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Interventions to Facilitate Smoking Cessation - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Tobacco use, primarily cigarette smoking, is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States, and nearly one third of those who try a cigarette become addicted to nicotine. Family physicians, who see most of these patients in their offices every year, have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p262.html

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Treatment Challenge - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, recurrent, debilitating disease that presents with painful, inflamed lesions in the apocrine-gland-bearing areas of the body, most commonly the axillary, inguinal, and anogenital areas. Etiology traditionally has been attributed to occlusion of the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1547.html

Management of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are part of a continuum of heat-related illness. Both are common and preventable conditions affecting diverse patients. Recent research has identified a cascade of inflammatory pathologic events that begins with mild heat exhaustion and, if uninterrupted, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2133.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p515.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

Mind-Body Therapies for Headache - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2007 - Headache is one of the most common and enigmatic problems encountered by family physicians. Headache is not a singular entity, and different pathologic mechanisms are involved in distinct types of headache. Most types of headache involve dysfunction of peripheral or central nociceptive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1518.html

Treatment of Common Cutaneous Herpes Simplex Virus Infections - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Herpes simplex virus infection is increasingly common in the United States. New antiviral medications have expanded treatment options for the two most common cutaneous manifestations, orolabial and genital herpes. Acyclovir therapy remains an effective and often less expensive option. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1697.html

Management of Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Cluster headache, an excruciating, unilateral headache usually accompanied by conjunctival injection and lacrimation, can occur episodically or chronically, and can be difficult to treat. Existing effective treatments may be underused because of underdiagnosis of the syndrome. Oxygen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p717.html

Evaluation and Treatment of the Child with Febrile Seizure - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - Up to 5 percent of children in North America and western Europe experience at least one episode of febrile seizure before six years of age. Most of these seizures are self-limited and patients do not require treatment. Continuous therapy after the seizure is not effective in reducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1761.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Managing Hypertension - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends lifestyle modification for all patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Modifications include reducing dietary sodium to less than 2.4 g per ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1953.html

Management of Shoulder Impingement Syndrome and Rotator Cuff Tears - American Family ...

Feb 15, 1998 - Rotator cuff impingement syndrome and associated rotator cuff tears are commonly encountered shoulder problems. Symptoms include pain, weakness and loss of motion. Causes of impingement include acromioclavicular joint arthritis, calcified coracoacromial ligament, structural ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p667.html

Management of Active Tuberculosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Although the overall incidence of tuberculosis has been declining in the United States, it remains an important public health concern, particularly among immigrants, homeless persons, and persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Patients who present with symptoms of active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2225.html

Medical Management of Common Urinary Calculi - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Nephrolithiasis is a common condition affecting nearly 5 percent of U.S. men and women during their lifetimes. Recurrent calculi can be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, and directed pharmacologic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p86.html

Management of Hip Fracture: The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - The incidence of hip fracture is expected to increase as the population ages. One in five persons dies in the first year after sustaining a hip fracture, and those who survive past one year may have significant functional limitation. Although surgery is the main treatment for hip ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2195.html

Ingrown Toenail Removal - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2002 - Ingrown toenail is a common problem resulting from various etiologies including improperly trimmed nails, hyperhidrosis, and poorly fitting shoes. Patients commonly present with pain in the affected nail but with progression, drainage, infection, and difficulty walking occur. Excision ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2547.html

Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2095.html

Vasectomy: An Update - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Vasectomy remains an important option for contraception. Research findings have clarified many questions regarding patient selection, optimal technique, postsurgical follow-up, and risk of long-term complications. Men who receive vasectomies tend to be non-Hispanic whites, well ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2069.html

Opportunities to Improve Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Sickle cell disease represents a spectrum of inherited hemoglobin disorders. The pathophysiology involves abnormalities not just in red blood cells but also vascular endothelium, white blood cell function, coagulation, and inflammatory response. Known sequelae of sickle cell disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p303.html

Promoting Medication Adherence in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - The problem of getting children to follow a treatment regimen is widespread and is frustrating for physicians. The extent to which any patient adheres to a medical regimen is an essential determinant of clinical success. Strategies to improve adherence in children include using ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p793.html

Dysmenorrhea - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absence in adolescent girls and a common problem in women of reproductive age. Risk factors for dysmenorrhea include nulliparity, heavy menstrual flow, smoking, and depression. Empiric therapy can be initiated based on a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p285.html

Managing Opioid Addiction with Buprenorphine - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Legislation has enabled physicians to treat opioid-dependent patients with an office-based maintenance program using buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid receptor agonist. Clinical studies indicate buprenorphine effectively manages opioid addiction. Buprenorphine is more effective than ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1573.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2555.html

Tight Control of Type 1 Diabetes: Recommendations for Patients - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p971.html

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