• Articles

    Management of Chronic Tendon Injuries

    Shawn F. Kane, Lucianne H. Olewinski, Kyle S. Tamminga

    Tendons have a complex biology that provides strength, flexibility, and elasticity but also predisposes them to injury. Insidious onset of pain and dysfunction is a common presentation for most tendinopathies. Diagnosis is typically based on history and physical examination...

    Ingrown Toenail Management

    E.J. Mayeaux, Jr., Charles Carter, Tenley E. Murphy

    Ingrown toenails most commonly affect the great toe; they account for 20% of foot problems in primary care. They most commonly occur in young men, and nail care habits and footwear are common contributing factors. Ingrown nails can be treated nonsurgically (for mild to...

    Hirsutism in Women

    Eric Matheson, Jennifer Bain

    Hirsutism is the excessive growth of terminal hair in a typical male pattern in a female. It is often a sign of excessive androgen levels. Polycystic ovary syndrome and idiopathic hyperandrogenism account for most cases. Women with an abnormal hirsutism score should be...

    Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

    Should Adults with Prediabetes Be Prescribed Metformin to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus? Yes: High-Quality Evidence Supports Metformin Use in Persons at High Risk

    Tannaz Moin

    Yes: High-Quality Evidence Supports Metformin Use in Persons at High Risk

    Should Adults with Prediabetes Be Prescribed Metformin to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus? No: Evidence Does Not Show Improvements in Patient-Oriented Outcomes

    Steven R. Brown

    No: Evidence Does Not Show Improvements in Patient-Oriented Outcomes

    AFP Clinical Answers

    Asthma, PAD and Cardiovascular Disease, Persons Who Inject Drugs, Crohn's Disease, Insulin Analogs

    Is adding a long-acting beta-agonist to an inhaled corticosteroid safe for patients with persistent asthma? | Should asymptomatic adults be screened for PAD and cardiovascular disease with the ankle-brachial index? | What infectious disease screenings and vaccinations are...

    Cochrane for Clinicians

    Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Healthy Children, Healthy Adults, and Older Adults

    William E. Cayley, Jr.

    Influenza vaccination reduces rates of laboratory-confirmed influenza and symptomatic influenza-like illness in healthy children, healthy adults, and older adults. There is no consistent evidence that influenza vaccination reduces school absenteeism in children, parental...

    Photo Quiz

    Hematologic Abnormality in a Young Soldier

    Adam B. Howes

    A healthy 21-year-old male soldier stationed in Qatar presented with abdominal cramping that began two weeks prior. The pain, which he rated as a 7 out of 10, was brought on by eating. Although this resulted in him eating less to avoid the pain, he did not have significant...

    Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

    Chronic Neck Pain: Nonpharmacologic Treatment

    Tyler W. Barreto, Jeff H. Svec

    Which noninvasive nonpharmacologic treatments for chronic neck pain improve function or pain for at least one month?


    Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure But Does Not Reduce Death, Myocardial Infarction, or Stroke

    Mark H. Ebell

    More Evidence Against Antibiotics for Acute Asthma Exacerbations

    Nita Shrikant Kulkarni

    Practice Guidelines

    Infantile Hemangioma: AAP Releases Guideline for Management

    Lindsey Hoover

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of childhood, occurring in up to approximately 5% of infants. These benign vascular tumors are small, self-resolving, and do not require treatment.

    Medicine by the Numbers

    Flexible Sigmoidoscopy or Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Asymptomatic Adults

    Karissa A. Lambert, Ahmed Hamed, Amira Hamed

    This meta-analysis provides high-quality evidence that ?exible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing both reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer. The study did not provide a clear answer regarding a superior screening modality, so the decision to choose one...

    FPIN's Help Desk Answers

    Skin-to-Skin Contact for Improved Duration of Breastfeeding

    Meghan Kusko, Rebecca Benko

    Skin-to-skin-contact in the immediate postnatal period should be recommended to all mothers because it is associated with a higher likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge and for up to six months afterward (number needed to treat [NNT] = 5 to 8).

    Information from Your Family Doctor

    Ingrown Toenails

    An ingrown toenail occurs when the side or corner of the nail digs into the skin of the toe. This happens mostly to the big toenail, but it can happen to any toenail.


    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.

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