza: Preparing for a Pandemic - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - Avian influenza A (H5N1) first emerged as a global public health threat in 1997 when it caused a major human outbreak in Hong Kong. Endemic in waterfowl and highly virulent in poultry, H5N1 is capable of incidentally infecting humans and other mammals. Although H5N1 is not yet capable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p783.html

Avoiding Sore Throat Morbidity and Mortality: When Is It Not "Just a Sore Throat?" - ...

Jan 1, 2011 - Sore throat consistently ranks in the top 10 reasons for ambulatory care visits. For more than 50 years, physicians have considered group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus the only important cause of sore throat, because it can lead to acute rheumatic fever. Although we know that other ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p26.html

Back-up Culture Not Needed for Negative Rapid Strep Test Results - POEMs - American ...

May 1, 2015 - Although rheumatic heart disease due to group A streptococcal infection has all but disappeared in wealthy countries, some countries still go to great lengths to test for streptococcal throat infections, including the United States. As a result, we spend more than $8 million per each ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p643a.html

Bacterial Vaginosis: An Update - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1998 - Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. Recent studies have confirmed its association with pelvic inflammatory disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Bacterial vaginosis is treated with oral metronidazole (given either as a single dose or a seven-day course) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1285.html

Baloxavir Marboxil (Xofluza) for Influenza - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2019 - Single-dose baloxavir should be limited to ill patients who cannot tolerate or comply with a course of oseltamivir. For otherwise healthy adults with confirmed influenza or influenza-like illness, the high cost of baloxavir may not justify the one-day reduction in symptoms of a ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p776.html

Baloxavir Reduces Symptom Duration Similar to Oseltamivir, Primarily Within 24 Hours of... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2019 - Baloxavir has similar efficacy to oseltamivir (Tamiflu) (33-hour reduction in duration of symptoms compared with placebo) and, like oseltamivir, is most effective when given within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od4.html

Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2009 Issue Editorials Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus JONATHAN L. TEMTE, MD, PhD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p938.html

Bedbug Infestation - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - The significant resurgence of bedbugs in the past decade has been attributed to pesticide resistance, more frequent travel, lack of public awareness, and inadequate pest control programs. Bedbugs are obligate blood parasites (insect family Cimicidae). They can withstand a large range of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p653.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - A 24-year-old cisgender woman presents to your primary care clinic for a routine physical examination. Her only medication is an etonogestrel (Implanon) 68-mg implant for birth control. She reports occasional vaping of electronic cigarettes and states that she does not drink alcohol or ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p623.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections: ...

Nov 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends behavioral counseling for all sexually active adolescents and for adults who are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections: ...

Apr 1, 2015 - The USPSTF recommends intensive behavioral counseling for all sexually active adolescents and for adults who are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/od2.html

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