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Practice Guidelines - May 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - A subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) reviewed articles on carotid endarterectomy to assess the effectiveness of the procedure in preventing stroke in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1847a.html

Pramipexole (Mirapex) for Restless Legs Syndrome - STEPS - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Although many patients with RLS do not need pharmacologic therapy, pramipexole is one option for treating moderate to severe symptoms. As with other agents used to manage RLS, potentially serious adverse reactions are possible.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1239.html

Pregabalin (Lyrica) for Acute Fibromyalgia Pain - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

May 1, 2018 - Pregabalin (Lyrica) provides good pain relief to some patients with acute fibromyalgia pain but does not work for most persons. Learn more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od1.html

Pregabalin (Lyrica) for the Management of Pain Associated with Diabetic Neuropathy - ...

Dec 15, 2006 - Pregabalin is safe and effective for the management of neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Drawbacks include the cost and the lack of studies demonstrating equivalence or superiority to other treatments. However, pregabalin’s ease of dosing titration, ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2093.html

Pregabalin Does Not Decrease the Pain of Sciatica - POEMs - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - Pregabalin does not relieve pain in patients with sciatica.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p260.html

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain: Unintended Consequences of the 2016 CDC Guideline...

Apr 15, 2020 - Since the 2016 CDC guideline for the use of opioid pain relievers was released, there has been a significant reduction in opioid prescribing, and the guideline has been adopted by state Medicaid agencies, insurers, and others. Widespread implementation of the guideline has had ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p458.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

Prevention and Treatment of Motion Sickness - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Motion sickness is a common syndrome that occurs upon exposure to certain types of motion. It is thought to be caused by conflict between the vestibular, visual, and other proprioceptive systems. Although nausea is the hallmark symptom, it is often preceded by stomach awareness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p41.html

Prognosis Following Mild Head Injury in Children - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Dec 15, 2016 - Concussion, also referred to as mild traumatic brain injury, is a common injury in children. It is defined as a transient disturbance in mental status following head trauma, and it can cause a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional sequelae. Symptoms continuing for more than 28 ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1006.html

Quality of Life in Older Persons with Dementia Living in Nursing Homes - FPIN's ...

Apr 1, 2008 - There is no gold standard to measure the QOL in older persons with dementia. For those requiring increased care, nursing homes may offer some benefit, including more frequent physician assessment and treatment of pain and depression, compared with assisted living/residential care ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p1011.html

Rational Use of Opioids for Management of Chronic Nonterminal Pain - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2012 - Opioid prescribing for chronic nonterminal pain has increased in recent years, although evidence for its long-term effectiveness is weak and its potential for harm is significant. Nonmedical use of prescription opioids, diversion, and overdose deaths have also increased sharply, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p252.html

Real-World Study Finds Lower Mortality and Stroke Risk with Dabigatran, but More GI ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In this well-designed observational study, older patients given an initial prescription of dabigatran had lower all-cause mortality and fewer ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, but a higher risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, than a matched group of patients given warfarin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p529.html

Recommendations for Prescribing New Antiepileptic Drugs - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 15, 2004 - According to a meta-analysis by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Epilepsy Society (AES), several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are effective in treating selected patients with partial or mixed seizure disorders, but evidence for their efficacy in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1167.html

Reducing Headache Disability in Children and Adolescents - Editorials - American Family...

Feb 15, 2002 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2002 Issue Editorials Reducing Headache Disability in Children and Adolescents DAWN A. MARCUS, M.D., University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2002 Feb 15;65(4):554-558. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p554.html

Regional Anesthesia For Office Procedures: Part I. Head and Neck Surgeries - American ...

Feb 1, 2004 - Although local anesthesia usually is used in surgical procedures, field or nerve blocks can provide more effective anesthesia in some situations. In a field block, local anesthetic is infiltrated around the border of the surgical field, leaving the operative area undisturbed. In field ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p585.html

Regional Anesthesia For Office Procedures: Part II. Extremity and Inguinal Area ...

Feb 15, 2004 - The hand can be anesthetized effectively with blocks of the median, ulnar, or radial nerve. Each digit is supplied by four digital nerves, which can be blocked with injections on each side of the digit. Anterior or posterior ankle blocks can be used for regional anesthesia for the foot....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p896.html

Restless Legs Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Restless legs syndrome is a common neurologic movement disorder that affects approximately 10 percent of adults. Of those affected with this condition, approximately one third have symptoms severe enough to require medical therapy. Restless legs syndrome may be a primary condition, or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p235.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial ...

Mar 15, 2012 - How does rivaroxaban compare with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? This study concluded that rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin. However, noninferiority trials do not meet the same rigorous design and statistical format of traditional ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p577.html

Routine Oxygen Supplementation After Acute Stroke Does Not Improve Functional Outcomes ...

Apr 15, 2018 - For nonhypoxic patients with acute stroke, routine oxygen therapy for 72 hours, either continuously or at night only, does not improve functional outcomes at 90 days. Long-term outcomes were not assessed in this study, and the question remains whether 90 days is an adequate length of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p533.html

Rural Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Depends on Family Physicians - Graham Center Policy...

Oct 1, 2016 - The nation's growing opioid use disorder epidemic disproportionately impacts rural areas, where physicians who can prescribe buprenorphine are scarcest. Among physicians approved to prescribe buprenorphine, family physicians (FPs) are the most likely to work in rural areas.

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p546.html

Sertraline Reduces Risk of Depression in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury - POEMs - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This study found that sertraline is more effective than placebo (number needed to treat = 6) in preventing the onset of a major depressive disorder in adults following a TBI. This study included patients with mild, moderate, and severe TBI.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194.html

Short-Term Antipsychotics for Alzheimer Disease - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Physicians should consider not using antipsychotics in patients with dementia. Patients with dementia, including Alzheimer disease, who are treated with antipsychotics for any length of time have a higher mortality rate than those not taking antipsychotics.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/od2.html

Short-Term Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin Prevents Second Ischemic Stroke Better Than Aspirin...

Aug 15, 2019 - Combined treatment with clopidogrel and aspirin, started within 24 hours of the first event, will decrease the likelihood of a recurrent stroke in an additional 2% of patients compared with aspirin alone, with a slight increase in the risk of extra-cranial bleeding.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p249.html

Sialorrhea--A Management Challenge - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2004 - Sialorrhea (drooling or excessive salivation) is a common problem in neurologically impaired children (i.e., those with mental retardation or cerebral palsy) and in adults who have Parkinson's disease or have had a stroke. It is most commonly caused by poor oral and facial muscle ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2628.html

Small Reduction in Cardiovascular Outcome After Ischemic Stroke with Lower LDL Target, ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - A lower LDL target slightly reduced the likelihood of a broad composite outcome (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 3.5 years), largely by reducing nonfatal strokes (NNT = 77; statistical significance not reported).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p247.html

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